How To Check The Ram On A Laptop

How to properly insert RAM into a computer

Before proceeding with the installation, you need to determine the type of memory supported by the motherboard: DDR 3 or 4. The characteristics of oregano are there. You can also look at the old RAM strips. They usually say which generation they belong to.

Important! If the motherboard has 4 slots, two of which differ in color, then if you have two identical RAM modules, you must insert both strips into the connectors of the same color. This will enable users to enable dual channel mode and improve PC performance. It also happens that all four slots look the same, then two modules must be inserted through one slot.

How to install:

  • Power off the computer. Wear an anti-static wrist strap to avoid damaging components.
  • Remove the cover.
  • Find the right connectors on the motherboard.
  • Bend back the latches and pull out the old RAM.
  • Guided by the keys on the sockets and strips, insert the modules by slightly pressing. A click means the latches have closed. You don’t need to be very zealous in order NOT to break anything.
  • Close the lid of the system box.
  • Connect the PC to the network and start.

How To Check The Ram On A Laptop

You can check the success of the replacement as follows:

  • Click on “My Computer” with the right mouse button and go to “Properties”.
  • In the “System” find a line with information about RAM and see if the PC sees it.

BIOS signals with incorrectly inserted RAM

If the laptop or desktop makes a short beep when turning on, it reports that everything is fine. If there are problems with the RAM, then the user can hear signals from the BIOS:

  • One long repeating;
  • One long and one short.

If these sounds appear after the user has changed the bars, then something went wrong. If the subsystem began to give such signals even before replacement, then the RAM is out of order.

Where is the RAM in the computer

RAM modules are implemented in the form of strips on which are located:

  • Printed circuit board;
  • Memory chips;
  • Special connector for connecting to the motherboard.

Most modern planks are equipped with a decorative element. It is used by manufacturers either solely for aesthetic purposes, or also performs a protective function, hiding the cooling system.

The slots for the operating system are located directly on the motherboard next to the CPU. Depending on the model, it may contain 1-4 connectors.

Note: so that the PC or laptop does not slow down, you need to install modules identical in volume and other parameters, otherwise irreversible computer malfunctions are possible.

Replacing RAM on a PC 7 easy steps solving possible problems

To make your laptop or desktop PC run faster, you can install larger RAM. The article will tell you how to do it yourself, check everything for errors and what to do if something suddenly went wrong.

Serviceability check

  • Symptoms of RAM problems:
  • Unstable work of programs.
  • Decreased productivity.
  • Sudden restarts.
  • Screen of death (BSOD).
  • Frequent freezes.

SIMilar troubles can arise in case of malfunctions of the second components. You can check if the problem is in RAM using the OS integrated tools.

Recommendation: it is better to check modules one at a time. To do this, you will have to remove the bar from the case.

Method for computers on Windows 7 and above:

  • Close all active programs.
  • Login “Control Panel”.
  • In the “System and Security” section, select “Administration”.
  • Double click on the “Windows Memory Diagnostics” shortcut.
  • Select “Reboot and Check“.

The utility also gives the user the ability to schedule a test at the next reboot.

When the PC restarts, the OS will start running tests automatically. You need to wait for the end of the check and auto-restart the PC.

If you do not pop up a notification that no errors were found, you should carefully read the test results. In case of problems, you can try to select the extended check: if the results DO NOT change, it is better to replace the bar.

Tip: you can also use third-party software, such as AIDA64, or SIMilar software to test the state of memory.

What to do if the computer does not see the RAM

One of the main reasons is the bitness of the operating system. 32-bit versions cannot see more than 3.2 gigabytes of RAM, regardless of how much was installed in the computer. You can solve the problem by reinstalling the operating system.

In addition, the limit on the amount of RAM can be set in the settings. You can disable it like this: “Control Panel” → “Administrative Tools” → “System Configuration” → “Boot” → “Advanced Settings” → uncheck the “Maximum memory”.

If a discrete card is not installed in the assembly, then part of the RAM resource is consumed by the graphics core.

As you can see, changing the operative is not difficult. The main thing is to act carefully and according to the instructions. Also, when buying planks, it is worth remembering that there are modules created for a desktop and a laptop.

Why errors appear in RAM

Memory consists of bits, which are indicated by zero or one. A binary system in a PC is trained to perceive this information and translates it into readable data, adapted for user perception.

If errors occur, the computer either corrects them, or reads the information incorrectly, which leads to malfunctions.

Common causes of RAM errors:

  • Accumulation of dust, dirt inside the system unit.
  • Internal and external damage, not only to the RAM itself, but also to the motherboard.
  • Incompatibility of RAM modules: non-identical strips cause a conflict within the system, which leads to software failures, and sometimes even prevents the OS from starting.
  • Factory defect or substandard components. Here the way out is to buy models of only trusted brands.
  • Overheating or overcooling of modules.
  • Malfunction of the power supply.

Third party utilities

There is a lot of special software with which you can check the RAM. One such tool, memtest86, is efficient and free.

How to work with the program:

  • Burn the image to media by creating a bootable USB flash drive / disk.
  • Insert the drive into the drive or port so that it can be read in the BIOS.
  • Select a boot device.
  • Save settings.
  • The application will load, and all that remains is to wait: all actions will be performed automatically.

Upon completion of testing, users will receive a report.

Tip: it is better to check each memory strip separately. To do this, you have to pull out one module from the PC.

Built-in RAM Checker

The integrated RAM test software is very easy to find. You need to use the WinR combination to invoke the command line and type mdsched. Then you need to confirm the action. You can use the search. What’s next. in the table.

Why test RAM

Preventive tests of the performance of computer components, including RAM, is a useful procedure. If you notice an error in time, you can fix it at an early stage. So users will save themselves from the stress associated with constant system failures and a general loss of performance. Diagnostics will also help to understand whether users are buying a good bar (this applies to purchasing a used option).

What RAM errors look like

Without a special diagnosis of the concept that something has happened to the RAM, it is not easy, but there are signs.

RAM failure indications:

  • PC malfunction notification, error.
  • The screen color changed by itself, without any user settings.
  • Decrease in system performance, this is especially noticeable when using resource-intensive programs, games.
  • Launched applications crash and are accompanied by an error message, more often. containing a code set of numbers.
  • Blue screen (BSOD) that appears at startup or during operation.
  • Unplanned OS restart.

Important! During defragmentation of the hard drive, an error warning that indicates the presence of corrupted files does not always mean that it is the permanent drive. Signals of this kind sometimes indicate serious problems with the operative.

How to check RAM in Windows 10

There are testing methods both with the help of special software and with standard operating system tools. The last solution is effective on Windows 7-10 versions.

How to check RAM in Windows 10: 2 ways

If your PC suddenly begins to malfunction or its performance has decreased, it may be due to the RAM. To understand if this is the case, you need to test this component. How this can be done, the article tells.

How to fix errors

The SIMplest solution is to replace the malfunctioning bar. But this is a radical measure. It is needed if the RAM chips are damaged. Sometimes a regular eraser can help, which you just need to wipe the contacts: perhaps they have oxidized. It also happens that errors are fixed by the SIMplest antivirus application or a cooling replacement.

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The operability of the operative is not difficult to check. You can use it as a classic Windows utility. And a separately installed application. The second method is preferable when you need not only to find an error, but also to eliminate it: many programs can do this.

Windows 10, 8 and Windows 7 Memory Diagnostic Tool

Memory Checker (Diagnostic) Tool is a built-in Windows utility that allows you to check RAM for errors. To launch it, you can press the WinR keys on your keyboard, type mdsched and press Enter (or use the Windows 10 and 8 search, starting by entering the word “check”).

After launching the utility, you will be prompted to restart your computer to perform a memory check for errors.

We agree and wait for the scan to start after the reboot (which in this case takes longer than usual).

During scanning, you can press the F1 key to change scan parameters, in particular, you can change the following settings:

  • Check type. basic, normal or wide.
  • Cache usage (on, off)
  • Number of test passes

Upon completion of the verification process, the computer will restart, and after logging in, it will display the scan results.

However, there is one caveat. in my test (Windows 10), the result appeared a few minutes later in the form of a short notification, and they also report that sometimes it may NOT appear at all. In this situation, you can use the Windows Event Viewer utility (Use search to launch it).

In Event Friendly, select “Windows Logs”. “System” and find information about the results of the memory test. MemoryDiagnostics-Results (in the details window by double-clicking or at the bottom of the window, you will see the result, for example, “Computer memory was checked using the Windows memory checker; no errors found “.

Symptoms of RAM errors

There are a significant number of indicators of RAM failure, among the most common are the following:

  • Frequent occurrence of BSOD. Windows blue screen of death. It is not always associated with RAM (more often with the operation of device drivers), but its errors can be one of the reasons.
  • Crashes during intensive use of RAM. in games, 3D applications, editing and working with graphics, archiving and unpacking archives (for example, the unarc.Dll error is often due to problem memory).
  • Distorted image on the monitor. often a sign of card problems, but in some cases caused by RAM errors.
  • The computer does NOT boot and beeps endlessly. You can find the beep tables for your motherboard and see if the audible squeaks correspond to memory faults, see Computer beeps at startup.

Once again, I note: the presence of any of these symptoms does NOT mean that it is the computer’s RAM, but it is worth checking it. The unspoken standard for performing this task is the small memtest86 utility for checking RAM, but there is also a built-in Windows Memory Diagnistics Tool that allows you to check RAM without third-party programs. Both options will be considered below.

How to check the RAM of a computer or laptop

It may be necessary to check the operability of RAM in cases where there are suspicions that the blue screens of Windows death, oddities in the operation of the computer and Windows are caused precisely by problems with RAM. See also: How to increase laptop RAM

This guide will look at the main symptoms of memory failure, and will describe step by step how to check the RAM in order to find out exactly if it is the case using the built-in memory check utility in Windows 10, 8 and Windows 7, as well as using To outsiders of the free program memtest86.

Checking RAM in memtest86

You can download memtest for free from the official website http://www.Memtest.org/ (download links are at the bottom of the main page). It is best to download the ISO file in a ZIP archive. Here we will use this option.

Note: there are two sites on the Internet at the request of memtest. with the memtest86 program and the Passmark Memtest86. In fact, they are the same (except that the second site has a paid product in addition to the free program), but I recommend using the memtest.Org site as source.

Memtest86 download options

  • The next step is to burn the ISO image with memtest (after unpacking it from the ZIP archive) to a disk (see How to make a bootable disk). If you want to make a bootable flash drive with memtest, then the site has a set for automatically creating such a flash drive.
  • It is best if you check the memory one module at a time. That is, we open the computer, removing all the RAM modules, except for one, we check it. After the end. the next and so on. Thus, it will be possible to accurately identify the faulty module.
  • After the bootable drive is ready, insert it into the drive for reading discs in the BIOS, set the boot from the disk (flash drive) and, after saving the settings, the memtest utility will load.
  • No action is required on your part, the check will start automatically.
  • After the memory check is complete, you will be able to see which RAM memory errors were found. If necessary, write them down so that you can later find on the Internet what it is and what to do about it. You can interrupt the scan at any time by pressing the Esc key.

Checking RAM in memtest

If errors are found, it will look like the picture below.

Memory Errors Identified by Test

What if memtest detects RAM errors? If failures seriously interfere with work, then the cheapest way is to replace the problematic RAM module, moreover, the price is not so high today. Although sometimes a SIMple cleaning of the memory contacts also helps (described in the article The computer does not turn on), sometimes a problem in the operation of RAM can be caused by malfunctions of the connector or components of the motherboard.

How reliable is this test? reliable enough to test RAM on most computers, however, as with any test, the result cannot be 100% sure.

How to find out the RAM of your computer Easy!

Hello everyone! It’s been a long time since I wrote on computers, but all because I found a new job and I have no time at all. Today I will tell you how to find out the computer’s RAM.

The performance of your computer depends on many factors, including the amount of RAM. This article will tell you how to independently find out the RAM of your computer.

How to find out the computer’s RAM in several ways, which are described below.

Then you read the article, you can figure out how to find out the RAM of a computer or laptop. We act and repeat after me!

  • Open the context menu of the shortcut “My Computer” (right-click on it once). Then select “Properties”.

In total, a window will appear where the size of the available RAM, the type of operating system (for example, 32-bit), etc.

  • An alternative method is to go through the “Start”.

In the window that appears, enter manually MSInfo32 and press Enter.

  • Another way, which is based on a combination of function keys.
  • Click “Win R” and in the window that opens, enter dxdiag.
  • A new window will appear. Pay attention to the term “Memory”. There will be indicated the physical amount of computer memory.
  • All methods describe the free number of gigs on your PC.

But how you can find out exactly the RAM of your laptop or computer, to analyze its additional characteristics, read below.

I want to warn you right away that you can’t do without using third-party applications and utilities. One of these programs is Speccy. It allows you to get access to all the characteristics of the modules and boards that are currently connected to your PC.

The utility is free and available for download from the Internet.

Then click on the link to start the download.

After downloading the program, proceed with the installation. The utility is installed in standard ways, without much difficulty.

To check what kind of RAM is installed on your PC, do the following:

  • Run the program.
  • Open the section “RAM”.

And then just read the information you are interested in. Everything is described there in an accessible and understandable way. There are characteristics in DDR type, number of channels, volume and frequency. You can also see how many percent of the RAM is used at a given moment and many more useful characteristics. Based on THESE characteristics, you can decide whether you should increase your RAM or not.

And here is the most direct way to find out the RAM of your computer. If you understand all the hardware of the system, then:

  • Disconnect power to the system unit;
  • Remove the cover;
  • Pull out the modules with memory and read the characteristics you are interested in directly on them.

However, this method is only for experienced craftsmen and not for beginners.

On a note! Recently, if you missed, I told you how to disable sleep mode or how to disable the mouse on a laptop. And I also talked about how to reduce the brightness of the screen on a computer. Be sure to read and DO NOT forget to leave comments on the articles.

That’s all for me! Now you know for sure how to find out the computer’s RAM. Please write your wishes and comments under the article. I also advise you to subscribe to new blog articles and receive new ones directly to your mail. I wish all my readers great health and peace.!

What kind of RAM is on a laptop?

Before increasing the amount of RAM on a laptop, you should check what type of RAM is already on this PC. Installing an unsuitable module may cause a conflict between the old and the new memory sticks, as a result of which the laptop will malfunction, freeze or stop turning on altogether. Consider what characteristics you need to pay attention to when choosing a new RAM and how to determine the type of RAM already installed on a laptop.

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Ways to determine the type of installed memory

You can find out which model of RAM is on a laptop in several ways:

  • By visual inspection of the RAM.
  • Check with additional software.

How to find out how much memory is on a laptop. Programs for determining the parameters of RAM

If for some reason you DO NOT want to disassemble the laptop (for example, it is under warranty), but you still need to check what kind of RAM it has, you can use additional software.

One of the most effective programs in this area is AIDA64. It allows you to find out Not only the type and parameters of the storage device, but also the characteristics of the rest of the “hardware”. To check what kind of RAM is on the laptop, you must:

  • Download and install AIDA64 on your PC. The installation procedure is standard, so you should handle it without any problems.
  • Launch the application. You will see a message that this version of the utility is a trial version and is valid for only 30 days. We agree with this.
  • The main program window is divided into two parts. The left contains all the components installed on the laptop, and the right contains information about them. You need to open the “Motherboard” section and go to the SPD tab. After performing THESE actions, all information about the RAM installed on the PC will open.

Having figured out the parameters of the RAM, you can independently increase its volume, thereby improving the performance of the laptop.

The amount of computer random access memory (RAM) is quite easy to find out by standard means of Windows operating systems.

To do this, you need to perform a few SIMple actions, I will show using the example of Windows 7, in Windows XP and Vista the actions are SIMilar.

1) Go to “My Computer” or do the same using the WinE keyboard shortcut

2) In the upper part of the window we find the item “System Properties”, click on it and a new window will open, in this window we find the section. System, and in it the line “Installed memory / RAM” (this is RAM)

In addition, you can find out how much real memory your computer is currently using.

Press the CTRLSHIFTESC key combination, after which the “Windows Task Manager” window will open, or we achieve the same by opening the Start menu and searching for “Task Manager”.

At the top of the window there are tabs, we find there the tab. “Performance”.

We look in the Memory field, it shows the amount of actually used RAM at the moment. This indicator may vary depending on the number and requirements of running programs, games, etc.

In the Physical memory field in the “Total” line, you will see the Amount of all RAM in MB. In the Free line. the amount of free unused RAM

At the very bottom of the window, in the “Physical memory” line, you can see the actual used RAM in percentage.

Congratulations, you now know how much RAM you have on your computer. And how much RAM is actually used.

Visual inspection of the RAM strip

You can check the amount of RAM with a SIMple call to the properties of the laptop. To do this, on the shortcut “My Computer”, click the RMB and select “Properties” in the list that opens. The RAM capacity can be found in the corresponding line.

However, the information obtained in this way is not enough, so you need to find out the rest of the RAM parameters. All memory card manufacturers put important data directly on the strip. To check them, you need to disassemble the laptop, remove the RAM from it and carefully familiarize yourself with the existing designations.

As an example, consider how to find out the model and characteristics of RAM, the appearance of which is shown in the figure.

Our RAM is produced by the South Korean company Hynix. The slot has a capacity of 4 GB. By the abbreviation 1Rx8, you can find out that the bar is one-sided (1R), that is, all the microcircuits are placed on one side. Double-sided RAM is indicated by the 2R mark. Number 8 indicates the number of memory chips.

This model has a bandwidth of RS3-12800. This allows you to find out the type of RAM (DDR3) and the maximum operating speed (12800 MB / s). To determine what the RAM frequency is, divide 12800 by 8, which will be equal to 1600 MHz.

Let’s consider another example. RAM for a laptop from Kingston, model KHX6400D2LL / 1G:

  • RAM type. DDR2;
  • Work speed. 6400 Mb / s;
  • Frequency. 6400/8 = 800 MHz;
  • Capacity. 1 GB;
  • 2.0V means that the board is powered by a non-standard voltage. 2 V, which must be manually set in BIOS.

On some storage devices, information is presented in a non-standard form, however, in such cases, you can find out their characteristics. For example, Kingston RAM labeled KHX1600C9D3X2K2 / 8GX has the following characteristics:

  • Frequency. 1600 MHz;
  • C9. 9 clock cycles delay;
  • Type. DDR3;
  • 8GX. ​​4 GB capacity.

Basic parameters of RAM

The first step is to figure out which parameters are considered decisive for random access memory devices. These characteristics are:

  • Generation (type) is the aLGorithm by which memory chips function. The rest of the RAM parameters depend on it (speed and efficiency, supply voltage, etc.). Today there are four generations of RAM. here DDR 1 to DDR 4.
  • Capacity. Determines how much information can SIMultaneously fit into RAM.
  • Speed ​​standard. Indicates the bandwidth of the module, measured in Mb / s. These standards have an alphanumeric designation and always begin with the “RS” marking.
  • Manufacturer and serial number. Each company assigns to its product a certain marking (part number).
  • Timing. Determines the time spent on accessing the RAM microcircuit. The smaller the better.

How to find out how much RAM is on your computer?

The amount of computer random access memory (RAM) is quite easy to find out by standard means of Windows operating systems.

To do this, you need to perform a few SIMple steps, I will show using the example of Windows 7, in Windows XP and Vista the actions are SIMilar.

1) Go to “My Computer” or do the same using the WinE keyboard shortcut

2) At the top of the window, we find the item “System Properties”, click on it and a new window will open, in this window we find the section. System, and in it the line “Installed memory / RAM” (this is RAM)

In addition, you can find out how much real memory your computer is currently using.

Press the key combination CTRLSHIFTESC, after which the “Windows Task Manager” window will open, or we achieve the same by opening the Start menu and searching for “Task Manager”.

At the top of the window there are tabs, we find there the tab. “Performance”.

We look in the Memory field, it shows the amount of actually used RAM at the moment. This indicator may vary depending on the number and requirements of running programs, games, etc.

In the Physical memory field in the “Total” line, you will see the Amount of all RAM in MB. In the Free line. the amount of free unused RAM

At the very bottom of the window, in the “Physical memory” line, you can see the actual used RAM in percentage.

Congratulations, you now know how much RAM you have on your computer. And how much RAM is actually used.

Did you like the article? I do not regret it, like it! Thanks 🙂

Detecting RAM errors using programs

If you are using Intel XMP Memory Acceleration Technology. For the first check, select the profile that is having problems. If there are errors, do another check with disabled XMP.

The first thing to do

Since there are so many “faces” of RAM malfunction, it should be ruled out in case of any unclear problems with the computer.

In cases when the computer does not turn on, turns off, or restarts to boot the operating system, as well as before testing memory using programs, do the following:

  • De-energize the system unit. unplug the power cord or press the power button on the power supply / surge protector. Open the case cover and make sure the RAM brackets are correctly and fully seated in the slots. If at least one module is not fully inserted, the computer will NOT turn on.
  • Remove the strips from the slots and clean their contact groups with a school eraser. If the problem is in oxide deposits, which breaks the contact, it will be solved.
  • Reset BIOS to defaults by removing the flash battery for 15-30 minutes or by shorting the Clear_CMOS jumper pins (other names CLCTRL, CLR_CMOS, JBAT1, etc.).

If the crash prevents the computer from starting, try turning it on with one RAM module by installing it in different slots. If there are several modules, check them one by one.

Memtest86

Memtest86 is the seventh version (last), released in a free. Free Edition, and two paid editions. The Free edition lacks the ability to save test reports to disk, create configuration files with which you can set test parameters to the program, and also exclude the processor cache from the test. In addition, some tests were cut from it, in particular. the use of SSE instructions for reading / writing 64 and 128-bit data and error modeling to check the correction function (ECC) of server memory.

Despite the limitations, the capabilities of Memtest86 Free Edition are enough for the vast majority of home users. Searching for hacked paid versions or buying them is completely useless.

Unlike the Windows tool, Memtest86 is optimally configured by default, so it’s easy to run it. But before that, the downloaded file (iso image) will have to be written to an external media. DVD or USB flash drive, and boot the computer from it. The tool for creating bootable USB flash drives along with the utility itself is also available for free download on the official website of the latter.

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Memtest86 interface is in English. The green cancer in the screenshot above outlines the initial data: information about the processor. frequency, volume, cache speed, and in memory. speed and volume.

Case area. in a yellow frame, displays the current program execution: the serial number of the test, the percentage of its completion, as well as the percentage of completion of the entire cycle (Pass).

Information about the time elapsed since the beginning of the test (Time), the number of passes (Iterations), the addressing mode (AdrsMode), the sequence number of the cycle (Pass) and the errors found (Errors) are circled in orange.

Error details, if any, are listed below. It is impossible not to notice them, as this area is highlighted in red.

At the very bottom of the screen, the program control options are listed.

Information on testing methods and procedure, description of tests, rules for creating configuration files and much more is on the official website Memtest86.

How RAM problems manifest

Usually, OPG malfunctions make themselves felt with the following symptoms:

  • PC or laptop does NOT respond in any way when the power button is pressed.
  • After the power button is pressed, the system speaker beeps when POST fails. over, codes (combinations of short and long beeps) do not always indicate memory problems.
  • The computer turns on and immediately shuts down or restarts cyclically at any stage of the boot.
  • After switching on, error messages are displayed on the screen. For example: “CMOS checksum error”, “CMOS checksum bad”, etc.
  • During startup and operation, the operating system crashes with critical errors (blue screens). To solve problems with the RAM, PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA, UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE_TRAP, DATA_BUS_ERROR, PFN_LIST_CORRUPT, KERNEL_STACK_INP_ERROR, UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE are especially characteristic, but there may be others. Very often different.
  • The screen is missing or distorted (memory defects). In the absence of a discrete one with its own memory, the latter is allocated from the operational.
  • Computer slows down or freezes until the user reboots it.
  • File transfer and copy functions stop working.
  • There are errors when launching and running applications. For example, “The memory could not be read \ written” and others.
  • Programs are NOT installed or uninstalled.
  • Files are no longer saved. Or after saving they cannot be opened.
  • Operating system components are damaged.

As you can see, this list contains almost everything that can only be in case of a computer malfunction. And it’s just because of the operational bat!

By the way, memory problems often disguise themselves as other problems and manifest themselves in the most bizarre way. There have been cases when they were manifested by constant crash of the antivirus program (giving rise to “sins” for elusive viruses), unstable Wi-Fi connection, loss of device drivers (after installing the driver, it works only until the computer is restarted), etc.

Sometimes the same failure appears all the time, sometimes they alternate. It is not uncommon to find a combination of several errors, for example, blue screens of death and failures of system functions.

What are the consequences of using a faulty operating room? To the most deplorable. Namely. to the loss of data with which you are working on the computer. In the process of opening and rewriting, errors will accumulate in files, which sooner or later will make them unreadable and, possibly, unsuitable for recovery.

Goldmemory

Full. registered version of GoldMemory allows testing all types of modern DDR-DDR4 RAM up to 64GB. Has 4 scanning modes. fast (the only one available in the demo version), normal, in-depth and custom. Supports batch batch files. Keeps reports and audit history. Can work in continuous mode. until manual stop.

Like the previously reviewed utilities, GoldMemory runs in a DOS environment. it runs from a bootable DVD or USB-stick (the distribution kit of the paid version also includes media creation tools). Testing starts immediately after download.

The program interface, like Memtest 86, is in English. At the top of the screen are version and license information. The block in the orange frame in the screenshot above displays information about the current task execution and settings.

The settings menu is outlined in red. Here:

  • The “T” key controls the selection of the test mode.
  • “C”. enables and disables continuous check mode.
  • “M”. allows you to change the method for determining the size of RAM.
  • “B”. enables and disables the test benchmark.
  • “F”. determines whether to save the report file or not.
  • “A”. turns on and off sound notification about errors found.
  • “X”. determines whether testing will end when errors are found.
  • “E”. controls the transition to an accelerated test mode, which saves up to 50% of time while maintaining normal efficiency.

Pressing the “T” key in custom mode can select from a list of test groups to identify specific problems.

After starting the check in the area where the menu is located, a list of found errors will be displayed. Don’t notice them It won’t work either.

Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool

Myths that a system tool is capable of detecting only obvious problems, and hidden and subtle. comments, are composed by users who did not bother to figure out how to work with the utility correctly. Yes, by default it runs a quick check and a minimal set of tests, but if you change the settings, its sensitivity will increase dramatically.

To start the Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool, press the WindowsR key combination and enter the mdsched command in the “Open” line.

Next Confirm consent to restart. To have access to the entire RAM space, the utilities will restart the computer in DOS mode.

The check will start immediately after restarting. As I said, this will be a superficial scan that only reveals obvious errors. You can either wait for it to finish or stop by pressing the F1 go to settings key.

There are few settings in the programs, and they are intuitive.

  • The first option is a test suite. Select Wide for in-depth diagnostics. Press Tab to move to the next item.
  • Next is the use or non-use of the processor cache. In order for the utility to access only RAM, it is advisable to disable the cache.
  • The last option is the number of passes. The more there are, the higher the probability of detecting hidden errors, so if Time is running out, put at least 8-15.

Press F10 to exit the setup menu.

A full, deep check of RAM by any means always takes a long time. As practice shows, the bulk of defects are detected already at the first time of the test, but some float out only after repeated passes. after 6-8 hours from the start of the test.

Error messages appear on the same screen in the “Status” section.

There is a computer “Alzheimer’s”: how to check the RAM of a PC and laptop

Today we’ll talk about why there are problems with the RAM (RAM), what symptoms they make themselves felt, and why the use of faulty memory modules is dangerous. And also. how to check the RAM for errors and what to do if you find them.

Why does memory fail

There are NOT too many reasons for the unstable work or complete inoperability of the OPG. Here they are:

  • Malfunction of the RAM modules themselves (they are also RAM modules. Random Access Memory). The culprit is most often a banal marriage, which sometimes manifests itself after months or even years of work.
  • Individual incompatibility of the SIMultaneously used RAM or memory slots and the motherboard. Occurs despite the support declared by the manufacturers. It is detected, as a rule, at the first connection.
  • The parameters of the frequency and timings of RAM in the BIOS are incorrect. Appears after changing the default settings in order to overclock or find the optimal mode of joint operation of several planks.
  • Bad contact in the connector. The reason may be the formation of an oxide film on the surface of the contact group of the RAM module.
  • Malfunction of a slot, power supply elements, broken tracks and other defects of the motherboard related to memory.

So what to do with a faulty RAM?

Errors that are detected with non-standard settings of timings and frequencies do not always indicate that the memory is NOT good for anything. If it passes tests normally in normal mode, it can be installed in a computer, which is used without overclocking. On it, most likely, it will work as expected.

Defective RAM modules must definitely be replaced. For owners of stationary PCs, I think it will not be difficult to do this on their own. Another issue is laptops. If the model is equipped with removable RAM strips, as in the photo below, this is also easy to do.

Cases of malfunction of non-removable RAM. soldered on the motherboard, are resolved in different ways. Installing a bracket in an additional slot, if there is one, usually does not help, since the BIOS addresses the non-removable module first. If he “died” will not work and the additional.

Discrete RAM modules, as you probably know, are equipped with an SPD chip that stores information about operating frequencies and timings. Integrated memory does not have its own SPD, and all information about it is contained in the BIOS. In order for the laptop to see the bracket in the slot, it is necessary to delete the information about the integrated module from the BIOS.

If the board has a connector for a discrete module, the only solution is to solder a new RAM chip to replace the faulty one. If several chips fail, sometimes it is more profitable to replace the entire motherboard, since such repairs are not cheap.