How to find out the type of RAM on a laptop

Why test RAM

Preventive tests of the health of computer components, including RAM, is a useful procedure. If you notice an error in time, you can fix it at an early stage. So the user will save himself from the stress associated with constant system failures and a general loss of performance. Diagnostics will also help to understand whether the user is buying a good bar (this applies to purchasing a used option).

How to check RAM in Windows 10: 2 ways

If the PC suddenly began to malfunction or its performance decreased, it may be due to the RAM. To understand if this is the case, you need to test this component. How this can be done, the article tells.

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What RAM errors look like

It is not easy to understand that something has happened to the RAM without special diagnostics, but there are signs.

RAM failure indications:

  • PC malfunction, error notification.
  • The screen color changed by itself, without any user settings.
  • Decrease in system performance, this is especially noticeable when using resource-intensive programs, games.
  • Launched applications crash and are accompanied by an error message, more often. containing a coded set of numbers.
  • Blue screen (BSOD) that appears at startup or during operation.
  • Unplanned OS restart.

Important! During defragmentation of the hard drive, an error warning that indicates the presence of corrupted files does not always mean that it is the permanent drive. Signals of this kind sometimes indicate serious problems with the operative.

How to check RAM in Windows 10

There are testing methods both with the help of special software and with standard operating system tools. The last solution is effective on Windows 7-10 versions.

Built-in RAM Checker

The integrated RAM test software is very easy to find. You need to use the WinR combination to invoke the command line and type mdsched. Then you need to confirm the action. You can use the search. What’s next. in the table.

Third party utilities

There is a lot of special software with which you can check the RAM. One such tool, memtest86, is efficient and free.

How to work with the program:

  • Burn the image to media by creating a bootable USB flash drive / disk.
  • Insert the drive into a drive or port so that it can be read in BIOS.
  • Select boot device.
  • Save settings.
  • The application will load, and all that remains is to wait: all actions will be performed automatically.

Upon completion of testing, the user will receive a report.

Tip: it is better to check each memory bar separately. To do this, you have to pull out one module from the PC.

Why errors appear in RAM

The memory consists of bits, which are denoted by zero or one. A binary system in a PC is trained to perceive this information and translate it into readable data adapted for user perception.

If errors occur, the computer either corrects them, or reads the information incorrectly, which leads to malfunctions.

Common causes of RAM errors:

  • Accumulation of dust, dirt inside the system unit.
  • Internal and external damage, not only to the RAM itself, but also to the motherboard.
  • Incompatibility of RAM modules: non-identical strips cause a conflict within the system, which leads to software failures, and sometimes even interferes with the launch of the OS.
  • Factory defect or substandard components. Here the way out is to buy models of only trusted brands.
  • Overheating or overcooling of modules.
  • Malfunction of the power supply.

How to increase the computer’s RAM

  • insert more RAM;
  • use a flash drive.

This section describes the first option.

How to increase the random access memory (RAM, RAM) of your computer in 4 steps. all the ways

The article tells why you need to increase RAM (random access memory) and gives instructions on how to do it. In addition to the obvious solution, how to purchase more spacious modules, there is another interesting option.

Why you need to increase RAM

It is worth adding RAM to increase the performance of your computer. Explicit signals that it’s time to add more memory space:

  • The PC itself reports the shortage;
  • after updating the desktop or laptop it became much slower;
  • all parameters of the device meet the system requirements of heavy software (software), but it does not start.

Before upgrading, remember: 32-bit OS (operating systems) accept a maximum of 4 gig of RAM. If you need more, it’s worth reinstalling the operating system.

Choice of RAM

In order not to be mistaken with the selection of RAM for a PC or laptop, you need to know the maximum possible amount with which the motherboard works. For example, a user has 8 gigabytes, and you can put 32 GB in the motherboard.

In this case, it will be possible to double the RAM by installing a couple of modules of 8 gigabytes, or four by installing 2 strips of 16 GB each. If the motherboard has 4 slots, there is an option to install a 4×8 GB kit.

  • Mismatched specifications such as timings, frequency, and volume reduce performance. Therefore, it is better to choose complete strips.
  • In 2-channel mode, the speed increases, because the strips are installed in 2 slots. Or through one, if the user installs two modules, and there are 4 slots in the motherboard.
  • The maximum amount of RAM is the total for memory slots. In a device that supports 32 GB of RAM, one bar with such a volume will not work.
  • RAM for desktop and laptop differs in form factor.

What to do if the laptop does not see the new RAM

See if the RAM strips are inserted correctly. Try to insert them again.

Make sure the memory and board are compatible. A mismatch is rare: usually, inappropriate modules are simply not installed in the motherboard.

Test RAM for malfunction. This can be done using the free software Memtest86.

Clean up contacts. You can use a simple eraser, but better with a cotton rag soaked in isopropyl alcohol. When everything is dry, blow dust off the bar and put it in the motherboard.

Testing on another PC. If you have a computer with a suitable board, try putting the bar there. Working? Perhaps the motherboard itself is damaged on the first desktop. Does not work? It’s definitely a matter of RAM. If there is no additional PC, then you can try to insert other compatible modules into your device.

Usually, if the RAM is chosen correctly, there are no problems.

How to install a new module

Inserting the strip into the motherboard is a simple task. The steps are described in the table.

How to find out the RAM on a laptop

Before proceeding with the replacement of RAM, you need to decide what ports in the laptop for installing it, as well as how many of them are there in total.

Please note: Not always all RAM slots are occupied in a laptop. Often there are several free slots, respectively, new RAM can be added to the existing one.

In the Windows 10 operating system, a convenient tool has appeared right in the “Task Manager”, which allows you to see what kind of RAM is used in the laptop, as well as how many slots are occupied. To do this, press CtrlAltDel and go to the “Task Manager”, then select the “Performance” tab at the top and switch to the “Memory” column in the left column. After that, it will become clear how much RAM is in the laptop now, what kind of memory it is, how many memory slots there are, and also at what speed it works.

If your computer is not updated to Windows 10, there are other ways to find out information about RAM without disassembling the device case. The easiest option is to use one of the third-party applications, such as the CPU-Z program. It allows you to find out data about the computer, including RAM.

RAM information is listed on the SPD tab. Using the drop-down list, you can determine how many slots for RAM are in the computer.

If, after switching to one of the slots, it does not contain information about the RAM, this indicates that this slot is empty.

The type of RAM can be found on the tab that contains the memory module, it is indicated at the very beginning of the information about the installed module. You can also see the size of this memory module and the manufacturer there.

If you need to find out the total amount of memory on a laptop, you can do this on the Memory tab.

In a similar way, you can determine how many free slots for RAM are in the laptop, as well as which modules you need to purchase so that there are no compatibility problems.

Important: If you plan to purchase additional memory for your laptop, it is better that the RAM modules are the same (at least in volume). This is required for the computer to be able to operate in dual channel mode.

When it makes sense to increase laptop RAM

Random access memory is one of the important parameters of any computer. Standard programs now use much more RAM than they did a few years ago. This is due to the fact that it has become much more affordable, and most computers are now installed “out of the box” 8, 16, 32 or 64 GB of RAM.

If your laptop is old enough, but at the same time it has been updated to the more demanding Windows 10 operating system, or it uses resource-demanding applications, it may make sense to increase the amount of RAM in it. This is advisable when the laptop has a good processor and video card, and the performance problems that arise are related precisely to a lack of RAM.

There are several “symptoms” that indicate that the computer does not have enough RAM to perform its tasks:

  • If, after the next update of the operating system, the computer began to cope with the tasks set much slower, this indicates that standard applications are seriously consuming RAM, and there is not enough of it;
  • If a message about insufficient memory appears during computer operation;
  • If a number of programs or games simply do not start, while the rest of the characteristics of the computer are suitable for them.

Important: Remember that if your laptop has a 32-bit operating system, it can run with no more than 4 GB of RAM.

How to increase RAM on a laptop

Laptops have long been significantly more popular than desktop computers. They are more mobile, take up much less space and are easier to operate. A laptop can easily work for several years with virtually no glitches, but its main drawback is the almost complete lack of the ability to improve performance. However, one of the parameters of a laptop that can be changed relatively easily is the amount of RAM. Any user can easily increase the RAM of a laptop, and in this article we will look at how to do this.

How to install RAM in a laptop

Please note: The following will be general rules, while the situation from computer to computer may differ.

Typically, laptop manufacturers provide for the possibility that the user wants to replace the RAM, so they make access to it as easy as possible. Most often, you do not need to disassemble the entire computer to get to the memory slots, you just need to remove the separate cover.

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Important: Remember that if the laptop is still under warranty, replacing the RAM in it will void the warranty.

To replace the RAM in a laptop, you will need:

  • Turn off the computer completely, then remove the battery from it (if possible without interfering with the device case);
  • Then, using a screwdriver, remove the cover, under which the RAM connectors are located. If there are any difficulties with determining where the RAM is located, or problems with removing the cover, we recommend that you contact YouTube with the appropriate request for your laptop model. Most likely, you will find the necessary instructions on video hosting;
  • Next, remove the memory modules, or install additional ones. To remove the modules, usually, it is enough to snap off the latches located on the sides;
  • When installing new memory modules, insert them firmly so that they do not “dangle” after they are latched in place.

When the installation of the new RAM modules is complete, close the lid and turn on the laptop. After that, it is recommended to check with the above methods, whether the computer detects new RAM.

How to find out what type of RAM is on a computer and laptop (see to determine)

Technical requirements for software, and especially for games, are growing every day. Therefore, many users are thinking about how to upgrade their personal computer. The desire to increase the amount of RAM visited every PC user. The question is how to find out its characteristics, what kind of RAM is used on the computer, its frequency for the correct search and better selection.

We’ll look at several options. Option one, we need to open our system unit or the lid of a laptop and get out the RAM bar on which there is a corresponding marking with the type of memory and its characteristics.

How to find out the type of RAM on a laptop?

Basic parameters of RAM
Ways to determine the type of installed memory
Programs for determining the parameters of RAM

Before increasing the amount of RAM on a laptop, you should check what type of RAM is already available on this PC. If you install an unsuitable module, a conflict between the old and new memory sticks may occur, as a result of which the laptop will malfunction, freeze, or even stop turning on. Consider what characteristics you need to pay attention to when choosing a new RAM and how to determine the type of RAM already installed on a laptop.

The first step is to figure out which parameters are considered decisive for random access memory devices. These characteristics are:

Generation (type) is the algorithm by which memory chips function. The rest of the RAM parameters depend on it (speed and efficiency, supply voltage, etc.). Today there are four generations of RAM. from DDR 1 to DDR 4.
Capacity. Determines how much information can simultaneously fit into RAM.
Speed ​​standard. Indicates the bandwidth of the module, measured in Mb / s. These standards have an alphanumeric designation and always begin with the “PC” marking.operativnaya-8
Manufacturer and serial number. Each company assigns its product a certain marking (part number).
Timing. Determines the time spent on accessing RAM chips. The smaller it is, the better.
Ways to determine the type of installed memory

You can find out which model of RAM is on a laptop in several ways:

You can check the amount of RAM with a simple call to the properties of the laptop. To do this, on the shortcut “My Computer”, click the RMB and select “Properties” in the list that opens. The RAM capacity can be viewed in the corresponding line.

However, the information obtained in this way is not enough, so you need to find out the rest of the RAM parameters. All memory card manufacturers put important data directly on the strip. To check them, you need to disassemble the laptop, remove the RAM from it and carefully read the existing designation.

As an example, consider how to find out the model and characteristics of RAM.

Our RAM is produced by the South Korean company Hynix. Slot capacity. 4 GB. By the abbreviation 1Rx8, you can find out that the bar is one-sided (1R), that is, all the microcircuits are placed on one side. Double-sided RAM is indicated by the 2R mark. Number 8 indicates the number of memory chips.

This model has a capacity of RS3-12800. This allows you to find out the type of RAM (DDR3) and the maximum operating speed (12800 MB / s). To determine what the RAM frequency is, 12800 should be divided by 8, which will be equal to 1600 MHz.

Let’s consider another example. RAM for a laptop from Kingston, model KHX6400D2LL / 1G: operativnaya-4

RAM type. DDR2;
speed of work. 6400 Mb / s;
frequency. 6400/8 = 800 MHz;
capacity. 1 GB;
2.0V means that the board is powered by a non-standard voltage. 2 V, which must be manually set in BIOS.
On some storage devices, information is presented in a non-standard form, however, in such cases, you can find out their parameters. For example, Kingston RAM labeled KHX1600C9D3X2K2 / 8GX has the following properties:

frequency. 1600 MHz;
C9. 9 clock cycles delay;
type. DDR3;
8GX. ​​4 GB capacity.
Programs for determining the parameters of RAM

If for some reason you do not want to disassemble the laptop (for example, it is under warranty), but you still need to check what kind of RAM it has, you can use additional software.

One of the most effective programs in this area is AIDA64. It allows you to find out not only the type and parameters of the storage device, but also the characteristics of the rest of the hardware. To check what kind of RAM is on the laptop, you need to:

How to find out how much RAM is on Android?

Go to the Android prefix settings, on a white background, scroll down and you will immediately see the amount of RAM and internal.

How to find out how much memory you have on a video card?

To do this, open the Start menu and type dxdiag.exe in the Run box. In the window that opens, go to the second tab called “Monitor”. The line “Total memory” indicates the amount of RAM of your video card.

How to find out the amount of RAM in the BIOS?

  • We go into the BIOS by pressing Del or F2.
  • On the advanced settings page, go to the “Ai Tweaker” tab, find the “Memory Frequency” parameter and in the drop-down window select the desired clock frequency of the RAM.

How to find out what kind of RAM is installed in the computer?

Find the “My Computer” icon in the left pane. Right-click on it, and then select the “Properties” option at the very bottom of the list that appears. In the center of the window, you will see the inscription “Installed memory (RAM):”. The amount of RAM on the computer will be indicated here.

How to choose RAM in a laptop?

The most promising investment is considered to be the purchase of a laptop with fourth generation DDR4 memory and a clock frequency of 2133 MHz. But you can use more budget options with SO-DIMM modules with a frequency of 1333/1600 MHz. The optimal amount of memory for laptops today is considered to be 8-16 GB.

How much RAM do you need in a laptop?

By default, budget laptops are equipped with 4 GB of RAM, most users choose 8 GB, and only top solutions come with 16 GB of “RAM”. As mentioned above, the more RAM a laptop has, the better.

How to find out your motherboard model?

How to find out your motherboard model in the Windows command prompt

  • Run Command Prompt (see How to Launch Command Prompt).
  • Type the following command and hit Enter.
  • wmic baseboard get product.
  • As a result, in the window you will see the model of your motherboard.

How to find out the RAM of your computer? Easily!

Hello everyone! It is a long time since I wrote about computers, but all because I found a new job and I have no time at all. Today I will tell you how to find out the computer’s RAM.

Computer performance depends on many factors, including the amount of RAM. This article will tell you how to independently find out the RAM of your computer.

How to find out the RAM of your computer in several ways, which are described below.

Further, after reading the article, you can figure out how to find out the RAM of a computer or laptop. We act and repeat after me!

  • Open the context menu of the shortcut “My Computer” (right-click on it once). Next select “Properties”.

As a result, a window will appear where the size of the available RAM, the type of operating system (for example, 32-bit), etc. will be indicated.

  • An alternative method is to go through the “Start”.

In the window that appears, enter manually msinfo32 and press Enter.

  • Another way, which is based on a combination of function keys.
  • Click “Win R” and in the window that opens, enter dxdiag.
  • A new window will appear. Pay attention to the line “Memory”. The physical amount of computer memory will be indicated there.
  • All methods describe the free amount of Gigs on your PC.

But how you can find out exactly the RAM of your laptop or computer, to analyze its additional characteristics, read below.

I want to warn you right away that you cannot do without the use of third-party applications and utilities. One of these programs is Speccy. It allows you to access all the characteristics of the modules and boards that are currently connected to your PC.

The utility is free and available for download from the Internet.

Then click on the link to start the download.

After downloading the program, proceed with the installation. The utility is installed in standard ways, without much difficulty.

To check what kind of RAM is installed on your PC, do the following:

  • Run the program.
  • Open the “RAM” section.

And then just read the information you are interested in. Everything is described there in an accessible and understandable way. There are characteristics about the type of DDR, the number of channels, volume and frequency. You can also see how many percent of RAM is used at a given minute and many more useful characteristics. Based on these characteristics, you can decide whether you should increase your RAM or not.

And here is the most direct way how you can find out the RAM of your computer. If you understand all the hardware of the system, then:

  • turn off the power supply of the system unit;
  • remove the cover;
  • pull out the modules with memory and read the characteristics you are interested in directly on them.

However, this method is only for experienced craftsmen and not for beginners.

On a note! Recently, if you missed, I told you how to disable sleep mode or how to disable the mouse on a laptop. And I also talked about how to reduce the brightness of the screen on a computer. Be sure to read and do not forget to leave comments on the articles.

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That’s all for me! Now you surely know how to find out the computer’s RAM. Please write your wishes and comments under the article. I also advise you to subscribe to new blog articles and receive new ones directly to your mail. I wish all my readers great health and peace.!

Using BIOS

After entering the BIOS, you need to find the item that contains the word “Memory”, for example, “System Memory”. Here you can find out the amount of memory and other parameters.

Device Manager

In the “Device Manager” tab, you can see the amount of RAM. For which it is necessary to perform the following steps:

  • Open this menu with the key combination CtrlShiftEsc and click “Performance”.
  • Then go to “Memory”.

This menu in the corner indicates the total amount of memory located. Immediately, if required, you can see the statistics of its consumption.

Ways to find out how much memory is on a laptop

To determine the amount of installed RAM, both various utilities and installed Windows tools are used.

How to find out the size of a hard drive

The size of the laptop hard drive can be determined as follows:

  • Right-click on the “My Computer” shortcut.
  • Then click “Manage”, go to the “Disk Management” menu.

This is the total size of the hard drive (Disk 0). If the hard drive is split into several disks, then the size of each is indicated (C, D).

The volume of the hard drive is slightly different from the one stated in the specifications of the device. For example, if the parameters indicate the size of the hard disk is 180 GB, then the Disk Management menu will show 169.05 GB. This is due to the fact that all manufacturers label their hard drives taking into account the rounded value (1Kb = 1000 Bytes, not 1024 Bytes).

How to find out how much memory is on a laptop

Random access memory is important for any computer equipment, no matter whether it is a laptop or a stationary PC. The speed of the system will depend on how much memory is in the device. But not all users know how much RAM is in a laptop or laptop.

Piriform Speccy

This is an application for viewing data on all components of the system. The application has a simple interface and powerful functionality, which is why it has earned popularity among PC owners.

Reference! With this program, you can determine the amount of installed memory, module type, performance. You need to launch the application and find the item with the required name.

System properties

The easiest way: look in the system properties, all parameters are indicated here, and in particular the amount of RAM.

To do this, right-click on the “My Computer” icon and select “Properties” from the menu.

The window that appears contains all the information about the system. The amount of RAM is indicated opposite the item “Installed memory”.

When you need to check the amount of memory on a laptop

Most often, users need to know the amount of RAM when installing a new video game. Since there are certain requirements for any product, it is advisable to get acquainted with which before purchasing.

Also, when trying to make computer equipment more powerful, you need to know what the maximum amount of memory can be installed. It’s easy to define.

To get started, you can go to the motherboard manufacturer’s website and find the information you need. If this is an ordinary motherboard from a desktop computer, then, most likely, you will be able to find what you need. If this is a laptop, then most often you can only find out the amount of RAM that is already on the device, and not a word about the maximum allowable amount.

In this case, you need to download the AIDA64 application, which can tell you about the installed RAM. If this does not help, then in this case you need to write to the Support of the laptop manufacturer.

How much is the maximum RAM on a computer?

How much maximum RAM can be installed on a computer? 4 GB of RAM. by today’s standards, this is the minimum that a PC or laptop should have for the relatively normal functioning of Windows 10, the current operating system for desktops.

How to find out how much RAM is on Android?

Go to the Android prefix settings, on a white background, scroll down and you will immediately see the amount of RAM and internal.

How to find out the amount of RAM in the BIOS?

  • We go into the BIOS by pressing Del or F2.
  • On the advanced settings page, go to the “Ai Tweaker” tab, find the “Memory Frequency” parameter and in the drop-down window select the desired clock frequency of the RAM.

How to find out how much RAM you can install on a laptop?

This method consists in searching for information on the Internet, and you should look for it:

  • On the laptop manufacturer’s website. If the laptop model is common, you can go to the manufacturer’s website and see information about the maximum amount of RAM for it;
  • On the websites of the motherboard and processor manufacturers.

How to remove the limitation on the use of RAM?

  • Click the Start button. enter msconfig in the Search programs and files field, then select msconfig in the Programs list.
  • In the System Configuration window, click Advanced Options on the Boot tab.
  • Uncheck the Max memory checkbox and click OK.
  • Reboot your computer.

How to find out how much memory you have on a video card?

To do this, open the Start menu and type dxdiag.exe in the Run box. In the window that opens, go to the second tab called “Monitor”. The line “Total memory” indicates the amount of RAM of your video card.

How to find out how much RAM is free?

Alternatively, press the CtrlAltDelete key combination and select the task manager from the list of options. Open the “Performance” tab. this is where you can see how much memory is available, how much is available in a given second, how much is cached and how much is free.

Memory type

Open Command Prompt as Administrator and enter below command:

  • wmic memorychip get devicelocator, memorytype
  • In my case, 0 is undefined. If there is 24, then the memory type will be DDR3.
  • 0: unknown.
  • 1: Other.
  • 2: DRAM.
  • 3: Synchronous DRAM.
  • 4: Cache DRAM.
  • 5: EDO.
  • 6: EDRAM.
  • 7: VRAM.
  • 8: SRAM.
  • 9: RAM.
  • 10: ROM.
  • 11: Flash.
  • 12: EEPROM.
  • 13: FEPROM.
  • 14: EPROM.
  • 15: CDRAM.
  • 16: 3DRAM.
  • 17: SDRAM.
  • 18: SGRAM.
  • 19: RDRAM.
  • 20: DDR.
  • 21: DDR2.
  • 22: DDR2 FB-DIMM.
  • 24: DDR3.
  • 25: FBD2.

Detail number

Run Command Prompt as Administrator and enter the command:

  • wmic memorychip get devicelocator, partnumber
  • Column “PartNumber” will show the part number.

Memory Form Factor

To determine if the RAM strips are DIMM or SODIMM form factors, run a command prompt as an admin and enter:

  • wmic memorychip get devicelocator, formfactor
  • If it is 8 like mine, then the DIMM bar.
  • 0: Unknown.
  • 1: Other.
  • 2: SIP.
  • 3: DIP.
  • 4: ZIP.
  • 5: SOJ
  • 6: Proprietary.
  • 7: SIMM.
  • 8: DIMM.
  • 9: TSOP.
  • 10: PGA.
  • 11: RIMM.
  • 12: SODIMM.
  • 13: SRIMM.
  • 14: SMD.
  • 15: SSMP.
  • 16: QFP.
  • 17: TQFP.
  • 18: SOIC.
  • 19: LCC.
  • 20: PLCC.
  • 21: BGA.
  • 22: FPBGA.
  • 23: LGA.
  • 24: FB-DIMM.

Serial number

Run CMD as admin and enter:

  • wmic memorychip get devicelocator, serialnumber
  • The “SerialNumber” column will show the serial number.

Through the task manager

Press the keyboard shortcut CtrlShiftEsc to launch the Task Manager. Go to the “Performance” tab and click on “Memory” in the left column. On the right side, you will see information about the installed RAM on the computer or laptop, such as size, speed, and type. In my case, 16 GB of volume is installed, type DDR4 and speed 2133 MHz.

Note: Please note that if the RAM type is DDR3 (figure below), then the word itself will be written in the device manager, and if the type is DDR4, it will be without a word, as in the figure above.

Speed

Open CMD as admin and enter:

  • wmic memorychip get devicelocator, speed
  • Column “Speed” will display the speed in MHz of each bar.

How to find out what kind of RAM is on the computer

Random Access Memory (RAM), translated into Russian random access memory (RAM). has a data transfer rate and volume that affect the performance of your computer or laptop. The more volume and speed, the better. The baud rate has two options: SDR and DDR. SDR. synchronous dynamic memory with random access, and this option is no longer to be found, since it is already old and less efficient. DDR. baud rate and has standards like DDR3 or DDR4. It is DDR memory that is inserted into today’s computers and laptops.

DDR3 memory achieves maximum data transfer rates (read / write) up to 2133 MHz (millions of transfers per second), and DDR4 up to 3200 MHz. In turn, DDR3 can have different speeds, for example, you bought a DDR3 bar with 1333 MHz. By default, it will run at this speed. If you want to survive as much as possible from RAM, then you need to take DDR3 from 2133 MHz. Unfortunately, DDR3 does not support higher speeds, and if you are not enough, then you can buy DDR4, but it costs Honor to see if it will fit your motherboard. You can find out from the characteristics of the board itself.

DDR RAM speed is also measured in GB transferred per second. DDR3 can transfer up to 14.9 GB / second and DDR4 up to 25.6 GB / second.

Let’s look at ways to find out what kind of RAM is on a computer or laptop running Windows 10. Let’s find out the full characteristics of RAM and how much, frequency, type of DDR3 or DDR4 RAM has.

Overall volume

Open a command prompt as admin and enter:

  • systeminfo | findstr / C: “Total Physical Memory” (doesn’t always work because of the chip).
  • wmic ComputerSystem get TotalPhysicalMemory (if above doesn’t work).

Ways to determine the type of installed memory

You can find out which model of RAM is on a laptop in several ways:

  • By visual inspection of the RAM.
  • Check with additional software.

Visual inspection of the RAM strip

You can check the amount of RAM with a simple call to the properties of the laptop. To do this, on the shortcut “My Computer”, click the RMB and select “Properties” in the list that opens. The RAM capacity can be viewed in the corresponding line.

However, the information obtained in this way is not enough, so you need to find out the rest of the RAM parameters. All memory card manufacturers put important data directly on the strip. To check them, you need to disassemble the laptop, remove the RAM from it and carefully read the existing designation.

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As an example, consider how to find out the model and characteristics of RAM, the appearance of which is shown in the figure.

Our RAM is produced by the South Korean company Hynix. Slot capacity. 4 GB. By the abbreviation 1Rx8, you can find out that the bar is one-sided (1R), that is, all the microcircuits are placed on one side. Double-sided RAM is indicated by the 2R mark. Number 8 indicates the number of memory chips.

This model has a capacity of RS3-12800. This allows you to find out the type of RAM (DDR3) and the maximum operating speed (12800 MB / s). To determine what the RAM frequency is, 12800 should be divided by 8, which will be equal to 1600 MHz.

Let’s consider another example. RAM for a laptop from Kingston, model KHX6400D2LL / 1G:

  • RAM type. DDR2;
  • speed of work. 6400 Mb / s;
  • frequency. 6400/8 = 800 MHz;
  • capacity. 1 GB;
  • 2.0V means that the board is powered by a non-standard voltage. 2 V, which must be manually set in BIOS.

On some storage devices, information is presented in a non-standard form, however, in such cases, you can find out their parameters. For example, Kingston RAM labeled KHX1600C9D3X2K2 / 8GX has the following properties:

  • frequency. 1600 MHz;
  • C9. 9 clock cycles delay;
  • type. DDR3;
  • 8GX. ​​4 GB capacity.

What kind of RAM is on a laptop?

Before increasing the amount of RAM on a laptop, you should check what type of RAM is already available on this PC. If you install an unsuitable module, a conflict between the old and new memory sticks may occur, as a result of which the laptop will malfunction, freeze, or even stop turning on. Consider what characteristics you need to pay attention to when choosing a new RAM and how to determine the type of RAM already installed on a laptop.

Basic parameters of RAM

The first step is to figure out which parameters are considered decisive for random access memory devices. These characteristics are:

  • Generation (type) is the algorithm by which memory chips function. The rest of the RAM parameters depend on it (speed and efficiency, supply voltage, etc.). Today there are four generations of RAM. from DDR 1 to DDR 4.
  • Capacity. Determines how much information can simultaneously fit into RAM.
  • Speed ​​standard. Indicates the bandwidth of the module, measured in Mb / s. These standards have an alphanumeric designation and always begin with the “RS” marking.
  • Manufacturer and serial number. Each company assigns its product a certain marking (part number).
  • Timing. Determines the time spent on accessing RAM chips. The smaller it is, the better.

Programs for determining the parameters of RAM

If for some reason you do not want to disassemble the laptop (for example, it is under warranty), but you still need to check what kind of RAM it has, you can use additional software.

One of the most effective programs in this area is AIDA64. It allows you to find out not only the type and parameters of the storage device, but also the characteristics of the rest of the hardware. To check what kind of RAM is on the laptop, you need to:

  • Download and install AIDA64 on your PC. The installation procedure is standard, so you should be able to handle it without any problems.
  • Launch the application. You will see a message that this version of the utility is a trial version and is valid for only 30 days. We agree with this.
  • The main window of the program is divided into two parts. The left contains all the components installed on the laptop, and the right contains information about them. You need to open the “Motherboard” section and go to the SPD tab. After completing these steps, all information about the RAM installed on the PC will open.

Having figured out the parameters of the RAM, you can independently increase its volume, thereby improving the performance of the laptop.

What is the difference between the types of RAM. DDR, DDR2, DDR3 or DDR4 and how to find out which one is on a laptop

Greetings. Today we will once again talk about RAM, that is, about random access memory. It is not intended to store your personal data. There, the operating codes of the programs and various time data are recorded, which the processor processes. Accordingly, the larger the amount of RAM and the higher the speed of its operation, the faster the PC will work. The RAM chip can be changed to a more powerful one, but you need to take into account the maximum that the processor can pull. This information is usually provided by your PC vendor and can be found on the laptop manufacturer’s website and in the technical documentation for your particular model. The most important indicator of RAM is its type. I’ll tell you on my website itswat.ru about different types of RAM and their differences, as well as how to find out the type of RAM on a laptop.

Task Manager

Friends, you don’t have to be a genius or a hacker to find out what type of RAM is installed on your PC. There are very easy ways that are relevant for all modern versions of Windows (10, 8, 7). The easiest one is to go to the “Task Manager”. Let me remind you that it starts like this:

  • Press three keys simultaneously. CTRLALTDel. On the blue screen, select the appropriate item.
  • Type in the search box “Start” the word “Dispatcher” and run the application from the search results.

When the “Manager” window opens, you will see a list of processes currently running on the PC. You don’t need them. The required data is located in the next tab. “Performance”. Go to it. In the upper right corner, you will see the type of your RAM, and at the same time its amount. In the lower left corner there is information about the speed, used and free space.

Differences between memory types

Modern RAM is DDR (data is transmitted at double speed), the number in the name of the varieties (DDR2, DDR3 or DDR4) means the ordinal number of the generation, the higher it is, the newer and, accordingly, more powerful RAM. DDR and DDR2 are outdated a long time ago, DDR3 has already been discontinued, but continue to be used in many PCs, DDR4 is the latest generation of RAM. I listed the differences in RAM by type in the table below.

NameYear of issueVoltageVolumeFrequency
DDR2000 (did not apply until 2002)2.5V and 2.6Vno more than 1 GB100-200 MHz
DDR220041.8Vup to 2 GB533 MHz
DDR320071.5V and 1.65Vup to 8 GBbase 1066 MHz, but maybe 1600 MHz
DDR420131.05V, 1.2V or 1.35Vup to 32 GB and this is probably not the limit yetbase from 2133 MHz

Command line

The method is too simple for the pros who are not looking for easy ways. If you are one of those, then I can tell you how to see the type of RAM through the command line. Type the wmic memorychip get devicelocator, memorytype command in it and confirm its execution by pressing ENTER. The result will be a command line display opposite the module of a one- or two-digit code.

You can see the designation of the main types in the following figure.

than once, in my articles about RAM, I have mentioned third-party programs, through which you can quickly, without straining, and in as much detail as possible find out everything about the installed RAM, including its type. One such program (my favorite) is CPU-Z. It is very easy to use and understandable. You don’t need to install it, just download the archive with the portable version, unpack it and run cpuz.exe with the required bit depth (32 or 64).

Next, you need to wait literally two to three seconds for CPU-Z to collect data. The type of RAM can be seen in two tabs at once. these are:

  • And SPD. over, in this tab, you can switch between slots using the drop-down list and collect information separately about each of the installed RAM.

Friends, if, when switching to the second slot, CPU-Z does not display anything at all, it means that you have only one stick of RAM. This is exactly how you can see how many slots there are on a laptop without disassembling it, and how many of them are full (maybe someone will come in handy). That’s all for today. Until next time.

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