How to expand laptop disk storage
Client: I need a new car.
Dealer: Excuse me, but the one that we
Was it sold to you last week? Something happened to him
Or did he suit you with something?
Client: Yes, there is a problem. He already has a full ashtray!
What are the ways to expand the disk memory of a laptop
It all depends on the preferences and requirements of the user. After all, the concept of expansion, first of all, implies a clear understanding of the essence of the problem, expressed in quantitative and qualitative terms: how much space is needed now, how quickly the volume of information is growing, for how long a specific volume will last, etc. Depending on this, the task is formed and her decision; most likely it will be unique for each case.
It’s impossible to just say, “Replace the hard drive with a more capacious one that you can afford,” it’s not always wise. As well as advising you to purchase one or two external drives and carry them with you. this is also not a solution for all situations. Therefore, I will try to consider all possible options, and I’ll start with the classic one. when the free disk space is over.
Option 1. Optimizing disk space
The most common mistake newbies make is not understanding what they are doing. In combination with the Reluctance (or Inability) of teachers, the culture of use (even in specialized courses on computer management) has led to a terrible effect: working with the Internet, regularly downloads updates or “Merge” pictures / videos from a camera / camcorder, people perform actions, helpfully Offered by the operating system and application software, without even thinking about how reasonable and secure it is.
Of course, thanks to the software developers for learning how to make choices for a person, but in the end we have Overflowed disks. Indeed, rarely will anyone allocate all the available space on a physical medium for the system partition. most often the OS will allocate a sandbox of 40 GB, and the rest of the space. under another volume. For example, “Drive C: /” and “Drive D: /”.
Of course, by default, all information will be automatically redirected to C, as a result, the free capacity will quickly be exhausted. At the same time, 600 GB on disk D can remain completely intact, and in such a situation the main task is to free the system disk as much as possible from user data, transfer them to the working partition.
Often it is enough to inspect the folders “My Documents”, “My Videos”, “Pictures”, clear them completely, transfer all the contents to the D drive, placing everything on it in accordance with the logic of use: put “Photos” in the “Pictures” folder, “Funny Pictures”, “Album Covers”, “Embroidery Patterns”; distribute thematic content between the folders “Video”, “Audio”, “Library” and “Documents”. It is likely that the transfer of only THIS data will immediately free up a gigabyte that way 20-30, and then at least for a while you can breathe calmly.
If this is not enough, you can transfer some of the programs installed on the system disk by uninstalling them and reinstalling them on a larger partition. And it’s okay. they will work excellently from there (if it is NOT specified separately as a contraindication).
Finally, you can transfer the Windows swap file: by default, it also “eats” a lot, and is capable of 3 GB of activities. there is no place for it on the system disk.
The problem is solved: simply, without money. Hardly anyone might need to go further, cleans out obsolete files or browser cache. But if there is a need. so what. With the help of programs like CCleaner, this task can be easily solved. Only during the procedure you need to be careful, and if there is no confidence in what is being done, it is better to involve a knowledgeable person.
Option 2. Placing data in the “cloud”
The term “cloud technology” only sounds like something new, in fact, these technologies have been around for many years. These include data storage (such as FTP services and SkyDrive), photo albums (Picasa), documents (Google Docs), videos (YouTube). There are even online music libraries, however, they are still far from perfect, and music takes up less disk space than photos and videos. The undoubted advantage of such “cloud” services is that they NOT only store data, but also allow, for example, to work with office documents or edit photos. That is, the user does not need to keep such programs and files on the hard disk at all: it is enough to acquire a good Internet channel (since now this is not a problem). In total, enough space is freed up on the laptop hard disk and the need for increasing capacity is eliminated.
One of the most simple and transparent (for the user) services is offered by Google. In order to start using Google web applications, you need to do a few simple steps. First of all, install the Google Chrome browser and the Picasa graphics program. The second is to create a user profile, for which it is enough to create a Gmail mail account. The third step will be to create your own workspace by installing the necessary extensions into the browser. a news feed reader, a mail informer, a calendar, a calculator, an alarm clock, and a panel for quick access to cloud services. In addition to extensions, you can install Google applications, which are easily integrated into the browser.
It is not difficult to calculate how many programs you can get rid of at once, and if you replace Internet messengers (Skype, AIM / ICQ, GTalk) with one IMO web application. the hard disk will become much more spacious! Most of THESE extensions and apps are available from the Chrome Web Store and take a minimum of time to install. The choice is great. from games to specialized software, and then any user will choose to his taste almost everything that he needs for work.
Option 3. Replacing the HDD with more capacious ones
On the other hand, not all users are ready to give their precious programs and archives into the unknown. And let the developers assure that everything is reliable and thoughtful, but your shirt is closer to the body, and it is not so easy to abandon your favorite and time-tested programs. What to do, a person is conservative by nature. However, it is not always possible to transfer data to the “cloud”. For example, there is no good replacement for Adobe Photoshop yet. Therefore, it remains to switch to a non-budget option and still start upgrading the disk subsystem.
So, the first step: we remove the archived data from the working drive. Obviously, not all that lies on it will be needed for daily work, and not all information can be placed on optical media. And it would be nice if she was with you. what if you need it? To do this, it is better to divide information into two categories: the first is to be stored permanently, as a long-term archive, the second is to be able to carry it with you. Of course, in both cases we are talking about a removable external storage device connected to a laptop via USB or (for speed) eSATA. For home storage, it is more profitable to purchase a larger (1-6 TB) model based on one or several 3.5-inch HDDs. For wearable archives, a 2.5-inch drive is optimal. the so-called version. Its volume is smaller (up to 1.5 TB), but this is more than enough for the needs of a portable archive. Then everything is simple: we transfer archives from the built-in HDD to an external one and free up space for work needs.
In fact, all of the above techniques can be guaranteed to solve the problem of “overflowing ashtray”. But, as always, there are a few percent of laptop owners with insufficient hard disk space. In this case, there is a way out. you will have to change it. Actually, the operation is simple: it is enough to purchase a disk drive of the required capacity and compatible in size and contact the service center with a request to change it while preserving the file structure, OS and data.
In principle, you can carry out this operation yourself, but this is an option for advanced users, who themselves know very well what and how to do. But if you still decide to do such an operation yourself, then the sequence of actions is as follows. First, we make an image of the system disk with any suitable program (for example, Acronis True Image Home 2011) and place it on an external medium (flash drive, external HDD). Then copy the information from the second (and other) sections there, each in its own folder. You can take a complete image of the existing HDD, but the first one is no worse. it all depends on your preferences. Then we create a bootable media with which we will perform the recovery operation. Then we remove the cover, disconnecting the battery, Removing the old drive, Install the new one and collect everything in reverse order. We turn on the laptop, go to the BIOS, make sure that the new hard drive is detected correctly, and then select the boot device (the one that we did earlier). We start from the bootable media, start the Recovery process for the system disk, wait for it to complete. We reboot from the new drive, make sure that everything went correctly, and transfer the data from the external storage to the working partitions (if necessary, create and mark them up manually). If everything went smoothly, the replacement process is complete.
Are there laptop models with the ability to install a second HDD
This question is often asked by users who believe that one drive is not enough for their needs. But do not forget two points: first, a laptop is a portable tool for mobile work, 300 and installing two drives will negatively affect all characteristics. The weight will increase, the battery life will decrease, the temperature inside the case will increase, and accordingly, higher performance of the cooling system will be required. Secondly, many models are produced equipped with eSATA and FireWire interfaces, and they allow you to connect an external drive without all of the above problems and without any loss in operating speed. So the idea of installing two hard drives in one laptop itself is dubious, nevertheless, some manufacturers are ready to PROVIDE discerning users with such an opportunity. It is mainly available in exclusive desktop replacement models. For example, the ASUS Lamborghini VX7 model can be equipped with two HDDs with a total capacity of 1.5 TB. And the ASUS K93SV laptop is designed to install two drives of different form factors (3.5 and 2.5 inches). However, when choosing a laptop with two disks (especially when it comes to further expansion), you need to carefully study the proposals: for example, HP Pavilion dv7 buyers were faced with the fact that there was no sled or wires to install a second HDD in the kit, which in total caused problems. And if you decide to purchase just such a laptop, make sure in advance that it comes with everything you need, or immediately Buy a model with two drives.
Choice of RAM
In order not to be mistaken with the selection of RAM for a PC or laptop, you need to know the maximum possible amount with which the motherboard works. For example, a user. 8 gigabytes, and 32 GB can be put into the motherboard.
In this case, it will turn out to double the RAM, installed a couple of modules of 8 gigs, or four, set 2 strips of 16 GB each. If the motherboard has 4 slots, there is an option to install a 4×8 GB kit.
What else should be considered:
- Mismatched specifications such as timings, frequencies, and volumes will reduce performance. Therefore, it is better to choose complete strips.
- In 2-channel mode, the speed increases, because the strips are installed in 2 slots. Or through one, if the user installs two modules, and there are 4 slots in the motherboard.
- Maximum RAM. Total for memory slots. In a device that supports 32 GB of RAM, one bar with such a volume will not work.
- RAM for desktop and laptop differs in form factor.
What to do if the laptop does not see the new RAM
How can you fix the situation:
See if the RAM strips are inserted correctly. Try to insert them again.
Make sure the memory and board are compatible. A mismatch is rare: usually, inappropriate modules are simply not installed in the motherboard.
Test RAM for malfunction. This can be done using the free software Memtest86.
Clean contacts. You can use a simple eraser, but better with a cotton cloth soaked in isopropyl alcohol. When everything is dry, blown dust off the bar and put it on the motherboard.
Testing on another PC. If you have a computer with a suitable board, try putting the bar there. Works? Perhaps the motherboard itself is on the first desktop of damage. Does not work? It’s definitely about RAM. If you have an additional PC, then you can try to insert other compatible modules into your device.
Usually, if the RAM is chosen correctly, there are no problems.
How to find out the RAM version
This information about RAM is displayed in the “Performance” section, which can be found in the remote control. You need to find “Speed” in it. The RAM type will be displayed here. The version can also be viewed on the box or sticker located on the modules themselves.
How to install a new module
Placing a bar into an oregano is a simple task. The steps are described in the table.
Why do you need to increase RAM
It is worth adding RAM to increase computer performance. Explicit signals that it’s time to add more memory space:
- PC itself reports shortages;
- After updating the desktop or laptop it became much slower;
- All parameters of the device meet the system requirements of heavy software (software), but it does NOT start.
Before upgrading, remember that 32-bit OS (operating systems) accept a maximum of 4 gigabytes of RAM. If you need more, it’s worth reinstalling the operating system.
How to increase the computer’s RAM
There are 2 ways to do this:
- Insert larger RAM;
- Use a USB flash drive.
This section describes the first option.
How to increase the random access memory (RAM, RAM) of your computer in 4 steps. all the ways
The article tells why you need higher RAM (random access memory) and gives instructions on how to do it. In addition to the obvious solution, how to purchase more spacious modules, there is another interesting option.
Determine the number of free slots
This can be done using the classic OS tools: “Task Manager” (DZ) → “Performance” → “Memory”. Below you will see how many slots the computer is designed for. Another option is to use free software like CPU-Z.
But these methods have drawbacks. The first method will work only if there is a tenth system per user. Special program sometimes makes mistakes.
You can disassemble the PC and see how many slots are on the motherboard. The second option is to use the Internet: set the exact model of your PC or laptop and see the characteristics. If the user assembled the computer on his own, in the search line he needs to kill the name of the motherboard.
What RAM is needed for a laptop
Before buying memory sticks (RAM modules) to increase the RAM on a laptop, it would be nice to know how many RAM slots there are and how many of them are occupied, as well as what type of memory you need. If you have Windows 10 installed, then this can be done very simply: start the task manager (you can from the menu that appears by right-clicking on the Start button), if the task manager is presented in a compact form, click the “” button below, then go to the “Performance” tab and select “Memory”.
At the bottom right, you will see information about how many memory slots are used and how many are available, as well as data on the memory frequency in the “Speed” item (from this information you can find out if DDR3 or DDR4 memory is used on a laptop, also the type of memory is indicated at the top. ). Unfortunately, this data is not always accurate (sometimes the presence of 4 slots or sockets for RAM is displayed, although in fact there are 2 of them).
In Windows 7 and 8, there is no such information in the task manager, but here we will be helped by the free CPU-Z program, which shows in detail information about a computer or laptop. You can download the program from the developer’s official website at https://www.Cpuid.com/softwares/cpu-z.html (I recommend downloading the ZIP archive to run CPU-Z without installing it on your computer, located in the Download column on the left).
After downloading, run the program and pay attention to the following tabs, which will help us in the task of increasing the laptop’s RAM:
- On the SPD tab, you can see the number of memory slots, its type, size and manufacturer.
- If, when selecting one of the slots, all the fields turned out to be empty, this means that the slot is most likely empty (once I came across that it was not so).
- On the Memory tab, you can see details in the type, total memory, timings.
- On the Mainboard tab, you can view detailed information about the laptop motherboard, which allows you to find the specifications of this motherboard and chipset on the Internet and find out exactly what memory and in what volumes are supported.
- In general, in most cases, a glance at the SPD tab is enough, all the necessary information on the type, frequency and number of slots is there, and from it you can deduce the answer to the question of whether it is possible to increase the laptop memory and what is needed for this.
Note: in some cases CPU-Z may show 4 memory slots for laptops, in which there are actually only 2 of them. Consider this, as well as the fact that almost all laptops have exactly 2 slots (except for some gaming and professional models).
For example, from the screenshots above, you can draw conclusions:
- The laptop has two slots for RAM.
- One is occupied by a 4 GB DDR3 PC3-12800 module.
- The used chipset is HM77, the supported maximum amount of RAM is 16 GB (this is searched on the Internet for the chipset, laptop model or motherboard).
This way I can:
- Buy another 4GB RAM SO-DIMM (laptop memory) DDR3 PC12800 and increase the laptop memory to 8GB.
- Buy two modules, but 8 GB each (4 will have to be removed) and increase the RAM to 16 GB.
RAM for laptop
To work in dual-channel mode (and this is preferable, because the memory works faster, with twice the frequency), two modules of the same volume are required (the manufacturer may be different, if, for example, we use the first option) in two slots. Also Considering that the maximum amount of supported memory is based on all slots: for example, the maximum memory is 16 GB and there are two slots, this means that you can install 88 GB, but not one 16 GB memory module.
In addition to these methods to determine what memory is needed, how many free slots there are, and how much it can be maximized, you can use the following methods:
- Search the Internet for information in the Maximum amount of RAM specifically for your laptop. Unfortunately, such data is not always available on official sites, but often on third-party sites. For example, if you enter the query “laptop_model max ram” in Google, usually one of the first results is a website from the memory manufacturer Crucial, which always has accurate data on the number of slots, the maximum amount and type of memory that can be used (example of information on screenshot below).
- If this is not difficult for you. see visually what memory is already installed in the laptop, is there a free slot (sometimes, especially on cheap laptops, there may not be a free slot at all, and the existing memory strip is soldered to the motherboard).
How to increase the RAM of a laptop
Few in laptops are upgradable (or at least difficult), but increasing the amount of RAM in many cases is easy enough. This step-by-step guide on how to increase your laptop’s RAM is aimed primarily at novice users. It can also be useful: is it possible to put different RAM on a laptop or computer.
Some laptops of past years may have configurations that are NOT quite balanced by today’s standards, for example. Core i7 and 4 GB of RAM, although it can be increased to 8, 16 or even 32 GB for some laptops, which for a number of applications, games, work with video and graphics can speed up your work and are inexpensive. It should be borne in mind that to work with a large amount of RAM, you will need to install 64-bit Windows on a laptop (provided that 32-bit is currently used), in more detail: Windows does not see RAM.
How to install RAM in a laptop
In this example, we will consider the option of installing RAM in a laptop when it was directly provided by the manufacturer. in this case, access to the memory slots is facilitated, as a rule, there is a separate cover for this. Previously, it was almost the standard for laptops, now, in pursuit of compactness or for other reasons, separate technological covers for replacing components (eliminating the need to remove the entire lower part) are found only on Some devices of the corporate segment, workstations and other laptops that go beyond consumer segment framework.
THOSE. In ultrabooks and compact laptops, there is nothing like this comment: you need to unscrew and carefully remove the entire bottom panel, and the disassembly scheme may differ from model to model. over, for some laptops, such an upgrade will void the warranty, please consider this.
Note: if you do not know how to install memory in your laptop, I recommend you go to YouTube and search for the keyword “laptop model ram upgrade”. most likely you will find a video where the whole process, including the correct removal of the cover, will be demonstrated visually. I quote exactly the English-language request for the reason that in Russian it is rarely possible to find a disassembly of a particular laptop and installation of memory.
- Turn off your laptop, including from the outlet. It is also advisable to remove the battery (if it cannot be disconnected, and without opening the laptop, then disconnect the battery first after opening).
- Use a screwdriver to open the cover, you will see the memory modules installed in the slots. If you need to remove NOT a separate cover, but the entire rear panel, try to find instructions on how to do it correctly, as there is a risk of damaging the case.
- RAM modules can be removed, or new ones added. When removing, please note that, as a rule, memory modules are fixed on the side of the latch, which must be bent.
- When you insert memory, do it tightly, until the latches snap into place (on most models). All this is comparatively not difficult, you will NOT be able to make a mistake here.
When finished, replace the cover, install the battery, if necessary. Connect to the mains, turn on the laptop and check if the BIOS and Windows can see the installed RAM.
System disk and RAM
Random access memory, or, as the people say, operative memory, is a random access memory of a computer device. In fact, the operational is a volatile component of the entire computer memory system, where commands and various data are stored for a period of time. what the processor needs to be able to perform all kinds of operations.
It should be understood that the system disk and RAM are two different things. To increase the operating capacity, you need to have enough free space on the disk, at least 10 or 15 GB. If there is not enough free space on the hard disk, the operative together with its commands and files will not “fits” to disk, and the processor stops working efficiently. To rectify the situation, it is required to provide the required space for the operative, “clearing” the hard disk drive and thereby expanding the memory and increasing the speed of the computer.
How to increase RAM at the expense of Hard disk
Admin 09 October 2015 Hits: 61309
This article will talk about how to expand RAM at the expense of a hard disk, since the answer to this question is of interest to many users of computer devices. It often happens that such a manipulation becomes a necessity and helps in cases where the computer starts to slow down and freezes, and does not respond to commands or crashes altogether.
Expanding disk memory
Further, it is recommended to act very carefully. You will see a list of disks on the computer device, due to which you will expand the RAM. You need to determine how much free space is on each of the drives. As a rule, the expansion of RAM is carried out by means of the C: or D: drives. let’s say that you are interested in the latter option.
In the “Virtual memory” window, click on the D: drive, then select the “Special size” item and enter this very original size: say, 2000 (the maximum possible size is 4000). You can set the same values for both the minimum and maximum, and this value can be made approximately three times more than the volume of your “physical” operational.
There is NO need to change anything else, just click on the affirmative “OK” button. Then in the window “Performance Settings” also click on “OK” and in the “System Properties” window. also click on “OK”.
After you have completed all the above steps, you will only have to restart the computer device. That’s all. the operational has been successfully increased due to the disk you have chosen. You can enjoy the speed of your computer.
How to expand RAM at the expense of hard drives
To expand the RAM at the expense of hard disk drives, you need to take the following steps:
- Find the “My Computer” icon on the desktop and right-click on it.
- You will see a context menu, from which select “Properties” and Click on it.
- After clicking on “Properties” a window with the name “System Properties” will open. Here you will see a lot of different tabs, but don’t let their abundance scare you, since you only need one. “Advanced”. Click on it with the mouse once.
- Several additional items will appear in front of you, from which you need to select the “Performance” option, and in it. the “Parameters” item.
- In the “Settings” a new window with the name “Performance Settings” will open, in which you will be asked to select your Next actions. Here you also need to select the “Advanced” item.
- Take a look at what the tab has suggested for you. You will see three items, from which select the term “Virtual memory”. and click on the “Change” button.
- After that, a new (third in a row) window with the name “Virtual memory” will open again in front of you.
However, keep in mind that a lot of different “garbage” gradually accumulates on the system disk. These are temporary programs, applications, files that need to be deleted periodically, because all this “junk” takes up space on the hard disk drive and slows down the system. In order to clean up a hard drive, you do not need to have any Special knowledge. It is enough to use the capabilities of a special utility that cleans and defragments the disk quickly and efficiently. There are many such programs, and they are all effective.
Install the program on your computer and run it by clicking on the “Search” button. The utility will begin to analyze the system of your computer, and then will offer to tick the files and programs to be removed. You will be surprised, but there are a lot of them, and they can be removed without any consequences for further work on the computer. A list of recommended items for men can be found online. Check these items and click on the “Clear” button. You will be immediately informed how much disk space will be freed after deletion.
While analyzing the system, removing garbage and diffraction, you can continue to work on the computer device. If the computer slows down at the same time, do not be alarmed: after cleaning, its performance will significantly accelerate.
Do not forget to clean the disk from time to time, so that garbage does NOT accumulate, as its quantity will sooner or later turn into “quality”. and it will take you a long time to free the disk. Enjoy your work!
Increase video memory on a laptop
Every laptop has an integrated graphics card, and more expensive models also have a discrete graphics chip. Users who have difficulty running demanding games or programs often ask themselves the question: “How to increase the memory of a video card.” In such situations, there is only one method for each type of GPU, let’s analyze them in detail.
Every laptop is equipped with an integrated graphics card. Such a chip is embedded in the processor and is usually very weak, and not suitable for running complex programs and games. We are with our article at the link below to find out all the Necessary information about what an integrated graphics chip is.
The increase in memory of this type of GPU is as follows:
- All subsequent actions are performed in the BIOS, so you first need to go to it. This process is carried out quite simply in one of the possible ways. Read them in our other article.
In the menu that opens, go to the “Advanced Chipset Features” section. The title of this section may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Select the “AGP Aperture Size” parameter and change its value to the maximum.
In the second BIOS versions, this setting is called differently, most often it is “DUMT / FIXED Memory Size”.
All that remains is to save the configuration and restart the computer. Recommended Please note that if you did NOT see a noticeable result when increasing the indicators, you can safely return the settings to the standard ones, this will only prolong the life of the graphics chip.
Boosting video memory on a laptop
Increasing the value of the video card memory is performed by changing the parameters in the BIOS or using special software. For two types of GPU, there is a different way of changing the required parameters. You just need to choose your type and follow the instructions.
Discrete graphics card
The discrete graphics card is removable and usually powerful enough to play complex games well and run demanding programs. You can find all the details about this type of GPU in our article at the link below.
Overclocking of this type of GPU is no longer performed through the BIOS, and an increase in memory alone will not be enough to get a tangible increase. Overclocking of cards from AMD and NVIDIA is carried out in different ways due to differences in software and equipment. In the second articles on our site there are step by step the described overclocking instructions. We recommend them to Familiarization.
After overclocking, the GPU will begin to radiate much more heat, which can provoke overheating and an emergency shutdown of the laptop. We recommend increasing the rotation speed of coolers in any convenient way.
Increasing the video memory in an integrated and discrete graphics chip is not easy, but after completing all the procedures, you will immediately notice the result, an increase in performance and an increase in device performance. We hope our instructions have helped you understand the principle of changing video memory values.