Windows 10 versions: which one to choose and how they differ?
The new Windows 10 operating system has several official versions. These are: Windows 10 Pro, Home, Enterprise, Education and mobile versions of Mobile and Mobile Enterprise. All these assemblies have their own number, which depends on the number of installed updates. These differences raise doubts among users, and therefore there is a problem of choice: which version and assembly of the Windows 10 operating system is better and which build to install on your PC?
Key features of Windows 10 versions
All 6 versions of Windows 10 can be roughly divided into 2 categories:
- For PCs, laptops, Transformer devices, tablets;
- For mobile devices.
The first category includes home, professional, corporate, and education. It also includes IoT Core. an assembly for terminals and other robots.
The second category is Windows 10 Mobile and Mobile Enterprise. They can be installed on a smartphone, tablet.
It is worth considering each of them to understand which version of Windows 10 is best to install on your computer.
Windows 10 home build is considered a stripped-down desktop version. This build has Microsoft Edge browser, available voice, fingerprint authentication system. Also, the home version supports games for Xbox One and most programs designed for Windows 7 and 8. However, data encryption, remote access and other useful functions in this edition are missing. The home edition of the new build of the system will be installed on all devices by default.
Windows 10 Professional is intended for those users who frequently use business applications and mechanisms such as Azure Active Directory. Such OS supports disk encryption mechanism, Hyper-V virtualization, multiple desktops. The system is updated through a separate utility Windows Update for Business.
Windows 10 Enterprise is an enterprise build for large companies. It is provided only for working with business applications, cloud hosting, and supports the function of remote access to a PC without using VPN technology. This version does not have Microsoft Edge browser.
The name Education indicates that this OS is designed specifically for educational institutions. It has mixed characteristics of a home and corporate version.
How computer versions of Windows 10 differ from each other?
To find out which number, version of Windows 10 to install on your computer, we recommend that you consider the key differences between versions.
|Functions and components||Windows 10 Home||Windows 10 Pro||Windows 10 Enterprise||Windows 10 Education|
|Windows Update for Business|
|Start Menu and Settings|
|Windows Defender Firewall and Built-in Defender|
|EFS Encrypted File System|
|Protecting corporate data|
|Microsoft Edge browser|
|IE Enterprise Mode|
|The ability to join a corporate domain|
|BitLocker Drive Encryptor|
|Remote Desktop||In client mode||In host / client mode||In host / client mode||In host / client mode|
|Device Guard protection|
|Cortana Voice Assistant|
|Group Policy Management|
|Direct access to PC bypassing VPN technology|
|Mobile App Management|
|Upgrade to Enterprise version|
Considering the differences, the most fully functional version of Windows 10 is Professional. However, choosing the edition and Microsoft product number should be based on personal preferences and physical parameters of the computer itself.
Selecting the bit system
There are two types of OS bit depth: 32-bit and 64-bit. Their main difference is support for various amounts of RAM. To check what type of bit is installed on a computer or laptop, just go to the “Start” menu, then to the “System” section. The System Type field contains this parameter.
If the PC’s RAM is 3 GB, then it is more advisable to use the 32-bit version of the OS for stable operation. With a 64-bit processor and 4GB of memory, Windows 10 x64 is a minimum. Modern games, applications and software systems are adapted for it.
Owners of old PCs who are not sure about the performance of the technology are better off using processors with x86 architecture, it is less demanding on hardware resources. Before installing Windows 10, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the system requirements.
For use on a laptop
The device is used for personal purposes, so experts recommend opting for the Home and Pro editions. These are lightweight editions that are not overloaded with unnecessary programs.
It should be borne in mind that Home does not have the ability to disable automatic application updates, and access to system settings is limited. It slows down the system.
The professional version contains a large number of programs and options that load the system. But the operating system has the ability to disable auto-update, as well as disable unnecessary programs.
It is not difficult for a laptop owner to choose between these editions. Minor shortcomings of both systems do not affect the work with the device in any way.
“Ten” is divided into editions, each of which is equipped with its own functions, taking into account the direction of work. Two types of versions are available for digital devices: basic and organizational editions.
Windows 10 IoT Core
An evolutionary version of Windows used for ATMs and other similar devices. In terms of functionality, the edition is similar to the Enterprise version, but with additional blocking controls.
The Professional Edition includes advanced features for small businesses. OS can be used by advanced users at home.
- support for data encryption on the disk;
- Hyper-V rendering support;
- linking several devices into a common working network;
- choosing the update method.
The edition is intended for private use. It is considered popular among home PC and laptop owners. Contains a set of options for comfortable use of the device:
- an option to quickly turn on the device;
- improved desktop;
- a browser that allows you to take notes on web pages;
- game mode that increases the performance of the process;
- creation of 3D visualization;
- built-in antivirus software.
The only nuance of the Home version is the lack of a choice of the option to update the program.
An advanced version of the corporate edition, a feature is focus on the needs of entrepreneurs of different business levels. There are two Enterprise options. E3 and E5, they contain in-depth business opportunities related to:
- safety components;
- control components;
- leading options.
The corporate edition works with support for:
- Direct Access. remote access without using a VPN.
- Branch Cache. a setting that makes downloading and installing applications faster.
- Credential Guard and Device Guard. applications responsible for PC security.
For use on a laptop
If it is a personal device that is used for personal purposes, experienced users recommend choosing between the Home and Pro versions. Because they are the lightest and not burdened with unnecessary programs for large companies and educational institutions. The opinions of experts are divided, since for the Home version of the operating system it is almost impossible to disable auto-update and access to system settings is limited. According to some users, this is a big flaw, because it can slow down the system.
The Pro version is also not without sin. Superfluous programs that load the processor and RAM are present in it, albeit in a small amount. However, this operating system assumes the ability to disable auto-update, and also has more access to setting up the OS itself, including disabling unnecessary programs.
The choice is up to the user. Both options have tiny flaws that you can easily close your eyes to.
The choice of the Windows 10 laptop version is up to the user
Table: Availability of components and services in different versions of the operating system
|Windows 10 Home||Windows 10 Pro||Windows 10 Enterprise||Windows 10 Education|
|Customizable Start Menu|
|Windows Defender and Windows Firewall|
|Quick launch with Hyberboot and InstantGo|
|Group Policy Management|
|Assigned Access Mode|
|Assigned Access Mode|
|Windows To Go Creator|
|Controlling the Start Screen with Group Policy|
As you can see, Windows 10 Home lacks most of the business features that other operating systems have. While the Pro version (Professional, Small Business) has many features available in Enterprise (Enterprise, Medium and Large Business). The latter is no different from Education (for educational institutions) in terms of services. The Home and Pro versions have slightly stripped down features for local security and integration, which is a lot in the other two assemblies.
It is very difficult to disable automatic system updates in Windows 10 Home. This process takes place without user intervention, which means that when connected to the Internet, traffic can be exceeded. It is also worth considering that Windows 10 uses a technology similar to BitTorrent, that is, updates are downloaded both from the Microsoft server and from users’ computers, which they also spend their traffic on.
Comparison of Windows 10 versions
Apart from the mobile counterparts of the Windows 10 operating system, there are four main assemblies:
- Windows 10 Home;
- Windows 10 Pro;
- Windows 10 Enterprise
- Windows 10 Education.
It should be noted right away that each version of Windows 10 does not differ much from the others in its functionality. Even in the Home build, you will have access to Cortana’s voice assistant, the ability to interact with multiple desktops, and much more.
Virtual visualization of Cortana voice assistant
Which Windows 10 is better to install: Enterprise or Professional
There is no single answer. It all depends on the purpose for which you will mainly use your operating system.
For example, serious firms and corporations have been choosing the Enterprise assembly for a long time. And the reason is not only in the cool name, this version has a number of advantages in the form of additional services and programs:
- Direct Access. This component allows client PCs on the network to connect to the server if Internet access is available. The technology automatically creates a VPN connection, without the user’s participation in this process;
- BranchCache. Network caching technology. Removing the terms, we can say that this function caches information flows within the network, thereby facilitating access to similar information for all users of the local space;
- Credential Guard and Device Guard. Applications that allow several times to increase the cyber security of computers and networks. The first protects and encrypts computer credentials. The second is a protector against unverified programs and utilities.
We can highlight other possibilities to prove that the Enterprise build is more functional and safer than the Pro version. However, there is one argument that speaks of one significant drawback. For small businesses, and for ordinary people, the above functions are unnecessary, and even harmful, as they affect the performance of the device.
If you have one or two PCs available, you do not need to worry too much about local security and information retrieval on one computer among hundreds of others. Windows 10 Pro is ideal for small businesses as it supports simple business applications and disk encryption. So the choice of target and OS is only yours.
Which version of Windows 10 is better to install: what to choose
A new operating system is always a difficult choice for the user. Install or postpone, support the old version of Windows? If you put it, which assembly? You need to make the right choice among the abundance of offered products, choose the OS for yourself. The latest product that is gradually taking over the operating system market is Windows 10. So what is better to install on your computer and laptop??
Which Windows 10 to choose for a laptop
Hello dear friends!
In today’s blog post, we will talk with you about which version of Windows 10 to choose, how they differ from each other. Most users, especially beginners, do not know which versions of the Windows 10 operating system exist, and do not know which version is best to choose and install, for example, on their computer, tablet or smartphone. And in this article, I will tell you in detail which editions of Windows 10 exist, which version of Windows 10 to choose, and how they differ from each other.?
Which version of Windows 10 to choose?
Different versions of Windows 10.
Microsoft has always split its operating systems into different versions. They differed from each other in capabilities depending on the needs of users in different areas. Information about the difference between different editions of Windows 10 from each other will help you choose the edition that suits your needs.
In total, there are four main versions of the Windows 10 operating system: these are Windows 10 Home, Windows 10 Pro (Professional), Windows 10 Enterprise, and Windows 10 Education. In addition to them, there is also Windows 10 Mobile and a number of additional editions of the main versions.
Which version of Windows 10 to choose for games?
If we talk about using Windows 10 for games, the difference between the Pro and Home builds is minimal. But at the same time, both versions have access to the standard features of Windows 10 in this area. Here the following possibilities can be noted:
In addition, soon all Windows 10 builds will receive Game Mode. a special game mode where computer resources will be allocated to games in the best possible way. And also an interesting innovation for games appeared as part of the Windows 10 Creators Update. This update, in addition to many creative features, includes a built-in game broadcasting function. now users do not have to use third-party solutions to launch broadcasts.
This will take the popularity of streams as media content to a new level and make this process more accessible to all users. Regardless of which assembly you choose, Home or Professional, in any case, you will have access to the many gaming features of the Windows 10 system.
An embedded system for streaming games should popularize the Game Mode direction
Windows 10 Education.
Almost all features of this version are close to Enterprise. But this operating system is not aimed at corporations, but at educational institutions. It is being installed in universities and lyceums. Hence, the only important difference is the lack of support for some corporate functions.
Windows 10 Education is built for educational institutions
Additional versions of Windows 10.
There are also a number of versions that are not intended for private use at all. For example, Windows IoT Core is used in many terminals installed in public places.
But this is a full-fledged operating system in terms of desktop functionality. It contains the Start menu, File Explorer, Control Panel, Windows Media Player, Internet Explorer, PowerShell, Windows Defender antivirus, embedded OneDrive desktop client, notepad, classic calculator, as well as other standard and utility tools that have accompanied the predecessor versions for many years operating system from Microsoft.
Windows 10 S. This edition is also aimed at educational institutions and is not available to regular users. However, it can be preinstalled on laptops and tablets (in particular, Surface Laptop).
The main feature of this edition is blocking the installation of classic programs. You will only be able to download apps from the Windows Store. In addition, the ability to change the standard browser (Microsoft Edge) and the search engine (Yandex in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Turkey, Bing in the USA and European countries) has been programmatically disabled. All other functionality is similar to the Pro edition, with the exception of a few branded chips created specifically for educational institutions.
Which version of Windows 10 to choose
for laptop and home computer?
Most professionals agree that if you choose regardless of the cost of the operating system, then Windows 10 Pro will be the best choice for installing on a laptop or home computer. After all, this is the most complete version of the system intended for home use. advanced Enterprise and Education are needed for business and study, so there is no point in installing them at home or using them for games.
If you want Windows 10 to reach its full potential at home, then go for the Pro version. It is replete with all kinds of devices and professional applications, the knowledge of which will help you use the system with maximum comfort.
Before we talk about whether Windows 10 is suitable for an old computer, let’s take a look at its technical requirements:
- Processor. at least 1GHz.
- 1GB of RAM for 32-bit systems and 2GB for 64x.
- 16GB of free space for 32 bits. and 20GB for 64x respectively.
- DirectX9 graphics card.
Almost 5 years have passed since the release of the dozen (release date June 1, 2015). During this time, the OS has been updated hundreds of times, and if earlier among the users of a dozen it was famous for a large number of flaws, today it can quite be called a fairly stable OS.
Therefore, if your PC fits the stated hardware requirements, then you can safely install Windows 10. But before that, I want to draw your attention to one important point, especially for users of weak computers:
- Device drivers must be compatible with the tenth version. Otherwise, you run the risk of encountering a blue “BSOD” screen after installing incompatible drivers. You can check the compatibility of each device on its manufacturer’s website by entering the model of the component in the search. For example, for video cards this is nvidia.ru or amd.com.
In addition, Windows 10 and 8 differ only in slightly modified graphics, browser and the presence of some new features. Choosing any version starting from 7p and higher, you need to be prepared for the fact that your antivirus will consume 2-3 times more RAM (512MB-2GB) than on XP. How much RAM it will consume can be found in the system requirements of each antivirus. Therefore, be sure to consider this factor.
On a par with Vista, XP is one of the most versatile.
As for the minimum technical requirements, we have the following indicators:
- Pentium 300 MHZ.
- 1.5 GB of free space on the hard drive.
- 64 MB of RAM.
- Integrated graphics card and monitor with a minimum resolution of 800 × 600 pixels.
XP can be installed from a disk or from a flash drive. it doesn’t matter.
Prior to the release of Windows 7, XP was the best system for a long time. However, back in 2014, Microsoft decided to stop supporting this version and deliver updates, which means that today it has ceased to be relevant and is installed for only two reasons:
- For older computers and laptops with poor performance.
- If there are no drivers for certain hardware, programs or applications.
The second option is more related to work PCs than home.
That is, Windows XP is a lightweight operating system that is perfect for simple devices. However, we can say with confidence that it is outdated (the last update was back in 2014) and does not stand out for its performance.
Difference between 32 and 64 bit systems
An important component when choosing is the processor. First you need to find out what bit depth your processor supports (32 or 64). Just like 32 bit. the processor only works with 32 bits. systems, while 64-bit. processor, you can work with 32x and 64x OS. You can find out on the official website of your CPU manufacturer.
For example, on the Intel website, it is indicated as follows:
If you need an OS for a weak netbook, it doesn’t matter if it’s 32 or 64 bit. The only difference between them is that the former does not see more than 3GB of RAM. That is, if your PC is equipped with 6GB of RAM, but you have a 32-bit system, then the device will use only 3GB of memory, while the rest will simply not work.
Therefore, if your PC is equipped with no more than 3GB of RAM, then the answer to the question of whether to install a 64-bit version of Windows is obvious. If you don’t suddenly know which Windows is currently on your laptop, you need:
- Go to “My Computer”;
- In the free space, right-click and select “Properties”;
- You will see all the information regarding the OS installed on the device;
Next, we will look at the most popular versions and find out which OS is the best for weak computers.
Windows 8 and 8.1
- 1Ghz processor supporting NX, SSE2 and PAE.
- 16GB free HDD space.
- 1GB RAM.
- DirectX9 graphics card.
Windows 8 does not surpass, but absolutely is in no way inferior to Windows 7, and in principle is suitable for weak computers, but it is unlikely to be able to fully function on outdated models.
The only difference is that by default in this version there is no Start button familiar to users; instead, a tiled screen appears. I would also like to say that it works a little faster than its predecessor, which is especially noticeable when the PC boots up after turning it on. That is, there is not much difference between them: applications and hardware work in the same way, and in themselves they have a huge similarity.
This version is also suitable for weak laptops.
And now you will understand this when we consider the minimum technical requirements:
- 1GHz processor.
- 1GB RAM.
- 16GB hard disk space.
- DirectX9 graphics card.
Nowadays, Windows 7 is considered one of the most famous and popular, despite its age, and it was released in 2009. Seven combines the best qualities of all other versions:
- Low system requirements.
- Stable work without errors and failures.
- Sufficiently high performance.
- Support for a large number of programs, applications and equipment.
- Optimized laptop experience.
That is, we can say with confidence that the seven is superior to XP in many respects, and at the same time it is not much more demanding and will perfectly suit an old laptop.
Which Windows to choose for installation on a weak laptop
Before proceeding to the choice of OS for a weak computer or laptop, you need to know the characteristics of your PC. Based on these characteristics, we will choose a specific version of the system to install. It is important to take this task seriously, because the speed of your device will depend on it.
Let’s figure out which operating system is worth choosing and which Windows is better for weak laptops and PCs.
So what OS to put on a weak PC?
Having carefully examined the most popular operating systems today, we can come to the conclusion that the best operating system for a weak PC is Windows 7. It is significantly superior to Windows XP and practically does not differ from Windows 8, except for less demanding requirements. That is, we can say that Windows 7 is a light version of Windows 8 and 10, which is almost in no way inferior to them.
- An old computer means a machine manufactured before 2009-2010. With approximately the following hardware (1-2GB DDR 1, Intel Pentium 4 / Celeron and integrated graphics or video card with 128-256 MB memory). If you own such a PC, then the Windows 7 (optimized) operating system would be the ideal option for you.
In all other cases, you can give preference to the new ten.
But if you are chasing maximum performance, then look beyond the seven.
Which version of Windows to choose for installation on a laptop / computer
The last few of my articles were devoted to the lessons of Word and Excel, but this time I decided to go the other way, namely to tell a little about the choice of the version of Windows for a computer or laptop.
It turns out that many novice users (and not only beginners) are actually lost before the choice (Windows 7, 8, 8.1, 10; 32 or 64 bits)? There are several acquaintances who change Windows quite often, not because it “flew” or need extra. options, but simply motivated by the fact that “someone has installed it, and I need”. After some time, they return the old OS to the computer (because their PC began to work slower on another OS) and calm down on this
Choosing between 32 and 64 bit systems
In my opinion, for an ordinary user, you shouldn’t even get stuck with a choice. If you have more than 3 GB of RAM, you can safely choose Windows 64 bit OS (marked as x64). If you have less than 3 GB of RAM on your PC, then install a 32-bit OS (marked as x86 or x32).
The fact is that the x32 OS does not see more than 3 GB of RAM. That is, if you have 4 GB of RAM on your PC and you install the x32 OS, then the programs and OS will only be able to use 3 GB (everything will work, but some of the RAM will remain unused).
It is enough to go to “My computer” (or “This computer”), right-click anywhere. and select “properties” in the pop-up context menu (see Fig. 1).
Those. requirements: Pentium 300 MHz; 64 MB of RAM; 1.5 GB of free hard disk space; CD or DVD drive (can be installed from a USB flash drive); Keyboard, Microsoft Mouse, or compatible pointing device video card and monitor supporting Super VGA mode with a resolution of at least 800 × 600 pixels.
In my humble opinion, this is the best Windows operating system for a decade (before the release of Windows 7). But today it is justified to install it on a home computer only in 2 cases (I do not take work computers now, where the goals can be very specific):
To summarize: installing Windows XP now (in my opinion) is only worthwhile if, without it, there is no way at all (although many people forget, for example, about virtual machines; or that their hardware can be replaced with a new one).
Those. requirements: processor. 1 GHz; 1GB of RAM; 16 GB hard disk space; DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM driver 1.0 or higher.
One of the most popular Windows operating systems (today). And not by chance! Windows 7 (in my opinion) combines the best qualities:
Best Windows Laptops in 2020 [Top 5 Picks]
In my opinion, this OS is the most optimal choice for today. And in a hurry to switch from it to Windows 10. I would not.
Those. Requirements: processor. 1 GHz (with PAE, NX and SSE2 support), 1 GB RAM, 16 GB on HDD, graphics card. Microsoft DirectX 9 with WDDM driver.
In its capabilities, in principle, it is in no way inferior or superior to Windows 7. True, the START button disappeared and a tiled screen appeared (which caused a storm of negative opinions about this OS). According to my observations, Windows 8 runs slightly faster than Windows 7 (especially in terms of booting when the PC is turned on).
In general, I would not make a big difference between Windows 7 and Windows 8: most applications work in the same way, the operating systems are very similar (although they may behave differently for different users).
Those. Requirements: Processor: At least 1 GHz or SoC; RAM: 1 GB (for 32-bit systems) or 2 GB (for 64-bit systems);
Hard disk space: 16 GB (for 32-bit systems) or 20 GB (for 64-bit systems);
Video card: DirectX version 9 or higher with WDDM 1.0 driver; Display: 800 x 600
Despite the abundant advertising and offer, it will be updated for free from Windows 7 (8). I do not recommend doing this. In my opinion, Windows 10 is not yet fully “tested”. Although relatively little time has passed since its release, there are already a number of problems that I personally encountered on various PCs of friends and acquaintances:
Summing up, I will say: Windows 10 is better to install a second OS for acquaintance (at least for a start, in order to evaluate the work of the drivers and the programs you need). In general, if you omit the new browser, slightly changed graphic appearance, several new functions, then the OS is not much different from Windows 8 (except that Windows 8 is faster in most cases!).
Windows 10 categories and their general features
All assemblies (editions) of Windows 10 include only 4 types:
- Home (Home);
- Professional (Professional);
- Corporate (Enterprise);
Microsoft ships multiple editions of the same OS
Note! All editions mentioned above are desktop, that is, they are suitable for personal computers and laptops. Windows 10 Mobile was developed specifically for tablets and mobile devices.
Before comparing which Windows 10 is better for gaming or work, you need to consider all the benefits of the dozen that apply to any version. They are as follows:
- the ability to work with virtual desktops. Ten. the first operating system from Microsoft, capable of interacting with a pair of workspaces at once;
- accelerated launch. Now users can turn on their computers and laptops in 10-20 seconds. It all depends on the hardware and autorun, but compared to the seven, the time has been significantly reduced;
- saving electricity. Laptops running Windows 10 can save 20-30% more battery power than devices running older OS versions;
- voice assistant. Thanks to Cortana, you can not only search for queries on the Internet, but also search for programs and files;
- multitasking. The top ten copes with the problem of multitasking better than others. This means that you can run two or three large applications at once, and the computer does not start to slow down;
- the presence of Windows Defender. If in the top seven there was only a firewall, then in the top ten there was also a more modern defender of the operating system;
- advanced personalization. Anyone can not only resize shortcuts and set the desktop background, but also change the position of the toolbar or edit the Start menu.
For your information! In addition, each version has a new web browser from Microsoft. MS Edge. It replaced the old Internet Explorer and has already gained popularity among fans of surfing the Internet.
Windows 10 Education
It is intended for use by students of schools, secondary and higher educational institutions in computer classrooms. She also has the ability to work with business applications, as well as a suite of office programs from Microsoft. If it is multiple, then this is the same Corporate edition, but without the voice assistant Cortana.
Which Windows 10 is better to install for games on a computer
People often wonder which Windows 10 is the best to install. Microsoft developers have always released several versions of the same operating system. They are called assemblies or editions, each of which differs in reduced or increased functionality, cost and available capabilities. Do not forget about the bit depth and the restrictions imposed in this connection on hardware components: processor and RAM. You need to figure out how many editions Windows 10 has, which version is better and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC
The corporate version is suitable for businesses and enterprises. It can be installed on the computers of superiors and subordinates. The advantage is that it includes tools that can overwhelm everything you need in the calculations and management of office work of a small company or an entire corporation.
Important! It also has the advantage that it is cost effective to install. Subscribing to multiple computers in the Enterprise edition will be cheaper than purchasing the Professional edition separately.
Who is more popular according to statistics
The Corporate edition is also popular. At the moment, it is used by thousands of firms, companies and organizations around the world. It is used by many not only digital associations, but also corporations of a different focus.
Which version of the dozen to choose for games
Many people ask which Windows 10 is better for gaming. In fact, if the computer is powerful, then any edition can be used. If everything rests on system resources, then it is better to choose the Home version, since unnecessary services and new processes that can overload the computer and slow down the performance in games and 3D applications are cut out in it.
Windows 10 Home
Home supports everything that was listed earlier, and also has a built-in antivirus. It lacks only professional and specialized utilities that are needed by experienced users.
Note! It removed file system encryption and some system administration options. This greatly improved performance and suitability for weak computers and laptops.