Privacy and background program management
Speaking of “Options”, it’s also worth mentioning the “Privacy” applet. This environment allows you to customize several things. first of all, parameters are set here for collecting data about the operation of the computer, as well as settings for applications that run in the background and do not occupy the user’s attention are stored.
Personally, I recommend removing the unnecessary, even if the load on the network and RAM is small, but the ruble saves a penny, as you know. And rejection of unnecessary programs is to optimize the system and extend its life.
- Open the “Privacy” applet.
In all tabs of the “Windows Permissions” column, we transfer the toggle switches to the “Disable” state.
For the “Action log” tab, you must uncheck the boxes, and also clear the “Cleaning operation log”.
Next, open the “Background Applications” tab and forbid them to work in the background.
Removing unnecessary software
- programs are written to the hard disk and take up space from the really important things;
- the registry is being littered, which makes navigation through it more difficult;
- some programs run in the background, especially if they are in Startup. By doing this, they unnecessarily consume RAM and processor resources.
In such cases, it is better to uninstall unused applications:
- Through the Windows menu, open the “Applications and Features” item.
Select the program from the list and double-click the “Delete” button.
After that, the uninstallation process will begin, depending on the program, the user’s participation may be required to give additional consent to the uninstallation.
Disabling unnecessary services
Windows services are special software codes without an interface, the main task of which is to ensure the operation of system components and devices that are connected to the motherboard. However, there were always too many “Services” and they were invented for all occasions. For example, if you connect a fax to your computer, one of these utilities will ensure that it works. However, you must admit that the likelihood of using a fax on a home PC is negligible. At the same time, there are services that provide system updates, ensure the operation of antiviruses, and so on. When disabling these products, it is important to remember that many of them are extremely important:
- In the Windows search, we prescribe services and open the best result.
The rest is simple: we find the required service from the list, double-click to open its properties. Change the startup type to “Disabled” and save the changes.
After completing the procedure for all services, restart the PC.
List of services that can be safely disabled:
Customizing the touchpad
All laptops have the ability to control the cursor without a mouse. this built-in device is called a touchpad (touchpad). However, if you actively use a mouse, then there is no need for such a device to work. In addition, due to the touchpad, some difficulties can arise when the palm rests on it when typing text. For Windows, the ability to disable the touchpad for a while while a mouse is connected to the computer has been implemented:
- In the address bar of the explorer, write the line “Control Panel \ All elements of the control panel” and press Enter.
Go to the sixth properties tab (it can be named differently, but it always has a special icon). Check the box next to “Disconnect when attaching a mouse” and press the OK button.
Installing a browser other than standard Windows applications is almost a ritual. Ninety percent of users, instead of providing anti-virus protection, first install a program to browse the Internet, and only then do the really important things.
For the initial installation of a web browser, I recommend Google Chrome. This browser is actively used in 6 out of 10 computers in the world and for good reason. The browser from the Internet giant meets all parameters of stability, page loading speed, content display quality and opportunities for further improving functions.
- Go to the official page for downloading the browser and click “Download Chrome”.
Then just run the downloaded file and wait a couple of minutes until the installer finishes its work.
New laptop: what settings need to be made immediately after purchase
The acquisition of a technology such as a new laptop is almost always a large-scale event. From the moment the device became yours, it will affect you, give emotions, impressions. However, like any technology, a laptop requires a special attitude. Most of all, accuracy is needed in the software part, although one should not forget about physical security (in terms of protection from shock and dust). Immediately with the purchase of a laptop, it is necessary to properly configure and optimize the operating system so that the device will serve as long as possible.
Preparing installation media
If you already have a ready-made installation disc, you can skip this step and immediately proceed with installing the OS. If you do not have one, then you will need a USB stick with at least 4 GB of memory. The creation of an installation program on it will look like this:
- We insert the USB flash drive and wait for the computer to recognize it. Opening the explorer.
Select NTFS mode and start formatting
We select the option “Create installation media for another computer”
Note that we want to create a USB stick
Choosing a flash drive to create installation media
We are waiting for the end of the creation of the media
Press the Del key to enter BIOS
We put the USB flash drive in the first place in the order of the system boot
The process of installing Windows 10 on an SSD
Choose the installation language, time format and input method
We read and accept the license agreement
Create, delete and redistribute disk partitions
Preparing the disk and computer for installation
Owners of SSD disks know that in previous OS versions, for correct, durable and full-fledged disk operation, it was necessary to manually change the system settings: disable defragmentation, some functions, hibernation, built-in antiviruses, swap file and change a few other parameters. But in Windows 10, the developers took into account these shortcomings, the system now performs all disk settings itself.
Especially it is necessary to dwell on defragmentation: before it badly damaged the disk, but in the new OS it works differently, without harming the SSD, but optimizing it, so you should not disable automatic defragmentation. The same is with the rest of the functions. in Windows 10 you do not need to configure how the system works with the disk manually, everything is already done for you.
The only thing, when partitioning a disk into partitions, it is recommended to leave 10-15% of its total volume as unallocated space. This will not increase its performance, the write speed will remain the same, but the lifespan may slightly extend. But remember, most likely, the disk will last longer than you need without additional settings. You can free up free interest both during the installation of Windows 10 (during the process in the instructions below, we will dwell on this), and after it using system utilities or third-party programs.
In order to install Windows on an SSD, you need to switch the computer to AHCI mode and make sure that the motherboard supports the SATA 3.0 interface. Information about whether SATA 3.0 is supported or not can be found on the official website of the company that developed your motherboard, or using third-party programs, for example, HWINFO (http://www.hwinfo.com/download32.html).
Switching to SATA mode
We pass to the sub-item “Built-in peripheral devices”
Installing Windows 10 to an SSD
An SSD solid state drive differs in its properties and way of working from a hard HDD drive, but the process of installing Windows 10 on it will not be very different, a noticeable difference is only in preparing the computer.
Partitioning a hard drive
If your new laptop has only one partition that contains both the operating system and data, you need to split it into two partitions. This can be useful later if you need to reinstall the operating system. When reinstalling the operating system, all user data on the disk on which the operating system is installed will be destroyed. If the data is placed on a different drive (after the hard drive is broken), it will be preserved after reinstalling the operating system. There are several ways to partition your hard drive in Windos 8 and Windows 10.
Using standard Windows tools. To open the disk management tool, press WinX, from the menu that appears, select Disk Management. Shrink your volume (with the right mouse button, click Shrink Volume) and create a new partition on the free disk space. We recommend leaving the system partition at least 100 GB.
Using third-party programs. For partitioning a hard drive, as well as other actions for managing a hard drive, there are many programs, both free and paid. We recommend the EASEUS Partition Master Home Edition. The program is free for home use, there is no Russification, the program is in English. Be very careful and careful when partitioning a hard drive. Manufacturers often create hidden partitions on the hard drive where they place a backup of the operating system. You can accidentally delete hidden partitions and be left without a system backup. Also, if the hard disk is not working properly, system areas may be deleted and Windows may not boot.
Setting up your laptop
Our readers often send us questions: I bought a new laptop and what to do next, where to start, how to set up a new asus laptop, how to set up a new lenovo laptop, how to set up a new acer laptop, how to set up a new HP laptop. The setup procedure for a new laptop is the same and does not depend on the manufacturer. It is worth noting that it is more profitable to purchase a new laptop with a pre-installed operating system, rather than separately a laptop and a Windows operating system. In addition to the fact that buying a laptop without an operating system and Windows separately will cost more, you may have to use the services of a specialist in installing the operating system on a laptop.
Installing drivers, operating system updates
All available operating system updates must be installed on the new laptop. Updates must be installed as they fix found security problems, eliminate operational problems, and increase the stability and performance of the operating system. On the laptop manufacturer’s website in the support section of this model, you can download and install all the latest drivers and the latest BIOS version. Some laptop manufacturers install special programs that can download and install new device drivers. Windows 10 installs device drivers automatically. Manual installation may be required if the devices are not working correctly. Drivers can be downloaded from the device manufacturer’s website in the support section.
Removing trial versions (trial) and unnecessary programs on a laptop
Laptop manufacturers earn extra money by installing trial versions of various programs. Antivirus software and Microsoft office suite are often installed this way. After a while, the program stops working and starts asking for money, offering to purchase the full version. If you do not plan to purchase these programs, it is better to uninstall them right away. Each user has programs that he is used to using and which he trusts. It is better to immediately purchase and install the paid and free required software.
We are often asked a question: what programs need to be removed from a new laptop or computer. Typically, laptop manufacturers install a trial version of an antivirus program that stops updating and sometimes working 30-45 days after the antivirus program is launched. Many users do not know anything about this and after a while are left without anti-virus protection. If you do not plan to purchase an installed antivirus, it is better to uninstall it immediately and install one of the free antiviruses, which provides basic protection against viruses. We have an overview of free antiviruses on our website.
Many programs can be installed on a laptop, the purpose of which is not known to the user. As a rule, most of them are trial versions and programs with limited functionality. To get information about the program, you can type its name in any search engine. After receiving information about the program, you can decide whether you need it on a laptop. As a rule, the less programs are installed on the computer, the more stable it works. It is better to immediately remove everything you do not need and install the necessary. There is a danger of overdoing it, you should not delete programs from the laptop manufacturer, with which you can update the drivers on the laptop. There is an opinion that it is better to immediately reinstall the operating system, and install the necessary drivers and programs from the laptop manufacturer’s website on a clean system.
Installing the operating system on a new laptop
It is believed that after purchase, a new laptop or computer is ready to use. In practice, this is not true, and before you start using a new laptop, you need to perform a number of actions.
Installation of codecs for playback of all video and audio formats
Some video and audio formats will often not play on a new laptop by default. To play various video and audio formats on your computer, you need to install the K-Lite Codec Pack or install a player that supports all audio and video formats, such as VLC Media Player. On Wndows 10, this problem may not arise, the operating system out of the box supports many different audio and video formats. You can download the codecs and the player from the official websites of the developers.
Install Windows on Lenovo FreeDos NO OS Laptops, BIOS Setup (First Time Installation) Ideapad 100
After setting up a new computer or laptop, you can install the necessary programs on it. We have an article on our site that tells about what free programs everyone may need What programs are needed for a computer and laptop
If a computer or laptop does not work fast enough, you can read on our website Computer or laptop slows down, what to do
How to install Windows 7
Installing Windows is the most trivial procedure, the ability to carry out which all “programmers” boast of. But there is no magic or hard mathematical calculations here. In fact, almost everyone can handle OS installation. If you are wondering how to install an operating system on a laptop, then today we will pay a little attention to this. Using our advice, you can save a certain amount and slightly increase your self-esteem as a person who is “familiar with” modern technology.
A little about the main thing
In fact, there is absolutely nothing wrong with a “naked” device. A laptop without an operating system will simply display an informational message, the meaning of which will be clear even to a child. OS installation is required.
What should you prepare for? First, you need to get the image of the system installer itself, as well as the storage medium on which this image will be recorded. The media can be a flash drive, hard external drive or optical drive. there is no difference.
It is enough just to download a standard or pirated assembly to memory, with which there is never too much fuss. Give preference to trusted system publishers, since an unknown developer may not make assemblies that are most comfortable for you.
Important! If your friends or relatives have an OS installer, then just ask them to share it temporarily, and then you will have to follow only simple and clear instructions.
Important: read before proceeding with the installation
Before starting the tutorial, I would like to warn novice users against some common mistakes. I will do this in the form of a kind of paragraphs, read carefully, please:
Thus, this article will talk about a clean installation of Windows 7 with formatting the system partition of the hard drive, in cases where restoring the preinstalled operating system is impossible (the recovery partition has already been deleted) or is unnecessary. In all other cases, I recommend simply returning the laptop to the factory state using regular means.
An “Install” button will appear under the Windows 7 logo, which should be clicked. Also on this screen you can run System Restore (link at the bottom left).
Selecting the installation language
On the next screen you will be asked what language to use during installation, select yours and click “Next”.
How to install Windows 7 on a laptop
This manual will describe in detail and with pictures the entire process of installing Windows 7 on a laptop, step by step, from beginning to end. In particular, we will consider booting from the distribution, all the dialog boxes that appear during the process, partitioning the disk during installation, and everything else until the very moment when our operating system boots.