After that, the process of preparing and configuring the device will start. You will need to consistently answer several questions that will help you configure the OS for you.
To begin with, we are talking about choosing a region. I recommend specifying Russia (country of residence). This is necessary so that the OS can correctly determine the language, layout and a number of functions that will be used in the future.
In one of the steps, the OS will offer to connect the laptop to the Internet. I temporarily recommend skipping this step (otherwise Windows may start downloading updates, which will negatively affect the installation time).
Any account name can be specified. However, I would recommend setting it in the Latin alphabet and without various hyphens, dots, and other signs. Why?
Yes, it’s just that in the future, some applications may not work correctly if the account name contains Cyrillic or some icons.
As for the issue of surveillance and privacy: here you decide for yourself what to keep, what to disable. In terms of further work with the OS. this step has almost no effect.
Then, after a minute or two, a window with a choice of language should appear in front of you. By default, in most cases, the system selects Russian. and therefore you can immediately click “Next.”.
In the next window, click on the “Install” button (in the center).
I recommend setting the installation mode to “Custom”. this will allow you to manually specify the disk for the system (and “split” it into 2-3 partitions, if necessary).
In the next step, you should select a disk for the system. If you are not going to share it. you can immediately specify the drive and click the “Next” button (for those who want to split the disk into 2 parts. after selecting the drive, click on “Create” and specify the size of the partition under the OS).
Next, you should wait until the installation files are copied and the computer will restart. At this point, I recommend disconnecting the bootable drive (USB flash drive / disk) from the USB port so that after a reboot. OS installation did not start from it again.
The files have been copied to the hard drive
How to install Windows 10 on a laptop from HP (using the example of the HP Pavilion series)
It seems that the installation of Windows 10 always happens according to the same “scheme”. However, each device has its own “very small” nuances (which can sometimes be confusing).
Here, in fact, not so long ago they asked to install Windows 10 on a new HP Pavilion laptop (on AMD Ryzen). Everything would be fine, but he “stubbornly” did not allow the user to enter the BIOS or open the boot menu.
As it turned out later. the fast boot option was enabled in the BIOS, and the ESC button (on HP, this button opens the service menu by default) had to be held down even before the power button was pressed.
As for the rest, there seems to be no surprises, but just in case, I sketched out a short instruction (suddenly someone comes across something similar!).
Step-by-step installation of Windows 10 on an HP laptop
Now you can connect the bootable USB flash drive to the USB port (preferably 3.0, which are marked in blue, this is faster).
And then hold down the ESC key and only then press the power button of the laptop (or often press it immediately after turning it on. but this option may not work if fast boot is enabled).
In the service menu, you need to open the boot section (or BOOT, in my case, this is the F9 key).
If you don’t see any menus on the screen. read the note about entering BIOS on HP laptops (some older models may have some nuances).
After that, in the boot menu, you need to select our USB flash drive / disk and press Enter (usually, if the OS is not installed on the laptop disk, and only one USB flash drive is connected to the USB port, it is selected automatically).
Note: in my case, a multi-boot disk with several OS was used (and that is why a menu appeared with a choice of Windows version. In your case, it may not be there).
And so, first we need some ISO image with Windows 10. Personally, I would recommend that you download the official version from the Microsoft website (why unnecessary “adventures later?). For how to do this, see the article at the link below.
Next, this ISO image must be correctly written to a USB flash drive / external drive. I do not dwell on this issue either, because this has already been discussed several times in my articles earlier (see a couple of links below).
1) How to create a bootable Windows 10 USB stick under UEFI or BIOS in Rufus (new 3.x version) [Important! For new laptops, choose the UEFI option]
Now a few words about what to do as soon as the desktop appeared.
First, press the Wini combination. a window with Windows 10 settings should open. In the “System / Display” section, set the resolution and scaling so that the device is as comfortable as possible.
Note: if you just don’t do this, then on some laptops everything is very small and your eyes get tired quickly.
Display. choice of resolution and scaling
Next, click on the network icon and connect to Wi-Fi (or by sharing the Internet from your phone / or as you usually do. ).
3) After that, go to the HP website in the drivers section (I give the link just in case. ).
I recommend clicking on the menu “Allow HP to detect your product”. as a result, the service will prompt you to install a small utility that will select and update all the necessary drivers.
Note: the drivers installed by Windows 10 do not always work correctly (and do not allow you to use all the available functions from the manufacturer).
Configuring laptop BIOS to boot from a USB flash drive
In order for the BIOS to boot from your bootable flash drive, you need to change the boot queue in the BOOT section settings. This can only be done by going into the BIOS.
To enter the BIOS, different laptop manufacturers set different entry buttons. Usually, the BIOS entry button can be seen when turning on the laptop. By the way, just below I have provided a link to an article with a more detailed description of this topic.
By the way, the settings in the BOOT section of laptops from different manufacturers are very similar to each other. In general, we need to put the line from the USB-HDD higher than the line from the HDD (hard disk). As a result, the laptop will first check the USB drive for boot records (and try to boot from it, if any), and only then boot from the hard drive.
Below in the article are the settings of the BOOT section of three popular brands of laptops: Dell, Samsung, Acer.
After entering the BIOS, you need to go to the BOOT section and move the “USB storage Device” line to the first place (see Fig. 8), so that it is higher than the Hard Drive (hard drive).
Then you need to exit the BIOS with saving the settings (section Exit. Select the Save and Exit item). After restarting the laptop, the boot from the installation flash drive should start (if it is inserted into the USB port).
Basically, the settings here are similar to a Dell laptop. The only thing is that the name of the line with the USB disk is slightly different (see Fig. 9).
The settings are similar to those of Samsung and Dell laptop (slight difference in the names of USB and HDD drives). By the way, the buttons for moving the line are F5 and F6.
Where to download Windows 10 (ISO image for installation)?
This is the first question that arises before every user. To create a bootable USB flash drive (or disk) with Windows 10, you need an installation ISO image. You can download it both on various torrent trackers and from the official Microsoft website. Consider the second option.
1) First follow the link above. There are two links on the page for downloading the installer: they differ in bitness (in more detail about bitness). In short: on a laptop 4 GB or more RAM. choose, like me, a 64-bit OS.
2) After downloading and running the installer, you will see a window as in Fig. 2. You need to select the second item: “Create installation media for another computer” (this is the point of downloading the ISO image).
3) In the next step, the installer will ask you to select:
- – installation language (select Russian from the list);
- – choose the version of Windows (Home or Pro, for most users, Home will be more than enough);
- – architecture: 32-bit or 64-bit system (about this a little higher in the article).
4) In this step, the installer asks you to make a choice: will you immediately create a bootable USB flash drive, or just want to download the ISO image from Windows 10 to your hard drive. I recommend choosing the second option (ISO file). in this case, you can always burn both a USB flash drive and a disc, and whatever your heart desires
5) The length of the Windows 10 boot process depends mainly on the speed of your Internet connection. In any case, you can just minimize this window and continue doing other things on the PC
6) The image has been downloaded. You can go to the next section of the article.
Creating a bootable USB flash drive with Windows 10
To create bootable USB drives (and not only with Windows 10), I recommend downloading one small utility. Rufus.
This program easily and quickly creates any bootable media (it works faster than many similar utilities). It is in it that I will show a little below how to create a bootable USB flash drive with Windows 10.
By the way, whoever did not use the Rufus utility, you can use the utilities from this article: https://pcpro100.info/fleshka-s-windows7-8-10/
And so, step by step creation of a bootable USB flash drive (see Fig. 7):
- run the Rufus utility;
- insert an 8 GB flash drive (by the way, my downloaded image took up about 3 GB of space, it is quite possible that a 4 GB flash drive will suffice. But I haven’t checked it personally, I can’t say for sure). By the way, first copy all the files you need from the flash drive. it will be formatted in the process;
- then select the desired USB flash drive in the device field;
- in the partition scheme and system interface type field, select MBR for computers with BIOS or UEFI;
- then you need to specify the downloaded ISO image file and press the start button (the program sets the rest of the settings automatically).
Recording time is on average about 5-10 minutes.
How to install Windows 10 from a USB flash drive to a laptop
Now the popularization of the recently released Windows 10 OS is starting in Runet. Some users praise the new OS, others believe that it is too early to switch to it, since there are no drivers for some devices, all the errors have not been fixed, etc.
Be that as it may, there are quite a few questions on how to install Windows 10 on a laptop (PC). In this article, I decided to show the entire procedure for a “clean” installation of Windows 10 from scratch, step by step with screenshots of each step. The article is designed more for a novice user
By the way, if your computer already has Windows 7 (or 8), it may be worth resorting to a simple Windows update: https://pcpro100.info/obnovlenie-Windows-8-do-10/ (especially since all settings and programs will be saved!).
Step by step installation of Windows 10
First, insert the USB flash drive into the USB port of the computer, and then turn on (restart) the computer. If the USB flash drive is written correctly, the BIOS is configured accordingly, then the computer should start booting from the USB flash drive (by the way, the boot logo is almost the same as in Windows 8).
The first window that you will see when you start installing Windows 10 is the choice of the installation language (we choose, of course, Russian, see Fig. 12).
Further, the installer offers us two options: either restore the OS, or install it. We choose the second (especially since there is nothing to restore yet).
In the next step, Windows prompts us to enter a password. If you do not have it, then you can simply skip this step (activation can be done only later, after installation).
The next step is to choose the Windows version: Pro or Home. For most users, the capabilities of the home version will be enough, and I recommend choosing it (see Fig. 15).
By the way, this window may not always be Depends on your ISO installation image.
We agree with the license agreement and click further (see fig. 16).
In this step, Windows 10 offers 2 options to choose from:
Selecting a drive for installing Windows
An important step during installation. Many users incorrectly partition the disk, then edit and change partitions with the help of third-party programs.
If the hard drive is small (less than 150 GB), I recommend that when installing Windows 10, simply create one partition and install Windows on it.
If the hard drive, for example, is 500-1000 GB (the most popular volumes of laptop hard drives today), most often the hard drive is divided into two partitions: one per 100 GB (this is the system drive “C: \” for installing Windows and programs ), and on the second section they give all the remaining space. this is for files: music, films, documents, games, etc.
In my case, I simply selected a free partition (27.4 GB), formatted it, and then installed Windows 10 OS into it (see Figure 18).
The next step is to install Windows (see Figure 19). The process can be quite lengthy (usually takes 30-90 minutes). The computer may be restarted several times.
After Windows copies all the necessary files to the hard drive, installs components and updates, reboots. you will see a screen asking you to enter the product key (which can be found on the package with the Windows DVD, in an email, on the computer case, if there is a sticker ).
You can skip this step, just like at the beginning of the installation (which I did).
In the next step, Windows will offer you to increase the speed of work (set basic parameters). Personally, I recommend clicking the “Use standard settings” button (and everything else has already been configured directly in Windows itself).
Next, Microsoft suggests creating an account. I recommend skipping this step (see Figure 22) and creating a local account.
To create an account, you must enter a login (ALEX. see Fig. 23) and a password (see Fig. 23).
Actually, this was the last step. the installation of Windows 10 on the laptop is complete. Now you can start customizing Windows for yourself, installing the necessary programs, movies, music and pictures
A few words about drivers for Windows 10
After installing Windows 10, drivers for most devices are found and installed automatically. But for some devices (today) drivers are either not found at all, or there are some, because of which the device cannot work with all the “chips”.
For a number of user questions, I can say that most problems arise with video card drivers: Nvidia and Intel HD (AMD, by the way, recently released updates and there shouldn’t be any problems with Windows 10).
By the way, about Intel HD, I can add the following: Intel HD 4400 is just installed on my Dell laptop (on which I installed Windows 10 while as a test OS). there was a problem with the video driver: the driver that was installed by default by the OS did not allow adjust the brightness of the monitor. But Dell quickly updated the drivers on the official website (2-3 days after the release of the final version of Windows 10). I think that very soon other manufacturers will follow their example.
In addition to the above, I can recommend using utilities to automatically search for and update drivers:
https://pcpro100.info/obnovleniya-drayverov/. article about the best programs for auto-updating drivers.
Several links to popular laptop manufacturers (you can also find all new Drivers for your device here):
This concludes the article. I would be grateful for constructive additions to the article.
Installing Windows 10
In the first installation window, the user is prompted to select a language, currency format and keyboard layout. If you selected Russian when loading the OS onto a USB flash drive, then all the items will automatically have the standard parameters set and you do not need to change them. changing the layout, for example, can be changed later. In addition, it is worth clarifying that the window size, fonts and resolution on your screen will not be quite familiar. This is normal. so far there is no driver for the GPU on the PC, so the universal format is used, you should not be afraid.
- After a short boot, a large “Install” button will appear on the screen, clicking on which, in fact, begins the installation process of Windows 10.
- Immediately after that, a menu will appear on the screen with a proposal to activate Windows. If you have an activation key, you can enter it right here in a special field. If you do not have a key or it is inconvenient for you to enter it now, then you can click at the bottom of the window “I do not have a product key” and activate the operating system later, after installation.
How to install Windows 10 from a USB flash drive: step-by-step instructions and solutions to popular problems
With the release of Windows 10, Microsoft has almost completely eliminated the need to use service centers and various wizards to install an operating system on a PC or laptop. Now the user, with a flash drive, in just a few minutes can create a bootable USB flash drive, boot from under it from the BIOS and install the OS in ten minutes (depending on the type of drive). To do this, you do not need to be an experienced user or know some tricky commands. the whole process is described in a step-by-step format below, you just need to do everything according to the guide. over, at the end of the article there is a list of the most popular problems and options for their solutions.
Making changes to the BIOS so that the computer boots from a USB flash drive
Having a bootable USB flash drive in hand, it’s too early to start installing Windows 10, since first you need to make sure that your PC understands that you need to boot from it, and not from another drive that is already in the system. To do this, you need to make some changes to the Boot Menu so that the system understands that the flash drive should boot first. Do not be afraid of this item, since in fact there is nothing complicated in it, and all modern BIOS versions have a fairly clear interface with the function of restoring factory settings. even if you accidentally press something, it can be easily restored.
The process of making changes to the Boot Menu:
- Restart your computer and immediately after starting it up, repeatedly press one of the following keys or combinations:
PC. F1, F2, Del;
Acer laptop. F1, F2, CtrlF2, CtrlAltEsc, CtrlAltDel;
ASUS laptop. F2, F9, Del;
Dell laptop. F1, F2, F10, Del, Esc, Insert;
HP Laptop. F1, F8, F10, F11, Esc, Del;
Lenovo laptop. F2, FnF2, F8, Del;
Samsung laptop. F2, F8, F12, Del, FnF2, FnF8, FnF12;
Sony Laptop. F1, F2, F3, Del, ASSIST.
- In the BIOS itself, you need to open the Boot Menu (it can be located on the first screen, or displayed in a separate menu) and put in the first place the flash drive you have chosen with the UEFI prefix in the name, then save the changes and exit the BIOS (Save and Exit). Or, if your system supports it, you can simply select a USB flash drive, and the PC will boot from it.
How to create a bootable Windows 10 USB stick
Before installing the operating system, the user first needs to make a bootable Windows 10 USB flash drive (or a DVD using the Rufus program or Ultra ISO and ISO image). It is best to use the official Microsoft utility to create a bootable USB flash drive, which can be downloaded from the official website. the blue button “Download the tool now”.
After downloading the utility, you need to run it and follow a few simple steps:
- We accept the terms of the user agreement, after which we select the item “Create installation media” and click “Next”.
Possible difficulties and errors when installing Windows 10
Before installing a bootable OS image on a USB flash drive, it can be formatted in FAT32 so that the process runs correctly.
If you cannot find the boot menu for drives in the BIOS of your computer or laptop, you should open the instructions for the motherboard or laptop, where this information is indicated, or find the data on the manufacturer’s website by the model name, or enter the query “Name motherboard / laptop boot menu “.
When choosing a drive, you may get an error stating that only a GPT disk can be used in Windows systems. It is extremely simple to fix this problem:
- press Shift F10 (PC) or Shift Fn F10 (laptop) on your keyboard;
- in the command line window, write the command diskpart;
- after starting the disk utility, enter the list disk command to display a list of disks;
- from the list of disks obtained, select the number of the one that is required for installation (in this case. Disk 0);
- write the command select disk 0;
- write the clean command to clean up the disk (all data on it is lost);
- write command convert gpt;
- the command line should display the message “The selected disk has been successfully converted to GPT format”
Benefits of using Windows 10
Let’s try to answer the most important question: is it worth installing a fresh version of the operating system from Microsoft? You will not find any stunning or revolutionary innovations in comparison with 8.1. However, in every component the operating system has improved both in speed and controllability. Here are just five points that any laptop user might be interested in.
- The most important news for all those who have taken hostility to the “tiles” of the eighth version. the return of the familiar desktop “Start” menu. It has become much smarter and easier to use. To run any program, you just need to type the first couple of letters of its name. Live tiles are still there, they have moved to the Start menu bar.
- Significantly improved Mail and Calendar application will finally allow you to fully work with mail in standard Windows applications.
- The new Edge browser is much faster and smarter than its slow predecessor IE.
- The setup menu became clear to the user. A short list of the main points, with large, easy-to-understand pictograms. But the main achievement is a convenient search for settings. Just write what you need and get an approximate list of settings that will help you.
- Thought over and improved file synchronization with OneDrive cloud storage and smartphones under all popular mobile OS.
And this is not a complete list of all the updates and innovations. So let’s get started with the installation. A step-by-step guide will help you understand all the main points of this process and do everything yourself.
How to install Windows 10?
Windows 10 left the Technical Preview in August. Now not only enthusiasts and technicians can use it. The new operating system is better and more convenient than all previous versions of “windows”. Anyway, at the moment. However, many users are wondering “is it worth installing Windows 10 on your laptop?” The alternative for them is to stay on the previous stable version. In this article, we will reveal the benefits of using the new product from Microsoft, as well as explain in detail and step by step how to install Windows 10 on a laptop.
How long does it take to install Windows 10?
It all depends on the speed of your Internet connection and the storage system. The process takes place fastest on an SSD drive, and takes a maximum of 30 minutes. On older laptops with a conventional 5400 rpm HDD, you need to prepare for an hour of device unavailability during an update, or even more.
Is your laptop ready to install Windows 10?
This will be reported by a special utility that you can find on the support page. The general requirements are as follows.
- Screen with a resolution of 800 × 600 pixels.
- About 20 GB of disk space.
- At least 1 GB for 32-bit or 2 GB for Windows 10 64-bit RAM.
- Video card that understands DirectX version 9 or higher.
- or less modern processor with a frequency of 1 GHz or higher.
- PAE, NX and SSE2 support
How to install Windows 10 from a flash drive or DVD?
To install Windows 10 from a USB flash drive or disk, you need a system image, which can be downloaded from the above support page of the official website. There you will also find a utility for writing an image to a flash drive. Click on the Download tool now button, after selecting the version: 32 or 64 bit.
The program is called Media Creation Tool.
- In Media Creation Tools, select the desired action: install Windows 10 on your laptop right now or create a bootable USB flash drive.
- In the next window, decide on the OS edition, language and bit depth. The choice of bit depth is related to the capabilities of the processor. But even if the central chip is capable of supporting 64-bit computing, but the memory is less than 4 GB, then you can opt for the 32-bit version. There won’t be much sense in switching to 64-bit.
- Specify the type of media for recording the image: a flash drive of at least 4 GB or a DVD disc. Most portable laptops do not have a DVD drive, so there are few alternatives.
- After capturing the image, restart your laptop. If the boot from the flash drive does not start, then configure the order of devices to boot in the laptop BIOS. How to enter BIOS, read our article.
Installing Windows 10 on a laptop: step by step instructions
Experts advise against using third-party utilities of dubious origin. over, this time Microsoft specialists really prepared well, and their utilities are reliable and easy to use.
How to install Windows 8 on a laptop
The first thing I recommend in this article is to take your time. Especially in those cases when you are going to install Windows 8 on a laptop that was originally sold with Windows 7 preinstalled. Even in those cases when installing Windows is your everyday entertainment, do not rush.
This guide is primarily intended for those who have decided to install Windows 8 instead of Windows 7 on their laptop. If you had the latest version of the operating system preinstalled when buying a laptop, then you can use the instructions:
In cases where Windows 7 is on your laptop, and you need to install Windows 8, read on.
Installing Windows 8 on Sony Vaio laptops
A clean installation of Windows 8 on a Sony Vaio laptop is not supported, and all the information on the “migration” process to Windows 8, as well as the list of supported models, can be found on the official page http://www.sony.ru/support/ru/topics/landing/ windows_upgrade_offer.
In general terms, the process looks like this:
- At https://ebiz3.mentormediacorp.com/sony/windows8/EU/index_welcome.aspx you download the Vaio Windows 8 Upgrade Kit
- Follow the instructions.
And everything would be fine, but in most cases, a clean installation of the operating system is a much better solution than upgrading from Windows 7. However, with a clean installation of Windows 8 on a Sony Vaio, a variety of driver problems arise. Nevertheless, I managed to solve them, which I wrote about in detail in the article Installing Drivers on Sony Vaio. So if you feel like a fairly experienced user, you can try a clean installation, the only thing is, do not delete the recovery partition on the laptop hard drive, it can come in handy if you need to return Vaio to factory settings.
Installing Windows 8 on Lenovo Laptops
All information on how to install Windows 8 on a Lenovo laptop, a list of supported models and other useful information can be found on the official manufacturer’s page http://download.lenovo.com/lenovo/content/windows8/upgrade/ideapad/index_en.html
The site separately provides information on upgrading to Windows 8 while maintaining individual programs and on a clean installation of Windows 8 on a laptop. By the way, it is separately noted that for Lenovo IdeaPad you need to choose exactly a clean installation, and not an update of the operating system.
Installing Windows 8 on an Asus laptop
Information and instructions for installing Windows 8 on Asus laptops are available at this official address: http://event.asus.com/2012/osupgrade/#ru-main, which covers both an upgrade and a clean installation of Windows 8 on a laptop.
Considering that not everything in the information presented on the site is obvious and understandable, I will explain some details:
- In the list of products you can see a list of Asus laptops for which the installation of Windows 8 is officially supported, as well as information on the bitness (32-bit or 64-bit) of the supported operating system.
- By clicking on the name of the products you will be taken to the page for downloading Asus drivers.
- If you install Windows 8 on a laptop with a caching HDD, then during a clean installation the computer will not “see” the hard drive. Make sure to place the Intel Rapid Storage Technology driver on the Windows 8 distribution kit (bootable USB flash drive or disk), which you will find in the list of laptop drivers in the “Others” section. During installation, you will need to specify the path to this driver.
In general, everything, I did not find any other features. Thus, to install Windows 8 on an Asus laptop, see if your laptop is supported, download the necessary drivers, and then you can use the instructions for a clean installation of Windows 8, the link to which was given above. After installation, you will need to install all drivers from the official website.
How to install Windows 8 on a Samsung laptop
Information on installing Windows 8 (and updating the existing version) on Samsung laptops can be found on the official page http://www.Samsung.com/ru/support/win8upgrade/. First of all, I recommend that you read the detailed instructions in PDF format “Guide to Upgrading to Windows 8” (The clean installation option is also considered there) and do not forget to use the SW UPDATE utility available on the official website to install drivers for those devices that will not be detected Windows 8 automatically, about which you can see a notification in the Windows Device Manager.
How to install Windows 8 on an Acer laptop
There are no special problems with Acer laptops, complete information on installing Windows 8 both using the special utility Acer Upgrade Assistant Tool and manually is available on the official website: http://www.acer.ru/ac/ru/RU/content/ Windows-upgrade-offer. In fact, even a novice user shouldn’t have any problems when upgrading to Windows 8, just follow the instructions of the utility.
Installing Windows 8 on a laptop with Windows 7 preinstalled
The first thing I recommend when installing Windows 8 on a laptop where Win 7 was installed by the manufacturer is to find out what the manufacturer himself writes about this. For example, I had to suffer pretty much with the Sony Vaio because I installed the OS without bothering to read the official materials. The fact is that almost every manufacturer has tricky moves on the official website, there are special utilities that allow you to install Windows 8 and avoid various problems with drivers or hardware compatibility. Here I will try to collect this information for the most popular laptop brands. If you have another laptop, try to find this information for your manufacturer.
Reinstalling Windows on an HP laptop
I don’t know whether it happens on purpose or accidentally, but the installed Windows on laptops is often terribly slow (with unnecessary additions, programs). Plus, the disk is not very conveniently partitioned. one single partition with Windows OS (not counting another “small” one for a backup).
So, actually, not so long ago I had to “understand” and reinstall Windows on an HP 15-ac686ur laptop (a very simple budget laptop without bells and whistles. By the way, it was on it that extremely “buggy” Windows was installed. because of this I was asked to help I photographed some moments, and this is how this article was born :))
Configuring HP Notebook BIOS to Boot from USB
Remark! Since this HP laptop does not have a CD / DVD drive, the Windows installation was performed from a USB flash drive (since this is the easiest and fastest option).
I do not consider the issue of creating a bootable USB drive in this article. If you do not have such a flash drive, I recommend that you read the following articles:
- Creating a bootable USB flash drive Windows XP, 7, 8, 10. https://pcpro100.info/fleshka-s-windows7-8-10/ (in the article I consider installing Windows 10 from a USB flash drive, based on this article :));
- Creating a bootable UEFI flash drive. https://pcpro100.info/kak-sozdat-zagruzochnuyu-uefi-fleshku/
Buttons for entering BIOS settings
Remark! I have an article on my blog with a lot of buttons for entering BIOS on various devices. https://pcpro100.info/kak-voyti-v-BIOS-klavishi-vhoda/
In this laptop (which I liked), there are several buttons for entering various settings (moreover, some of them duplicate each other). So, here they are (they will also be duplicated in photo 4):
- F1. system information about the laptop (not all laptops have this, but here it was built into such a budget one :));
- F2. laptop diagnostics, viewing information about devices (by the way, the tab supports Russian, see photo 1);
- F9. select the boot device (i.e. our flash drive, but more on that below);
- F10. BIOS settings (the most important button :));
- Enter. continue loading;
- ESC. see a menu with all these laptop boot options, select any of them (see photo 4).
Important! Those. if you don’t remember the button to enter the BIOS (or something else), then on a similar model range of laptops. you can safely press the ESC button after turning on the laptop! over, it is better to press several times until the menu appears.
Note! You can install Windows, for example, in UEFI mode (for this, you need to properly burn the USB flash drive and configure the BIOS. details on this here: https://pcpro100.info/kak-ustanovit-Windows-8-uefi/). In my example below, I will consider the “universal” method (since it is also suitable for installing Windows 7).
So, to enter the BIOS on an HP laptop (approx. HP15-ac686 laptop), you need to press the F10 button several times. after you have turned on the device. Next, in the BIOS settings, you need to open the System Configuration section and go to the Boot Options tab (see photo 2).
Next, you need to set several settings (see photo 3):
- Make sure USB Boot is enabled (must be in Enabled mode);
- Enable Legacy Support (must be in Enabled mode);
- In the Legacy Boot Order list, move the lines from USB to the first places (using the F5, F6 buttons).
Next, you need to save the settings and restart the laptop (F10 key).
Actually, now you can start installing Windows. To do this, insert the previously prepared bootable flash drive into the USB port and reboot (turn on) the laptop.
Next, press the F9 button several times (or ESC, as in photo 4. and then select Boot Device Option, i.e. in fact press F9 again).
Boot Device Option (HP notebook boot option)
A window should appear in which you can select a boot device. Because We install Windows from a USB flash drive. then you need to select the line with “USB Hard Drive” (see photo 5). If everything is done correctly, then after a while you should see the Windows OS installation welcome window (as in photo 6).
Choosing a flash drive to start installing Windows (Boot Manager).
This completes BIOS setup for OS installation
Reinstall Windows 10
In its example below, Windows will be reinstalled on the same disk (albeit on a completely formatted and broken slightly differently).
If you configured the BIOS correctly and burned the USB flash drive, then after selecting the boot device (F9 button), you should see a welcome window and offer to install Windows (as in photo 6).
We agree with the installation. press the button “Install”.
Welcome window to install Windows 10.
Then, after reaching the installation type, you must select “Custom: only for installing Windows (for advanced users)”. In this case, it will be possible to format the disk as needed, and completely delete all old files and OS.
Custom: Windows installation only (advanced users)
The next window will open a (sort of) disk manager. If the laptop is new (and no one has “commanded” it yet), then most likely you will have several partitions (among which there are backup ones for backups that will be needed to restore the OS).
My personal opinion is that in most cases, these partitions are not needed (and even the OS that comes with a laptop is not the best one, I would say “stripped down”). It is not always possible to restore Windows OS with their help, it is impossible to remove some types of viruses, etc. Yes, and a backup on the same disk as your documents is not the best option.
In my case, I just selected and deleted them (every last one. How to delete. see photo 8).
Important! In some cases, the removal of the software that comes with the device is the reason for the denial of warranty service. Although, usually, the software is never covered by the warranty, and yet, if in doubt, clarify this point (before removing everything and everything)
Removing old partitions on the disk (which were on it when you purchased the device).
Then I created one partition of 100GB (approximately) for Windows and programs (see photo 9).
Everything was deleted. there was only one unpartitioned disk.
Then all you have to do is select this partition (97.2GB), click the “Next” button and install Windows into it.
Remark! By the way, there is no need to format the rest of the hard disk space yet. After Windows is installed, go to Disk Management (through the Windows Control Panel, for example) and format the remaining disk space. Usually, they just make another section (with all the free space) for media files.
Actually, then, if everything is done correctly, the OS installation should begin: copying files, preparing them for installation, updating components, etc.
Installation process (you just need to wait :)).
There is little point in commenting on further steps. The laptop will be restarted 1-2 times, you will need to enter the computer name and the name of your account (they can be any, but I recommend setting them in Latin), you can set the Wi-Fi network settings and other parameters, and then you will see the usual desktop
1) After installing Windows 10. in fact, no further action was required. All devices have been identified, drivers have been installed, etc. That is, everything worked the same as after the purchase (only the OS was no longer “cut down”, and the number of slowdowns decreased by an order of magnitude).
2) I noticed that during the active work of the hard disk, there was a slight “crackling” (nothing criminal, as some disks make noise). I had to reduce its noise a little. how to do this, see this article: https://pcpro100.info/shumit-ili-treshhit-zhestkiy-disk-chto-delat/.
Everything is on the SIM, if you have something to add on reinstalling Windows on an HP laptop. thanks in advance. Good luck!
Preparing to install Windows 10
I will configure the BIOS to boot a laptop from a USB flash drive.
I plug in the USB flash drive and turn on the laptop. I press the F10 key.
I save the settings and reboot the laptop.
I choose the installation language and layout. Next, I click the “install” button.
Next, I prepare the hard drive for installation.
The process of copying files for installation will begin.
After rebooting, the installation process will begin.
Choosing a region and keyboard layout.
In order to create a local account, we do not connect the laptop to the Internet.
Configuring privacy settings.
This completes the installation, proceed to setup.
Installing Windows 10 on an HP Laptop 15-ra0xx
Install Windows 10 on HP Laptop 15-ra0xx. Install the required drivers and programs. Configure for work.
First of all, I will install the necessary drivers.
Drivers for laptop HP Laptop 15-ra0xx can be found on the official HP website
Next, I install the necessary programs:
- Other programs
Updating OS and creating a restore point.
I reboot and check the operation of services and programs. I give it to the client for verification.
Installing the Windows 7 operating system from a USB flash drive to a laptop
How do I reinstall the operating system if my laptop doesn’t have a floppy drive? Installing the Windows 7 operating system using an installation flash drive on a computer or laptop is discussed in detail in this article.
Description of the installation process
The entire process of installing Windows from a USB flash drive to a laptop can be roughly divided into 4 main operations:
- Writing Windows 7 installation files;
- BIOS setup;
- Installing the Windows 7 operating system;
- Installing the required drivers.
And now about everything in order! First of all, you should create an installation flash drive. a kind of image of the Windows 7 installation disk. If you just drop all the files from the disk onto a USB drive, the laptop will not perceive it as an installation disk! In order to create an installation flash card, you need to perform a couple of simple manipulations in the command line or just install a utility created specifically for these purposes, of which there are a lot on the Internet. Since most of the utilities have a fairly simple interface, and many of them are generally in Russian, this article will consider a method for recoding a flash drive using the command line.
So, let’s get started creating the installation media! To do this, you can use any Flash media that has more than 4 GB of memory. Before starting the transcoding of the flash drive, reset all important information for you to another storage medium, since all data will be deleted during the encoding process! Before starting the transcoding, it is advisable to first format the electronic media into the NTFS file system in order to avoid possible errors in operation.
So, in order to recode a USB flash drive so that the laptop takes it for an installation disk, you need:
- Run the command line, execute “DISKPART”.
- In the window that opens, enter “list disk” to see a list of all removable media that the laptop sees.
- After checking the command line output, select the desired removable media using “select disk #” (instead of # you need to enter the number of the flash drive according to the table displayed a little earlier) For example, in my case, the command looks like this: select disk 2.
- After selecting the disk, enter “clean” to completely clean the USB flash drive from all files, including those hidden by the system.
- Next enter “create partition primary” to create a new partition.
- After selecting the created partition using “select partition 1”, activate it by entering the command “active”.
- Next, you need to format the selected partition to the NTFS file system using “format fs = NTFS”
- After completing the formatting process, you can immediately give the USB flash drive a letter without leaving the console, using “assign letter = #”, where # is any letter of the Latin language. For example, Z. This ends the conversion process.
- To safely exit the command line, use the “Exit” command.
After exiting the command line, you will only need to copy the Windows 7 installation files from the licensed disk or downloaded archive to a USB flash drive.
Now we go directly to reinstalling Windows using the installation flash drive. Since the laptop, by default, starts the first system installed directly on the hard disk of the machine, you will have to change the order of loading the operating system through the BIOS menu, which is a must in every laptop and computer. In order to exit the BIOS menu, you need to press and hold the F2 key during the demonstration of the logo of the motherboard installed in your laptop. Each laptop is equipped with a motherboard from the manufacturer and the type of BIOS menu, respectively, for each company is different. After leaving the BIOS menu, you need to find the item responsible for the system boot order. In English versions of BIS, it is called Boot devise priority and is usually located in the Boot tab.
In the window that opens after selecting the item, you need to find the First Boot Devise item. responsible for the system boot order, and change its first value to boot from removable media (USB-DVD), then save the changes and restart the computer. Next, installing Windows 7 is no different from installing from a disc. After the reinstallation of Windows comes to an end, you will only have to install the necessary drivers for your laptop on the manufacturers’ websites. You can find out which drivers on your laptop need to be installed by opening the device manager.