1) Drive selection
I think this is the first thing to note. The fact is that there are several types of SSD M2: SATA, PCIe (and these, in turn, are subdivided into several subtypes). In all this diversity it is not difficult to get confused.
By the way, here I would also like to note (as I have already been asked more than once): the difference between switching from HDD to SSD (SATA) is noticeable to the naked eye, even a weak laptop starts to “fly”. But the difference between SSD (SATA) and SSD (PCIe (32 Gb / s)) is imperceptible if you do not look at the test results (at least, if you are not very actively working with the disk).
Personally, I think that it makes little sense for most to chase the “super-duper” SSD (PCIe), but adding some solid-state drive to a classic HDD is definitely worth it.!
How to install an SSD M2 in a laptop
Today, working on a laptop (PC) without an SSD drive is, I tell you, quite excruciating and painful. And in order to realize this, you need at least once to work with the system where it is installed: fast OS boot, instantly open applications and documents, no freezes or 100% disk loading after turning on the device.
Okay, to the point. In this article, we’ll walk you through the steps of installing a “newfangled” SSD M2 into a typical laptop. Actually, there is nothing complicated about this, but there are quite a few questions regarding this disc format (and I decided to collect some of them here, summarize my past materials, and answer together.).
Installing SSD M2: Step by Step
3) Installation process (consider a couple of options)
There are dozens of laptop models on the market now. Conventionally, in relation to our topic, I would divide laptops into 2 parts:
- Those devices where there is a small cover for quick access to slots for installing RAM, disks, etc.;
- And devices that need to be completely disassembled before the drive can be connected.
I will consider both options.
Option: the laptop has a special. Protective cover for quick access to components
1) Turn off the laptop first. We disconnect all devices from it: mice, headphones, power cable, etc.
2) turning over. If you can remove the battery, remove it.
3) Then we unscrew the fastening screws that hold the cover. As a rule, there are 1-4 of them. (See example below).
In my example, by the way, I used an HP Pro Book G4 laptop. in this line of HP laptops, maintenance is very convenient: access to disks, memory, a cooler can be obtained by unscrewing 1 screw and Removing the protective cover.
Unscrew the screw securing the protective cover // HP Pro Book G4
4) Actually, under the cover we find the M2 slot. it inserts a drive into it (Please note: the drive should enter the slot without much effort, look carefully at the keys!).
Removing the cover, you can install RAM, disks and drives, cleans the cooling system
5) I will add that SSD M2 drives are fixed at the end with a screw. It does not allow the drive to accidentally fly out of the slot (the screw usually comes with the SSD. DO NOT neglect the fixation!).
Install and Fix SSD M2
6) Well, that’s all, it remains to put back the protective cover, fix it. Next, turn the laptop over and turn on.
After loading Windows in “My Computer” and in Explorer, you may not see this disk! The fact is that many new SSDs are NOT formatted.
To see the disk. go to disk management and format it (note: to open disk management, press the WinR key combination, and in the Run window enter the command diskmgmt.Msc).
Option: the laptop has a special. Caps (complete disassembly.)
As a rule, special covers are found on compact laptops (as well as in those devices in which the case is made of metal).
By the way, I will give you one piece of advice: before starting to disassemble a laptop, I highly recommend watching a disassembly video of the same device model on the network. I especially advise this to everyone who does not do this very often.
I hasten to remind you that disassembling and opening the device case may become a prerequisite for refusing warranty service.
1) The first action is similar: I turn off the laptop, disconnecting all the wires (power, mouse, etc.), turning.
2) If you can remove the battery, remove it (usually fastened with two latches). In my case, the battery was located inside the case.
3) Next, unscrew all the mounting screws along the contour. Please note that some of the screws can be hidden under the stickers and rubber feet (which are often found on the vibration reducing device).
For example, on a laptop that I disassembled as a test subject (ASUS ZenBook UX310). two screws were just under the rubber feet!
Remove the cover. fastening screws || ASUS ZenBook UX310
Fixing screw under the rubber foot
4) Further, before touching something or connecting / disconnecting. be sure to disconnect the battery (if it is inside the case, like mine is. Simply, in the absence of a protective cap for quick access to the memory slots. usually the battery is inside the laptop ).
Typically, the battery is secured with a few screws. After Unscrewing x, LOOK carefully at the loops: sometimes they go to the floor of the battery and if they are carelessly removed, they can be easily damaged!
5) Now you can connect the M2 SSD by inserting it into the corresponding slot. Remember to fix it with the fixing screws!
SSD M2 mount
Drive plugged in and locked
6) Then you can assemble the device in the reverse order: put the battery back, the protective cover and fix it with screws.
The only thing I would recommend: This is not Fix with all the screws at once. To begin with, it would not be bad to check: whether the system sees the disk, whether everything is in order with it, or whether the hardware was bought.
By the way, as I said above, many programs in Windows (including Explorer) may NOT see your SSD. Therefore, you need to use either a special utility for formatting disks, or a tool that is available in Windows. disk management.
To open Disk Management: Press the WinR keyboard shortcut, type diskmgmt.Msc and press Enter. See two screenshots below.
Diskmgmt.Msc. start disk management
SSD disk // disk management
2) What do we need
- Laptop (which has an M2 slot for an SSD). I note right away: in some cases (it also depends on the type of device), self-installation of the disk into a laptop is a prerequisite for refusing warranty service (if the laptop is under warranty, this point should be clarified);
The SSD drive itself (I told you about the intricacies of choosing an SSD M2 here 🙂
Nvme SSD Samsung. what an SSD M2 drive looks like
Specialist. Screwdrivers. Please note that some laptops use unusual T5 screws (this is in the form of a “sun”). Therefore, I recommend preparing the necessary screwdriver in advance (it is convenient to use a universal screwdriver with dozens of different nozzles).
Screwdriver (for T5 screws)
4) The process of transferring old Windows | or installing a new OS
After the disk is installed in the laptop, and you check that the device recognizes and sees it, there will be 2 possible scenarios:
- You can install a new Windows OS on the SSD. For how to do this, see here:
- Or, you can transfer your “old” system from the HDD to the SSD. How this is done, I also described in one of my articles: (note: see STEP 2)
Perhaps the only thing worth noting: by default, your “old” Windows OS will boot from the hard disk drive (HDD) first. To change this, you need to go to BIOS / UEFI in the BOOT (boot) section and change the priority (an example is shown in the photo below).
Putting our SSD M2 first in the boot queue || UEFI, ASUS laptop
After changing the priorities, do not forget to save the settings: the “Save and Exit” section will be named after the item that contains the line “Save Changes.” (ie Save settings / changes).
Save UEFI settings
After reboot, by default, the new system should boot from the SSD drive.
By the way, you can also select the OS that you want to read by default in the Windows settings: to do this, open the control panel at. Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem. Next, open the link “Advanced system settings” (in the menu on the left).
The “System Properties” window should open, we need the “Advanced” tab: it has a subsection “Startup and Recovery”. let’s open its parameters.
In this subsection, you can choose which OS from all installed ones is considered by default, and loaded when the laptop / PC is turned on.
OS bootable by default
Well, or, if you don’t get bored, then you can manually specify the bootable system every time you turn on the computer (see the example below, a similar window should pop up automatically after installing the 2nd, 3rd, etc. OS).
SSD storage options
There are four methods for installing a solid-state device in a laptop:
The easiest way is to remove the hard drive and plug in the solid drive instead. It is important to take care in advance to transfer all the files that are stored on the HDD to another medium.
Tip: If you need a solid body for gaming, a volumetric model that can withstand a lot of load is suitable. Two terabyte 860 QVO. just like that.
2.Place the SSD in the place of the classic hard drive, but convert the hard drive to external storage using a USB box.
Replace SSD optical drive. An adapter box is needed here. The user needs to insert the SSD in there, remove the OP, and then place the SSD box in its place. The method is not suitable for those who use an optical drive and those who do not have one.
Note: when buying such a box, consider its thickness. It must match the parameters of the OP. You can see how thick the drive is installed by removing it and measuring it with a centimeter. Another option is to enter the exact name of the drive in the search engine to see its parameters.
Put the solid-state device in place of the hard drive, and the screw is already in place of the OP using the box that was described in the previous method.
Recommendation: if you need an SSD as a system drive, a large amount is not a prerequisite. Models up to 256 gigabytes are enough, for example, A400 240GB.
How to install an SSD in a laptop. a detailed guide in 3 sections
To speed up the laptop, sometimes it is enough to insert an SSD drive. This task is simple, you can do everything yourself. The instruction will tell you how to proceed. The manual contains both a preparatory stage and, in fact, a description of the installation process.
What is needed for work?
Installing an SSD in a laptop is a simple task and does not take much time. But when upgrading, it should be borne in mind that self-replacement of components may violate the terms of the warranty. However, if the warranty period for the laptop has already expired, you can take a chance.
What you need to install an SSD drive:
- Solid state drive, which is connected using the SATA interface, and a laptop.
- Screwdriver. Depending on the fastening of the laptop cover, you may need a cross or straight.
- Something thin to pry off the lid. A special spatula for laptop repairs or a regular plastic card will do.
- Second data store. If the SSD is NOT delivered, but replace the hard drive with it, then you will need an additional drive to transfer files.
Interesting: some manufacturers equip notebooks with two types of media. So in the top gaming Predator Helios 500 PH517-61 there is a two-terabyte hard drive and a 512 gigabyte SSD in addition.
How to install SSD instead of HDD
This is the easiest way. How to proceed is described in the table.
Interesting: the M.2 format models look like a stick of RAM. These SSDs are often found in light and thin notebook computers.
Recommendation: if you need an inexpensive but reliable SSD option, you can choose a model with MLC memory, for example, SSD370S.
Now you can start checking the newly installed components in the BIOS.
You need to see if the laptop sees an SSD. If the carrier is NOT detected, it may be due to:
- Poor interface contact: maybe the solid-state device did not fully enter the connector;
- The drive itself is faulty: you can check this with a second computer;
- BIOS is outdated, in which case it will need to be updated.
Curious: the powerful ThinkPad E570 laptop already has an SSD, but if you want to put a second one, you can replace it with the drive.
If everything is in order, the laptop recognizes the drive, then you can start checking the mode of operation of the solid-state drive. Need AHCI: This is a special mode for working with solid state drives. It allows you to activate all the advantages of SATA connection, in particular High speed. You can see the mode in the Advanced section of the BIOS. If it appears that the SSD is operating in a different mode, you need to switch it and save all the parameters.
Tip: If you want a high-speed, super-capacious model, the 970 PRO will do the trick. It works on a modern type of memory and has an impressive size.
You can now install the operating system. Experts recommend installing the OS again so that it automatically configures its services to work with solid-state storage.
As you can see from this guide, you can put an SSD into a laptop in several ways. If you put it in place of the hard drive, adapters are NOT needed. However, if you want to leave the HDD, there is still a solution. The connection process itself is simple, but you need to remember: if you disassemble the device, then you will NOT have to rely on warranty repairs.
SATA ACHI mode activation
If the Windows 10 operating system was not installed from scratch, but was transferred from the old Hard disk by cloning the system partition, you should make sure that the disk controller, to one of the channels of which your SSD is connected, works in the native AHCI mode, and is not in compatibility mode with old disks, reducing reliability and performance. To do this, follow the steps:
- Use the WINPause key combination to open the system information window, and from there. “Device Manager”. Open the Device Manager option located on the left side of the screen
- Find the IDE / ATA Controllers branch and expand it. Expand the Disk Controllers section
- If there is an AHCI controller in the list of controllers, then the mode of the same name is activated. If there is such a controller, your system works in compatibility mode with old disk devices. The presence of the AHCI controller indicates that the mode of the same name is enabled
Default settings for SSD drives
With a clean install, Windows 10 will automatically recognize the solid state drive and activate the following settings:
- Activation of the TRIM function;
- Disable automatic disk defragmentation;
- Disable hibernation.
Presetting Computer Settings
Despite the fact that the outdated hard disk interface (PATA) is less and less common on motherboards, almost all modern SATA controllers can work in compatibility mode with it. This mode is enabled by default in the BIOS settings of the motherboard of a computer or laptop. Operating a solid-state drive in this compatibility mode is fraught with loss of performance and reduced storage resource due to sub-optimal read / write operations. Therefore, before installing the SSD, you need to set the disk controller to SATA (AHCI) mode. This can be done using the BIOS settings menu:
- When turning on the computer, press DEL or F1 to enter BIOS setup. Press DEL key to enter BIOS setup
- Enter the Integrated peripherals section. Enter the controllers and integrated peripherals section
- Find the SATA configuration item, which can accept 2-3 values (IDE / AHCI / RAID). Set the value to AHCI. Select AHCI mode for the SATA controller
- Press the F10 key and confirm the changes.
- Reboot your computer.
Superfetch and Prefetch Services and Disk Indexing
Superfetch and Prefetch services significantly speed up the launch of applications in Windows 10 with any type of disk. Therefore, you should not disable them, especially since there are standard tools for this, and editing the system registry is fraught with device breakdown.
But the disk indexing service can be safely disabled, since the speed of an SSD during search operations is an order of magnitude higher than the speed of a Hard disk. This can be done by disabling the corresponding service using the service manager:
- Start the “Service Manager”: use the WINR key combination to call the command timeline and enter the command Services.Msc.
Launch “Service Manager” via Command Timeline
- In the window that opens, find the Windows search service in the list. Open the properties of the indexing service
- Call the service properties window, right-click on it and select the “Properties” option. In the window that appears, click “Stop” and then restart your computer. Stop the indexing service and restart your computer
Installing Windows 10 on an SSD
Installing Windows 10 on an SSD requires a number of Presets. Of course, the easiest way would be to put the SSD in a USB and use one of the disk partitioning programs to clone the operating system from the old disk. This would preserve installed applications and settings. But at the same time, the solid-state drive will work in a sub-optimal mode at a reduced speed, and the wear of memory cells will accelerate.
Using a to deploy a system image on disk is an easy way, but this method has more disadvantages than advantages
Also, do not mount an SSD in place of a laptop’s optical drive. The interface converters in the converter bays slow down the speed and prevent the operating system from recognizing the drive as solid state. If you need to keep both drives, the SSD drive is installed instead of the standard one, and the old hard drive is installed instead of the optical drive.
If you need to keep access to an old hard drive on a laptop, put it in this “” and install it instead of the optical drive
The best scenario would be to mount the SSD directly into the computer and install the operating system from a previously created bootable media (flash drive).
Configuring Windows 10 for SSD
The capabilities of Windows 10 initially include work with solid state drives. No third party software is required to make the desired settings. Some settings do increase SSD performance, others only have a placebo effect, reinforcing the user’s faith in them alone.
Hibernation is a further development of the system to reduce power consumption (sleep). During this process, the entire contents of the RAM are written to a file on disk, and the computer is completely de-energized. When you turn it on again, the contents of the RAM are restored from the hibernation file, as if the computer was in sleep mode. The disk space occupied by the hibernation file is approximately equal in size to the amount of RAM. Like the paging file, the hibernation file is created when the function of the same name is activated and is only overwritten in the future, which exposes the SSD memory cells to rapid wear.
For a stationary computer, hibernation is preferable to sleep, because it does not have an autonomous power source. If you disconnect the power cord in the PC in sleep mode, after a while it turns off and all unsaved data will be lost, and open documents may be damaged.
However, if you still want to disable hibernation, the easiest way to do this is using the command line:
- Open the system command processor window using the user menu, calling the latter with the WINX key combination. To disable hibernation, you need to open a command processor window
- At the shell prompt, type powercfg.H off and press Enter. The powercfg.H off command will disable hibernation on your computer
- After that, the hibernation service will be stopped, and the hibernation file will be deleted from disk.
Preparing for SSD optimization
After installing Windows 10 on an SSD, you should make sure that the drive and its controller are optimally configured for the drivers and ATA interface functions. If these basic functions are not configured correctly, further optimization will NOT improve the performance of the solid state drive, and may even harm.
All SSDs in this format have a standard 22mm width. They differ in length. The longer such a board is, the greater the storage capacity, because more chips will fit on its surface, however, and such a part will cost more.
There are several designations for planks of different lengths. Their decoding is simple: the first 2 digits indicate the width, the last two. the length of the component. For example, strip 2242 will have a length of 42 mm, and 2280. 80 mm, respectively.
The largest planks, the 2210, are 110mm long, so a slim case will most likely NOT fit. This is due to the peculiarities of the slot we are considering: it is located parallel to other connectors on the motherboard, and the connection tracks are on the end of the SSD, so the drive is mounted parallel to the motherboard.
How to connect the device correctly
The process will take even less time than you read this manual: after carefully unpacking the package and removing the SSD, you should carefully insert it into the motherboard without making much effort.
If the key types match, the board will easily go into the slot. It remains only to fix it with special screws, if such an option is provided for by the design, which is not always the case.
Installation of additional drivers is NOT required in the future: all SSD drives are recognized by the operating system, thanks to the pre-installed AHCI drivers.
If this does not happen, you should go to BIOS and check the settings for drives: by default, they can be set to IDE type. In this case, they will not be recognized, and the operating system, if an SSD is installed, simply will not boot.
Although the connector width is standard, there are several types. They differ among themselves by the type of key:
- Type B. The gap is located on the right side of the PCB, to the left of the host controller. The case here is the gap located 6 more contacts. This device also works with PCIe x2 buses.
- Type M. the gap is on the left side of the bar and there are five more pins on the left. Supports PCIe x4 buses to double the bandwidth.
- BM type. There are both of the above clearances. Cards are limited to PCIe x2 speed.
When installing, check if the SSD key matches the slot on the motherboard, since even if you manage to connect such a drive, it will not work.
Installing an SSD m2 drive into the computer motherboard
Hello friends! When assembling a powerful PC, SSD M2 is quite in demand How to install a solid state drive of this format and what you should pay attention to, I will tell you in today’s publication.
Is it possible to connect M2 to another slot
When upgrading a computer, it may happen that the motherboard has an M.2 connector. In this case, you can use an adapter that connects to the PCIe x4 port. There are usually several of them on the motherboard, so there will most likely be a free one.
As you can see, there is nothing complicated about connecting a solid state drive.
Also, if you are assembling a computer yourself, I recommend reading how to insert RAM into a computer and how to install an SSD solid state drive. How much it costs to build a PC, you can find out here.
And that’s all for today. Do not forget to subscribe to the newsletter to receive timely notifications when the latest instructions are published. Till tomorrow!
Loss of warranty if you replace the drive yourself
There are several nuances here. And it all depends on the manufacturer of the laptop and most likely even on the model. There are simply models in which to replace the drive you need to completely unscrew the entire lower part of the laptop. And in others (very often) you need to Unscrew only one part on the bottom cover and you will immediately get access to the hard drive and you can change it to SSD.
For example, on my Asus K56CM, it is not necessary to remove the entire bottom panel, only a part. Further on the photo you will see it. But that’s not even the point.
If you start looking for information on the loss of warranty on the Internet, then most likely you will see only different opinions, which will confuse you even more.
The best and most proven way is to simply call the support of your laptop manufacturer. If you don’t know where to get the number, then just type in Google something like this “Asus Ukraine contacts”. Look at the support phone and call.
I spoke with an Asus representative and asked him about the warranty. He told me that replacing the drive does NOT entail a loss of warranty for the entire laptop. They just DO NOT give a guarantee on the new drive (and I think for the old one too, although I could be wrong).
If you have another laptop, even from Asus, it is better to call and clarify specifically by model.
How to install an SSD drive in a laptop?
Everything is very simple. Let’s get started.
We need: the laptop itself (nowhere without it :)). SSD drive and a screwdriver (or something else that can be carefully removed from the screws).
If we have all this, then we can already start. But do not rush to unscrew the laptop lid. One very important detail needs to be taken apart.
If your laptop no longer has a warranty, or you don’t need it, then you can safely skip a few paragraphs of text and spin up the laptop. But if you are interested in this question, then you need to first find out if you will lose the warranty on your laptop if you install the SSD yourself.
Installing an SSD drive into a laptop instead of a hard drive [on the example of an Asus K56CM laptop and SSD Vertex 4]
Greetings to all readers and visitors who came to this page!
Perhaps I’ll start from far :). When I bought myself an Asus K56CM laptop (four months ago). Yakiy already broke a few days ago (you can read the previous post, this one). I immediately installed a 128 GB Vertex 4 SSD instead of a hard drive, which of course was installed in a laptop.
I was so eager to install this SSD drive and see how it would work that I forgot to take a few photos while replacing the HDD with an SSD. Minutes of joy and all that. And what kind of instruction without a photo?
In some article, or in the comments, I promised to write instructions for installing a solid-state drive in a laptop. But I was too lazy to specially disassemble the laptop to take photos for the article. Well, you understand me :).
And here is my laptop “Little” got sick and before taking it to the service center, I decided to pull out my SSD drive from it and reinstall the hard drive, which was originally installed in the laptop. So he did and already in the process of replacing he took several photos, which will be illustrations for this article. The quality is not very good, but everything you need is visible.
We continue installation
We unscrew the screws on the roof, under which the hard drive is hiding and open it.
We see the Installed hard drive, which we need to remove. Unscrew the screws.
When you unscrew the screws, then slightly lift the left side (if you look at the photo above) of the plate with the hard drive and gently pull it to the left. The hard drive will be disconnected from the contacts and will be in your hands.
Next, we need to detach the hard drive from the mount in which it is installed. To do this, simply unscrew the side screws and pull out the hard drive.
Happened? Excellent! Now, in this plate, in the same way as the hard drive was installed, Install the SSD drive and fasten it with screws.
We take our solid state drive, which is already fixed in the mount and install it into the laptop. Install in the same way as removed the HDD.
First, at a slight angle, place one side of the SSD into the pins and slide it until it is fully connected and rests in place. Fix it with screws.
We close the laptop lid and fasten it.
Everything is ready! The SSD is installed and ready to use. You can try to turn on the laptop.
If everything starts normally, you can start installing Windows. There are several features there. I wrote about this in a separate article Installing and Configuring Windows 7 on an SSD.
And if after a while you will be interested to know the health of your solid-state drive, then read the article How to evaluate the health of an SSD drive? Assessment of my OCZ Vertex 4 after 3 months of work.
I sincerely hope my feed instructions come in handy. If you have any questions, or you have something to share, then you can leave a comment.