Reasons why the laptop beeps
The source of the muzzle is the speaker. a small element on the motherboard, the purpose of which is to generate sound signals when a malfunction is detected. By the nature of the signals, using a special table, you can diagnose the reason why the laptop does not turn on. Among the most common reasons are:
- Keyboard malfunction (key sticking).
- Failure of the cooling system, leading to overheating of the principal components.
- Incorrect BIOS settings.
- Problems with RAM, card, or other board.
- Power supply error.
To determine the possible reason for the appearance of the muzzle and the inability to turn on the laptop, find the table of beeps for your BIOS version. You can find out the BIOS version using any search engine for the laptop model.
When the table is in front of your eyes, you need to count the frequency and number of sound signals, and then find the corresponding value and familiarize yourself with the probable cause of the problem and how to fix it.
Cooling system check
Make sure the laptop’s cooling system is working properly: the vents are NOT clogged with dust, and the thermal grease on the CPU and cards is not dry. Find the instructions for disassembling your laptop model and gently dust it off. If you are afraid of damaging something, take the laptop to a service center to carry out a high-quality cleaning of the case from accumulated dirt.
The laptop beeps continuously or several times when turned on. Reasons and repairs in St. Petersburg
Let’s figure out why your laptop, when turned on (booted), beeps continuously or makes sounds (beeps 2, 3, 5, 8 times), as well as try to fix the problems ourselves.
When turned on, the laptop emits a single beep, signaling that the device is working properly and ready to work. But sometimes users are faced with the fact that the number and frequency of repetition of Squeaks increases, and the laptop refuses to turn on or load the operating system.
Eliminate the squeak of the laptop when you turn it on yourself
Disclaimer: we are NOT responsible for your actions. This article is for informational purposes only and has NOT won the Cup you to action.
We have highlighted the main reasons for the appearance of a squeak, now let’s see how you can eliminate them. Let’s start with the keyboard. conduct an external inspection for damage or liquid ingress. A stuck key can be carefully pulled out using a thin object (in cases where the keyboard does NOT fit into a module), while a flooded or badly damaged keyboard will most likely have to be replaced. It is better to replace it in a service center using special equipment.
Resetting the BIOS to factory defaults can fix a variety of problems when turning on your laptop. However, you can perform this procedure yourself only if the laptop turns on, but does not load the operating system.
Go to the BIOS by pressing the Delete key when turning on (the key to enter the BIOS is indicated on the boot start window).
Resetting the parameters, in particular, solves the CMOS error and other problems in the BIOS, so be sure to try this method of eliminating the squeak.
Problems with RAM or other modules
If, using the table of sound signals, you have determined that RAM is a prerequisite for the problem, then proceed as follows:
- Remove the cover for the RAM module or completely unscrew the back of the laptop.
- Locate the memory module and carefully remove the latches to remove it.
- Dust the board and insert it back at a 45 degree angle.
The same must be done with other components of the laptop: carefully disconnect them from the motherboard, clean them from dust and reinstall them. As for the power supply: if it does not work, then you will have to replace it with a new one, since repairing the adapter will cost about the same amount.
Download all Windows 10 updates
An operating system is a complex software environment that needs to periodically fix detected errors and vulnerabilities, add new tools and replace old ones. If Windows 10 takes a very long time to load at startup, it’s time to check for the updates offered by the developer and install them. In addition to critical system files, they also concern service applications, in particular, the “Defender”, which is responsible for OS security.
To restore the working environment, try updating manually. This is especially useful if the automatic process was disabled by a second user or malicious code. Follow the instructions:
- Calling the system search tool, enter the query “Services” in it, then go to the top result in the list that appears.
- In the window that opens, find, moving down with the mouse wheels, the item “Windows Update” and double-click on the title.
- On the first tab, set any of the two launch parameters “Automatic” (recommended) or “Manual”. For the specified changes to take effect, click “Apply”, and then. “OK”.
- Half done. You have successfully activated the Service Required for Update. Let’s move on to the second part. Calling the menu of system “parameters” again, open this time the section “Update and security”.
- On the top-most tab, which has the same name as the previously started service, click on Check for Updates. Downloaded and installed packages will almost certainly help if Windows 10 is slow to load.
Testing and installation can take from five to fifteen minutes to several hours. It all depends on how long you have NOT updated the state of your personal computer, and the current speed of the Internet connection. If you need to work at the computer during the day, we recommend starting the process before going to bed, and in the morning to perform the Necessary Restart.
What to do if a black screen appears when the system boots
This issue is covered in detail in one of our articles on black screen on laptop. If after pressing the power button you DO NOT see anything except the black window of the monitor, you can suspect the card driver is working incorrectly. To a greater extent, this problem is typical for laptops, but it also occurs on PCs. Fixing it is easier than it seems. the following aLGorithm will help you:
- Once again, using the system search, go to the Device Manager tool.
- Expand, by clicking on the heading, the list of “adapters” available in the left pane of the new window. Find in the list of available devices the one you are using now (most likely, there will be only one option). and Disable it using the context menu. After that, the screen will almost certainly go completely black for a few seconds and then turn back on.
As soon as the image appears again, Turn off the PC and the indicators go out completely, turn it on. We do NOT recommend using the restart option. it will not allow you to evaluate the effectiveness of the manipulations undertaken.
The method described above, but will not solve the problem if you are using an integrated adapter from Intel.
It does NOT hurt to install a new driver for yours. Download it from the manufacturer’s official website (amd.com/drivers or nvidia.com/drivers). or, as an assembly, from any other trustworthy source.
If, after all the steps taken, the computer boots for a long time at startup, try rolling back the latest driver version to the previous one, and also use the first advice given in the article.
Disable startup processes that strongly affect OS startup time
Even if you have done all of the above, you may still experience a long boot of Windows 10. Windows 10 starts up for a long time and for another common reason: incorrect settings for the processes that run when applications start up. or if this system partition is overloaded.
The folder responsible for the automatic start of built-in and user-installed programs contains not the utilities themselves, but links to them. Autostart, performed without any user action, is especially necessary for the main system drivers, antiviruses, firewalls, and to a lesser extent for optimizers.
It takes a certain amount of time to process each such process. On the one hand, fractions of a second do NOT play any role for human perception. On the other hand, if you have added fifty NOT too necessary programs to the section, this will already lead to a very noticeable slowdown. The processor SIMply cannot complete all tasks at the same time; added complexity uneven power distribution. the operating system does not always guess which applications are of the highest importance.
Be that as it may, you can fix the problem caused by the incorrect implementation of the autorun option in a few Clicks:
- To get down to business, open, as described in the first tip, system “Options”. Here, in the “Applications” section, you will find the “Startup” item. it will help you find out why a laptop with Windows 10 boots slowly when you turn it on.
- Find programs that are NOT required to run automatically and Disable the corresponding option for them using the sliders opposite the titles.
As you can see in the image above, using this tool, it is impossible to clearly determine how much and or another program affects the OS startup speed. Do you want more information? Then try another instruction:
- Using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl, Alt and Escape. or right-clicking on the taskbar and Selecting the Appropriate item. call the “Task Manager”.
- If necessary, expand the menu of basic options by clicking on the “Details” button.
- Go to the tab that offers autostart control and is named accordingly. Here, in the pivot table, not only a list of all applications that start without your participation will be presented, but also the degree of influence of each of them on the launch time.
- Select the ones that have the “High / High” status and set them to “Disable” using the context menu. Repeat the procedure for each process separately, and then close the window.
This method is more accurate because it provides information about which utilities take a long time to load in Windows 10 when you turn it on. But, you see, the information expressed in terms of “Low”, “Medium”, “High” is also not enough. In addition, the status of Some programs remains undefined, which means that you cannot understand whether to disable them or not.
To go to the extended data, click, Using the right mouse button, in the heading “Publisher”. and in the menu that appears, select the indicator “Central bank at startup”.
Thus, you have just added a new column to the pivot table. Move to it using the mouse wheels, dragging the bottom scroll bar, or stretching the dispatcher window. The added graph, as shown in the example below, shows the time in thousandths of a second taken by each of the utilities. Pay attention to especially “lengthy” processes: they may well turn out to be malicious codes. So, in the illustration, the second and third circled applications increase the launch time by a total of almost 18 seconds, while it does not bring any benefit at all. Of course, they not only can, but also need to be disabled, or better yet, uninstall.
Some programs, including protected firewalls and antiviruses, you cannot exclude from the autorun list in this way. You will have to first turn to their own settings, disable protective processes. and only then deactivate autoload.
Check Windows 10 startup options
Unlike all the previous tools that allow you to instantly figure out why Windows 10 takes a long time to start and load, this will be a little more difficult to get to. Parameters are set by the operating system by default and in theory should NOT be changed by the user.
In fact, everything is more complicated. The process settings can be adjusted, of course, in the negative direction, by a virus that has entered the computer. Changing parameters can lead to extremely long loading of the operating system. up to several hours.
To return the settings to optimal, follow our instructions:
- Using the previously described system search tool, enter msconfig as a request and, after waiting for an OS response, click on the first result in the output list.
- Referring to the “Download” tab located in the top line of the new window, click on the “Advanced options” button.
- Use the two boxes shown in the figure below to set the operating system preparation process to the maximum. Use all available kernels and set the Highest used RAM. both are fundamentally important for correct and fast loading.
Do not forget to save your changes by clicking on the “Apply” button in the main window. For the amendments to take effect, be sure to restart your PC. immediately or at a convenient time for you.
Perform a full system scan for viruses
Of course, setting up your computer will NOT do without a full scan for viruses. New malicious codes are constantly appearing on the Internet that attack vital nodes of the operating system. sometimes in search of the user’s personal information, and sometimes solely for the purpose of causing damage.
Unfortunately, no antivirus, even the most advanced one that uses the latest version of the virus database, gives 100% protection. Whatever products you use, you can only hope for luck. and DO NOT forget about regular updates.
You can completely secure the device only in one case: if you completely isolate it from the global network and do not connect any removable media to it. Then it is equal to the assumption why the computer takes a long time to load and Windows 10 boots slowly will be removed. but your personal computer will also lose all practical value.
Let’s pay attention to one more fundamental point. A SIMple scan of the Hard Drive for accumulated system junk, registry errors, incorrect automatic boot parameters is certainly useful, but it does not help in the fight against malicious codes. To ensure your machine is safe, you will need to periodically perform deep scans. You should also NOT rely on chance: a problem that temporarily receded by itself will return soon. and, possibly, with much more serious consequences.
One full scan will take two to three hours and sometimes more. Guided by the above considerations, we recommend that you use several anti-virus products in sequence. Considering that the scan time will increase accordingly. When using two or three programs, the process can take the whole day. which means that you need to prepare for it in advance.
We recommend using the following universal products for cleaning malicious codes:
- Web Antivirus;
- Avira Free Security Suite;
- AVG AntiVirus Free;
- Avast Free Antivirus;
- Kaspersky Free;
- 360 Total Security.
It will be optimal to use, as mentioned above, two or three products. Applying more will SIMply take your time, almost NOT increasing the likelihood of detecting a problem. Before starting a scan, we highly recommend activating the full / deep scan mode. the corresponding option must be present in the main menu.
And most importantly. under no circumstances run antiviruses at the same time. In the best case, the programs will SIMply slow down each other and the case will eventually end with the OS crash; at worst, instead of fixing a relatively minor problem, you will have to install the system from scratch.
Reasons for a slow boot Windows 10
There can be any number of circumstances leading to an increase in the startup duration: from system failures and hardware problems to the processing of recently installed software. especially if the latter was added to startup. We will NOT consider random and one-time factors automatically eliminated by the OS during one session in the article. The danger is presented by a different situation: chronic long boot Windows 10 at startup. You have an SSD drive installed or a regular magnetic hard drive, it almost does not matter: most of the tips below help when using drives of both types. By the way, in the case of an SSD drive, we advise you to check the SSD drive for speed and performance, perhaps the problem is in it.
In the most general case, the causes of malfunctions, the consequence of which is the long preparation of the OS for work, can be divided into two categories: hardware and software. The first are associated with the incorrect operation of the built-in, less often. the periphery of the equipment. The second. with incorrect configuration of system and third-party applications.
The primary solution to a hardware problem can be done at home. Follow two SIMple guidelines:
- Clean the surfaces of the work items regularly. Get rid of the dust accumulating in the system unit with a soft brush, cloth, and special blowing devices. Check and, if necessary, clean the contacts from oxidized: this is best done with a cotton swab dipped in an alcohol solution.
- Prevent voltage surges in the circuit to which the computer is connected. Use stabilizers, uninterruptible power supplies that instantly switch to autonomous mode and DO NOT let the hard drive “fall”.
Unfortunately, even if all the conditions are met, it sometimes happens that a computer or laptop takes a long time to load and slows down. Windows 10 can be installed just recently, or run for several years. Most likely, the matter lies precisely in the operating system. With each new launch, it processes hundreds of critically important files, and along with them. no less number of insignificant, and sometimes even interfering with stable work. Damage to the boot tool leads, at best, to a drop in speed, and at the worst, to a complete failure of the OS.
Among other things, both users and applications with direct access to the hardware can change the launch configuration. Making one or two rash adjustments can dramatically increase the length of the process. Malicious codes have the same capabilities. of course, by default, they have bad intentions.
Using the tips given above and later in the article, you can get rid of most of the problems that cause problems with loading the OS. However, in case of critical damage to system files, as well as in case of hardware failure, you will have to take more radical measures: a clean reinstallation and replacement of equipment, respectively. We advise you not to rush. and go through all the stages of troubleshooting.
What to do if Windows 10 takes a long time to load after updating
As mentioned above, getting the operating system up to date in a timely manner is quite helpful. However, it also happens the other way around: due to certain reasons, Windows 10 after the update takes a long time to load, by the way, we have a separate article on this problem. Most often this happens:
- Due to the interruption of the package installation process by the user. The operation can take up to several hours. and it is not worth artificially stopping it.
- Due to a power surge in the household network. In this case, prevented by the installation of a stabilizer or UPS, the installation is interrupted due to an unexpected shutdown of the PC.
- Due to poor quality internet connection. As a result, the package may not be fully downloaded. During installation, such a program will disrupt the OS and ultimately lead to the inability to boot normally.
To fix the situation, rather than resorting to reinstalling the system, you will need to follow these steps:
- Completely clean up downloaded update files.
- Restart the process of getting new packages.
- Scan a number of critical files for the OS.
The operation is performed as follows:
- First, you clear the cache. It is extremely SIMple to do this: go to the system drive, open the Windows directory. Here refer to the SoftwareDistribution subdirectory and, having selected in the next folder, Download, all files (there can be a lot of them), delete them. As you can see in the illustration below, you need administrator privileges to clean up.
- Check for an update using the instructions in the advice above.
An interesting situation is when Windows 10 is loaded for a long time when it is turned on just a few days after a clean installation. In this case, the point is not in the received updates, but in the Incorrect installation of the wired ones. The following small instruction will help you troubleshoot the problem:
- Run command timeline. It will be optimal to do it immediately with administrator rights.
- Apply command to perform system data check: sfc / scannow.
- After the scan is complete and the errors are fixed, restart the machine and check if the boot time has decreased.
If none of the above helps, try rolling back to the previous version of the operating system. For this:
- Go to the “Update and Security” section again, available in the “Start” menu, use the “Recovery” tab.
- Find a link on the new page offering to return to the previous version, and agree to start the process, clicked the appropriate button.
- If you wish, you can specify, due to what circumstances, rollback. or select the universal option “For another reason”.
- Further, to speed up the process, refuse the next check for available updates.
- Please read the warning that appears on the next page carefully. The main points are:
- You will have to wait for a long time.
- All software changes you made since the last update will be reset.
- User data will remain intact.
- Now, in order to finally cope with the problem due to which the computer began to boot for a long time, click “Next”. and DO NOT interrupt the process until it is successfully completed.
Among other things, you can perform the above operation in Another way. Using the recovery environment. Follow the instructions carefully:
- Restart your computer or laptop while holding down the Shift key during operation.
- After waiting for the “recovery” menu to appear on a blue background, select the “Troubleshooting” section.
- Refer to the list of additional parameters available in the Diagnostics submenu.
- Click on the item that allows you, as the title suggests, to revert to the old version of the operating system.
- After waiting for the next reboot, select your.
- To carry out further manipulations, enter the password. If the latter is Not set. just click “Continue”.
That’s all. now, once in the new window, you can click on the button offering to roll back to the old version and wait for the process to complete successfully.
Windows 10 takes a long time to load when you turn on the computer: what to do if the system boots slowly
It also happens: an operating system that worked for a long time without any complaints, suddenly began to load for a long time: from a minute or two to ten minutes or more. This situation is possible on any generation of Windows, and not excluding the last one. In the early stages of the problem, in fact, nothing else terrible happens. you are experiencing discomfort solely from a long wait.
As a rule, it is accompanied by a fascinating viewing of a black screen. it appears immediately after Microsoft’s proprietary animation and does NOT go away until the moment it changes to the desktop. At the same time, you see the mouse cursor on the monitor and you can even move it. This is where your powers end. viewing files and working in programs with a completely black monitor is impossible.
When asked whether it is necessary to fix the problem, we will immediately answer: yes. Firstly, this way you will reduce unnecessary and annoying waiting times. And secondly, to prevent the occurrence of much more serious problems on your machine, the first symptom of which is an excessively long startup.
Delete temporary files
Windows 10 still starts and loads slowly? Try the next step: Get rid of unnecessary files that have long been NOT used by the operating system. They accumulate on the Hard Disk, sometimes even access the startup menu. and will certainly slow down the startup speed.
Performs the procedures described below, it is recommended that you regularly, at least once a month. The process is completely safe for your PC and, if used correctly, does NOT affect critical files. Follow the instructions:
- Once again, once in the system “Settings”, select the “System” section. Here you will need a tab called “Device Memory”.
- Now you need to find and run the “Memory Sense”, and then. the tool “Free up space now”. Explore which categories of unnecessary data are available for deletion, mark them with checkboxes and click “Delete”.
After a few seconds, your computer will become a little cleaner. and, perhaps, you can finally solve the problem with too long system startup. And if it doesn’t work out, use the tips below.
Rollback to checkpoint
By clicking on the first item, most likely the recovery utility you are already familiar with is launched. In it, you just need to select the date and time to which you want to rollback, and follow the instructions on the screen.
To use this option, you must have at least one saved checkpoint and a working system restore function. If the latter was disabled before the crash, skip this step and try other methods.
Why She Doesn’t Load
- Installing another operating system in a different partition of the drive (the new OS replaces the bootloader with the old one).
- Experiments with disk partitions. compressing, merging, splitting, formatting, and more. A typical error, which is just a consequence of this. “Bootmgriscompressed” (compressed system loader).
- Unqualified editing by hands of the system registry.
- Using various “cleaners-tweaks” to speed up and decorate the system, which “accidentally” change the registry keys responsible for launching, patch files, etc.
- Incorrectly installed Windows updates or shutting down the PC during the installation of updates.
- Viruses and antiviruses. Do not be surprised, the latter can do no less harm than the former if used thoughtlessly. It’s like swallowing pills indiscriminately, hoping that among them there will be a suitable.
- Failed hardware driver. Loading in such cases is usually interrupted by a blue screen of death, sometimes indicating the name of the driver that caused the problem.
- “Clumsy” applications at startup. This crashes late in the boot phase. Just before the desktop appears.
Hardware reasons for Windows 10 not starting:
- Changing the order of polling bootable media in the BIOS (the computer is looking for a Windows bootloader not in the system disk, but, for example, on flash drives).
- Connecting the drive to a different port on the motherboard that it used to work on. if the failure occurred after removing and reinstalling the hard drive into the computer. Manifested by INACCESSIBLE_BOOT_DEVICE error on blue screen of death.
- Malfunction or poor connection of the system drive. It often shows up with a “Bootmgrismissing” message on a black screen. Sometimes. by stopping, restarting, BSoDs at any stage of loading.
- Defective RAM. As with disk problems, overloads and blue screens appear at any stage of startup.
- Failure of the elements of the subsystem. Windows may boot up, but you won’t see it because the screen will remain black. Sometimes the fact that the system has booted can only be recognized by the characteristic sound.
- Other hardware problems such as faulty power supply, motherboard, peripherals, etc.
Since 80-90% of Windows 10 not starting is due to software crashes, today’s article is devoted to methods of dealing with them.
So, in order to restore the normal startup of Windows, the computer must be booted into the recovery environment. If you have previously used Windows 7, then you know that this very environment is installed on disk along with the main system. And in order to enter it, you need to open the menu of additional boot methods (pressed after turning on the computer F8) and go to the “Troubleshooting” section.
The top ten also has a recovery environment, but since its boot time has significantly decreased in comparison with Windows 7, the interval when you can call the boot menu has also become much shorter. The chance to have time to press the desired key at this time (more precisely, the combination of F8 and Shift) remained only in one case: if the system is installed on an MBR hard disk and the quick start option is disabled in the power settings of the PC or laptop. If the system is on an SSD or GPT hard drive, you will need bootable media.
For emergency recovery of Windows 10, it is normal to keep its official distribution kit on a DVD or USB flash drive, and the same bit depth that is installed on the PC. Alternatively, you can use the MS DaRT 10 utility boot package (Microsoft Diagnostic and Recovery Toolset for Windows 10).
MS DaRT distributions (formerly called “ERD Commander”) are officially distributed only by paid subscription, but they are easy to find on the net. For example, on torrent trackers. Windows 10 images available for download from Microsoft.
As an example, I will use the home release of the “ten” recorded on a bootable USB flash drive, since everything you need is in it.
Tens launch recovery options
- System Restore. When this option is selected, the standard Windows utility rstrui.Exe is launched, the purpose of which is to roll back the system to one of the saved checkpoints.
- System image recovery. Launches the Windows Deployment Wizard from a native OS backup.
- Startup recovery. Fixes errors in boot files and partitions.
- Command line. Allows you to run various system utilities.
- Go back to the previous build. Rolls back to a previously installed version of the OS in case it was updated to Windows 10.
Next, we’ll figure out when and which tool to use.
Reverting to a previous build
This recovery method is available for a short time (10-30 days, depending on the license terms) after updating Windows 7 or 8 to the top ten. It is possible only if you save the files of the previous OS, which are placed in the Windows folder. Old.
When returning to a previously installed assembly, the user’s personal files will remain intact, but everything that was done after the update will be canceled.
If rollback to a checkpoint and auto-recovery at startup (the first and second options) did not give the desired result, the console utility BCDBoot often helps to raise the load of the “dozen”. It recreates the hidden “System Reserved” partition and copies the boot files from the Windows directory to it.
For BCDBoot to work correctly, you must specify the location of the Windows folder on your hard drive. To find out, you can use the Diskpart utility, but I find it more convenient to do this through Explorer.
So, to get into the explorer, open the command line and run notepad in it.
While in notepad, go to the “File” menu, select “Open” and go to the “This computer” folder. Next, let’s go through the disk partitions and determine in which of them the system directory is located. In my example, this is drive D.
Next, we return to the command term and follow the instructions:
Bcdboot D: \ Windows
Please note that your path to the system folder may be the second.
In 80% of cases, this is enough for the “ten” to start normally. But in about 20% of cases, the command does not work correctly. it does not restore all boot files. To help the utility a little, before executing the instruction on the command line, you need to format the reserved boot partition (in my example, drive C) to FAT32. This can also be done using diskpart, but I find it more convenient to use the explorer.
The next two console commands re-create the entire drive boot record (MBR) and system partition (VBR). They are used to solve problems with starting Windows on MBR disks.
The commands are executed one after another in this order:
Bootrec / fixmbr
Bootrec / fixboot
If you accidentally execute them on a GPT disk, nothing bad will happen.
In some cases, startup problems arise due to damage to NOT bootable, but to the main system files, for example, after a virus attack. As you probably know, there is a special utility called Sfc.Exe in Windows to fix them. So, thanks to the command line, you can also run it in the recovery environment.
The command to find and fix errors for protected system files in the recovery environment looks like this:
Sfc / scannow / offbootdir = D: \ / offwindir = D: \
The offbootdir parameter determines the location of the main boot partition (in my example, as you remember, this is drive D), and offwindir is the path to the system folder.
Using the command term, you can fix the registry errors of the non-bootable system. But, unlike the previous instructions, this requires some experience and qualifications, because the user needs to know exactly what to correct and how Erroneous entries should look normal.
I will not dwell on registry errors leading to a failure to boot Windows 10, since this is a topic for a separate large article. I will describe only the method of starting the RegEdit.Exe editor in the recovery environment and opening the registry files in it so that you have the opportunity to fix errors in which you know.
So, to start the editor, write the word regedit on the command line and press Enter.
You will see that in the utility window that opens, some kind of registry is already present, but not the one you need. Before us is our own registry of the recovery environment, and we are interested in the main system.
To load Windows 10 registry files into RegEdit Select the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE or HKEY_USERS section in the left half of the editor window, open the File menu and click the Load hive item.
In the explorer window that will open after that, go to the D: \ Windows \ System32 \ Config folder (your drive letter may be different) and select the desired file.
Files without an extension in the \ System32 \ Config folder are the constituent parts (hives) of the Windows 10 registry. The main ones are framed.
Give the bush any meaningful name (it will be temporary until you unload it) and click OK.
Next, we will open the section into which we uploaded the bush, and here it is in front of us, available for editing. In my example, this is the software registry file, which I temporarily renamed to soft_win_10.
After making the amendments, go back to the “File” editor menu and click “Unload Bush”.
Why won’t Windows 10 boot? Troubleshoot startup error
Failure to boot Windows is a common occurrence, but by the law of meanness, it usually happens when a computer is badly needed. So that the situation does not catch you by surprise, it is important to prepare for it in advance. Let’s talk about what to do if Windows 10 does not load, why it happens and what each user should have in order to solve this problem as quickly as possible.
Booting into Windows 10 Recovery Environment
The failure scenario shown in the screenshot can be considered favorable. Clicked, “Advanced options” you will be taken to the recovery environment installed on the hard drive, and you do not have to boot into it from external media. But we will consider a more severe case, where the system shows no signs of life.
We will assume that you already have the media with the tens distribution kit at the ready. If not, prepare it now, so that at the most crucial moment it does not waste time on it.
Connect the media to your computer, reboot, enter BIOS settings and make it the first boot device.
The window that you see first after booting from a USB flash drive (DVD) will prompt you to select the system language. If Russian is selected, click “Next”.
Next, you will be prompted to proceed to the installation or recovery of Windows. Click “System Restore”.
On the Select Action screen, click Troubleshoot. Here you are.
System image recovery
If you are an exception to the rule and the happy owner of a fresh backup copy, select the item marked in the screenshot in the list of parameters,
Point the recovery program to where the image is stored and follow its instructions.
All data of the inoperative OS will be replaced with a healthy copy from the archive. If it contains user files, it will also affect them.
11. Updates BIOS
To update the BIOS, download the latest version on the motherboard developer’s website. An instruction is attached to the downloaded archive. we carefully study it and perform Step-by-step actions.
If the latest BIOS version is already installed on the computer, then Install it again (flashing the BIOS).
Checking the disk drive
We check the performance of the disk on which the operating system (or bootloader) is installed. To do this, you can:
A) See if the BIOS disk sees in the Main section.
B) Disconnect the disk from the computer and insert it into another, checking that it is detected and data can be read from it.
C) Boot the computer from a bootable Windows LiveCD flash drive and check the status of the media on which the system is installed, for example, with the CrystalDiskInfo or Victoria program.
If the disk is not detected or its condition is determined as critical, then the disk itself must be replaced.
As a rule, the problem is caused by the fact that the BIOS cannot find the device from which the operating system should boot. This can happen for the following reasons:
- The settings of the basic input / output system are lost;
- There is no media to start the operating system or its malfunction;
- BIOS software error;
- Computer malfunction warning. launching the menu signals the presence of an incorrect setting, which can lead to the failure of the PC itself. For example, incorrect bus frequency.
It is also possible that the BIOS startup key (usually Del or F2) is SIMply stuck. because of this, the basic input / output system is constant.
8. Blank disk (no operating system)
A SIMilar problem will occur when the computer has nothing to boot the operating system from, since it is not installed on the disk. For example, when buying a new computer or replacing a disk. In some cases. due to damage to the file system and, as a result, loss of the system on it. In this case, you need to install the operating system on the disk.
Also, the problem may be due to damage to the operating system. You can try to solve the problem by reinstalling the system.
14. Bootloader recovery
Due to system boot issues, the computer will constantly start the BIOS. The operating system may NOT start due to bootloader issues. The bootloader itself may be damaged due to a system error, a virus, or its partition may be accidentally deleted.
To solve the problem, run the system restore from the Windows installation disc. Then, on the command line, run 2 commands:
We check the system startup. If this did not happen, execute the commands:
With the help of these commands, we will scan the disk for operating systems and write the found systems to boot.
Checking the system startup again.
Resetting BIOS settings
First, we try to reset the settings in the BIOS itself. To do this, in the “Exit” section we find an option with a name like “Load Default”, for example:
If this does not help, we try to reset the settings by removing the battery on the motherboard.
16. Disable Fast Boot
Disabling fast boot in BIOS can also help. To do this, we find the Fast Boot option and put it in the Disabled position. The option itself can be found in one of the sections:
- Advanced. OS Configuration
- BIOS Features
Please note that the “Quick Boot” option SIMilar in name has a different purpose and does not affect our settings in any way, so you do not need to touch this option.
For laptops, it is also recommended to remove the battery after disabling this option.
Turn on Launch CSM (BIOS / UEFI mode)
In the case of using systems that DO NOT support UEFI (for example, Windows 7), the Launch CSM option must be enabled (this option is responsible for compatibility with older operating systems). If it is disabled, first we find the “Secure Boot” option. disable it and restart the computer. Then we activate Launch CSM. After that, you can already try to restart your computer.
We check if there is a Boot Device Control section and the ability to choose between parameters such as: UEFI and Legacy, UEFI Only, Legacy Only. For older versions of the system, you should choose Legacy and UEFI Only or Legacy Only. For new systems, you need to try different options.
Some BIOS / UEFI versions have an option to select the type of operating system. there may be options for Windows 8 (7) and Other OS. For the system, and not supporting UEFI, choose the last option.
BIOS runs continuously when the computer is turned on
Windows 7 won’t start. After turning on, the computer turns off immediately
The reasons for this behavior may differ, but as a rule they are associated with malfunctions of the power supply or overheating of the computer. If, after turning on the PC, it turns off even before Windows starts loading, then most likely the matter is in the power supply unit and, possibly, it requires replacement.
If the computer automatically shuts down some time after it is running, then overheating is more likely and most likely, it is enough to clean the computer from dust and replace the thermal paste:
I press the power button but nothing happens
If after you pressed the ON / OFF button, but nothing came out: the fans did NOT work, the LEDs did NOT light up, then first of all you need to check the following things:
- Electrical connection.
- Is the surge protector and switch on the computer’s power supply in the back (for desktops) enabled?
- Are all the wires completely stuck in the right place?
- Is there electricity in the apartment.
If all this is in order, then you should check the computer’s power supply. Ideally, try to connect another one that is guaranteed to work, but this is a topic for a separate article. If you do NOT feel like an expert in this, then I would advise you to call a master.
What to do if your computer won’t turn on or boot
This site has already had more than one article describing the procedure for actions in cases when the computer does not turn on for one reason or another. Here I will try to systematize everything written and describe in which cases which option is most likely to help you.
There are a variety of reasons why the computer may NOT turn on or boot, and, as a rule, based on external signs, which will be described below, you can determine this reason with a certain degree of confidence. often, problems are caused by software failures or missing files, writes to the hard disk, less often. malfunctions of the computer hardware.
In any case, no matter what happens, remember: even if “nothing works”, most likely everything will be in order: your data will remain in place, and it is quite easy to return a PC or laptop to working condition.
Let’s consider the common options in order.
The computer beeps when turned on
If a laptop or PC starts beeping instead of turning on normally, then you can find out the reason for this squeak by referring to this article.
The monitor does not turn on or the computer is noisy, but shows a black screen and does NOT boot
Very often, when applying for a computer repair, users themselves diagnose their problem as follows: the computer turns on, but the monitor does not work. It should be noted here that most often they are mistaken and the reason is still in the computer: the fact that it is noisy and the indicators are on does NOT mean that it works. details about this in the articles:
When turning on the computer writes an error
Did you turn on the computer, but instead of booting Windows, you see an error message? Most likely a problem with some system files, boot order in BIOS or SIMilar things. It is usually fairly easy to fix. Here is a list of the most common problems of this kind (see the link for a description of how to solve the problem):
- BOOTMGR is missing. how to fix the error
- NTLDR is missing
- Hal.Dll error
- Non system disk or disk error (I have not written about this error yet. The first thing to try is to turn off all flash drives and remove all disks, check the boot order in the BIOS and try to turn on the computer again).
- Kernel32.Dll not found
I hope the listed materials will help someone. And I, in turn, while compiling this sample, realized that the topic associated with the problems, expressed in the inability to turn on the computer, I had not worked out very well. There is something else to add here, which I will do in the near future.