Laptops and Tablets • Recommendations and advice


Which hard drive is best for a laptop


An interface is a type of connector that connects a disk to a motherboard or computer, as well as the protocol over which data is exchanged. The interface determines the data transfer rate between the storage device and the processor, memory. The higher this parameter, the better, especially if you choose a hard drive for the system. Common interfaces are:

  • For internal drives:
  • SATA II (3Gb / s);
  • SATA III (6 Gb / s).
  • For external drives:
  • USB 2.0 (480 Mbps);
  • USB 3.0 (up to 5Gbps).
  • 6 steps how to choose a hard drive

    The hard disk is designed to store information, which is divided into two categories. programs and the data that these programs use. Experts recommend storing data on one disk, and the operating system and programs on another. To store data, you need more space, and they are stored for a long time. For programs and the operating system, the interface and the speed of access to data are important, because the speed of the programs will depend on this.

    How to choose a hard drive? Which hard drive is the best? If a number of technical parameters that determine this choice.

    Form Factor

    Form factor refers to size in inches. This parameter is important for the internal hard drive, since the slots for placing the equipment are strictly standardized. There are two form factors on the market today:

    • 2.5-inch HDD. used in laptops, and is also a common format for external drives;
    • HDD 3.5 inches. used in stationary computers.

    External or internal

    Devices are divided into internal and external hard drives. Internal ones are installed in the computer case and connected to the motherboard through a ribbon cable. The storage medium is protected by a metal case, while the lower part is usually open. External ones have a fully protected case and are connected to a computer via a USB interface.
    If you need a hard drive for the system and programs, then take the internal one. They provide high speed data access. When it comes to storing information, it is better to take an external one. The access speed is slower, but such a drive is easy to connect to any computer, which cannot be said about the internal drive.

    which, hard, drive, best, laptop

    Spindle speed

    The spindle speed affects the speed of writing and reading data. The higher it is, the better, but also the more expensive the device. For internal devices, the optimal spindle speed is 7200 r / s. Higher speeds will cost more. Winchesters with a spindle speed higher than 5400 r / s are noisy.

    For external, this figure in most cases is 5400 r / s. That’s enough.

    Disk volume

    Winchester serves for five or seven years, and sooner or later it is hammered to the eyeballs. Therefore, it is not worth skimping, all gigabytes will come in handy. If the budget is limited, then take at least 1000 GB for data storage, and at least 500 GB for the system and programs.

    Buffer volume

    Hard disk buffer size, or cache, is onboard memory used to store the data that the disk accesses most often. Winchesters are equipped with a cache of 16, 32 and 64 megabytes. You will not see much difference during work, but it is better to choose a disk with a cache of 32-64 MB.

    Summarize. High-capacity, 1000 MB or more, external drives with USB interfaces are suitable for storing information. If we are talking about an internal disk, then it is also not worth saving on volume, the more, the better. For disks for the system and programs, high-speed disks from 500 GB, SATA III interface and a spindle rotation speed of 7200 r / s are better suited.

    Watch the video on how to install a hard drive instead of a floppy drive

    The main differences between HDD and SSD

    For starters, it should be noted that despite their common purpose, SSD and HDD are completely different technologies. In fact, the difference between the two is as great as the difference between a CD and a USB flash drive. But what is really there, by and large, HDD. this is a kind of CD, only made of a different material and installed in its own drive. And an SSD is a large, roomy flash drive, with an especially fast data exchange rate, increased capacity and, if we are not talking about an external drive, then with a slightly different way of connecting to the motherboard.

    Unlike a hard drive, an SSD does not carry any moving parts. HDD devices are old, analog technologies, while SSDs are new, digital.

    So what are the advantages of more expensive, modern SSD-drives, in comparison with outdated hard drives?

    First, the SSD is smaller and lighter, which is especially useful when assembling compact systems such as laptops and tablets.

    Secondly, SSDs have a much higher data transfer rate than analog drives, because nothing needs to be recorded or searched out by mechanical action. HDD takes time to distribute data on the plane of the plate, as well as to find information already recorded on it. Especially if the search is conducted in parts of the disk that are very distant from each other. For this reason, the loading of the operating system is somewhat slower, files open longer and the response speed of programs is slower. But saving and reading data from a solid state drive occurs almost instantly.

    Speed ​​is usually limited only by the bandwidth of the interface. Gamers may find this useful so that they do not have to wait for a long time to download and install games, as well as load levels in them.

    Thirdly, as mentioned earlier, there are no moving elements in the SSD. As a result, solid state drives are quieter and more reliable. they are shock and drop resistant. This means that an SSD is better suited as an external storage device for people who want to use one drive for multiple systems, or as a second hard drive for laptops.

    Fourthly, the SSD is characterized by lower power consumption, and it is unlikely that there will ever be any extra electricity savings.

    SSD or HDD which is better for storage and games or for a laptop ?

    HDD vs SSD. how they differ and which one is better?

    Surely, when buying a new PC or laptop, many have noticed that the type of storage device installed in it. HDD or SSD. can have a significant impact on its price. What is their difference?

    Is it worth taking an SSD drive for a computer and what are the advantages of such drives? In this article I will try to answer the questions related to choosing a hard drive for various systems and needs.

    It’s time to talk about the disadvantages of these “big sticks

    The first drawback, which may seem like a serious problem to many, is the limited lifespan of an SSD. The point is that flash memory has a certain number of rewriting cycles.

    The rewriting cycle is the moment when the amount of downloaded data reaches the volume of the drive’s memory, or rather, when all the memory cells on it are full. But not in the literal sense of the word. from the fact that you will delete data and leave some space on the disk, nothing will change.

    The total weight of the data recorded on it during its entire service life is important.

    For example, I downloaded a 1 Gigabyte file, then deleted it and uploaded a 2 GB file. and that already 3 GB was written to the disk, even if some of them were deleted.

    In addition, due to the peculiarities of SSD operation, when counting, you need to multiply the amount of data recorded on it by 9-10 times. Those. 3

    Gigabytes is almost 30, almost a quarter of the rewriting cycle of a 120 Gigabyte disk. However, these are not exact figures, I took with a margin. In fact, it all depends on how the space on the drive was spent.

    Don’t be scared right away, on average SSDs are designed for 3 years, or even 5 years of service. Unless, of course, you download hundreds of gigabytes of data to them every day.

    Unfortunately, I cannot say with certainty which drive is more durable. SSD or HDD. There are many other nuances that affect their lifespan. But in terms of resistance to external influences, the SSD clearly wins.

    The price of an SSD can be several times higher than the cost of a hard drive of the same capacity. Surely, over time, the situation will change a little, but today it is more profitable to take such a disk for a PC as an additional one, install an operating system and some applications on it, and store everything else on the HDD.

    And finally, the last SSD problem, which will probably be solved soon, is the maximum amount of memory. SSDs appeared much later than hard drives, and so far even the best available models cannot hold as much data as a high-end HDD can fit. But this is most likely just a matter of time. You can, simply, use several storage devices at once.

    This SSD costs 11.000

    At the moment, I don’t think that buying a PC or laptop with an SSD would be a good idea for the average user. After all, its price is several times higher than the cost of a good old hard drive. Someone will consider the differences between these two types of drives important for themselves. For example, gamers are very fond of purchasing expensive equipment, even with a slight gain in system performance.

    However, the speed of games, i.e. the frame rate, should not be affected by the presence of an SSD drive.
    In general, without special need, I do not recommend buying an SSD as the only internal hard drive. But as a second drive, it may well justify itself.

    SSD, HDD or SD card?

    At the moment, these are the three most common options and each has both pros and cons. Depending on your needs, you can choose any.

    External hard drive

    The situation here is the same as with internal hard drives. At a cost per gigabyte, they are noticeably cheaper than an SD card and SSD, but their speed leaves much to be desired. The hard drive is best suited for storing large amounts of information, but it is best not to use it for online data transfer. It will take too long to wait. In addition, HDD is not compatible with all modern gadgets.

    Also noteworthy is the physical vulnerability of hard drives. Unlike their counterparts, hard drives do not tolerate drops, jolts, temperature changes, and so on. And also HDD is the heaviest and largest drive among all.

    Capacity: terabytes-to-price optimal?

    In terms of volume, the most advantageous offer is an external hard drive. You have up to 20 TB of capacity at your disposal. true,

    Solid state drives offer buyers a maximum of 2 TB. And the price list for such models starts at 27,000 rubles. A 500 GB SSD will cost about 6,000 rubles. We believe that such devices should be purchased only for professional tasks when fast processing of a large amount of data is required. For example, in video editing.

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    SD cards, as mentioned above, can hold up to 512 GB. The price tag for such drives is at the level of 7000-8000 rubles. For 128 GB, manufacturers are asking to give a little over 1,000 rubles. A good choice for the aspiring photographer.

    Choosing an external memory for a laptop

    Traditional hard drive or SSD? Or maybe even a memory card? We analyze all the options.

    A small and fast solid state drive is more than enough for the operating system, but clearly not enough to hold all of your data. If the number of slots is limited, and there is not enough space, it is not necessary to change the current SSD to a new one with a larger capacity. You can use external storage services.

    SD memory card

    Many laptops are equipped with a similar slot, which is not the case for desktop computers. This interface is also used in smartphones and cameras. The SD format includes three varieties: microSD, microSDHC, microSDXC. They differ in volume and throughput. The newer interfaces are not backward compatible as is the case with USB. Therefore, always check the specification of your hardware so that the memory card can be used on all devices.

    The main advantage of this drive is quick removal and connection to any compatible gadget. We took a few photos, took out the card, inserted it into the laptop, threw off everything we needed and continued taking photos. It is very comfortable. Likewise with a smartphone. You can quickly free up storage.

    The main disadvantages are low speed and small volumes. The fastest representatives of this format (Ultra High Speed) at their peak overclock up to 312 Mb / s, which is generally a good indicator. But the price of such drives is very high. And the maximum available volume is 512 GB.

    External SSD

    They feature high read and write speeds. They stay cool, quiet and use less power, saving laptop battery power. To date, their average size is roughly equal to the average SD card: from 250 to 500 GB. So the purchase of such a disc. this is a step back towards the end of zero in terms of capacity.

    you will, of course, get 3x the speed, but the capacity is only 128 GB.

    Form factor, interface, speed

    • Form factor, that is, physical size. The most common type is the 2.5 ″ form factor (the so-called SFF HDD). It offers the most optimal carrying dimensions. 2.5 ” (

    6-8 mm with the body), length less than 15 cm, weight 100-200 grams. There are also form factors such as: 1.8 ″ and 3.5 ″.

  • Connection interface. For an external hard drive, this is USB, and in modern laptops this is usually USB 3.0 or 3.1. Which of these is the best? Depends on what connectors your laptop has: if Type-C is supported, then it is better to take a disk with a USB 3.1 connector. it is capable of transferring data at speeds up to 10 Gb / s.
  • Read and write speed. As a rule, the speed declared by the manufacturer is always different from the actual one. It can be measured accurately only with special utilities after purchase, for example, CrystalDiskMark. But it is advisable to purchase discs with a declared speed of at least 500 Mbit / s.
  • Spindle rotation speed (applies only to HDD). There are two main types: 5400 and 7200 rpm. A higher value achieves a higher baud rate. However, noise levels and power consumption increase. If you are buying a drive just for storing data, speed is not critical.
  • How to view the hard drive on a laptop

    To see the amount of hard drive you need to go to My Computer (in Windows 10. This computer). We are looking for either an icon with this name on the desktop and open it, or, if there is no such icon on the desktop, open the explorer, on the control panel (bottom left) there should be a folder icon.

    In the explorer window that opens, on the left, click on “This computer” (in Windows 7. My Computer).

    In the explorer window, select on the left. “This computer”

    A window will open in which all connected storage devices will be shown: internal and external hard drives, SSD drives, USB sticks, memory cards, etc.

    Displaying hard drives in explorer

    From the example above, we see that in our case, 2 local disks (internal), one USB flash drive (a drive called ESD-USB) and one CD drive are connected to the laptop. Displaying two local drives does not mean that two hard drives will necessarily be installed inside our laptop. There can be one hard disk, but programmatically it can be divided into several. two, three or more.

    If our goal was to find out the total volume of all hard drives, then we simply summarize the volume of the local drives found, in this case it is 100 GB 465 GB = 565 GB.

    If the goal was to find out the real number of physically installed disks in a laptop (usually one is installed in cheaper laptops from the factory, in more expensive two. HDD and SSD, but there are exceptions), then right-click on any of the local disks, for example. on C, in the menu that appears, click “Properties”. In the window that opens, go to the “Equipment” tab.

    Open the properties of any of the disks, then. the “Hardware” tab

    On the “Equipment” tab, in this example, we see 3 devices. The first is an SSD disk (in the name in this case there is an abbreviation “SSD”, but it may be absent), the second is a hard drive (usually indicated by markings of Latin letters and numbers without an explicit abbreviation), the third is a USB flash drive (in the name there is an abbreviation “UFD”. USB Flash Drive or a flash drive for the USB port, the name also contains the abbreviation “USB”).

    If the marking of the discs does not tell us about anything, you can simply enter this marking entirely in the search bar of the browser and search for information on the Internet.

    Thus, we have established that inside the laptop from the example there is one hard drive and one SSD-drive. In general, as a rule, most laptops have only one space for 2.5-inch drives. The second disc is usually installed by the users themselves instead of the DVD drive (for this, you need to purchase the appropriate mounts. a slide for 2.5 inch discs).

    As for SSD-drives, they come not only in a 2.5-inch case, but also in smaller versions. So in our example. the SSD-drive is a small board and is connected via the mSATA connector.

    It is installed in a connector on the motherboard of a laptop, an example of a connector and the allotted space for an SSD are highlighted in a red rectangle.

    And this is how the SSD-drive already installed in the slot looks like.

    SSD is installed in the mSATA connector

    An inexperienced user can confuse such an SSD drive with a Wi-Fi module, but two wires (black and white) fit and connect to the Wi-Fi module, but in this case we see that no wires are connected to the board. In addition, the Wi-Fi module is almost 2 times shorter (in the picture it is located directly above the SSD).

    Well, in fact, the hard drive itself, installed in its connector in the picture below.

    It is also worth mentioning that not every laptop has an mSATA connector, therefore, before buying an SSD of this format, be sure to find out if there is a corresponding connector inside your laptop. In general, mSATA is an outdated connection connector; it was replaced by a more modern M.2 interface. When choosing an M.2 SSD, you need to be careful, they differ both in length and in the connection interface. SATA or PCIe.

    SSD or HDD. which is better for a laptop

    If your budget is limited, and you want to increase the speed of your laptop, then the best thing is when both SSD and HDD are installed in the laptop. An operating system is installed on the SSD, in which case your laptop starts to load and shut down much faster, programs also load faster, in general it feels as if the laptop has a second wind. there is lightness and speed after the old hard drive. Well, a hard disk is needed to store large amounts of information. a large collection of movies, music, photos, games, etc. After all, SSDs of large volumes are still very expensive. Therefore, the best solution would be to install a 120 or 256 GB SSD, as well as a 500 to 2000 GB hard drive (depending on your budget).

    An SSD can be installed in a laptop in different ways (not all methods may be available on your laptop model):

    • Instead of the current hard drive. That is, we take out the hard drive and insert the SSD instead. This method is the least preferred, it is used only if it is impossible to install the SSD otherwise. But on the other hand, this method is available for any laptops, even relatively old ones (only if the hard drive is not with an IDE connector, but with a SATA one).
    • Instead of a floppy drive. We buy a sled for a hard drive or SSD, take out the drive, install the sled instead of the drive, and insert the SSD into the sled.
    • You do not need to take out anything if a special connector for SSD is provided (soldered) on the laptop motherboard. mSATA or more modern M.2. This method is the most preferable, because you don’t have to remove anything from the laptop, and at the same time, the mSATA or M.2 SSDs are very compact and light, a laptop with them will hardly add any weight. When buying an M.2 SSD, be careful and find out in advance which SSD is right for you M.2 SATA or M.2 PCIe, they are not compatible with each other.

    If you cannot install two drives inside your laptop at once, then you will have to choose from 3 options:

    • Hard disk drive (HDD). chosen by those people whose budget is limited, and at the same time they need a large amount of memory (500-2000 GB or more), for example, to store a large collection of films, music, photos, videos, games.
    • SSD. chosen by those for whom the speed of a laptop is more important than a large amount of memory (more often they buy models with 120-240 GB, since for more capacious drives bite). In general, an SSD is certainly a more suitable type of memory for a laptop, since it is not afraid of shaking and shock, and also works much faster. But it also costs more (if you compare SSD and HDD of the same size).
    • A hybrid hard drive (SSHD) is a compromise technology for those who want both a lot of memory and a laptop that runs faster than an old hard drive. But still, hybrids are afraid of shocks and work slower than a full-fledged SSD.

    Also worth mentioning is Intel Optane, a technology similar in principle to a hybrid hard drive. Only in this case, SSD and HDD are not a single device inside a single case, but physically separate devices. The Intel Optane drive is paired with a regular hard drive (for it, a separate M.2 PCIe slot must be soldered on the laptop motherboard). After a certain setting, the operating system starts saving all the most frequently used files to a faster drive. Intel Optane. After that, the speed of work increases noticeably, but it still falls slightly short of the speed of normal SSDs.

    Types of hard drives for laptops

    So what are the options for replacing your old hard drive? Varieties of internal storage:

      Hard disk drive (HDD) is the oldest and slowest type of internal storage available today, information is stored on magnetic disks.

    • cheaper than SSD and hybrid hard drives (on average, a 1000 GB HDD costs as a 120 GB SSD);
    • unlimited number of data rewrite cycles (but this does not mean that it is eternal).
    • slow;
    • may fail even with small shocks and vibrations when turned on;
    • makes noise during operation.
  • Solid-state driveSSD is a modern type of internal data storage; it differs from HDD in that information is stored inside memory microcircuits (chips);
    • faster than HDD by about 3 times;
    • completely silent;
    • resistant to moderate shock and vibration.
    • high cost;
    • a limited number of information recording cycles (in fact, modern operating systems, such as Windows 10, have long been able to carefully work with SSDs, without unnecessarily loading them, as a result of which the life of an SSD approaches the life of an HDD).
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  • A hybrid hard drive (SSHD) is a conventional hard drive, which additionally contains a small SSD (for example, 1000 GB HDD 8 GB SSD). A small part of the information that is most often used is transferred to the faster SSD, while the rest is stored on the HDD. In terms of speed and price, this is something between HDD and SSD. At the same time, hybrid disks, like conventional HDDs, have moving parts, as a result of which they are afraid of shocks and shaking, especially in working condition.
  • How to increase hard drive memory on a laptop

    It is worth clarifying that it is impossible to increase the amount of hard disk memory, you can only clear part of the occupied memory or replace the hard disk with another, more capacious one.

    Before you spend money on a new hard drive, try to clear the old HDD from unnecessary files, sometimes this procedure helps to recover significant volumes of the disk.

      First you need to delete the files created by Windows.
      To do this, open the “This Computer” (My Computer) window, right-click on the C drive, select “Properties”. In the window that opens, click “Disk Cleanup”. Do not worry about your personal data, this method does not delete your photos, music, documents, games, etc., only files created by Windows that can be safely deleted.

    The evaluation of the space to be reclaimed starts. Next, a window will automatically open in which you will need to put all the checkmarks.

    Please note that the list with check marks is scrolling, so you need to scroll to the very end and check all the boxes. After that, we will see in the column “The amount of space to be freed” how much disk space we will be able to free up in this way. In our case, this is only 105 MB, since the computer cleaning from the example is carried out regularly, in your case the volume can be much larger. After putting all the checkboxes, click “OK”. “Delete files”, cleaning will begin, which may take some time (depending on the number of junk files, as well as on the speed of the laptop). After completing the cleaning, click “Disk Cleanup” again, we get into the same window where we checked the boxes, but now we need to click on the “Clean up system files” button.

    After evaluating the freed up space in the window that appears, we also put all the checkmarks and click “OK”. In this way, sometimes it is possible to delete up to several gigabytes of unnecessary files, thereby increasing the free space on the hard disk.

    Open Local drive C. Windows folder. SoftwareDistribution. Download. And delete all files and folders that are in the Download folder.

    Remove installation files for Windows updates from the Download folder

    Thus, we will delete the installation files for Windows updates that have already been installed on the system and are no longer needed. Also in the SoftwareDistribution folder there is a DataStore folder, the contents of which can be painlessly cleaned, and the update history is stored in it. Do not forget to empty the trash after these manipulations, because if this is not done, then the amount of free space will not increase.

    Next, you can search for and remove unused programs and games that can take up a lot of space. To do this, right-click on Start and select “Applications and Features”. A list of all installed programs and games will open, click on unnecessary ones and click “Remove”.

    Remove unnecessary programs in the Applications and Features window

    Attention: if you are not sure what this or that program is for, then I advise you not to delete such unfamiliar programs. sometimes you can delete something really necessary, for example, a program along with a driver for a device or some system components, without which some programs and games will not work.

    Next, you need to use third-party programs to clean the disk from junk files. Follow the link to the official website of the CCleaner program, save the file with the program, open it after downloading and install it. After installation, open the program and translate it into Russian: in the left menu, click Options. Settings and in the Language field we find and select Russian.

    Turning on the Russian language in the CCleaner program

    Next, on the left, click on “Cleanup”. at the bottom right on the “Cleanup” button. OK.

    Cleaning laptop from system junk files with CCleaner

    After cleaning the junk files, I recommend cleaning the registry from errors. To do this, on the left, select “Registry”. “Search for problems”, after the end of the search, click on “Fix selected”, it is not necessary to save backups, therefore, in the window that appears, select “No”.

    In the new window that appears, click on “Fix marked”. Thus, we will be able to free up some more space on our local disk, as well as remove some errors.

    If you still did not manage to increase the free space to the desired level by these methods and the laptop did not start working faster, perhaps in this case it is worth thinking about buying and installing a more capacious and faster drive.

    What hard drives are in laptops

    Laptops have smaller hard drives than desktop PCs, namely 2.5 “instead of 3.5”. As for the rest, apart from the physical size, the HDD data is not much different. A “laptop” hard drive can be easily installed in a desktop PC, and it will work fine there.

    Hard drive from the laptop. on the right, from the PC. on the left

    How to find a laptop hard drive

    To choose the right hard drive, Honor needs 5 recommendations:

    At the moment, hard drives of the SATA 3 standard prevail on sale, therefore, if your laptop has an HDD of any SATA standard (1, 2, 3), feel free to buy SATA 3, they practically do not differ in cost. If a disk with an IDE connector is installed, then you will have to purchase only IDE.

    Rotational speed. The most common (rpm): 5400 rpm, 5900 rpm, 7200 rpm, 10000 rpm. The higher the spindle speed, the faster the hard drive. But there are also disadvantages to this. HDDs with a higher rotational speed make more noise, heat up more and cost more (there is also an opinion that drives with a higher speed have a shorter lifespan, but we could not find official information on this). Most notebooks come with 5400 rpm HDDs from the factory. This speed is quite sufficient for storing files. movies, music, documents and others, but for the operating system it is preferable to choose something faster, then the laptop as a whole will work faster. The best option, as mentioned earlier, is to install an SSD for the operating system, and a hard drive with a speed of 5400 rpm for storing multimedia files. If it is supposed to use only one hard disk (and for the system as well), then it is better to take a hybrid disk (HDD SSD), in extreme cases. HDD with a higher rotation speed.

    1st row. regular hard drive, 2nd row. hybrid hard drive with small SSD

    From the example above, you can see that both hard drives have the same size (500 GB) and approximately the same cost. Wherein, the second option will be more preferable to purchase, as it has a built-in SSD, which will automatically store the most frequently used files, which will give a noticeable increase in speed. Also, the second option has a lower spindle speed (5400 rpm versus 7200 rpm for the first), which is a little slower, but the presence of an SSD in this case compensates for the loss of speed, and working at lower speeds will reduce noise and HDD heating.

  • The amount of cache memory. Everything is simple here: the more, the better. The second hard drive has several times more (128 MB versus 32 MB for the first), which will also have a positive effect on the overall speed.
  • How to choose a hard drive for a laptop

    What is HDD in a laptop? HDD. Hard Disc Drive or hard drive that stores all your data. photos, movies, music, games, documents, etc. Also, the operating system in which you are working is stored on the HDD. And if you see the inscription, for example, “HDD 500 GB”. this means that the laptop has an internal hard drive of 500 gigabytes, “HDD 1 TB”. for 1000 gigabytes.

    A new hard drive for a laptop is chosen, as a rule, in 3 cases:

    • the old disk is out of order;
    • the amount of memory of the old HDD is not enough;
    • for the sake of increasing the speed of the laptop (in this case, usually the old HDD is replaced with an SSD or a hybrid HDD, or, if possible, leave the old HDD and install an SSD in addition to it).

    At the moment, the slowest part of any computer, including a laptop, is the hard drive. It is he who in most cases slows down the work. Therefore, many new computers and laptops are equipped with a more modern form of permanent memory. a solid state drive SSD.

    This statement practically does not apply to 3D games, the brakes in games are most often due to a weak video card, less often due to a weak processor or lack of RAM.

    Can I use a regular HDD for a PC on a laptop?

    There are no fundamental restrictions in this direction. If the dimensions of the laptop allow, then it is quite possible to use a traditional drive. Only it will not be possible to insert it into the case, it will dangle separately on the wires, tk. it is larger than standard laptop hard drive bays.

    However, this also has its own peculiarities. Desktop hard drives differ in two dimensions: size and power consumption. Therefore, if the laptop battery cannot provide a sufficiently high level of autonomy, it is certainly better to choose a dedicated laptop HDD. How to distinguish it from the traditional one? Everything is simple here. it will be presented in a 2.5-inch form factor, while the classic format for a PC drive is 3.5 inches. See for yourself, it is not difficult to distinguish:

    Work speed

    Although this point is probably equally important for both laptops and PCs. This parameter is responsible for the boot and shutdown time of the laptop, as well as the overall speed of task execution. Due to the fact that the battery life of the laptop is seriously limited, this item also plays an important role.

    How to choose a hard drive for a laptop

    How do you pick a good laptop without going broke? The question is more urgent than ever. And, although, to a large extent, the price of this type of technology depends on the characteristics of such details as a processor, video card and screen diagonal, there is one more nuance that also significantly affects the final price of a laptop. And this nuance is the capacity of the storage device. That is why experienced users often purchase a device with a minimum storage volume in order to choose a more suitable option for themselves in the future, which in any case will be cheaper.

    Replacing a “native” drive with a new one can also be caused by such reasons as its breakdown or the desire to expand the general functionality of the laptop. However, regardless of the reason, it is better to arm yourself with all the necessary knowledge in advance so that the question of how to choose a hard drive for a laptop does not take the user by surprise.

    What requirements should a hard drive meet??

    This type of equipment has only two basic requirements: reliability and speed of operation.

    It is also worth noting that you need to select a compatible device for your laptop. Otherwise, you will not connect it.


    There is not even much to discuss here. A laptop is a mobile computer, and therefore its hard drive must be strong enough to withstand shock and vibration well. The main danger here lies in the fact that in its normal position the reading head seems to float above the surface of the disk, and any sharp jolt can cause it to catch and damage it. Today, this is the main reason for the breakdown of hard drives in laptops, and therefore it is better to give preference to special HDD models. They have a special head parking system, which quickly takes them away from the surface after the end of the work, which minimizes the risk of damage.

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    HDD vs SSD. isn’t it better to opt for solid state drives??

    In fact, the question is extremely topical. Recently, SSDs have made a real breakthrough and have quickly flooded the market. Every year the number of their adherents is growing steadily and this is not at all difficult to explain. Solid state drives have a lot of advantages, among which the most obvious are:

    • very high speed of writing and reading;
    • high reliability (due to the absence of moving parts);
    • there are practically no delays when working with data;
    • SSD does not heat up;
    • does not vibrate;
    • differs in absolute noiselessness;
    • lighter and more compact than any HDD.

    In general, enough to give preference to them. However, there is one feature of SSDs that prevents them from completely ousting the traditional solution from the market. this is an extremely unfavorable ratio of price and capacity. There is already HDD out of competition.

    In view of the indicated shortage of solid-state drives, special hybrids began to appear on the market, which are a regular HDD disk with a built-in SSD module for processing cache. They differ in quite an acceptable price, but at the same time, due to accelerated data caching, they significantly increase the overall efficiency of laptops and computers. So it makes sense to pay attention to this option.

    Criterias of choice

    M.2 and mSATA connectors

    If you have become the “lucky” owner of an M.2 connector, then the usual type of disk will not suit you. The disk looks like this

    In addition to the non-standard connector, there is also the length of the disk can be different. In the picture we see disks, the dimensions of which, respectively, are designated as 2280, 2260 and 2242, where 22 is the width in millimeters, and 80, 60 and 42 are the length in millimeters.

    In the case of mSATA, the drives look like this:

    mSATA is a subset of SATA.

    Which hard drive is better for a computer or laptop

    The hard drive is an essential component of a modern computer. Replacing it after a few years is normal practice if you need more storage space or faster programs.

    Manufacturers today offer a huge number of models. A large selection is good. The buyer does not need to limit himself. He has the opportunity to purchase what suits him. Follow our recommendations, and then the choice will be very simple. We will look at the main characteristics to look out for when buying.


    Due to physical limitations, the HDD capacity does not exceed 16 TB. On the other hand, SSDs are much more compact and at the same time can have a volume of up to 60 TB, but for the average user 120 GB will be enough if the computer is used for work, not games.

    Features and performance

    It’s time to take a closer look at the characteristics. The following will describe the main features that should be considered before purchasing.

    Playstation and Xbox 360

    Choosing a hard drive for a gaming console can have a significant impact on gaming performance. In this case, we recommend giving preference to SSD. This is true for PC, Xbox One, Xbox One X, Playstation 3, Playstation 4, Playstation 4 Slim, Playstation 4 Pro, or any other recent console.

    Since the data transfer speed of an SSD is far superior to that of an HDD, games will run faster on the former. Loading between different levels, maps, tasks is accelerated. We only recommend buying HDD if other options are not available.

    When choosing a drive, you should take into account the features of the device in which it will be used:

    • Xbox 360. The original console uses 2.5-inch hard drives. To replace them, you need to purchase a drive from Microsoft. Third party HDDs can also be used, but firmware will be required to be compatible with the console. This process is quite complicated, but you can still reflash the device yourself.
    • Xbox 360 S and E. The 4GB models have built-in flash memory that cannot be removed or replaced. The 250 GB model can be upgraded to 500 GB by purchasing a drive from Microsoft. This is the safest option, although third-party drives can be significantly cheaper.
    • Xbox One. This console supports USB 3.0 external storage. Thanks to this, you can use almost any SSD.
    • Xbox One X. Supports external drives via USB 3.0. The minimum capacity is 256 GB. Replacing the internal disk yourself is very problematic. It will also void your warranty. So it’s worth weighing the pros and cons before getting to work.
    • Playstation 3 and 4. All models have 2.5 “SATA drives. They can be easily replaced.

    Failure rate

    Since hard drives are mechanical products, they will wear out over time. But not all devices have this process at the same speed. Some models begin to malfunction within 12 months, while others have a lifespan exceeding 6 years.

    Modern solid state drives (SSDs) are more durable than HDDs. Failures start on average after 2 million operating hours. For HDD, this figure is 1.5 million hours.

    Internal drive

    Updating a hard drive on a Mac is often a do-it-yourself project. You must disassemble the device yourself, disconnect the drive, remove it, and then insert a new one. Even the simplest replacement can take at least an hour. Such intervention also means loss of warranty and additional AppleCare support.

    All MacBook Air, Pro, Mini, and iMac models (2012 and up) use an internal 2.5-inch drive. The exception is the 27-inch iMac, which uses a 3.5-inch drive.

    Connecting the drive can be a little problematic. For example, 21.5-inch iMacs in 2017 only had a PCIe slot. It is necessary to carefully check the information about which standards are supported by your device.

    Interfaces and sizes

    Decided on the choice between HDD and SSD. Now we have to deal with the form factor. Everything is very simple here, because there are only two options: 3.5 and 2.5-inch drive.

    In traditional media, information is stored on rapidly rotating circular metal plates. To increase the capacity, you need to add more records. For this reason, desktop hard drives are typically 3.5 inches in size and have a maximum capacity of 16 TB. Notebook drives are 2.5 ” in size and 4TB maximum capacity.

    Most modern drives use SATA connectors. Older models that were created before the SATA standard will (most likely) use IDE connectors. External storage connects to the system via USB port.

    Most motherboards support SATA II, and newer models support SATA III. These standards transfer data at speeds of 1.5 GB / s and 3 GB / s, respectively. The latest version of SATA III has increased the speed to 6 GB / s.

    How to find out which HDD is suitable for a laptop?

    In addition to the form factor and other parameters discussed above, it is worth paying attention to the thickness of the media.

    2.5-inch laptop hard drives come in different thicknesses.

    Toshiba 500 GB HDWK105UZSVA

    The HDD is an ultra-light and thin 2.5-inch HDD as a notebook model.

    Toshiba model 500 GB HDWK105UZSVA communicates with the motherboard via high-speed SATA 3 interface.

    This hard disk is distinguished by increased indicators of energy efficiency, sufficient to accommodate large amounts of data, disk space and reduced spindle speed, eliminating strong noise and vibration during operation.

    The service life of the model declared by the manufacturer is 2 years.

    • buffer capacity. 8 MB;
    • rotation speed. 5400 rpm;
    • shock resistance (work / storage). 400/1000 G;
    • noise level (idle / work). 19/21 dB;
    • power consumption. 1.5 W;
    • overall dimensions (W × H × D). 69.85 × 7 × 100 mm;
    • weight. 92 g.
    • very quiet operation;
    • efficiency in terms of energy consumption;
    • slim body;
    • high speed of writing / reading according to tests.
    • heating during operation;
    • low service life;
    • scanty buffer memory.

    Toshiba 2 TB HDWL120UZSVA

    2.5-inch drive, thanks to a significant amount of disk space, allows you to store a large amount of data, including photos, videos and large file archives.

    The 9.5 mm model is compatible with notebooks designed to mount drives of the corresponding dimensions.

    With a spindle speed of 5400 rpm, huge disk space, 128 MB buffer capacity, SATA 3 connection, low power consumption and high shock resistance, the device can be considered one of the best in its class on the market.

    The MTBF of the Toshiba 2 TB HDWL120UZSVA device is 600 thousand hours.

    • buffer capacity. 128 MB;
    • rotation speed. 5400 rpm;
    • shock resistance (work / storage). 400/1000 G;
    • noise level (idle / work). 23/24 dB;
    • power consumption. 1.65 W;
    • overall dimensions (W × H × D). 69.85 × 9.5 × 100 mm;
    • weight. 117 g.
    • affordable price;
    • large capacity of disk space;
    • compact dimensions;
    • high quality workmanship.
    • vibration and noise during operation;
    • slow writing of blocks;
    • quite heavy for a laptop.

    Western Digital WD5000LPLX

    This model supports SATA 3 interface with 6Gbps throughput.

    Increased spindle speed has a positive effect on disk writing and reading.

    The built-in cache optimally distributes information between the sectors of the Western Digital WD5000LPLX disk, keeping the highest priority data in memory.

    This helps to extend the life of the device and prevents errors associated with the mechanical part of the HDD.

    • buffer capacity. 32 MB;
    • rotation speed. 7200 rpm;
    • shock resistance (work / storage). 400/1000 G;
    • noise level (idle / work). 23/25 dB;
    • power consumption. 2 W;
    • overall dimensions (W × H × D). 69.85 × 7 × 100.2 mm;
    • weight. 92 g.
    • lack of vibrations;
    • lack of heating;
    • compactness;
    • long service life.
    • long start-up after “falling asleep”;
    • clicks when parking heads;
    • high price.

    Western Digital WD10SPZX

    The model has an impressive amount of non-volatile memory and a 128 MB buffer, which guarantees reliable storage of digital data arrays and minimal response time.

    The device is connected to the motherboard via the SATA 3 interface with high bandwidth.

    Most laptops are equipped with this technology.

    Made in 2.5-inch format, the device allows you to store up to 1 TB of information on it.

    Western Digital WD10SPZX is very economical, consuming only 1.5W of power at maximum load.

    • buffer capacity. 128 MB;
    • rotation speed. 5400 rpm;
    • shock resistance (work / storage). 400/1000 G;
    • noise level (idle / work). 19/21 dB;
    • power consumption. 1.5 W;
    • overall dimensions (W × H × D). 69.97 × 7 × 100.2 mm;
    • weight. 90 g.
    • large amount of disk space;
    • compact size;
    • low power consumption;
    • excellent volume / price ratio.
    • noise and vibration during operation;
    • not the most outstanding read and write speeds;
    • short warranty period.

    Western Digital WD20SPZX

    The super-sized drive designed for use as part of a laptop has not only a solid amount of memory, but also excellent read and write speeds.

    The disk is connected to the motherboard via SATA 3 with a bandwidth of 6 Gb / s.

    This hard drive, having 2 TB of disk space, boasts fast and spacious buffer memory of 128 MB.

    • buffer capacity. 128 MB;
    • rotation speed. 5400 rpm;
    • shock resistance (work / storage). 400/1000 G;
    • noise level (idle / work). 23/24 dB;
    • power consumption. 1.7 W;
    • overall dimensions (W × H × D). 69.85 × 7 × 100 mm;
    • weight. 90 g.
    • volume. two terabytes;
    • good sequential read / write speed;
    • compact size;
    • low energy consumption;
    • excellent cost / volume ratio.
    • drop in speed when writing random blocks;
    • not suitable for torrents;
    • pretty noisy model.

    Rating TOP-8 best hard drives (HDD) for a laptop

    A place Model Price
    Best 500GB Laptop Hard Drives
    #one Western Digital WD5000LPLX Find out the price
    # 2 Seagate 500 GB ST500LM021 Find out the price
    # 3 Toshiba 500 GB HDWK105UZSVA Find out the price
    The best 1000 GB models
    #one Western Digital WD10SPZX Find out the price
    # 2 Toshiba 1 TB HDWL110UZSVA Find out the price
    # 3 Western Digital WD10SPCX Find out the price
    Best HDDs for 2000GB laptop
    #one Western Digital WD20SPZX Find out the price
    # 2 Toshiba 2 TB HDWL120UZSVA Find out the price
    HSIDG.COM 2021