How to change (remove) a hard drive on a laptop
Today we will tell you how to change (remove) a hard drive on a laptop. Because laptops are shipped much more frequently than desktop computers, this negatively affects the longevity of notebook hard drives. Before changing the hard drive on a laptop, you need to make sure that it is really faulty.
Checking laptop hard drive
You can use HD Tune Pro to check your laptop hard drive. If the disk is faulty, then the scan will find damaged blocks (Damaget blocks).
Large number of bad blocks found on laptop hard drive
When replacing a hard drive, it makes sense to install a larger drive. In a specific case, the 320 GB WD (Western Digital) disk was replaced with a 500 GB Hitachi disk.
Attention! Before installing a new disk on your laptop, check it for errors. Be sure to check hard drives if they are only packed in an anti-static bag.
Hitachi hard drive is packed in anti-static bag only
Install the hard drive only if there is no damaged block.
No bad blocks on hard disk
Checking the Hitachi hard drive using HD Tune Pro showed that there were no bad blocks on it. Now, with a clear conscience, you can start replacing the hard drive.
How to remove a hard drive from a laptop
Let’s describe the process of removing a hard drive from a Lenovo B550 laptop. All we need is a curly screwdriver (“under the cross”).
Disconnect the laptop from the power supply and remove the battery.
Unscrew the cover covering the hard drive compartment on the bottom of the laptop.
Unscrew the cover covering the hard drive compartment on the bottom of the laptop
Move the hard drive in the direction of the arrow (from the connector).
Move the hard drive in the direction of the arrow (from the connector)
After the hard drive is disconnected from the connector, you can remove it from the bay.
After the hard drive is disconnected from the connector, you can remove it from the bay
Installing a new HDD on a laptop
Actually, the installation of a new hard drive is carried out in the reverse order. The main thing is not to forget to unscrew the metal frame from the old HDD and screw it onto the new one.
Before installation, the new hard drive must be placed in a metal frame (pictured on the left)
If you have any questions when replacing a hard drive on a laptop, ask them in the comments.
Is it possible to move a hard drive from one laptop to another
Any computer, and a laptop is no exception, in fact. a kind of “Constructor”, an educational game where you can assemble something interesting from ready-made parts. All components are unified and interchangeable.
The hard drive you no longer need can be used in another laptop or desktop computer. In the latter case, you will need either a stand for 2.5 “devices, or a special adapter for a 3.5” stand.
It should be borne in mind that during installation, Windows adapts to the configuration of a specific device, taking into account many factors. the model of the motherboard and processor, the BIOS version, peripheral equipment, etc. If you install a hard drive in a laptop of another brand and even a different model, it is too unlikely that the operating system will start without any glitches.
In most cases, it will throw a critical error and will not start. Such a defect is “treated” in the only way. by formatting the system partition and “clean” installation of Windows.
Which is better, transfer the operating system or perform a clean install again
Windows, despite its many advantages, even with an experienced user, over time begins to lag and “dull”. This is due, first of all, to the appearance of a huge number of “scraps” of data and “garbage” files, which are sometimes not cleaned by any service utility. However, with proper configuration and proper operation, Windu can be used for a very long time.
It is noticed that these lags “wander” also when transferring the operating system from one drive to another. If your OS is not in the best condition and you have already thought about updating it, it is better to reinstall it from scratch after replacing the HDD with an SSD. Especially if you used the “Seven” before, which is no longer officially supported by the developers. it’s time to migrate to the “Ten”.
On the other hand, in addition to reinstalling Windows itself, it will take no less time to install all the necessary drivers and programs that were on the C: drive. If there are no complaints about the operation of Windows yet, it is easier and faster to transfer it from the old drive to the new one. How to do this in the next paragraph.
How to replace a laptop hard drive at home
Modern laptops use SATA hard drives. The part is mounted in a special slot on the motherboard, where there are connectors for data transmission and power supply. If you have to replace the hard drive in a laptop, the SSD must also comply with the SATA format. Otherwise, you either will not have where to connect it, or the device will not physically fit in the case.
When choosing a new drive, be guided by devices labeled notebook in the name. they fit perfectly in physical size. From manufacturers, Intel, Samsung, Kingston, Transcend or Western Digital are preferred. Such equipment is considered the most reliable.
By purchasing a new solid state drive, you can replace the HDD with an SSD on your laptop. Step-by-step algorithm of actions:
- Turn off the power of the laptop and all peripheral devices. mouse, printer, scanner, gamepad, wireless modem, etc.
- Remove the battery from the compartment.
- Unscrew all screws on the bottom cover of the device, including those in the battery compartment. Some of the screws may be hidden by stickers or feet.
- Remove the plastic pad on the keyboard that hides the bottom panel.
- Carefully remove the keyboard by disconnecting its connector from the motherboard.
- Unscrew all visible screws inside that can hold the bottom cover to the case.
- Detach the bottom cover of the device.
- Remove optical drive.
There may be a protective plate under the bottom cover. If you unscrew all the screws, then it will detach without problems. Usually, after such manipulations, a hard disk becomes visible. a small steel flat box. You need to carefully remove the part from the slot and install the solid-state drive there.
Since you have half disassembled the laptop, at the same time do not be too lazy to clean it from dust by blowing it with a vacuum cleaner or household hairdryer. In the process, try not to use metal tips, as when in contact with electronic components, they can provoke a static electricity breakdown and short circuit, which leads to damage to expensive components.
After installing the SSD, you can assemble the laptop in reverse order, turn it on and install the operating system, or transfer it from an old drive.
If during the disassembly process there are incomprehensible moments. how exactly to dismantle everything, then you can find video instructions on YouTube on the corresponding channels. As a last resort, instructions for each specific model are available in text format, accompanied by photographs.
How to change the hard drive on a laptop and keep Windows
Replacing a hard drive on a laptop is a simple procedure if everything is done strictly according to the instructions. If your device has a failed HDD, it’s best to install an SSD instead. Although it is more expensive to purchase, such a device has several advantages.
Advantages of an SSD over a conventional hard drive
The design of the hard drive has been known for several decades. Information in this device is recorded on a magnetized disk, which is driven by an electric motor, and read by special heads. The reading speed is limited by the spindle speed, which in most models does not exceed 7200 rpm. The device is prone to typical breakdowns. failure of the electric drive or falling heads onto the surface of the magnetic disk.
In any of these cases, the information can still be restored, but this must be done in a special completely sterile laboratory. so that dust particles, falling on the surface of the disk, do not demagnetize it.
Information is written to the new hard drive in a row, taking up all the free space, from the center of the disk to the edge. Over time, some data is deleted, and new ones are written in their place. With prolonged use, this leads to fragmentation, when one large file is torn into several parts and placed in different parts of the disk.
To read it, you need to rotate the spindle and move the head, which takes time. A large number of such files significantly reduces the performance of the HDD, so you need to regularly defragment, at least using the basic set of Windows utilities, at least once every two weeks.
A solid state drive works differently. Here, rewritable memory cells are used, the type of which depends on the speed. Technically, this is the same flash drive, but with a larger volume. Reading speed is limited only by the bandwidth of the SATA port, but it will definitely be higher than that of a hard drive. If you connect the SSD via PCI or M.2 ports, the performance will be even faster.
Because of its fast write and read speed, a solid state drive is great for installing an operating system. the computer will boot up very quickly. It is also recommended to install “heavyweight” applications and large games here. In the latter case, you can forget about the lags associated with long loading of textures and game objects.
Data on the SSD is always written in a row, and when some files are deleted, they are automatically compressed, so that there are no “gaps” between them. This feature leads to the fact that the SSD does not require defragmentation and its speed does not drop after prolonged use.
Since there are no moving parts, the reliability of the device is higher. The only thing that can fail is the controller, and then breakdowns are most often associated with firmware glitches, and not physical damage. SSD is more resistant to damage. after a fall, unlike a hard drive, it will most likely continue to work.
It should be noted that this type of drive also has some disadvantages. The main one is the limited number of rewriting cycles. The average user has a solid-state drive’s operating time of no more than 5 years, while for a hard drive, with careful use, a decade is not the limit. The second thing that worries many potential users is a much higher price compared to HDD. A 128 GB drive will cost about the same as a terabyte hard drive.
Controller firmware glitches happen with low-quality SSDs. For the brands mentioned above, such defects are very rare.
How to save the OS and transfer it to a new disk
The process of transferring data with a full copy, including hidden sectors, is called cloning. In the situation under consideration, this will require a device called a “”. an adapter where you can insert a SATA drive and connect it to a USB port. The disk image will be copied from the drive installed in the laptop to the one connected through the port.
Before cloning, just in case, copy all important data that may be stored on the C: drive. at least to the D: drive. For cloning, you can use the simple but effective Acronis True Image utility. The program works correctly with all versions of Windows, including the “Ten”. Note that the first time you connect a new drive, Windows will prompt you to format it. It happens automatically.
- After starting Acronis True Image, go to the “Tools” section and select the “Clone disk” option.
- Select automatic mode and click “Next”.
- In the list, select the drive that you will clone and the location where you will move it.
- After confirming the action, the transfer process will begin. All data that may have been on the new drive will be deleted.
You can do it a little differently: first connect the SSD, and install the previously used hard drive in your. When you turn on the computer, the old drive will need to be selected as the boot device. There is no fundamental difference between these methods. The main thing is not to confuse what and where to copy.
It should be noted that Acronis True Image, like most of its counterparts, is a paid program. In order not to be limited by the capabilities of the demo version, you need to search on the file hosting or vareznik version with a built-in “cure for greed”. If you don’t want to mess with pirated software, you can use the free AOMEI Backupper program. The difference is that it is in English, and the crack has not yet been written.
As you can see, changing the drive on a laptop is much easier than it seems at first glance. If done correctly, the chances of damaging something are extremely small. However, if you are not sure of your own skills, it is better to contact the specialists at a specialized service center.
When a hard drive needs to be replaced?
The reasons for changing the hard drive may be the following:
- hard drive failure;
- lack of memory space;
- worn out disc to avoid breakage;
- slow speed.
Disassembling a laptop
How to change the hard drive on a laptop without the necessary knowledge? Everything is not as complicated as it might seem at first glance. The whole procedure takes a maximum of 15-20 minutes. The first thing to do is turn the laptop over and unscrew the screws holding the back cover. Depending on the model of the device, there may be several covers on the bottom. In this case, you need to know which one to unscrew, and where the hard drive is located. Before unscrewing, the laptop must be unplugged and the battery removed. Then wait until all elements have cooled down. The following will be an example of how to change the hard drive on an HP laptop.
Removing the battery
To remove the battery from an HP laptop, turn it over and flip the latch to the open position. Then lift the front edge of the battery and remove it from the laptop.
The battery is inserted in the reverse order: you need to insert the front part into the connector and press the inner edge until it clicks.
Removing the hard drive
After the battery has been removed, you need to unscrew the cover at the base of the laptop. A Phillips screwdriver is used for this. The screws holding the cover must be loosened. After that, the cover should be moved to the edge of the case, lift and remove the projections. Thus, it will be disconnected.
This is where the hard drive is located, connected by a cable to the board. This cable must be disconnected by pulling on the black tab. Then you can remove the hard drive from the bay. Then you should remove the hard drive cable and remove the rubber stoppers from its edges. Here you must remember that these rubber stoppers are different, and you must not forget in which position to insert them back.
The next step is to unscrew the four screws from the hard drive and store them so you don’t lose them. Now you need to remove the transparent panel from the hard drive. In this case, the hard disk must be placed in an anti-static package.
How much does it cost to change the hard drive on a laptop?
If the replacement is made by the master, then it can reach 20,000 and above.
How to change the hard drive on a laptop: a practical guide
Many laptop owners face a problem when the operating system stops loading or freezes. Advanced users begin to reinstall Windows, but they fail, and the message about the absence of a hard drive is panic-stricken. What to do and how? Change the hard drive on a laptop? But what will happen to the data that remains on it?
Do not despair! If you do not have enough knowledge and skills to fix the breakdown yourself, then you can refer the device to specialists. They will be able to change the hard drive on a laptop in a short time. The price in this case will be much higher, because you will have to pay not only the cost of the hard disk, but also the service for its replacement. It is possible that the foreman will charge a fee for diagnosing and finding problems. And if it is necessary to restore information, then this will also lead to costs.
Hard drives vary in capacity, speed, cache size, form factor, and interface. The main parameter is capacity, that is, the amount of stored information that can fit on it. Interface is a type of connector for connecting the hard drive to the motherboard. Form factor is size (for 2.5-inch laptops). The cache size is a place to store temporary information. And an important parameter is the speed of rotation of the disk, on which the speed of work depends.
Installing a new hard drive
First, you need to screw the hard drive to the panel with four screws that held the removed drive. In this case, the hard disk should be installed with the sticker facing down. Next, fix the rubber stoppers on it and connect the cable to the appropriate connector. Then the hard drive must be placed in a compartment on the laptop case and the cable must be connected to the board. Next, close the cover, tighten all the screws and put the battery back in place.
If you follow these instructions, even the most incomprehensible user will not wonder how to change the hard drive on a laptop.
If the hard drive was removed in order to repair it, then after fixing the problem, you can put it back in the same order. Remember that information on a failed hard drive can be recovered. But it is not recommended to do this on your own, as you can accidentally destroy all the necessary data. This should be done by a professional.
It is important to remember that the new hard drive does not contain an operating system and will have to be reinstalled. This can be done both independently and by contacting the service center.
How to change the hard drive on a laptop
When your laptop runs out of space. the user is thinking about whether it is possible to change the hard drive on a laptop to a more capacious one? This feature is available in all modern laptops. Also, the need for this upgrade arises if the old hard drive began to malfunction or slowly, or even out of order. In any case, if your device is still under warranty, then it is better to contact the service center for specialized assistance, and do not try to fix the problem on your own.
Take out the old hard drive
So, after the preparatory work that was described in the previous chapter, turn the laptop over so that it is the lid at the bottom. Next, determine the position of the access panel, under which the hard drive is located. Depending on the computer model, it can be a small panel designed exclusively for the hard drive, or a larger cover that gives access to all the interchangeable elements of the laptop.
After you determine the position of this panel, take a Phillips screwdriver and remove all of the mounting screws. Then remove the cover.
Some laptops have special hard drive protection, such as rubber bumpers, like the laptop in the photos. This protection protects the hard drive from mechanical stress when the laptop is shaken. Sometimes you need to disconnect these elements from the hard drive or first from the laptop case to remove the hard drive. After that, you need to disconnect the hard drive from the socket, for this simply pulling it in the opposite direction from the attachment point. Also, the hard drive can be mounted on a cable, then first we take out the hard drive, and then we disconnect the cable from it. That’s it, now you can delete the old, unnecessary hard drive.
Can I replace the hard drive in my laptop
For those who do not know what a hard drive is, let me remind you that this is a device designed to store information (documents, pictures, music, system files, etc.) for a long period of time. This article will deal with the issue of replacing SSD drives in a laptop.
Can I change the hard drive on your laptop model? Almost all laptops produced over the past ten years are sold with removable hard drives. Of course, there are exceptions, especially for ultra-thin laptops, in which many of the nodes are combined and not interchangeable. In most cases, you will be able to understand whether it is possible to change the hard drive in your laptop just by looking at the back cover. if there is no special removable panel, then most likely the hard drive will not be replaced. Although there are models in which to replace it you need to completely remove the back cover.
What you need to replace a hard drive
So, this guide to replacing the hard drive in your laptop assumes that you complete all the steps in no more than 30 minutes. For work, you will need a small Phillips screwdriver, as well as the new hard drive itself. Before you start replacing the hard drive, follow these steps:
- Turn off the laptop and unplug the charging cord
- Remove the battery from the laptop
- Press the power button of the laptop several times to completely discharge the residual electricity
- Perform all work on a soft surface so as not to scratch the laptop lid.
This guide provides only general information on how to change the hard drive on a laptop and will apply to most existing models. However, each individual model may have its own nuances and features. which you can find out by reading the manual for using the laptop, or by visiting the official website of the manufacturer.
Install a new hard drive into the laptop
The process of installing a hard drive into a laptop is a reverse procedure for removing it, i.e. you need to do the same thing in reverse order. Winchester can only get in one position. Those. you will not put it upside down. the terminal simply will not connect, so if the hard drive does not go through, then you may be shoving it in the wrong direction. Be careful. brute force can damage the contacts.
What to do next? I hope you remember that after replacing the hard drive, your laptop became completely empty (all old files remained on the old hard drive). Therefore, you will have to install Windows first. To do this, you can first create a bootable USB flash drive for Windows 7,8,10, which you can learn more about by clicking on the link. Naturally, if you want to use all the data from the old hard drive, then you will need to transfer them to the new hard drive. after saving the information in the virtual cloud, or in the old fashioned way, transferring the data directly.
Thus, you can change the hard drive on a laptop on your own, without resorting to the help of computer repair services. This procedure in most cases will be very easy and straightforward. manufacturers are trying to make free access to all replaceable elements. You can watch a short video of how to change the hard drive on a laptop yourself.
How to replace the hard drive on a laptop yourself.
A hard drive how many frustrations it gets when it breaks. The failure of your laptop’s hard drive is a problem, or rather not the replacement of the disk itself, but the loss of information that continues to plague laptop owners and their manufacturers, but until the technology for producing hard drives moves to solid-state drives, while parts of it rotate at high speed inside the drive. we will always encounter broken sectors and errors. And it is not a fact that the new technology will not have completely new hidden, open or even unknown errors and problems, without giving you confidence in reliable data storage.
I have one little tip: Always BACKUP.
Well, okay, enough notation, let’s get down to business.
Replacing the laptop hard drive. generally one of the easiest procedures for replacing laptop components. (I’ll make a reservation, modern laptop models have special compartments, access to which is limited to one or two bolts.
Let me give you a small one. A photo guide using a Toshiba laptop as an example to help you easily replace your laptop’s hard drive in the future. The procedure for replacing a laptop hard drive in the presented photos will be similar to the procedure for replacing hard drives on other laptops.
First, let’s locate the hard drive bay and unscrew the screw that secures the cover.
Gently disconnect the hard drive from its connector as shown in the photo.
Check, just in case, that the contact strips have not been bent, if they are deformed, bend them into place and press down to the platform with an antistatic screwdriver.
Remove the 4 screws securing the hard drive box guide and pull it out.
To install (hard disk drive) follow all the steps in reverse order.
I will give examples of removing hard drives on other laptop models.
For example, on a Toshiba Satellite 6100, replacing a hard disk begins with removing one screw as shown in the figure below, after removing which the disk is removed by simply pulling out.
Removing hard drive on Toshiba Satellite 6100.
Once the hard drive is removed, remove the aluminum sled by removing the two screws and replace the drive.
Hard drive with bracket removed on Toshiba Satellite 6100.
Toshiba Tecra 9000 Hard Drive with Aluminum Bracket.
Some hard drives have a special hard drive connector, which must also be removed when replacing the drive and installed on a new hard drive.
Toshiba Tecra 9000 hard drive with connector.
Please also note that new hard drives are shipped unpartitioned and unformatted. Therefore, after installing a new disk, you will have to raise the laptop system again, or using the image.
So, as you can see from the material presented, replacing a hard drive is not a complicated procedure. It is much more difficult to recover data from a fallen disk, or to back up data, because as often happens you even think about it when everything is working fine.