How to install an SSD drive on a laptop

How to install an SSD in a laptop and transfer Windows to it?

Translation of an article by Mike Clements from the Corsair blog.

When talking about computers, I like to use the term “shimpnosto”. The best upgrade imaginable is one that is so simple that even a chimpanzee can do it, that’s when it can be called “chimp-simple”. Solid state drive Corsair Force 3 with a special kit for transferring information from a laptop, just in line with this ideology.

install, drive, laptop

The extended package contains an SSD, a software disc and a special SATA-USB cable for transferring information. The disk contains the necessary utility for cloning an image. In this case, this is The Apricorn EZ GIG IV. a simple and straightforward utility, however, we will look at some of the steps that will be required to transfer the operating system from a laptop to a new SSD.

For those users who have never upgraded a laptop, there are only three options: you can install an OS on your SSD from scratch, you can restore a partition from a backup, or follow the “shimp-simple” path using the software that came with the solid-state drive. After you connect the SSD to the laptop, it may not appear in the system. this is normal, the main thing is that the cloning program will see it.

Insert the CD with the software, and if the autorun function does not work, you will have to start the utility yourself.

After launching EZ GIG IV, you will see the utility welcome window and several options to choose from. We need the Start EZ GIG IV option.

Then you have to accept the license agreement.

Finally, press the Let`s Get Started button.

After that, the program will offer to select the source drive from which the information will be transferred. In this case, this is drive “C” located under

Next, we need to select the disk to which the information will be transferred. Make sure you select both items correctly.

After you have selected both drives, you can continue with the default settings, or you can set a number of your options. For example, for an SSD it is highly desirable to select the 4K alignment option. The program will first align the partition, which will be critical for the speed of the solid-state drive.

In the Data Select column, you can exclude some folders from the cloning operation. For example, you can exclude the folder “My Music” (which in our case takes 19.8 GB of information), as this will significantly reduce the cloning time, and you can add it later.

After you select all the options you need and agree, click Next, in this case a window will open that once again asks you to make sure you have selected the correct options. If you are sure you have not forgotten anything, just click Start Copying.

The passed copy area will be displayed below. The cloning time will depend on the speeds of the drives, as well as the amount of data copied.

After the cloning is completed, you can repeat it with other settings and options, or simply exit the program.

After exiting the program, you can replace your old drive with a new SSD, leaving you with your operating system that you are used to working with. Of course, this will require disassembling the laptop. It is almost impossible to give more detailed instructions on how to do this, since all laptops and netbooks differ in their design and the location of the hard drive. Somewhere it will be easier to do, but somewhere more difficult, the video shows an example of replacement on one of the Lenovo Thinkpad laptops:

Most often, replacing the RAM and hard drive is quite simple in large laptops and this, as a rule, does not deprive the owner of the device of the warranty. In order to find a guide “how to open your laptop / netbook”, it is best to use YouTube, where users post a huge number of videos on this topic on a variety of models.

What is needed for work?

Installing an SSD in a laptop is a simple task and does not take much time. But when upgrading, it should be borne in mind that self-replacement of components may violate the terms of the warranty. However, if the warranty period for the laptop has already expired, you can take a chance.

What you need to install an SSD drive:

  • SATA SSD and laptop.
  • Screwdriver. Depending on the fastening of the laptop cover, you may need a cross or straight.
  • Something subtle to pry off the lid. A special laptop repair spatula or a regular plastic card will do.
  • Second data store. If you do not deliver the SSD, but replace the hard drive with it, then you will need an additional drive for transferring files.

Interesting: some manufacturers equip notebooks with two types of media. So in the top-end gaming Predator Helios 500 PH517-61 there is a two-terabyte hard and 512 gigabyte SSD in addition.

SSD storage options

There are four methods for installing a solid-state device in a laptop:

The easiest method is to remove the hard drive and plug in the solid drive instead. It is important to take care in advance to transfer all the files that are stored on the HDD to another medium.

Tip: If you need a solid body for gaming, a volumetric model that can withstand a lot of load is suitable. Two-terabyte 860 QVO. just like that.

2.Place an SSD in place of a classic hard drive, but turn the hard drive into external storage using a USB box.

Replace SSD optical drive. An adapter box is needed here. The user needs to insert the SSD there, remove the OP, and then place the SSD box in its place. The method will not work for those who use an optical drive and those who do not have one.

Note: When buying such a box, consider its thickness. It must match the parameters of the OP. You can see how thick the drive is installed by removing it and measuring it with a centimeter. Another option is to enter the exact name of the drive in the search engine to see its parameters.

Put the solid-state device in place of the hard drive, and the screw is already installed instead of the OP using the box that was described in the previous method.

Recommendation: if you need an SSD as a system drive, a large amount is not a prerequisite. Models up to 256 gigabytes are enough, for example, A400 240GB.

How to install an SSD in a laptop. a detailed guide in 3 sections

To speed up the laptop, sometimes it is enough to insert an SSD drive. This task is simple, you can do everything yourself. The instruction will tell you how to proceed. The manual contains both a preparatory stage and, in fact, a description of the installation process.

How to install an SSD instead of a HDD

This is the easiest method. How to proceed is described in the table.

Interesting: the M.2 format models look like a stick of RAM. These SSDs are often found in light and thin laptop computers.

Recommendation: if you need an inexpensive but reliable SSD option, you can choose a model with MLC memory, for example, SSD370S.

Now you can start checking the freshly installed component in the BIOS.

You need to see if the laptop sees an SSD. If the carrier is not identified, it may be due to:

  • poor contact of the interfaces: maybe the solid-state device did not fully enter the connector;
  • the drive itself is faulty: you can check it using another computer;
  • BIOS is outdated, in which case it will need to be updated.

Curious: the powerful ThinkPad E570 laptop already has an SSD, but if you want to put a second one, you can replace it with the drive.

If everything is in order, the laptop recognizes the drive, then you can start checking the operating mode of the solid-state drive. Need AHCI: This is a special mode for working with solid state drives. It allows you to activate all the advantages of SATA connection, in particular high speed. You can view the mode in the BIOS Advanced section. If it appears that the SSD is operating in a different mode, it needs to be switched and all parameters saved.

Tip: If you want a high-speed, super-capacious model, the 970 PRO will do the trick. It works on a modern type of memory and has an impressive size.

The operating system can now be installed. Experts recommend reinstalling the OS so that it automatically configures its services to work with solid-state storage.

As you can see from this guide, there are several ways to put an SSD in a laptop. If you put it in place of the hard drive, no adapters are needed. However, if you want to leave the HDD, there is still a solution. The connection process itself is simple, but you need to remember: if you disassemble the device, then you will not have to rely on warranty repairs.

Connecting an SSD to a desktop computer

To begin with, if you have already disconnected and connected a regular hard drive to your computer, then the procedure for a solid state drive looks almost exactly the same, except for the fact that the width of the device is not 3.5 inches, but 2.5.

Well, now from the very beginning. To install an SSD on a computer, disconnect it from the power supply (from the outlet), and also turn off the power supply (the button on the back of the system unit). After that, press and hold the on / off button on the system unit for about 5 seconds (this will completely de-energize all circuits). In the guide below, I will assume that you are not going to disconnect old hard drives (and if you are, then just disconnect them in the second step).

  • Open the computer case: usually, it is enough to remove the left panel to gain the necessary access to all ports and install the SSD (but there are exceptions, for example, on “advanced” cases, the cable can be routed behind the right wall).
  • Install the SSD into a 3.5 ” adapter and secure it with the bolts provided for this (this adapter is included with most solid state drives. In addition, your system unit may have a whole set of shelves suitable for installing both 3.5 and 2.5 devices, in this case you can use them).
  • Place the SSD in the adapter in the free space for 3.5 ” hard drives. If necessary, fix it with screws (sometimes latches are provided in the system unit for fixing).
  • Connect the SSD to the motherboard with an L-shaped SATA cable. Below I will tell you more about which SATA port the drive should be connected to.
  • Connect the power cable to the SSD.
  • Assemble the computer, turn on the power and immediately after turning on go to the BIOS.
READ  How To Reduce Font On Laptop

After entering the BIOS, first of all, set the AHCI mode for the solid state drive to work. Further actions will depend on what exactly you plan to do:

  • If you want to install Windows (or another OS) on an SSD, while you, in addition to it, have other connected hard drives, install the SSD first in the list of drives, and put the boot from the disk or flash drive from which the installation will be performed.
  • If you plan to work in an OS that has already been installed on the HDD without transferring it to the SSD, make sure that the hard disk is the first in the boot queue.
  • If you are planning to transfer the OS to an SSD, then you can read more about this in the article How to transfer Windows to SSD.
  • You may also find this article useful: How to Optimize an SSD in Windows (This will help improve performance and extend its lifespan).

As for the question of which SATA port to connect the SSD to: on most motherboards you can connect to any one, however, some have different SATA ports at the same time. for example, Intel 6 Gb / s and third-party 3 Gb / s, the same on AMD chipsets. In this case, look at the port labels, motherboard documentation, and use the fastest for SSDs (slower ones can be used, for example, for DVD-ROMs).

How to install an SSD

If you are thinking of upgrading your PC or laptop with an SSD, congratulations, this is a great solution. And in this manual I will show you how to install an SSD on a computer or laptop and try to give other useful information that will come in handy with such an update.

If you have not yet purchased such a disk, then I can say that today installing an SSD on a computer, while it is not very important whether it is fast or not, is what can give the maximum and obvious increase in the speed of its work, especially during all non-gaming applications (although it will be noticeable in games, at least in terms of level loading speed). It can also be useful: Setting up SSD for Windows 10 (suitable for Windows 8), Programs for SSD drives.

How to install an SSD in a laptop

To install an SSD in a laptop, first unplug it and remove the battery if it is removable. After that, unscrew the hard drive compartment cover (usually the largest one, near the edge) and carefully remove the hard drive:

  • It is sometimes mounted on a kind of slide that attaches to the cover you just unscrewed. Also try to find instructions for removing the hard drive specifically from your laptop model, it may be useful.
  • you need to take it out not towards yourself, up, but first sideways. so that it is disconnected from the SATA contacts and the laptop power.

The next step is to unscrew the hard drive from the carrier (if required by the design) and install the SSD in them, then repeat the steps above in reverse order to install the SSD in the laptop. After that, on a laptop, you will need to boot from a boot disk or flash drive in order to install Windows or another OS.

Note: you can also use a desktop PC to clone an old laptop hard drive to an SSD, and only then install it. in this case, you do not need to install the system.

Distribution of new, sometimes interesting and useful materials from the remontka.pro website. No ads and free computer help for subscribers from the author. Other subscription methods (VK, Odnoklassniki, Telegram., YouTube, Yandex.Dzen)

Will it work to connect an SSD to a Sata I motherboard?
Very interesting if it is possible to cheer up a computer retired?

I’m afraid to assume that there is no such retirement experience) But in general, if the SATA-3 HDD is connected and working (if it is possible to check), then there will be an SSD. Another thing is that I’m not sure that this will greatly increase vivacity.

It will also add significantly, since HDD is slow compared to SSD

As practice shows, it will not add, and in some cases even complicate and slow down the work.
Much depends on the age of the “pensioner”)

it is possible, but it will not give speed.
The increase will be only with SATA-2.3

How can I temporarily disable the connected hard disk in the UEFI BIOS in a computer with ASUS. Sata 3

I don’t remember if there are such options in the BIOS, but there is nowhere to look at it. Well, if there are no parameters, just remove the SATA cable from the disk.

I bought a Samsung 860 EVO SSD, 260GB, with a SATA3 interface, to install the system and programs. After entering the BIOS, it turned out that there was no way to set the AHCI mode for the solid-state drive to work (the motherboard is quite old, it supports SATA2 disks (it suited me for my tasks). Question: is it harmful for an SSD to connect it to SATA2 without enabling AHCI mode How does the lack of AHCI mode affect the loading speed of Windows7 and programs??

Hello.
Everything will be OK. The only thing is, after installing the system, make sure that the TRIM function is enabled (it can work on the IDE too), if necessary, enable.

And this article, which is above, I would completely rewrite, 5 years have passed since writing, there is something to fix.

Dmitry, thanks for the answer.
If possible, then of course, rewrite or correct the article. We are grateful. SSD topic is up-to-date, and information on the web is often outdated and does not correspond to the requests of the present.

Tell me, is it possible to make two partitions on the SSD for the W-7 and W-10? And what features are there in the settings (TRIM, etc.), in contrast to one section, with one system (W-7), for example. thank.

Hello.
Can. There should be no special features, everything is the same as on the HDD.

Dmitry, hello, I have been reading your blog for a long time! He helped me a lot, I learn a lot from him, and thanks to this experience either I myself help my friends with problems, or I immediately give a link to your site!
But now I have an upgrade time, but I am very afraid to make a mistake in the choice, and now in essence:
I ask you, help me please choose an SSD and RAM for my computer, I am attaching the characteristics:
Processor: Intel Core i5-7500 CPU 3.40 hz
Dam: GA-H110M-S2H
Video card: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti

I want to put RAM on 16 gb, now they stand at 8 and it does not suit me
I don’t have an SSD, I wanted to put it through the Plc input, but in compatible devices that are presented on the manufacturer’s website. boards, there are none, but the connector itself is there, as I understand it. And all SSDs there are no more than 256 gb, but I wanted 512 gb.
Please help me

Hello.
It is difficult to advise this without knowing all the details.
As for memory. any DDR4 2400 MHz, 88, or if you have free money. 1616 (but it may be superfluous on your system). The manufacturer, in general, is not fundamental, something super-gaming, with increased frequencies is not needed here.
SSD. SATA (there is no M.2 connector on your PC). If you need to save money. something like WD Blue. If you don’t need to save. Samsung 860 Evo.

On a new laptop with Windows 10 installed, I want to add a second SSD from another laptop that also has Windows 10 and a lot of necessary data. Q: do i need to format the SSD i am planning to add? And how do you do this manipulation correctly??

Hello.
If you do not want to format (since there is a lot of important data), you can skip this. Unless after installing, make sure in the laptop BIOS to boot from the correct disk.
If you decide to format, then after you boot from the “first” SSD and take data from the “second”, it can be formatted using simple system tools (right click on the disk. format). But, taking into account the fact that there are also hidden small system partitions on that disk, it would be better to delete all partitions through the disk management utility, create a new one for the entire disk space and format it.

Hello. Tell me if it will be possible to install Windows on an SSD on a motherboard that does not support AHCI (g41m / IC7)

Hello. Yes, SSDs should work in this case too. But I don’t give 100% direct guarantees, they just have to and from experience there were no problems.

How not to harm your SSD drive

Initially, the purpose of the new device is to increase the speed of your PC, however, every user wants his equipment to last as long as possible. To understand how to extend the life of your SSD will help the article on our site with tips for setting up. Next, we will also touch on some important points.

Since the days of Windows XP, many PC users have been accustomed to defragmenting local disks. If the user installs the top ten on the SSD, then there is no need to look for where to disable automatic defragmentation in the settings, since the OS will not use this function. But many PC users are accustomed to defragmenting with third-party utilities that are not part of Windows. Therefore, we advise you to abandon this habit of defragmentation when an SSD is installed in the system. Also, disable the schedule in such programs that defragments at the specified time.

An inquisitive user will, of course, ask the question: why Windows 10 disables defragmentation, and how third-party utilities affect this. The answer to this question is simple. every SSD has a limited number of rewrite cycles, so by defragmenting, you reduce the number of these cycles much faster.

We figured out defragmentation, now let’s try to figure out what harm the SSD is caused by formatting and wiping information on the disk. Fully formatting the SSD, just like defragmenting, reduces the number of rewrite cycles.

READ  Laptop Won'T Boot What To Do

As far as erasing information by methods such as DOD, NSA, and Gutmann is concerned, this is only useful for HDDs. The fact is that all SSD drives have a TRIM function, which allows the OS to completely erase deleted files without the possibility of recovery.

Install Windows 10 on a new SSD drive

After setting up the AHCI mode in the computer on the MSI A68HM-P33 motherboard, we will try to install Windows 10 on it on an SSD. To do this, we will boot from the flash drive we prepared earlier.

In the first window, select the language settings and move on to the next, in which we press the Install button.

At the next stage, we will accept the license agreement.

In the window that appears, we are offered to update or install Windows 10 from scratch. We will focus on the second point, which will allow us to install Windows 10 on a blank SSD.

In the window for selecting and editing a disk, create a new partition using the Create button. as shown below.

After creating the partition, let’s proceed to the direct installation of Windows 10.

From the example, you can see that installing Windows 10 on an SSD is no different from installing on an HDD. It is also worth noting that the dozen is a new operating system that is adapted for SSD drives. It follows from this that you do not need to configure the system to extend the life of the SSD. For example, in the top ten, automatic defragmentation is disabled for an SSD drive. Installing Windows 7 on an SSD is almost the same as the process described above. But after installing Windows 7, it will have to be optimized to extend the life of the SSD, for example, disable automatic defragmentation.

So that our readers do not have to look for information on the Internet about optimizing Windows for SSD, our website has an article “How to configure an SSD for Windows 7, 8 and 10”. In this article, you will find all the intricacies of setting to extend the life of an SSD, including how to disable automatic defragmentation in your laptop or desktop PC.

Choosing a system for an SSD drive

To get the best performance out of an SSD, your PC or laptop must have the following characteristics:

  • Support for AHCI mode;
  • SATA 3.0 support

It should be borne in mind that when installing Windows 10, AHCI mode must be activated.

Let’s consider activating this mode on a stationary computer with an MSI A68HM-P33 motherboard and an AMD Kaveri A10-7850K processor. MSI A68HM-P33 motherboard is based on A68H chipset, which has SATA 3.0 support. To activate the AHCI mode, we need to go to the BIOS of the MSI A68HM-P33 motherboard. To do this, when starting the computer, press the DEL button.

Now let’s go to the right tab “SETTINGS”.

On this tab, we are interested in the “Advanced” item, on which we will go.

In the tab that opens, we are interested in the last item “Built-in peripheral devices”, on which we will go.

On this tab, we are interested in the “SATA Configuration” block and the first SATA slot to which the SSD is connected. The figure shows that the AHCI mode is already selected. To set this mode, just click on this item with the mouse.

Similarly, you can enable AHCI mode on other motherboards for laptops and desktop PCs.

It’s also worth noting that AHCI is the default on most newer PCs. But if, for example, the old computer was running Windows XP, then in this case the SATA port will work in IDE mode.

Should you install Windows XP on an SSD drive?

Quite often, PC users have a question: will Windows XP work on an SSD. Before answering this question, I would like to warn our reader.

First, Windows XP is a very old operating system that is no longer supported by Microsoft itself. Also, no new drivers and programs are released for Windows XP. For example, the Chrome browser has been discontinued for XP for a long time. All this is fraught with consequences in which the system is susceptible to all kinds of virus attacks.

Second, Windows XP was released at a time before SSDs existed. It follows from this that it is not designed to work with them. Of course, you can find many instructions on how to install Windows XP online, but we strongly advise against doing so. Then you have a natural question, how to use software that only works in XP. A virtual machine will help solve this situation. For example, using the VirtualBox program, you can create a virtual machine in Windows 10 and run Windows XP on it.

How to install Windows 10 on an SSD drive

Many personal computer users often have a question about how to install Windows 10 on an SSD. To answer this question, we have prepared a material in which we will describe in detail the process of installing dozens from scratch on an SSD.

Preparing a bootable USB drive for installing Windows 10

First of all, we need to create a bootable USB drive from which we will install the operating system on the SSD.

It should be noted that this instruction is recommended only for those users who have an electronic Windows 10 license, not a boxed one.

Therefore, if you have a boxed version of Windows with a disk, then feel free to skip this instruction. To create a bootable drive with a ten, we need a proprietary utility from Microsoft called MediaCreationTool. You can download this portable version of the program on the Microsoft Internet resource. www.microsoft.com. After downloading, we need a USB drive with a capacity of 4 GB or more. In our case, this is a 16 GB USB drive. After launching the program, we will get to its start window.

In this window, the developers ask us to accept the licensing agreement with Microsoft. We agree and click the Accept button. This action will take us to the next stage.

In this window, we are interested in the second item, which will allow us to create our bootable USB flash drive. Let’s select this item and go to the next window.

Here we have to select the options for installing Windows 10. In our case, this is the 64-bit home version. Clicking the Next button. we will get into the window for selecting the boot device to be created.

There is a USB stick and a regular DVD to choose from. Let’s stop at the flash drive and move on to the next stage.

Now let’s select our USB flash drive from the list and continue.

At this stage, the download and installation of the necessary files on the USB flash drive will begin so that it becomes bootable. Once the installation and download is complete, our USB drive will be ready.

Summing up

In this article, we tried to describe in detail the process of installing Windows 10 on a PC. From the material it becomes clear that installing dozens on SSDs is practically no different from installing Windows 7 and 8. The only thing to consider when using a bundle of SSD Windows 10 is a computer that must match the parameters of solid-state drives.

For example, if you will be using an SSD with a SATA 2 port rather than a SATA 3 port, then you will limit the speed of your SSD to 300M / s. We hope that thanks to our material, you can easily install Windows 10 on an SSD drive.

Default settings for SSD drives

With a clean install, Windows 10 will automatically recognize the solid state drive and activate the following settings:

  • activation of the TRIM function;
  • disable automatic disk defragmentation;
  • disable hibernation.

Presetting Computer Settings

Despite the fact that the outdated hard disk drive interface (PATA) is less and less common on motherboards, almost all modern SATA controllers can work in compatibility mode with it. This mode is enabled by default in the BIOS settings of the motherboard of a computer or laptop. Operating a solid-state drive in this compatibility mode is fraught with loss of performance and reduced storage resource due to sub-optimal read / write operations. Therefore, before installing the SSD, you need to set the disk controller to SATA (AHCI) mode. This can be done using the BIOS settings menu:

  • When turning on the computer, press the DEL or F1 key to enter BIOS setup. Press DEL key to enter BIOS setup
  • Enter the Integrated peripherals section. Enter the Controllers and Integrated Peripherals section
  • Find the SATA configuration item, which can take 2-3 values ​​(IDE / AHCI / RAID). Set the value to AHCI. Select AHCI mode for the SATA controller
  • Press the F10 key and confirm the changes.
  • Reboot your computer.

Change the operating mode of the SATA controller before installing the operating system. During installation, OS kernel settings are tied to the operating mode of the disk controller. If you first install the operating system and then change the operating mode of the disk controller in the BIOS, the computer will not be able to boot and the OS will have to be reinstalled or changed the disk controller drivers through the emergency recovery console.

Hard install: installing Windows 10 on an SSD

Solid-state hard drives SSD (Solid State Drive) have long passed from the category of an expensive and not very reliable exotic to the niche of a regular drive of a modern laptop or stationary PC. SSDs are produced not only by “major league players” (Sandisk, Transcend, Samsung), but also by many third-tier companies. In the range of capacities 80–240 GB, you can find any drive for your tasks and wallet. no longer bite. At the same time, laptop manufacturers are in no hurry to equip mid-priced models with solid-state hard drives, installing traditional hard drives there. slow, sensitive to shock and vibration. How to replace a traditional hard drive with an SSD and install Windows 10? Do you need to optimize the system for the features of solid-state technology? You have questions, and we have answers!

Disable hibernation

Hibernation is a further development of the sleep system. During this process, the entire contents of the RAM are written to a file on disk, and the computer is completely de-energized. When you turn it back on, the contents of the RAM are restored from the hibernation file as if the computer were in sleep mode. The disk space occupied by the hibernation file is approximately equal in size to the amount of RAM. Like the paging file, the hibernation file is created when the function of the same name is activated and is only overwritten in the future, which exposes the SSD memory cells to rapid wear.

READ  HDMI Does Not Work On Laptop

There is no need to use hibernation on a laptop. the electricity consumption in sleep mode is so low that the laptop battery can power it for months. And waking up from sleep mode will still be faster than waking up from hibernation, even with a drive as fast as an SSD.

For a stationary computer, hibernation is preferable to sleep, because it does not have an autonomous power source. If the PC is in sleep mode, disconnect the power cord, then after a while it will turn off and all unsaved data will be lost, and open documents may be damaged.

However, if you still want to disable hibernation, the easiest way to do this is using the command line:

  • Open the system shell window using the user menu, calling the latter with the WINX key combination. To disable hibernation, you need to open a shell window
  • At the shell prompt, type powercfg.h off and press Enter. The powercfg.h off command will disable hibernation on your computer
  • After that, the hibernation service will be stopped, and the hibernation file will be deleted from the disk.

Enabling the TRIM command

The writing mechanism in solid-state hard disks (SSD) differs from that in classic hard disks: a write to a memory cell is made only after an erase operation. And when an SSD tries to write information to a cell that stores data from previously deleted files, it first has to erase and then write. This halves the speed of writing files and reduces the resource of the disk itself, because the number of write cycles of an SSD is limited.

To prevent this from happening, there is a TRIM command in the ATA (Disk Drive Low Level Commands) command set that cleans up unallocated cells. On Windows 10, the TRIM command is enabled in Task Scheduler and runs regularly without user intervention. But if the system partition was cloned to an SSD from an old hard drive, TRIM can be disabled.

You can check the status of the command and activate it through the command line:

  • Use the WINX keys to open the user menu, from which select the “Command Prompt with Administrator Rights” option. Call a shell window
  • In the command processor window that opens, enter the fsutil behavior query DisableDeleteNotify command and press Enter.
  • If, as a result of executing the command, you get the value DisableDeleteNotify = 1, then TRIM is disabled on your PC and must be activated.
  • Type fsutil behavior set DisableDeleteNotify 0 and press Enter. Then the TRIM mode will be activated. Use the fsutil behavior set DisableDeleteNotify 0 command to enable the TRIM function on your computer.

Each SSD manufacturer releases software for their drives that automatically activates TRIM mode, switches the SATA controller to ACHI mode, displays actual drive wear and predicted drive life. Installing such a program immediately after installing the OS on the SSD will be very useful.

A few years ago, the author of the article bought a practically new SanDisk SSD, cloned the system from an old hard drive and began to work as usual, without performing any optimizations or settings. TRIM was disabled. Having installed a little more than a month later, the service utility, the author was surprised to find that during this time the disk had lost almost 4% of its resource. This is the price of work without the TRIM function activated. After activation, the disk loses a percentage of its resource in about 2 months of operation (quite hard). So don’t neglect your SSD optimization settings.

The process of installing Windows 10 on an SSD

Installing Windows 10 on a solid-state drive is no different from installing the system on a regular hard drive, except that it is several times faster due to the high speed of the SSD. The Windows 10 installer will automatically recognize your solid state drive and enable exactly the options and modes you need to run smoothly.

The installation wizard will guide you from start to finish of the system installation

Just connect the bootable drive to the USB port, select boot from a USB flash drive in the settings and follow the instructions of the operating system installation wizard.

Preparing for SSD Optimization

Using an old HDD

The first option is to turn it into a portable storage device. The procedure will be carried out using a special case in which the HDD is placed. It will provide disk protection and, thanks to the built-in board, add the connector needed to connect to a computer via a USB port. This solution is suitable for users who need a portable device for storing large amounts of information.

The second option is to install the HDD in place of the DVD drive. The latter is rarely used at the present time; moreover, it can be placed in a special “” for connection via USB-input, if necessary, read information from an optical disk. It is more convenient to install directly at the time of replacing the HDD with an SSD in a laptop. this way you don’t have to disassemble the computer twice.

There are two types of actuators: conventional, 12.7 mm thick, and ultra-thin, 9.5 mm thick. This nuance must be taken into account when choosing an adapter. The procedure itself is very simple and in many ways similar to the one described above. You just need to remove the DVD drive (often without removing the back cover), and then put the adapter in its place with the connected hard drive.

Looking to improve your laptop’s performance? Replacing the hard drive with an SSD

Budget and even mid-priced laptops are often equipped with conventional hard drives. The data exchange speed is rather low, only the memory capacity pleases. To improve the performance of your computer, it is recommended that you upgrade to a solid state drive. this procedure does not require special skills and can be done at home. The article below discusses in detail the replacement of HDD with SSD in a laptop, as well as advice on preliminary preparation and final commissioning of the component.

How to change HDD to SSD in a laptop

The step-by-step procedure will be considered using the ASUS K50C laptop as an example, since it requires removing the entire rear panel of the case to get to the drive. On other models, you may need to unscrew only part of the back cover.

  • Disconnect the laptop from all wires. Next, remove the battery compartment cover and disconnect the battery itself to completely de-energize the device.

The first bolt holding the back of the case is located in the battery compartment. The other four are located on the upper side edge, in the place where the monitor is mounted.

The back of the case is removed by sliding up.

The hard drive in this case is located in the lower right corner, above it is the DVD drive. Unscrew the 4 bolts holding the “” of the HDD.

Pull the edge of the tape and slide the drive out of the laptop case.

Unscrew the side screws to release the hard drive.

SSD form factor. 2.5 inches, so it will easily fit into the same “”.

  • Fasten the SSD with four screws and install the “” back into the laptop case.
  • Reassemble the remaining parts in reverse order.
  • Now you know how to install an SSD in a laptop yourself. Next, you will need to install the operating system (if it has not been previously transferred). However, before giving recommendations on this action, let’s say a few words about how to deal with the free hard drive.

    Information transfer

    Before directly replacing the drive, you need to think about the methods of transferring information. The choice consists of the following options:

  • Upload information to cloud storage.
  • Install the SSD, then use the SATA to USB adapter to connect the old drive and copy the files you need.
  • In order to keep the current copy of Windows, you should use programs that were developed by laptop manufacturers. For example, “Acer eRecovery Management” is used for Acer, “Solution center” for Lenovo, etc.

    The use of universal utilities is not excluded. An example is Macrium Reflect Free, which is distributed free of charge and supports the transfer of all modern versions of Windows.

    Detailed instructions for working with the programs can be found on the developers’ sites. In general, their functionality is similar: you need to select the objects to copy, specify the location on the connected disk, then start the procedure and wait for it to complete.

    Windows installation and BIOS setup

    The next step is to install the operating system on a faster SSD drive. If only it was installed in the laptop, then Windows will not be found, instead the inscription “Partition table invalid or corrupted” will appear. You should connect the installation flash drive and boot from it. Next, you select a drive for installing the OS, the remaining steps are no different from the usual ones for this operation. To work with a solid-state drive, Windows 7 or higher is used.

    In some cases, after installing an SSD in a laptop, you will need to visit the BIOS and set the priority of the drives. This is done in the “Boot” section, item “Hard Disc Drivers”.

    After installing the operating system, you can measure the speed of the new SSD through the Crystal Disk Mark program, although positive changes will be noticeable anyway. Windows will load faster, and the time it takes to open the browser and other programs will decrease.

    The information presented in the article will help you to replace the hard drive with an SSD drive. On a laptop, this procedure is quite simple: after removing the back cover, one component is replaced by another. A little more ingenuity will have to be shown if you want to install an old HDD instead of a DVD drive. After the performed manipulations, a clean installation of Windows on the solid-state drive is carried out. this will allow you to fully experience the performance gain.