If possible, you should choose a configuration with an installed SSD-drive, even if you have to overpay for it. Fast flash memory provides transfer rates of up to 500MB / s and is a key performance criterion. Fast loading times and almost instantly launching applications and programs are only available thanks to the use of an SSD.
Especially inexpensive laptops are often equipped with eMMC memory, which is usually specified separately by the manufacturer. He also describes flash memory, the transfer rate of which, however, is significantly slower (about 200 MB / s). However, this option is twice as fast as a regular laptop hard drive.
Fast drives for laptops. Number one on the hardware list should be an SSD or at least an eMMC drive. the benefits are enormous.
As a compromise, some manufacturers create a mixed configuration, using a small SSD (128 GB in most cases) and a 1-2 TB hard drive. This is a good idea, as the operating system and programs can be installed on a fast SSD drive, and all other data can be transferred to a slower HDD.
Processor and RAM
Of course, the actual performance of a CPU depends on its type. So, in the name of models of middle-class notebook processors, the suffix “U” is usually present, which indicates their relative energy efficiency (15 W). They are opposed by chips with the designation “HQ” (45 W), which are primarily focused on increased performance and are characterized by high clock frequencies (turbo mode). In Core i3 processors, the manufacturer refused to support turbo mode.
The second option is the “Y” Intel processors, which require only 5W to run and are extremely economical. Turbo mode is also available here, in which a fairly low base clock speed increases significantly under full load. They are often used in laptops that emphasize portability.
Mobile GPU results. Powerful integrated graphics are an exception; gamers should pay attention to discrete card models
Manufacturers clearly distinguish devices by the amount of RAM: laptops costing less than 40,000 rubles, as a rule, are equipped with 4 GB of RAM, more expensive ones. 8 GB or more. However, if after purchasing you realize that the installed amount of memory is not enough for you, in most cases you can increase it yourself.
RAM speed can affect performance, especially when editing or playing games. The only problem is that it’s almost impossible to know what type of RAM the manufacturer uses. The same applies to information about whether the memory works in single-channel mode or faster dual-channel mode, in which at least two RAM modules must be installed. However, since modern processors are equipped with large cache memory, the use of dual channel mode no longer has a decisive impact on performance. However, with frequent use of the laptop at full load, this mode provides undeniable advantages.
Laptops are designed for SIMple tasks (office programs, email, Skype) and web surfing. For this they offer the appropriate hardware and a sufficient set of interfaces.
Our pick in this category is the Lenovo Ideapad 330S-15IKB. The model has the most necessary and outstanding characteristics among competitors. The popular i5-8250U processor with 4 cores and 8 threads is installed here. IPS matrix monitor and supported FullHD resolution. The drive is SSD. For office tasks and surfing the Internet, an SSD is much better suited than an HDD. Battery life 9 hours.
But there were also some drawbacks: there is no discrete card and the set does not include a pre-installed operating system. However, at this price point, counting on a high-performance graphics adapter is not worth it, and it is not needed for everyday tasks. And everyone can install Windows: we described the instructions in detail in this article.
All laptops are equipped with an integrated graphics chip, which is connected to the processor. There is no great choice. In contrast, multimedia and gaming laptops are often equipped with a separate card, which, depending on the model, is capable of handling high settings even in modern games. However, the results in the case table show that discrete cards are not always faster than onboard graphics chips.
As a general rule of thumb for mobile graphics, the cards can be used to some extent for games starting at around 10,000 points (in the Cloud Gate graphics testing program), with each game naturally having its own requirements. If you intend to regularly use your laptop for PC gaming, but have no interest in extremely expensive gaming models, choose a device with a GTX 1050 Ti or MX150 card.
Most “flexible” device: transformer
Transformers are 2 in 1 devices, which can be used both as tablets and as laptops. They are equipped with a touch screen, which can be folded back or completely removed. Devices are available in all price categories.
Advantages: Compared to classic tablets, convertible devices often have better components, depending on the configuration, they offer more interfaces and run under Windows 10. They have a longer average battery life than tablets.
In terms of performance, midrange devices are suitable for resource-intensive programs. By default, they are equipped with SSD storage and provide over nine hours of runtime. In this price category, there are the most balanced models in terms of price. Great functionality in comparison with the budget segment and there is no overpayment, as in premium laptops.
One of the most “delicious” laptops up to 80,000 rubles. DELL G5 3590. Here you will find everything you need for a comfortable life. 16 GB of RAM will allow you NOT to be limited in heavy professional applications and games. Even Voracious Chrome will be pleased. The i7-9750H processor paired with the new 6GB GTX 1660 Ti will run 90% of today’s games. Another tandem, consisting of an SSD HDD with a total volume of 1256 GB, will provide fast work in the system and space for multimedia files. A significant disadvantage, which stems from a weak battery and high performance. battery life is equal to 4 hours. If you want more, then be prepared with the current budget to sacrifice the capabilities of a graphics accelerator, for example, as in the Acer Nitro 5 (AN515-52-79JU).
To work outdoors, the display must be sufficiently bright (over 200 cd / m2) and contrast. Anti-Glare (Matte) Models The unit does not reflect sunlight. If you mainly use a laptop for image editing, you should choose a model with a high quality IPS display, as it usually provides improved color gamut and wider viewing angles.
A basic rule of thumb regarding resolution: in laptops and with small diagonals, the resolution is usually a modest 1366 × 768 pixels, in other cases the standard is Full HD (1920 × 1080 pixels).
USB ports and interfaces
USB 3.0 has yet to take full advantage of the mix of USB 2.0 and 3.0 ports in almost all price categories. The new Type-C, through which you can charge smartphones and transmit signals, will not be a standard for a long time. What functions a particular port is equipped with cannot always be clearly identified in the documentation.
Compact laptops and convertible devices are increasingly lacking network connectors. Bluetooth and WLAN (802.11ac) are standard equipment. Most models are also equipped with HDMI ports for connecting an external monitor, as well as webcams and card readers.
Laptops are currently available with display sizes ranging from 10 “(25.4 cm) to 17” (43.2 cm). Models with a diagonal of up to 12 inches can be combined under the general name “netbooks”, they are designed for mobile use and long runtime. Such devices exist in almost all price categories, their.
Quite popular a few years ago, netbooks (ASUS EeePC) were completely replaced by the so-called “Chromebooks” focused on working with cloud services. They come with the Google Chrome operating system and, as a rule, have a significant amount of memory (from 16 GB).
Chromebooks: devices for cloud services
Chromebooks come with Google’s Chrome OS. This OS is a Chrome browser with app support and extensibility.
Google is king: when working on Chromebooks, almost everything is based on Google applications; programs such as Microsoft Office or Photoshop cannot be used without tweaks. This is also due to weak hardware: most Chromebooks run on Pentium or Celeron processors. Devices offered by Acer, HP, ASUS and Lenovo are available starting at RUB 18,000. Since Chromebooks in most cases access data through Cloud services, their own storage is small. The devices are compact and typically have long battery life.
Their opposite is the classic notebooks with a diagonal of 15.6 inches, which are distinguished by large displays and a large number of interfaces. In between are laptops with 13.3 and 14 inches, which are often a smart combination of mobility, performance and hardware.
17-inch models are often used as desktop replacements and are often based on hardware components for “large” computers. First of all, with such a diagonal, gaming laptops are supplied. a profitable niche market, which manufacturers are willingly serving.
What iron is relevant in 2020
Choosing the best laptop for modern tasks is not so easy. It should be lightweight, mobile and at the same time have a powerful processor, card and SSD-drive for the fastest possible work with professional programs and the best FPS in games. And since laptops are increasingly being used not only as devices for working on the go with limited functionality, but also as a full replacement for the performance of a desktop, a discrete card is important today Not only for gamers.
Due to the development of parallel computing, graphics accelerators are used in many programs. For example, in photo and editors, applications for 3D modeling, scientific calculations, computer vision, modeling and more.
So what should be the accelerator in an up-to-date laptop for 2020? Of course, productive enough to easily cope with work or games. In addition, support from software developers is important, otherwise what is the use of power if you can’t use it? And since we are talking about compact devices, the graphics chip should be as economical as possible and without the tendency to overheat.
The best choice with a margin of safety is GeForce RTX cards. This is the latest generation of GeForce graphics that accelerates ray tracing and artificial intelligence aLGorithms. For those who work a lot with content, a separate category of certified laptops with these cards has appeared. RTX STUDIO. Such models are in the line of all popular manufacturers. Acer, Asus, HP, Lenovo, MSI. Let’s take a closer look at what such certification gives and which laptop will be worthy of being named NVIDIA RTX STUDIO.
Acer ConceptD 7
A model based on a six-core twelve-thread Intel Core i7 9750H processor with a heat dissipation of only 35 watts and a turbo boost clock rate of up to 4.5 gigahertz. The laptop is equipped with an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2060 card with 6144 MB memory and a 192-bit bus, which gives high speeds when working with media content. Two PCIe NVMe SSDs, one terabyte each, will make editing in Adobe Premiere Pro faster, as the response, write and read times are significantly reduced compared to the SATA SSD. 15.6-inch monitor with UltraHD resolution allows you to work comfortably with photos and. As on a stationary monitor of a professional station. Also, the computer is equipped with 32 gigabytes of RAM.
What is NVIDIA RTX STUDIO
These are the highest performance requirements. To qualify for this corporate “trust” category, a computer must meet the following requirements:
Why such powerful hardware? RTX STUDIO is primarily designed for quick work with photos. Graphics. And in many ways, devices that have passed this certification are more powerful than the beloved MacBooks by many designers and engineers. For example, according to the results of the NVIDIA test in September 2019 in Adobe Premiere Pro, a laptop with a GeForce RTX 2080 Max-Q 8 gigabyte showed more than five times the advantage over the UHD630 graphics integrated into the i7-8750H and two times over a MacBook Pro equipped with a Radeon Pro card. Vega 20 when editing. SIMilar performance is demonstrated in Autodesk, Unity and many other programs.
Content creation applications can be accelerated on regular laptops with GeForce graphics. To do this, in the GeForce Experience application, you need to switch to the STUDIO drivers. These drivers track creative software updates, undergo additional testing for application stability, and use in multitasking scenarios. This minimizes the likelihood of bugs and freezing when working with graphics processing programs and other professional tools.
Where you need RTX?
Second, Cyberpunk 2077 is on its way, which will support RTX effects. Treat yourself to high quality pictures with realistic light and all reflections.
To date, about forty models from different manufacturers have received RTX STUDIO certification.
How to choose the best laptop for gaming and work in 2020
But progress since then has stepped far forward, turning modern laptops into real monsters, which are NOT inferior in performance to pre-top PC builds. NVIDIA cards made a big contribution to this. Discrete GeForce graphics in a laptop are the guarantee of high performance, not only in games, but also in graphics, SIMulation, programming and scientific computing applications. At the same time, GeForce GPUs are highly energy efficient, so they can be found in the thinnest cases. So what does the optimal laptop for gaming and work look like in 2020??
ASUS ZenBook Pro Duo
It uses the same Intel Core i7 9750H and the same NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2060 as in the previous laptop. ASUS ZenBook Pro Duo has 16 gigabytes of RAM and 1 terabyte hard drive. One of the main advantages, in our opinion, is the additional 14-inch ScreenPad Plus touchscreen located above the keyboard. It will be especially useful for graphic designers, architects and artists as a graphics tablet.
MSI Creator 15M
The laptop is equipped with the same Intel Core i7 9750H. 16 gigabytes of RAM with a frequency of 2666 MHz and a 512 gigabyte SSD will NOT leave a chance for freezes, even in demanding 4-8K rendering. And the main component is NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2060 6 gigabyte. If you work with Autodesk Arnold, Davinci Resolve and other professional software, then when you turn on the RTX STUDIO drivers, you will see a power increase of more than ten times compared to the graphics built into the processor. The Macbook Pro with 4GB Vega 20 graphics is also far behind. Optimal workstation for 4K 3D rendering, architecture and photo processing.
How to set up your laptop for gaming?
So, you bought a laptop, or you already had one, and decided to play, but instead of normal operation, you found various sags in FPS, freezes and other troubles at startup. you definitely cannot enjoy the gameplay. This is where you need to turn to tips on how to set up your laptop for gaming, as some default settings may lead to not the best performance.
Yes, be that as it may, but the game should at least be as close as possible to the requirements for your equipment, otherwise even at the minimum settings there will be lags. nothing can be done about it.
Third Party Programs
Before you sit down to play, check what is happening in the system tray. if there are several programs open in addition to systemic ones, then they will additionally “Eat” resources important for the correct operation of the game. We check if you have anything superfluous open, turn it off, rejoice.
If the driver for your card is outdated or does not work correctly, then most games will slow down mercilessly. You can solve the problem by downloading the driver from the official website or Using DriverPack Solution. this driver pack is absolutely free.
By adjusting the necessary parameters and checking or Unchecking the checkboxes, you can add a little fps. To do this, on the desktop, press the second mouse button and select Control Center for ATI or a SIMilar parameter for Nvidia. usually there is a company icon opposite.
1. For ATI:
We find the game tab, then global settings, then in the window that opens, we configure everything in accordance with the screenshot.
- Anisotropic Filtering: Off;
- V-Sync: Off;
- Vertical sync pulse: Use 3D application setting;
- Background Light Shading: Off;
- The maximum number of pre-prepared frames: select the item marked with the NVIDIA icon;
- CUDA: Everything;
- Streaming optimization: Automatic;
- Power supply control mode: adaptive;
- Anisotropic filtering. It directly affects the quality of textures in games. Therefore, it is recommended to disable;
- Anti-Aliasing. Gamma Correction: Off;
- Anti-aliasing. options: Off;
- Anti-Aliasing. Transparency: Off;
- Anti-aliasing. Mode: Off;
- Triple Buffering: Off;
- Texture filtering. anisotropic optimization by sampling: Off;
- Texture filtering. quality “: the highest performance;
- Texture filtering. negative UD deviation: On;
- Texture filtering. trilinear optimization “: On;
- Acceleration of multiple displays / mixed GPUs Multi-display performance mode;
- Enable scalable textures: Off;
- Expansion limitation: Off;
For the game to use all the resources of the laptop, you need to do something else. On the desktop, press the second button and find “Switchable Graphics Settings”. In the window that opens, select “Add application”, find the exe file of the game and add it to the list, select “High performance” next to it.
The laptop itself can be configured to save energy by default. Find the battery icon in the panel, press the second button and select “Power”. In the window that appears, check the box next to “High performance”.
Delays due to hard drive
Often, on laptops, hard drives go into economy mode and respond to requests longer. the solution can be quietHDD through which you need to raise the value to APM 255.
Due to dust and dirt, the laptop heats up, and this can be a prerequisite for brakes. There is only one tip here. to clean and change the thermal paste at the same time.
To speed up games, there are special utilities that improve performance:
- Game Booster. performance improvement;
- System Care. perfectly helps to correct errors with the Internet when playing online.