How to burn Kali Linux to USB stick in Linux
In order to write a Kali Linux image to a USB flash drive in Linux, it is enough to use the dd utility. The command will look like this:
sudo dd bs = 4M if = / path / to / kali-linux.iso of = / dev / SD [flash drive letter] status = progress
/Downloads/kali-linux.iso of = / dev / sdb status = progress
In addition, you can record an image using the excellent open source program Etcher. You can download the program from the project website. Launch the program, click Select Image and select the Kali Linux image:
After that, the program will itself determine and select the appropriate USB connected to the computer:
Then we press the Flash button, enter the superuser password and wait for the end of the recording process:
Download, install and run the program:
The program will notify you upon completion of recording to the USB flash drive:
After we have finished recording the Kali Linux stick, we need to create a persistence partition on the USB stick. To do this, we need the Gparted program, which you can download from the developer’s official website. Now launching Gparted:
Click on the highlighted window and look for a USB flash drive in the drop-down list and click on it. In my case, this is / dev / sdg:
And when we go to the partitions on our USB flash drive, we see that Etcher, with which we recorded Kali Linux, marked only the required amount of memory, and left the free space unallocated:
In this unallocated space, we will create our persistence section. Right-click on the unallocated area and select New:
In the window that opens, select the maximum allowable memory size for the partition, in the Create item as select the Main partition, select the file system Ext4. In the Label field, write persistence and then click add:
After that, click Apply and Gparted will start partitioning the USB disk:
You can already run from a kali linux flash drive, but let’s move on to configuring the persistence of the Kali Linux partition.
Determine ISO. form
Then click on the highlighted button and select your Kali Linux image:
How to run Kali Linux from a USB stick
Kali Linux. perhaps one of the most popular and demanded Linux distributions in the field of information security, which includes hundreds of different tools for testing computer systems and networks by conducting various kinds of “penetration attacks”.
The distribution kit is developed on the basis of Debian, the first official release of Kali Linux took place on March 13, 2013. Since then, the developers have made many changes to the system: an emphasis was placed on the stability and functionality of the distribution, and the toolkit itself was also “filtered”. Next, we will consider how to run kali linux from a flash drive.
Creating a Kali Linux persistence partition on Windows
In order to create a Kali Linux persistence partition on Windows, we need a program called MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Setup Wizard, which you can download directly from the official website.
Bootable Linux Live USB Creator
I have written more than once about a variety of programs that allow you to make a bootable USB flash drive, many of them can also write USB drives with Linux, and some are specifically designed only for this OS. Linux Live USB Creator (LiLi USB Creator) is one of such programs that has features that can be very useful, especially for those who have never tried Linux, but would like to quickly, simply and without changing anything on the computer to see what to what in this system.
Perhaps I’ll start right away with these features: when creating a bootable USB flash drive in Linux Live USB Creator, the program, if you wish, will download the Linux image (Ubuntu, Mint and others) itself, and after writing it to USB, it will allow you, without even booting from this flash drives, try out the recorded system in Windows or work in Live USB mode while saving the settings.
Naturally, you can also install Linux from such a drive on your computer. The program is free and in Russian. Everything described below was checked by me in Windows 10, should work in Windows 7 and 8.
Running Linux from a USB flash drive
In a standard scenario. when booting from USB in BIOS or UEFI, the created drive works in the same way as other bootable Linux disks, offering installation or Live mode without installation on a computer.
However, if you go from Windows to the contents of the flash drive, there you will see the VirtualBox folder, and in it. the Virtualize_this_key.exe file. Provided that virtualization is supported and enabled on your computer (this is usually the case), by running this file, you will get a window of the VirtualBox virtual machine loaded from your USB drive, which means that you can use Linux in Live mode “inside” Windows as VirtualBox virtual machine.
Note: while I was testing the Linux Live USB Creator, not all Linux distributions were successfully launched in Live mode from under Windows: in some cases, the boot “looped” on errors. However, for those that successfully launched, there were similar errors in the beginning: i.e. when they appear, it is better to wait for a while at first. When directly booting the computer with the drive, this did not happen.
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Hello, the other day I wanted to install linux ubuntu on a second system. I have Windows 10 (updated from Windows 7), but nothing worked, because I got stuck on the disk layout where linux should go, I have no knowledge of how to do it correctly, I read it on the Internet, tried it, but it doesn’t work. Can you explain in stages how to correctly allocate disk space when installing ubuntu itself (in the program window that opens, where and how to select, I do not understand)
Tatiana, hello. Here I myself would need to check, since I have not installed it on 10 yet, but if I advise right off the bat, it may be that I will harm (it was already so, I left the person without Windows, but only with Ubuntu). But when I get to this I can not say.
But I’m sure there should be adequate instructions. Perhaps the video that comes out first on YouTube on request Dual boot Windows 10 With Ubuntu will help you
Thanks for the article I have long wanted to try either lunix or yubuntu.
Good afternoon, help me, I can not delete virtual box from the registry, it shows I can not delete all the selected parameters
Do you have VirtualBox installed? Then just delete. If you just have the keys in the registry, search the Internet on request for how to become the owner of the registry key, and then delete.
Dmitry, thanks for the interesting article. Question: a bootable flash drive, like a USB drive, in this case, what volume should be (minimum and maximum).
According to my estimates, 2 GB or more should be suitable for most distributions. Will definitely work for Lubuntu.
thanks for the interesting option, only here is the problem, Linux is not installed on a USB flash drive in NTFS, there is no green traffic light, on FAT32 without problems, but only at startup, the virtual machine swears and in the log you can find why it requires NTFS. how to be here?
Vladi, I didn’t figure out some of the images in the same situation (it was noted in the article that not all of them worked). So I won’t tell you
Thanks for the article, everything is clear and simple.
I have long wanted to try Linux, especially since it turned out to start without installation, in Live USB mode!
Which Linux in this program proved to be the best for running in a Windows guest window?
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In order for the computer to load the USB flash drive when turned on, you need to configure something in the BIOS. It can be accessed by pressing “F2”, “F10”, “Delete” or “Esc”. Then follow a series of simple steps:
- Open the “Boot” tab and go to “Hard Disk Drives”.
Here, set your USB stick as the first media.
Now go to “Boot device priority” and assign the priority of the first media.
This procedure is suitable for AMI BIOS, it may differ on other versions, but the principle is the same. For more information on this procedure, see our BIOS setup article.
What to do if Ubuntu won’t boot from a USB stick
There may be several reasons why Ubuntu does not boot from the USB stick.
- Incorrect BIOS setup. You need to make sure that the bootable USB stick is set to boot priority. You should also pay attention to the “Main” tab and the method of connecting the hard disk (SATA Mode). Usually IDE Mode is used, but you can try to set the value to ACHI Mode.
- The integrity of the boot disk. An error might have occurred during the mount or boot phase of the image. You can find out the correctness of the installation using the checksum, which is located on the installation disk in the folder with the image. It is called MD5SUMS. To compare this amount with the image amount, you can use the md4sums utility on Linux or the HashCheck Shell Extension on Windows. The amounts must be identical, otherwise errors occurred while loading.
- Incompatibility with the video card. The distribution’s graphics driver is compatible with most NVIDIA cards, but sometimes there are problems where a black or purple screen appears at boot. To solve the problem, there is an additional option “nomodeset”. It is activated by pressing the F6 key when starting the distribution. Then select it with the Enter button.
A step-by-step guide to installing Linux from a USB flash drive
Almost no one uses disks for installing Linux on a PC or laptop. It is much easier to write the image to a USB flash drive and quickly install a new OS. At the same time, you do not need to fiddle with a drive, which may not exist at all, and you also do not have to worry about a scratched disc. Following simple instructions, you can easily install Linux from a removable drive.
How to download Linux for installation from a USB flash drive
The Ubuntu ISO image can be downloaded for free from the developers’ official website. But it follows from Honor that the distribution has several editions for different devices. Each of them has its own website and community.
The default distribution comes with the Unity desktop environment. It has an attractive appearance and a minimum number of additional options. But there are many variations and modifications of Ubuntu, so you can choose the one you need, corresponding to your individual preferences and requirements.
How to install Linux next to the current system
There are two ways to install Linux near your system.
Most Linux installers will immediately detect the systems you have installed. If you did not create a separate disk space for Linux, then you can try selecting the “Install next to Windows” option. The installer will create the necessary partitions on its own, and you will not have to do anything manually. In the future, you will be able to select the desired system when you boot your computer.
If you want to decide for yourself how much space to allocate to the system, and followed the instructions in step 3, click “Other option” and click “Continue”. You will see your disk partitions and the empty space that we have prepared for Linux. Create a root partition there (mount point /) as described above. In this case, the home section is not necessary: you can copy and modify files on your main system.
Click Continue. The installer will leave your files where they are. It will simply create new partitions in the free space. You will be able to choose which system you want to boot at startup.
Prepare the bootloader
Open Windows Disk Management Tool. Select the disk or partition from which you plan to cut some space for your Linux installation. For most distributions, 10 GB is more than enough. But if you plan on installing a lot of apps, take more. Right-click on the partition and select Shrink Volume. Enter the size and click OK.
The process can take quite a long time, so please be patient.
When Disk Management finishes resizing partitions, an empty unallocated space appears on the disk, marked in black. We will install Linux there.
Later, if you don’t need Linux, you can delete partitions with it and give the freed space back to Windows using the same “Disk Management Tools”.
Burn the distribution to media
When the distribution kit is downloaded in ISO format, you need to burn it to a CD or a regular USB flash drive.
Burning to CD can be done using standard system tools: “Burn disk image” Windows or “Disk Utility” macOS. It is enough to click on the loaded image with the right mouse button and select the corresponding item in the menu.
You will need special utilities to burn ISO to a USB flash drive. For Windows it is better to choose Rufus, and for macOS. Etcher. These programs have a very simple interface, it is rather difficult to get confused in them.
Another option is to simply unpack the contents of the ISO archive onto a USB flash drive. This, however, will only work with more or less modern computers that have a new UEFI instead of the traditional BIOS.
Boot Linux from media
Reboot and select your Linux stick or CD as bootable media. This is done differently on different computers. On Windows devices, the boot order can be determined using Esc, F9, or the BIOS menu. On a Mac, this is done by long pressing the Option key.
Prepare the disk partition
This step should be performed if you want to keep the system installed on you and use Linux at the same time. If you decide to transfer your computer to Linux completely or install the OS on an empty hard disk, skip the paragraph.
Start Linux installation
We are greeted by the Linux installer. For example, let’s take the Linux Mint distribution for its popularity. But the installation processes for Ubuntu, openSUSE, Fedora, Debian, Manjaro and most other distributions are almost identical.
An exception is distributions that use a pseudo-graphic installer. The only major difference between this installer is that you have to use the keys to select options in it. Otherwise, everything is the same.
Select the language you want to use in the system and click “Continue”.
Specify which keyboard layout you want to use in addition to English.
Check “Install third-party software” or “Install multimedia codecs” so that Linux can use proprietary drivers and codecs.
The option “Download updates during installation”, if present, can be enabled so that the system downloads all the latest patches while it is being installed. Or leave it off if you have a slow internet connection and update later.
Installing Linux on a Windows laptop
Linux can be installed and works without problems with external devices, be it a USB flash drive or an external drive, but I have long wanted to do the opposite. Today I would like to describe my scenario for installing a dual boot system with full UEFI support, and also consider installing Linux separately.
The review is intended for experienced users, I will not describe in detail the Windows installations on the network, and there are enough of them, I will consider in detail only the options for installing Linux. Also warn that this is a non-standard configuration and the actions described below may damage the BIOS.
Installing Windows 10 on a laptop
First, put Windows 10 home single language (in my case, Win10_1903_V1_Russian_x64.iso, the official image was used) on the laptop, if not already installed. I will not describe the process in detail, I will only note that the disk is partitioned in GPT format. BIOS settings: Boot Mode. UEFI, Secure Boot. Disabled. Installation was carried out in UEFI mode.
Installing Linux on a laptop along with Windows
After the spring updates of Windows and Fedora, I once again had a desire to spread them across different disks, although in general the Windows update did not cause problems with the bootloader.
- Laptop with 500 GB HDD (BIOS insideH20 setup utility rev. 3.7)
- 1 terabyte external hard drive (USB 3.0)
- A burning desire to get Windows off the laptop, but keep it close at hand.
Next, I’m going to install Windows 10 on an external hard drive, and Linux on a laptop (preferably independently of each other). Linux is used by default, and personal files are located on an external hard disk (NTFS) and this option is the most optimal for me.
After a little searching on the net, I was surprised to find out that Windows is now quite installed on an external hard drive, I will describe how to install linux on a laptop further.
Typical Linux installation
Linux was installed on a Windows laptop in UEFI mode with Secure Boot disabled (although it is supported by Fedora). By default, the boot, esp flags are set in the / boot / efi partition (/ dev / sda2). here is the Windows bootloader here we will add the Fedora bootloader when installing.
We do the markup as for a regular Dual boot (in Fedora). Create / boot, specify the mount point for the ESP partition. / boot / efi (/ dev / sda2) (do not format, otherwise everything is lost), create a root, if necessary swap, / home, install, reboot.
The Windows and Fedora boot loaders will be written in the same / boot / efi partition. When enabled, rebooted, the Grub selection menu will display Fedora and the Windows Boot Manager (although there is no Windows on the disk). As a result, Fedora boots and runs, and Windows connects to the USB port, turns on through the BIOS and starts directly.
This method works and the systems are spread over different disks. But I didn’t really like this method, the dual boot menu still “hangs” at boot, also if the Windows partition is damaged, accidentally formatted, or / boot / efi updated (I am not sure to repair the Windows bootloader installed on an external drive from two flash drives) what happens) and I went on.
I recently played with Fedora Silverblue, and there the developers advise, if multiboot is unsuccessful, to create an additional ESP partition and install a bootloader on it, I decided to use something similar in this case.
Installing Windows to an external drive
Next, we need to install Windows to an external drive. Here I also did not come up with anything, there are many instructions on the network and using the terminal and the WinNTSetup program I installed the same Windows 10 home single language (Win10_1903_V1_Russian_x64.iso) to an external disk, here I will repeat myself, the disk is marked (or converted, if necessary) into GPT format BIOS settings are the same Boot Mode. UEFI, Secure Boot. Disabled. The installation was carried out in UEFI mode, an external drive is connected via a USB 3.0 port.
As a result, if everything is done correctly, we have Windows installed on an external disk (disk 1) volume 4 (C 🙂 which is launched from the BIOS and starts directly with its bootloader.
Removing Windows from a laptop
This completes the work in Windows and we have two systems. Now installing Linux on a laptop. I used Fedora (F30-WORK-x86_64-LIVE-20190628.iso) and made a bootable USB flash drive using Fedora Media Writer, it makes a universal USB flash drive that boots into MBR and GPT. If you record another system and (or) record in a different way (for example Rufus), keep in mind that the bootable USB flash drive must be Live USB (to work with a disk) and recorded in UEFI mode.
Disconnect the external drive and boot from Live USB Linux. I didn’t trust the installer and decided to do everything manually. Install and run Gparted or Parted in the terminal (whoever is more convenient).
As you can see, at the beginning of the disk there are hidden partitions and the Windows bootloader. / dev / sda1, / dev / sda2, / dev / sda3 (Volume1, Volume2 if viewed from Windows), they cannot be touched (Windows will not boot from an external drive without them). We delete everything else, the Windows C system partition and if there are other NTFS partitions (D, E), these will be / dev / sda4, / dev / sda5 I no longer have them, these are snapshots from already installed Fedora, but I think the meaning is clear. Reboot and start installation.
I used two different installation methods and both work for me. I will consider them in detail, perhaps not all distributions will both work, or the first method will be liked by someone more.
Installing Linux with a separate boot partition
As in the first case, we boot from Live USB, launch Gparted, we need the first three partitions / dev / sda1, / dev / sda2, / dev / sda3, delete the rest. The flags of the / boot / efi (/ dev / sda2) partition are changed from boot, esp to hidden, diag (hide it).
We do the partitioning as for a normal single Fedora installation. Create / boot, create a new / boot / efi partition (200MiB so as not to be confused), create a root, swap, / home, install, reboot.
Fedora with this installation starts directly in Plymouth, without a timeout or grub boot menu, as the only system on the device, from the new ESP partition / dev / sda4. created by the Fedora installer, the “old” ESP partition / dev / sda2 is apparently not mounted.
Windows also connects to the USB port and is enabled via BIOS. Both systems are split across different disks and have their own independent boot partitions. Linux is now installed on the laptop (perhaps any? Or several? I have not tried it yet), and Windows can be safely updated without fear of overwriting the Linux bootloader and turn it on as needed.
I liked this method more and I am using it now. This is what Fedora looks like now:
In such a simple way, you can take a fresh look at dual boot. If desired, you can make a backup of the EFI directory / dev / sda2. It is also worth noting that Windows on an external USB drive takes longer to boot and runs slower than on an internal HDD, but it works quite tolerably well. If you have any questions, ask in the comments.!
How to make a USB stick to install Ubuntu
I am assuming that you already have an ISO image with the version of Ubuntu Linux you need. If not, then you can download it for free from Ubuntu.com or Ubuntu.ru. Anyway, we’ll need it.
I previously wrote an article Bootable Ubuntu USB, which describes how to make an installation drive with it in two ways. using Unetbootin or from Linux itself.
You can use the specified instructions, but personally I myself use the free program WinSetupFromUSB for similar purposes, so here I will show the procedure using this program. (You can download WinSetupFromUSB 1.0 here: http://www.winsetupfromusb.com/downloads/).
Run the program (an example is given for the latest version 1.0, released on October 17, 2013 and available at the above link) and do the following simple steps:
- Select the required USB drive (note that all other data from it will be deleted).
- Check Auto format it with FBinst.
- Check Linux ISO / Other Grub4dos compatible ISO and specify the path to the Ubuntu disk image.
- A dialog box will appear asking what to name this item in the boot menu. Write something like Ubuntu 13.04.
- Press the “Go” button, confirm that you are aware that all data from the USB drive will be deleted and wait until the process of creating a bootable flash drive is completed.
This is done. The next step is to go into the computer’s BIOS and install the boot from the newly created distribution kit there. Many people know how to do this, and for those who do not know, I refer to the instructions How to install a boot from a USB flash drive in the BIOS (opens in a new tab). After the settings are saved and the computer restarts, you can proceed directly to the Ubuntu installation.
Installing Ubuntu from a USB stick
Apparently, you decided to install Ubuntu on your computer and for some reason, for example, due to the lack of blank discs or a drive for reading discs, you want to use a bootable USB flash drive. Ok, I’ll help you. In this manual, the following steps will be considered in order: creating an Ubuntu Linux installation flash drive, installing a boot from a USB flash drive in the BIOS of a computer or laptop, the very process of installing an operating system on a computer as a second or main OS.
This step-by-step guide is suitable for all current Ubuntu versions, namely 12.04 and 12.10, 13.04 and 13.10. With the introductory part, I think you can finish and proceed directly to the process itself. I also recommend getting acquainted with the way to run Ubuntu “inside” Windows 10, 8 and Windows 7 using Linux Live USB Creator.
Step-by-step installation of Ubuntu on a computer as a second or primary operating system
In fact, installing Ubuntu on a computer (I’m not talking about its subsequent configuration, installing drivers, etc.) is one of the simplest tasks. Immediately after booting from the flash drive, you will see an offer to select a language and:
- Start Ubuntu without installing it on your computer;
- Install Ubuntu.
We choose the second option, not forgetting to pre-select the Russian language (or some other, if it is more convenient for you).
The next window will be titled Preparing to Install Ubuntu. It will ask you to make sure that the computer has enough free space on the hard disk and, in addition, is connected to the Internet. In many cases, if you do not use a Wi-Fi router at home and use the services of a provider with an L2TP, PPTP or PPPoE connection, the Internet will be disconnected at this stage. Nothing wrong. It is needed in order to install all Ubuntu updates and additions from the Internet at the initial stage. But this can be done later. Also at the bottom you will see the item “Install this third party software”. It has to do with codecs for MP3 playback and is best noted. The reason why this clause is taken out separately is that the license of this codec is not completely “Free”, and only free software is used in Ubuntu.
At the next step, you will need to select the Ubuntu installation option:
- Next to Windows (in this case, when you turn on the computer, a menu will be shown in which you can choose what you are going to work in. Windows or Linux).
- Replace the existing OS with Ubuntu.
- Another option (is a self-partitioning of the hard drive, for advanced users).
For the purposes of this tutorial, I choose the most commonly used option. installing a second Ubuntu operating system, leaving Windows 7.
The next window will display the partitions of your hard drive. By moving the separator between them, you can specify how much space you allocate for the Ubuntu partition. It is also possible to independently partition the disk using the advanced partition editor. However, if you are a novice user, I do not recommend contacting him (I told a couple of friends that there was nothing complicated there, they ended up without Windows, although the goal was different).
When you click “Install Now”, you will be shown a warning that now new disk partitions will be created, as well as resizing of old ones, and this may take a long time (Depends on the degree of disk usage, as well as its fragmentation). Click “Continue”.
After some (different, for different computers, but usually not long) you will be prompted to select regional standards for Ubuntu. time zone and keyboard layout.
The next step is to create an Ubuntu user and password. Nothing complicated here. After filling, click “Continue” and the installation of Ubuntu on your computer begins. Soon you will see a message stating that the installation is complete and prompting you to restart your computer.
That’s all. Now, after the computer has been restarted, you will see the menu for choosing the boot Ubuntu (in various options) or Windows, and then, after entering the user password, the operating system interface itself.
The next important steps are to set up an Internet connection, and let the OS download the necessary packages (which it will tell you about).
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Yes, why not. The one AMD64 is a suitable Intel X64, don’t be confused by AMD.
Now I will install ubuntu to my grandmother
In my opinion, this is a perfectly normal solution. There will be fewer problems during work and, in general, it is convenient if everything is configured and installed in advance. The only thing is, if she goes to help another grandmother with her Windows computer, then misunderstandings may arise.
For some reason, I only offer to install it on a USB flash drive, in the sense I insert it into a laptop, like all the rules and then says that there is not enough space and offers installation only on a USB flash drive.
It’s strange. I do not know what to suggest, if I could see how this happens. I advised something.
What if there is only a flickering line in the upper left corner and that’s it?
At the very same it was with some version of Ubuntu, created in Unetbootin, and did not figure it out. remade in something else (WinsetupfromUSB, in my opinion), put everything successfully.
Good help for newbies. By the way, the yuba itself was thrown onto the USB flash drive with the help of UltraIso no problems. installation passed the standards
If you demolish Windows under the root and install Ubuntu, there will be no problems?
The installation was successful, I reboot the PC and Windows boots up does not allow ubuntu to be selected, what I did wrong?
after partitioning disks knocks out the error Failed to create ext4 filesystem on partition 1 of SCSI4 device 0.0 0 sda help with advice
Frankly, I don’t know. I ran through the Ubuntu forums now, there is also no answer, but still look for the error text, you are not the only one with it.
Next to Windows (in this case, when you turn on the computer, a menu will be shown in which you can choose what you are going to work in. Windows or Linux).
I have this section not included in the list, just delete Windows and create a section. What can be wrong.
On an old computer (released in the early 2000s) with Windows, there was some kind of OS failure, or a virus undetectable by antivirus software was caught, as a result of which RAM is catastrophically small (up to 0 kb free). All possible programs have already been removed, temp is constantly being cleared, etc., but this does not in the least correct the situation. Even funny. You get rid of the program and the free space, on the contrary, becomes less. The decision was made completely, on hard just click on “format” all disks. And then install ubuntu from the disk on the cleaned PC. Will it work? And what to do with drivers?
Hello. You won’t be able to format all disks directly from Windows, but this can be done when installing Ubuntu. As for the drivers: almost all equipment is likely to be identified this way. And then look and read how to install certain proprietary drivers, if you suddenly need it, there is enough information on the network on the topic of solving problems with this OS.
And the last thing: from experience, the latest ubuntu may turn out to be heavy for old computers, so if you have already decided to install Linux, I recommend looking for lighter versions of it. I don’t know, Lubunbtu or something else, since I’m not an expert in these OS.
I have something similar to Sasha’s problem. After the menu for choosing the type of installation (installation with Windows), there is only a USB flash drive in the drop-list. There is nothing else. Perhaps the problem is that I install Ubuntu 15.04, while your article describes the installation of 12-13xx versions. This is not special, but the impression is that the problem is in winsetupfromusb. When I find a solution, unsubscribe. By the way, maybe someone has already found it?
I haven’t tried it since the 15th, 14 was installed without problems. Perhaps they changed something in the bootloader, I will not say for sure, you need to look.
In short, if it was not possible to install ubuntu using the winsetupfromusb bootable flash drive, try it through unetbootin, it helped me.
Doesn’t work, asks for login and password before installation. Nothing fits and an empty field doesn’t roll either.
It’s strange. Is the image original? enter ubuntu name and empty password tried?
I boot from a USB flash drive, I press to install, I split the disk, format the partitions, then I select the time zone, the layout, then the copying starts and the error starts, I just can’t copy the whole story about the CD ROM, that there may be a jamb. Why?
And he also asks for a mount point, what should be here?
Hello, now for the first time I’m going to install the 2nd system, tell the drivers are automatically installed on the same Internet, so to speak, network
Network ones are usually installed themselves without problems, yes (with the exception of some rare equipment).
Wild brakes with flash on sites. So this problem has not been solved in 10 years.
Well, it’s too late to decide something. I think that soon the flash will not remain on the Internet.
On the site ubuntu.com in the section “How to create a bootable USB stick on Windows” the Rufus program is considered. What can you say about this program?
I will say that it is very good, it works and is suitable not only for Ubuntu. https://remontka.pro/rufus-2-boot-USB/
Thank you very much for your answer!
Only I will not understand in any way what was in my question so that it was necessary to delete my comment? I just asked about the software that is listed at ubuntu.com/download/desktop/create-a-USB-stick-on-Windows
Maxim, I do not delete comments (except for obvious inadequacy and spam), they just do not appear before checking, and I check them not in real time.
Please tell me if I put ubuntu not next to it, but on a clean one, I delete everything only from the system disk or the hard disk is completely formatted?
Depends on how you set it up. Can be installed only on the system one (by formatting it), and leave the second and other partitions untouched.
After installation, I restart the computer and issues. No bootable devices. What to do?
Change boot order, or use boot menu https://remontka.pro/boot-menu/ to boot from hard drive.
Why does it show only a USB flash drive instead of a hard disk and nothing else in that part with a separator ?? urgently answer. I will use it for school tomorrow
Well I answer when there is time for it.
But I don’t know exactly why. Is the disk visible in the BIOS? Do not put some old version?
At the step of sharing memory, I do not have the opportunity to select a hard drive, but only a bootable flash drive from which the installation starts. Tell me what’s wrong
I don’t know for sure. Have you tried to boot from a flash drive separately in UEFI mode and in Legacy? Same result?
And you can also create a bootable USB flash drive for debian?
In my opinion, for Debian in various variants, the optimal way to create a bootable USB drive would be Rufus.
Hello! If I recorded the image via unetbootin to a USB flash drive and when it starts up, not the installation window pops up, as in the screenshots, but the grub4dos window, then what should be the next steps and through which commands?
I have two strange things.
1.when installing, it does not see other partitions for installation, only the USB flash drive from which the installation is taking place
2. tried to run without installation. Everything works except for WI-FI, there is no driver for it. How to install and where to find it?
Unfortunately, I am not special in solving problems with Ubuntu. Here it would be better to ask on the forum or website for this particular OS (I would do it myself if I encountered a problem similar to yours, or Google)
There is a laptop with disks C: and D:
When “replacing Windows with Ubuntu” will the data be saved to D: ?
Yes, it will be possible to save, just work carefully with the partitions during installation.
Ok, then the second question is: will this data be accessed from Ubuntu or some kind of partition conversion will be required?
Yes, Ubuntu can handle NTFS, everything should be fine.
And there is no UEFI / Legacy and Secure Boot in the BIOS by accident?
Many thanks to the author for the post! At home, the netbook was lying, and there was no DVD drive on it, the BIOS was loading for a long time, and then a Windows error, I thought the netbook was kirdyk. But for everyone, I made a live usb flash drive using the description of the article and pulled out the hard drive. Everything loaded perfectly, ubuntu works briskly. I’ll try to install it on a USB flash drive, because the live session is not saved. But even live has everything you need: YouTube, Google dock, office. over, the phonetic azerty layout in Ubuntu was added for the Russian language, amazing.
After I press the install button, it is not “Preparing to install Ubuntu” that appears, but a message about the lack of space. Requires 8.6 GB, there is only 7.8 GB (does it want to put on a USB flash drive? An 8 GB flash drive) Screw 1.5TB
It seems like that only now, without seeing how exactly everything happens there, I cannot answer, unfortunately. Strange situation.
However, depending on the manufacturer and model, the keys and their combinations may vary.
- MSI notebooks. Del key, F2.
- Dell. Del, F1, Insert, or
- Acer. F1, F2, Delete, CtrlAltEscape.
- Packard Bell. Del, F2.
- Hewlett Packard. F2, F11, Del.
Also, some manufacturers have a Boot Menu, from which you can immediately select a device to boot bypassing the BIOS settings. Usually it is available by pressing the keys. F10, F11 or F12.
If there is no Boot Menu, but it was possible to get into the BIOS, then the setting for most laptop models looks like this:
- Get into BIOS.
- Find the “Boot” section.
- Press “Enter” on the item “Boot Device Priority” and put the USB flash drive with the Linux installer in the first place.
- Press F10 and confirm saving the settings by choosing the answer option “Ok”.
- The computer will reboot and start reading information from the flash drive.
Installing Linux from a USB stick
Owners of old laptops, in an attempt to “speed up” the device, express a desire to install Linux. This is the easiest way to do this from a flash drive, especially if the gadget is not equipped with an optical drive. However, before you get down to business, you should learn more about this process.
Features of installing Linux from a USB flash drive
Linux and Windows in user interaction can be similar in some situations. But they differ greatly in their internal processes. So the installation was not without its peculiarities:
- By running Linux from a USB flash drive, the user environment and basic programs can be tested without having to install them on the hard drive. Therefore, almost all distributions of this OS are called “Live-CD / DVD”.
- Installing Linux from a USB flash drive or disk can be done both as the only system on a PC, and next to another OS.
- To record the distribution kit, use working USB drives, as poor-quality media may overheat and turn off during installation.
- It is not recommended to complete the installation by connecting a USB flash drive via USB hubs. Especially if, in addition to the storage with the installer, other equipment is connected to it. This can cause a lot of problems.
If Linux does not install from a USB flash drive: common mistakes
Despite the seeming ease of installation, no one is immune from problems with it. If Linux is not installed from a flash drive, most likely:
- BIOS settings have flown or were not installed correctly. Check the settings and save them again. If the situation does not change, try replacing the battery on the laptop motherboard, it is responsible for saving the settings, date and time on the device.
- If the computer has more than one hard drive after installing Linux, go into the BIOS and select the hard drive to which the distribution was unpacked as the first boot device.
- Broken image or poor quality recording. This can usually be verified using MD5 sums, however not all distributions are distributed with them. So the most reliable option would be to re-download the Linux image from the official site (without parallel downloads of anything), followed by writing to a USB drive without extraneous running processes.
- Incorrectly labeled hard drive. When the root section is smaller than recommended in the system requirements of a particular assembly.
- The bootloader was installed on the wrong drive.
How to install Linux from a USB stick
The variety of Linux distributions will not allow you to talk about all types of installers at once. However, the most common among users are Debian-assemblies, which include Ubuntu, Fedora, Zorin OS, ALTLinux, etc. And their installers give a complete picture of how and how you can install Linux. First, you need to boot from a USB flash drive. Need to get into BIOS.
Installing Linux using Fedora as an example
Attention! Manual partitioning for operating system installation creates more favorable conditions for its further use.
- After booting from the USB flash drive, the user will be greeted with the following window, in which you need to select the item “Start Fedora-Workstation” and press “Enter”.
- The installer start page appears. The “Install to Hard Drive” button starts the installation.
- Next, you need to select the language and region.
- Click on the Location button.
- Select the hard drive on which Linux will be unpacked.
- Set the device configuration to the “My way” mode and click “Finish”.
- Next, change the partition scheme to “Standard partition”.
- Click on the “” button to start partitioning the disk.
- The example has storage of 128.33 Gib.
- The first section will be the main (root) section. About 15-20 GB of space is allocated for it. Mount point “/”.
- The swap partition is created in the same way.
Installation from a Zorin OS flash drive occurs through the standard Debian-like installer and has minimal differences from this process in Linux Fedora. Namely:
- Language selection right after starting from a native speaker.
- Choose whether to immediately download updates and install additional software for hardware and video and audio codec support.
- The disk layout looks slightly different. When creating the first, root section (“/”), you should indicate that it is “Primary” and should be shifted to the “Beginning of this space”. And the size of the partition is indicated in megabytes. That is, a 20 GB partition will be equal to 20480 MB, since 1 GB = 1024 MB.
- The choice of the hard disk is done here.
- Setting up an account before the first start of the system.
Installation from a flash drive ALTLinux and most other OSs on this kernel, such as Ubuntu, Elementary, Deepin and others, is the same, only the interfaces differ.
Programs for installing Linux from a flash drive
There is a huge list of software for writing operating system distributions to USB sticks. But the most versatile and proven is Unetbootin, as it works on both Windows and Linux.
How to burn an image using Unetbootin:
- Download the program from the link https://unetbootin.github.io
- Run it, specifying that the target will be a disk image.
- By clicking the button with three dots, specify the image of the distribution.
- Select the type “USB device”.
- Specify the letter of the carrier. If the media is connected in a single copy, the program detects it automatically.
- Click “Ok”. The data on the media will be lost.
Everything is ready to start installing Linux from a USB flash drive on a laptop. You can close the program.
Recently, Linux has ceased to be a product intended exclusively for computer professionals. Thanks to this, any person, after reading this article, will be able to independently install Linux from a USB flash drive.