How to connect laptop hard drive to computer

How to connect another hard drive to your computer

connect, laptop, hard, drive, computer

Most often, it is enough to connect a second hard drive to the computer, and it will be immediately detected by the system. However, in some cases, the device needs to be formatted beforehand in order to update the file system. To do this, open the “My Computer” folder, right-click on the icon of the connected drive and select the “Format” action. Specify the NTFS file system in the window that appears, and also activate the “quick format” function.

Instructions for connecting a laptop disk to a computer

To begin with, I would like to explain why you may need such an operation. It often happens that a laptop simply stops working and cannot be repaired by any standard means, but the information stored on its hard drive can be very important for the owner, so the only way to save it is to connect the drive to a working computer, in our case, a stationary one. PC.

The first step is to remove the internal media itself from the laptop case. To do this, de-energize the device (remove the battery, unplug it from the mains), turn the laptop upside down and find the hard drive compartment (on most models there is no need to disassemble the entire case to access the HDD, just unscrew the small cover).

Then carefully unplug the drive itself and remove it from the laptop. The first part is over, the disc is in your hands.

The next step will be the connection procedure itself. To do this, you need to open the side cover of your system unit, find the corresponding connector on the motherboard (all modern HDDs support data transfer via the SATA interface). A free SATA connector from the power supply is also required.

If all requirements are met, then find an available slot for installing a disk, connect the necessary cables and boot the system. After successfully installing the driver, you will see your hard drive in the operating system explorer (provided that the storage medium itself is not damaged and you did everything correctly). You can start saving information.

It should be borne in mind that some models are only designed to work with 2.5 “drives, while others support both 2.5” and standard 3.5 “drives. An important parameter will also be the data transfer interface. the new models are equipped with high-speed USB 3.0 or e-SATA ports, which is much preferable to the outdated USB 2.0 standard.

We hope this article will help you understand the correct connection of internal hard drives.

How to connect a hard drive from a laptop to a computer

Not infrequently, after a laptop breaks down, a completely working hard drive remains from it. I don’t want to throw it away, so users are often interested in how to connect a hard drive from a laptop to a computer. In this short article, we will show you how you can solve this problem.

Connecting a hard drive from laptop to computer using SATA

Laptop hard drives are connected to the computer in the same way as conventional hard drives, namely using the SATA interface. Therefore, there are usually no problems with the connection of such a hard drive itself. It is enough to connect the SATA cable from the motherboard and the SATA cable from the power supply to the hard drive and such a hard drive is ready for use.

But, there are significant size differences between conventional hard drives and laptop hard drives. Regular hard drives are 3.5 “, while laptop hard drives are 2.5”.

Therefore, when connecting a hard drive from a laptop to a computer, some difficulties may arise with how to fix it. If the computer case does not provide space for installing 2.5 “hard drives, then you will need a special sled that will allow you to install a 2.5” hard drive into the bay for 3.5 “drives.

When using a sled, you first need to install a 2.5 “hard drive in it, and then fix the sled in a 3.5” bay.

You can read more about connecting a hard drive from a laptop to a computer in our article on installing SSD drives.

Connecting a hard drive from laptop to computer using USB

If the above method of connecting a hard drive from a laptop to a computer seems too complicated for you, or you want to be able to quickly disconnect such a hard drive, then you can connect the drive using the USB interface. This can be done in several ways.

The simplest option is a small, compact SATA to USB 3.0 adapter. On the one hand, such an adapter has a SATA interface, with which it connects to the hard drive, and on the other hand, a USB 3.0 cable that connects to the computer.

The 2.5 “drive is like a cover that holds a 2.5” hard drive. Inside this case there is a SATA connector to which a hard drive from a laptop is connected, and outside there is a USB cable for connecting to a computer.

Method number 3. Docking station with support for hard drives from a laptop.

You can also use a hard drive docking station. A docking station is a small device that connects to a computer via USB and can be loaded with hard drives.

A docking station is probably the most expensive way to connect hard drives from a laptop to a computer. Since 2.5 ” models are rare and above average.

Ways to connect a second hard drive to a computer

The time has come when one hard drive in a computer is no longer enough. and more users decide to connect a second HDD to their PC, but not everyone knows how to do it correctly themselves in order to avoid mistakes. In fact, the procedure for adding a second disc is simple and does not require special skills. It is not even necessary to mount a hard drive. it can be connected as an external device if there is a free USB port.

The options for connecting a second hard drive are as simple as possible:

  • Connecting HDD to the computer system unit.
    Suitable for owners of ordinary stationary PCs who do not want to have external connected devices.
  • Connecting a hard drive as an external storage.
    The easiest way to connect the HDD, and the only one possible for the laptop owner.

Before connecting, you need to determine the type of interface with which the hard drive works. SATA or IDE. Almost all modern computers are equipped with a SATA interface, respectively, it is best if the hard drive is of the same type. The IDE bus is considered obsolete and may simply not be present on the motherboard. Therefore, with the connection of such a disk, some difficulties may arise.

The easiest way to recognize a standard is by its contacts. This is how they look for SATA drives:

The process of connecting a disk itself is very easy and takes place in several stages:

  • Turn off and unplug the system unit.
  • Remove the unit cover.
  • Find the compartment where the additional hard drive is installed. Depending on how the compartment is located inside your system unit, the hard drive itself will be located. If possible, do not install the second hard drive right next to the first one. this will allow each of the HDDs to cool better.
  • Insert the second hard drive into an empty bay and secure with screws if necessary. We recommend that you do this necessarily if you plan to use the HDD for a long time.
  • Take a SATA cable and connect it to your hard drive. Connect the other side of the cable to the corresponding connector on the motherboard. Look at the image. the red cable and there is a SATA interface that needs to be connected to the motherboard.

If the power supply has only one plug, then you need a splitter.

If the port in the power supply does not match your drive, you will need a power adapter cable.

SATA Boot Priority

The motherboard usually has 4 connectors for connecting SATA drives. They are designated as SATA0. the first, SATA1. the second, etc. The priority of the hard drive is directly related to the numbering of the connector. If you need to manually set the priority, you will need to enter the BIOS. Depending on the type of BIOS, the interface and control will be different.

In older versions, go to the Advanced BIOS Features section and work with the First Boot Device and Second Boot Device parameters. In newer BIOS versions, look for Boot or Boot Sequence and 1st / 2nd Boot Priority.

In rare cases, there is a need to install a disc with an outdated IDE interface. In this case, the connection process will be slightly different.

  • Follow steps 1-3 from the instructions above.
  • On the contacts of the HDD itself, set the jumper to the desired position. IDE drives have two modes: Master and Slave. As a rule, the main hard disk, which is already installed on the PC, and from which the OS is booting, works in Master mode. Therefore, for the second disk, you must set the Slave mode using the jumper.

Look for instructions on setting the jumper (jumper) on the sticker of your hard drive. In the photo. an example of instructions for switching a jumper.

  • Insert the disk into a free bay and secure it with screws if you plan to use for a long time.
  • The IDE cable has 3 plugs. The first blue plug connects to the motherboard. The second white plug (in the middle of the cable) is connected to the Slave disk. The third black plug connects to the Master disk. Slave is the slave (dependent) disk, and Master is the master (the main disk with the operating system installed on it). Thus, only the white cable needs to be connected to the second IDE hard drive, since the other two are already in the motherboard and master drive.

If the cable has plugs of other colors, then focus on the length of the tape between them. The plugs that are closer together are for the disc modes. The plug that is in the middle of the tape is always Slave, the closest outer plug is Master. The second outermost plug, which is farther from the middle, is connected to the motherboard.

  • Connect the drive to the power supply using the appropriate wire.
  • It remains to close the case of the system unit.

Connecting a second IDE drive to the first SATA drive

When you need to connect an IDE drive to an already working SATA HDD, use a special IDE-SATA adapter.

  • The jumper on the adapter is set to Master mode.
  • The IDE plug connects to the hard drive itself.
  • The red SATA cable connects one side to the adapter, the other to the motherboard.
  • The power cable connects one side to the adapter, and the other to the power supply.

You may need to purchase a 4-pin (4-pin) power to SATA adapter.

Disk initialization in OS

In both cases, after connecting, the system may not see the connected drive. This does not mean that you did something wrong, on the contrary, it is normal when the new HDD is not visible in the system. To use it, the hard disk must be initialized. Read about how this is done in our other article.

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Often, users choose to connect an external HDD. It is much easier and more convenient if some of the files stored on the disk are sometimes needed outside the home. And in the situation with laptops, this method will be especially relevant, since there is no separate slot for the second HDD.

An external hard drive is connected via USB in exactly the same way as another device with the same interface (flash drive, mouse, keyboard).

The hard drive intended for installation in the system unit can also be connected via USB. To do this, you need to use either an adapter / adapter, or a special external case for the hard drive. The essence of the operation of such devices is similar. the required voltage is supplied to the HDD through the adapter, and the connection to the PC is carried out via USB. Hard drives of different form factors have their own cables, so when buying, you should always pay attention to the standard that sets the overall dimensions of your HDD.

If you decide to connect the disk using the second method, then follow literally 2 rules: do not neglect the safe removal of the device and do not disconnect the disk while working with a PC to avoid errors.

We talked about ways to connect a second hard drive to a computer or laptop. As you can see, there is nothing complicated in this procedure and it is absolutely not necessary to use the services of computer masters.

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What and where to connect

For a hard drive to work on a computer, in almost all cases, you only need to do two things (all this is done with the computer turned off, with the cover removed). connect it to the power supply and the SATA or IDE data bus. What and where to connect is shown in the picture below.

  • Pay attention to the wires from the power supply, find the one suitable for the hard drive and connect. If there is none, there are IDE / SATA power adapters. If your hard disk has two types of power connectors, you only need to connect one of them.
  • Connect the motherboard to the hard drive using a SATA or IDE cable (if you need to connect an old hard drive to your computer, an adapter may be needed). If this hard drive is the second hard drive on your computer, then most likely you will have to purchase a cable. One end connects to the corresponding connector on the motherboard (for example, SATA 2), the other to the hard drive connector. If you want to connect a hard drive from a laptop to a desktop PC, this is done in the same way, despite the difference in size. everything will work.
  • It is recommended to fix the hard disk in the computer, especially if you are going to use it for a long time. But, even in the case when you just need to overwrite files, do not leave it in a hanging position that allows it to move during operation. when the hard drive is working, vibration is generated, which can lead to “falling out” of connecting wires and damage to the HDD.

If two hard drives were connected to the computer, you may need to enter the BIOS in order to configure the boot sequence so that the operating system boots as before.

Determining the type of hard drive

First of all, take a look at the hard drive you want to connect. And determine its type. SATA or IDE. Exactly what type of hard drive belongs to, you can easily see on the pins for connecting the power and to the motherboard interface.

IDE (left) and SATA hard drives (right)

Most modern computers (as well as laptops) use the SATA interface. If you have an old HDD, for which the IDE bus is used, then some problems may arise. such a bus may not be present on your motherboard. Nevertheless, the problem can be solved. it is enough to purchase an adapter from IDE to SATA.

How to connect a hard drive to a computer or laptop

Connecting a hard drive to a laptop or computer is not too difficult a task, however, those who have never encountered it may not know how to do it. In this article I will try to consider all possible options for connecting a hard drive. both mounting inside a laptop or computer, and options for external connection in order to rewrite the necessary files.

Connecting to a computer (inside the system unit)

The most frequently asked question is how to connect a hard drive to a computer system unit. As a rule, such a task may arise before someone who has decided to independently assemble a computer, replace a hard drive, or, in case some important data needs to be copied to the main hard drive of the computer. The steps for such a connection are quite simple.

How to connect a hard drive to a laptop

First of all, I want to note that if you do not know how to connect a hard drive to a laptop, then I would recommend contacting the appropriate wizard for this, for whom computer repair is a job. This is especially true of all sorts of ultrabooks and Apple MacBook laptops. Also, you can connect the hard drive to the laptop as an external HDD, which will be described below.

However, in some cases, connecting a hard drive to a laptop for replacement is not difficult. As a rule, on such laptops, from the bottom side, you will notice one or two or three “caps” screwed on with screws. Under one of them is the hard drive. If you have just such a laptop. feel free to remove the old hard drive and install a new one, this is done elementary for standard 2.5-inch hard drives with a SATA interface.

Connect your hard drive as an external drive

The easiest way to connect is to connect your hard drive to your computer or laptop as an external drive. This is done using the appropriate adapters, adapters, external cases for HDD.

The meaning of the operation of all these accessories is approximately the same. the required voltage is supplied to the hard drive through the adapter, and the connection to the computer is via a USB interface. This procedure does not represent anything complicated and it works similarly to ordinary flash drives. The only thing is that in the case of using the hard disk as an external one, be sure to use safe removal of the device and in no case turn off the power during its operation. with a high degree of probability, this can lead to damage to the hard disk.

A bit about hard drive interfaces

The most common interfaces are SATA, represented by two connectors. 7-pin for data transfer and 15-pin for power connection. In the latest models of laptops, you can often find SSD drives with an mSATA interface. different from SATA in more compact dimensions. Much less common are M.2 SSDs used primarily in Ultrabooks.

Their connectors are of three types: B, M and BM, differing from each other in the number of contacts and the location of the cutout on the board. SSDs B and M can only be connected to the slot of the same type, while BM drives are compatible with types B and M. The once common HDDs with IDE (PATA) interface. having a 4-pin power connector and a 40-pin data connector today can be found only on old computers, released more than 10 years ago.

How to connect laptop hard drive to computer

An unexpected breakdown of a laptop is an extremely unpleasant event in the life of any user, but it is doubly unpleasant when there are files on his hard disk that are needed, as they say, desperately. How to be in such a situation? Accept and wait a few days for the laptop to be repaired? Not necessary at all! If you or your friends have a regular desktop PC, you can connect a disk from the laptop to its motherboard, and then read all the necessary data.

This procedure is complicated only at first glance, in fact, there is nothing in it that even a user who has very vague ideas about the internal structure of a computer cannot handle.

Hard drives can be from different manufacturers, have different physical sizes and types, but all of them have standard connection interfaces. that is, the connectors that connect them to the laptop motherboard and power supply.

Connecting a laptop drive to a motherboard with the same type of interface (SATA)

Next, we remove the back cover of the laptop and unscrew the bolts, carefully remove the hard drive along with the mounting frame, which will also need to be removed. After that, we take the SATA cable and connect it with one end to the disk, and the other to one of the ports on the motherboard. You will not confuse anything, since the cable connectors have their own keys. Typically, these ports are indicated by the type, in this example SATA, and the baud rate.

In terms of compatibility, port speed does not matter. For the SIM, connect the power cable to the disk, turn on the computer and go into the BIOS in order to make sure that the disk is recognized and the boot priorities are set correctly.

Connecting a disk to a motherboard with a different type of interface

A special adapter is required to connect IDE, mSATA and M.2 drives to motherboards with SATA support. There are a lot of adapter models, although not all of them can be found on sale.

Many adapters support the USB interface, which eliminates the need to climb into the system unit. For the same purposes, you can use the so-called boxes. equipped with their own board and a case USB connector for external hard drives. Such boxes not only provide fast and convenient connection of drives with the same or different interface, but also protect the drive from accidental damage.

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Connecting a different type of disk

To connect a storage device that is not supported by the motherboard to your computer, you will need an adapter adapter. For instance:

There are many types of adapters, but not all of them are easy to find on sale.


In the mSATA format, miniature SSDs are produced, which are quite often found on the latest generation of laptops. The mSATA connector is very similar in shape to the mini PCI-E connector, but they are not electrically compatible.

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It will be possible to connect an mSATA device to most desktop motherboards only through an adapter, since this interface is rarely found on them.

M.2 SSDs are even more compact than mSATA and are mainly used in Ultrabooks. They are produced with three types of connectors, which differ from each other by the location of the key cut:

  • Type B has a notch towards the left. The part to the left of the key holds 6 contacts.
  • Type M has a notch closer to the right edge. The part to the right of the cutout accommodates 5 pins.
  • BM type has both keys.

SSDs with B and M connectors can only be connected to their slot type, and BM. to both.

On desktop motherboards, M.2 slots are still very rare.

Connecting HDD from laptop to interface of the same type on PC

The other end of the SATA cable is connected to a port on the motherboard. Port speed (3 Gb / s, 6 Gb / s) does not matter in terms of compatibility.

To connect an IDE (PATA) drive to the IDE port on the motherboard, you will need a wide 40-pin ribbon cable, a Molex power cable, an IDE 3.5-2.5 adapter.

To prevent the computer from trying to boot from a “non-native” drive, the latter must be switched to the “slave” position. This is done using jumpers (jammers) on the pins of the IDE drive, which are located next to the power port. Information about the location of the jumper in the “slave” position can be found on the disc itself or in the manual for it on the manufacturer’s website.

When the jumper is in the “cable select” position, the master and slave media are determined by the cable. In this case, the “slave” disk must be connected to the block in the middle of the loop (in the picture it is white).

MSATA and M.2 drives simply plug into the slot on the motherboard.

How to connect a hard drive from a laptop to a computer

Imagine a situation: you are doing urgent work on a laptop and suddenly the laptop turned off and does not turn on again. There are only a few hours left before the work is completed, and the repair of a capricious apparatus does not promise to be quick. What to do?

The main thing is not to panic! You can still do everything if you have a stationary PC. It is enough to have a screwdriver on hand and know the secret of how to connect a hard drive from a laptop to a computer. We will talk about this now.


IDE (PATA) drives today can only be found on very old devices. more than 10 years ago. They are distinguished by a long 40-pin data cable connector and a 4-pin power port.

The latest generation desktop PC motherboards no longer support the IDE (PATA) interface. An adapter is required to connect an IDE drive to a SATA-only computer.

Briefly about drives that are found on laptops

On modern laptops, there are not only classic HDDs, but also solid-state drives. SSDs. Both those and others may have different, incompatible connection interfaces.

The most common interface for both hard and solid state drives is called “SATA”. It is represented by a 7-pin data connector and a 15-pin one for connecting power.

The SATA interface is most often found among drives for stationary computers; it is supported by any modern motherboard (if you do not take into account specialized and old devices). It is completely identical to the SATA standard used in laptops. precisely, it is a single standard.

How to place a small mobile HDD in the system unit

Another problem that often puzzles users is how to place a laptop HDD inside a stationary computer. Several options are also allowed here:

  • Installation in a 2.5 ”basket. Many computer cases of the latest generation have SSD baskets, where you can insert a 2.5-inch HDD from a laptop.
  • Using a 3.5 ”-2.5” adapter. Place the mobile drive inside the adapter, fix it, then insert everything together into the basket for a standard 3.5 ”hard drive and screw it down. There are adapters for more compact media. 1.8 “.
  • The location of the disk from the laptop at the bottom of the system unit. It is advisable to put a mouse pad or a layer of rubber underneath the HDD to reduce vibration. This method is suitable only for a short-term connection, it is not worth working like this all the time.

And of course, before installing the mobile HDD inside the system unit, do not forget to turn off the computer. When connecting via external ports (USB, eSATA), this does not need to be done.

How to connect a hard drive from a laptop to a computer

I think those who often work with a laptop sometimes find themselves in a similar situation: you need to copy a lot of files from the laptop hard drive to the hard drive of a stationary computer. How to do it?

Option 1. Just connect your laptop and computer to the local network and transfer files. True, if your network speed is not high, then this method will take a lot of time (especially if you need to copy several hundred gigabytes).

Option 2. Remove the hard disk drive (HDD) from the laptop and then connect it to the computer. All information from the HDD can be copied very quickly (from the minuses: you need to spend 5-10 minutes of time to connect).

Option 3. Buy a special “container” (box) into which you can insert the laptop HDD, and then connect this box to the USB port of any PC or other laptop.

Let’s take a closer look at the last couple of options

1) Connecting a hard drive (HDD 2.5 inches) from laptop to computer

Well, the first thing to do is remove the hard drive from the laptop case (most likely you need a screwdriver, depending on your device model).

You must first turn off the laptop and then remove the battery (green arrow in the photo below). The yellow arrows in the photo indicate the fastening of the cover, behind which is the hard drive.

After removing the cover. remove the hard drive from the laptop case (see the green arrow in the photo below).

Acer Aspire Notebook: Western Digital Blue 500 GB Hard Drive.

Next, disconnect the computer system unit from the network and remove the side cover. Here I need to say a few words about the HDD connection interface.

IDE is an old interface for connecting a hard drive. Provides a connection speed of 133 MB / s. Now it is encountered less and less, I think in this article it makes no special sense to consider it

SATA I, II, III. a new interface for connecting HDD (provides speeds of 150, 300, 600 MB / s, respectively). Highlights related to SATA from the point of view of the average user:

Seagate Barracuda 2 TB HDD with SATA III support.

So, in a modern system unit, the drive and hard drive must be connected via the SATA interface. For example, in my example, I decided to connect a laptop hard drive instead of a CD-ROM.

System unit. You can connect a hard drive from a laptop, for example, instead of a floppy drive (CD-Rom).

Actually, all that remains is to disconnect the wires from the drive and connect the laptop HDD to them. Then it’s trivial to turn on the computer and copy all the necessary information.

In the photo below, you can note that the disk is now displayed in “my computer”. i.e. you can work with it as with a regular local disk (sorry for the tautology).

Connected HDD 2.5 inches from a laptop, it is displayed in “my computer” as a regular local drive.

By the way, if you want to leave the disk permanently connected to the PC, then you need to fix it. To do this, it is best to use special “sleds” that allow you to fix 2.5 “drives (from laptops; smaller in size compared to computer 3.5”) in bays from conventional HDD. The photo below shows similar “sled”.

2) Boxing (BOX) for connecting a laptop HDD to any device with USB

For users who do not want to “fiddle” with dragging and dropping drives back and forth, or, for example, want to get a portable and convenient external drive (from the remaining old laptop drive). there are special devices on the market. “boxes” (BOX).

What he really is? Small container, slightly larger than the hard drive itself. It usually has 1-2 USB ports for connecting to PC (or laptop) ports. The box can be opened: the HDD is inserted inside and fixed there. Some models, by the way, are equipped with a power supply.

Actually, that’s all, after connecting the disk to the box, it closes and then it can be used together with the box, as if it were a regular external hard drive! The photo below shows a similar box from Orico. It looks almost the same as an external HDD.

If you look at this box from the back, there is a cover, and behind it is a special “” where the hard drive is inserted. Such devices are quite simple and very convenient.

Inside view: for inserting a 2.5 ” HDD.

There is probably no point in talking about IDE drives. To be honest, I haven’t been working with them for a long time, I don’t think that anyone else actively uses them. I would be grateful if someone would add on this topic

Removing a disk from a laptop

Of course, the first step is to remove the hard drive from the laptop. In many models, it is located in a separate compartment, to open which it is enough to unscrew one screw on the case, but much more often it is necessary to remove the entire lower part. Earlier we talked about how portable computers from different manufacturers are disassembled, so we will not dwell on this topic in this article. If you have any difficulties or questions, just check out the article provided at the link below. Read more: How to disassemble a laptop


In the event that you want to install a laptop hard drive into your PC, replacing the old one with it or making it an additional drive, you need to acquire the following tools and accessories:

  • Crosshead screwdriver;
  • Tray (slide) for installing a 2.5 “or 1.8” disk (depending on the form factor of the connected device) in a standard 3.5 “cell for computers;
  • SATA cable;
  • Loose power cable from power supply.

Note: If the PC drives are connected using the outdated IDE standard, and the laptop used SATA, you will additionally need to purchase a SATA-IDE adapter and connect it to the “smaller” drive.

    Remove both side covers of the system unit. Most often they are fixed with a pair of screws located on the rear panel. Having unscrewed them, simply pull the “walls” towards you.

  • Now you need to fix the disk tray in the slot of the system unit intended for it. In fact, you need to follow the procedure opposite to removing the computer drive, that is, screw it with the included screws on both sides.
  • Take a SATA cable and connect one end of it to a free connector on the motherboard, and the other to the one on the hard drive you are installing. The power cable from the power supply unit must be connected to the second connector of the device.
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    Note: If the drives are connected to a PC via the IDE interface, use the adapter intended for it to a more modern SATA. it connects to the corresponding connector on the hard drive from a laptop.

    Read more: What to do if your computer can’t see your hard drive

    External storage

    If you do not plan to install a hard drive removed from a laptop directly into the system unit and want to use it as an external storage device, you will need to acquire additional accessories. a box (“”) and a cable used to connect it to a PC. The type of connectors on the cable is determined in accordance with those on the box on one side and in the computer on the other. or less modern devices are connected via USB-USB or SATA-USB. You can find out how exactly the external drive is assembled, prepared, connected to a computer and configured in an operating system environment from a separate article on our website. The only caveat is the form factor of the disk, which means that you know the corresponding accessory initially. it’s 1.8 “or, which is much more likely, 2.5”. Read more: How to make an external drive from a hard drive

    Connecting a hard drive from a laptop to a computer

    It happens that after replacing a hard drive on a laptop or in the event of a failure of the latter, it becomes necessary to connect the free drive to a stationary computer. This can be done in two different ways, and we will tell you about each of them today.

    We connect the hard drive from the laptop to the PC

    In portable and stationary computers, drives of different form factors are used. 2.5 (or, much less often, 1.8) and 3.5 inches, respectively. It is the difference in size, and also, in much more rare cases, the interfaces used (SATA or IDE) that determines how exactly the connection can be made. In addition, a laptop disk can not only be installed inside the PC, but also connected to one of the external connectors. Each of the cases we have designated has its own nuances, which we will consider in more detail later.

    Note: If you need to connect a disk from a laptop to a computer solely for transferring information, see the article provided at the link below. You can do this without removing the drive by linking the devices in one of the available ways.

    Now you know how to connect a drive from a laptop to a computer, regardless of whether you plan to use it as an internal or external drive.

    Connecting to a computer via USB

    For uninformed readers, the following point should be clarified: the hard drive of a laptop and a computer differ significantly in size. It is obvious that a large hard drive from a PC cannot be installed in place of a small laptop device.

    Naturally, technologies do not stand still and a special Box was invented for this case. They are of several types:

    • 3.5 IDE to USB 3.0. for IDE interfaces with increased speed over USB 3.0;
    • 3.5 Sata to USB 3.0. For SATA interface at similar speed.

    As for unfamiliar words such as SATA and IDE, these are subtypes of hard drives. Before buying a contact box, you need to know the type of hard drive to be connected. Find out what hard disk was on a stationary computer. perhaps by examining it. This is written on a sticker with technical information, which is located on the body of the filling element.

    Let’s go back to the connection. It is possible to connect a second hard drive to a laptop only through a special box. This container itself looks like a black box into which the original hard drive should fit. For SATA drives, it is slightly smaller than for IDE drives. There are also universal containers, however, the price for them is much higher.

    So, having such a box available, we insert the hard drive into it and connect the other end of the wire to the USB port. If he has a power supply, then we plug it into the network accordingly.

    If everything went well, then the laptop should see the new connected device by standard procedure. But what to do if the laptop operating system does not detect it? In this case, you need to perform the usual recheck of the paired device in the device manager. Having found it in the start menu, you should open the “HID Devices” section and look in the list for a name similar to the name of the box. Most often this is a problem with the supplied software (drivers). If the icon shows a sign with a yellow exclamation mark, then you need to right-click on this device and click “update drivers”.

    It so happens that the problem of connecting a hard drive from a computer to a laptop through the box lies in the system name of the HDD. Here you need to get into “Disk Management” and look at the list of new connected devices. Some of the existing disk partitions in the laptop are probably named as the disk itself and they begin to conflict with each other. In this case, you need to rename either the old hard drive or the new attached device.

    This method is considered the easiest, but requires a box container.

    Proven Ways to Connect a Hard Drive to a Laptop

    For “advanced” users of personal computers and laptops, sometimes there is a need to transfer some data from the first device to the second. It is, of course, possible to find some kind of software outlet. For example, upload a large number of files to the cloud, and then it takes a long and tedious job to download them from it to a laptop. Or try in the old fashioned way to upload information to a removable medium and also transfer it for a long time to another device. Long, uncomfortable and boring, yeah?

    As you know, within laptop hardware, operations are much faster than with externally connected devices. But what if you take the HDD off the computer and connect the hard drive to the laptop? You can really cope with such a task on your own, but you should read the instructions on how to do this correctly and without prejudice to the devices.

    Disconnecting the hard drive from the PC

    You don’t need to be an experienced system administrator to understand that to connect an external hard drive to a laptop, you need to remove it from a desktop computer. But the question is: how to do this, it still requires some knowledge.

    A detailed guide on how to remove the hard drive itself from the computer:

    • Turn off the personal computer completely and remove the plug from the socket.
    • We remove the cover of the system unit, which gives us full access to its filling.
    • Find the HDD (If you don’t know what it looks like, then we recommend first looking for this information on the Internet) and disconnect every single wire from the connectors.
    • As a rule, the disc itself is mounted either on the grooves or on the mounting bolts, which must be unscrewed. After releasing, remove the HDD outside.

    At first glance, there is nothing complicated in this procedure, but it was mentioned above that knowledge of computer circuits will be additionally useful here. This is not in order to remove the element, but on the contrary, to put it in place and it will work again.

    If such knowledge is absent, then you should not despair. You can just take a picture of the correct scheme before disconnecting or write it down in a language you understand in a notebook.

    How to connect a railway to a laptop via a motherboard

    Another option for connecting a hard drive, but more “hard” one. Here we have to deal directly with the motherboard of the laptop, and for this we first need to get to it. There is nothing wrong, you just need to adhere to a certain algorithm of actions.

    First, you should completely de-energize the laptop and wait until the operating system is completely shut down. It is advisable that the system be turned off not in an emergency way, but through the shutdown button in the “start” menu. Next, open the battery cell, take it out and put it aside. Now we have to unscrew all the screws that secure the main cover of the bottom panel of the device and, when finished, remove this cover.

    This will open a view of all installed hard drives in the laptop (one or two). They have the usual look of a stationary HDD, but in a small case. To remove it, unscrew all the screws on the top cover and on it. If everything is done, then we next disconnect the connected cables and carefully, with a sense of proportion, remove the internal board from it.

    Let’s move on to connecting the hard drive through the motherboard. Having previously prepared an additional SATA cable, we connect it with one end to the hard drive, and the other end to the outlet in the HDD slot in the laptop. If it is important to have one native disk on the laptop and you need to connect another one, then here it may be possible to perform this operation only through an additional cell.

    The installation of the second hard disk is carried out according to the same instructions as the installation of the first one. Only after the complete connection of all components should be supplied to the device and turned on.

    The procedure for connecting a hard drive to a laptop without a container should involve craftsmen who, at least, performed repairs of stationary computers, not to mention laptops.