How to connect a SATA HDD / SSD drive to a USB port of a computer / laptop
Sometimes it happens that a laptop or computer does not turn on, and information from its disk is needed for work. Well, or you have an old hard drive lying “idle” and which would be quite nice to make a portable external drive.
In this short article I want to focus on special “adapters” that allow you to connect SATA drives to a regular USB port of a computer or laptop.
1) Only modern disks will be considered in the article. They all support SATA interface.
Access your SSD via a single USB 3.0 Cable. Sabrent USB to SSD Review
2) “Adapter” for connecting a disk to a USB port. the BOX is correctly called (this is how it will be called in the article).
How to connect a laptop SATA HDD / SSD to USB (2.5 ” drive)
Disks from laptops are smaller than those from PCs (2.5 “, PC 3.5”). As a rule, BOX (translated as “box”) for them comes without an external power source with 2 ports for connecting to USB (the so-called “pigtail.” it will if you only connect it to one).
1) The BOX itself can be with a plastic or metal case (you can choose any, because in the event of a fall, even if the case itself does not suffer, the disk will suffer. So the case will not save in all cases);
2) In addition, when choosing, pay attention to the connection interface: USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 can provide completely different speeds. By the way, for example, BOX with USB 2.0 support when copying (or reading) information. will allow you to work at a speed of no more than
3) And one more important point is the thickness for which the BOX is designed. The fact is that 2.5 disks for laptops can have different thicknesses: 9.5 mm, 7 mm, etc. If you buy a BOX for the slim version, then you will probably not be able to install a 9.5 mm disk in it.!
BOX can usually be taken apart quickly and easily. As a rule, 1-2 latches or screws hold it. A typical BOX for connecting SATA drives to USB 2.0 is shown in Fig. one.
When assembled, such a BOX is no different from a regular external hard drive. It is also convenient to carry and use for quick exchange of information. By the way, it is also convenient to store backups on such disks, which are usually not needed, but in which case they can save a lot of nerve cells
Connecting 3.5 disks (from a computer) to a USB port
These disks are slightly larger than 2.5 inches. There is not enough USB power to connect them, so they come with an additional adapter. The principle of BOX selection and its operation is similar to the first type (see above).
By the way, it is worth noting that a 2.5-inch disk can usually be connected to such a BOX (i.e., many of these models are universal).
Also, one more thing: manufacturers often do not make any box for such disks at all. that is, you simply connect the disk to the cables, and it works (which, in principle, is logical. such disks can hardly be called portable, which means that the box itself is usually not required).
For users who are not satisfied with one hard drive connected to USB. there are special docking stations to which you can connect several hard drives at once.
This concludes the article. Good job everyone.
How to connect SSD and HDD at the same time on a computer
For those who need more space on the computer or want to divide the space into subsystems, can take advantage of the opportunity to connect a hard drive and establish a joint work with a solid state drive.
Let’s figure out how to connect an SSD and HDD to a computer and laptop at the same time. With a personal computer, everything is quite simple, because there are additional slots for this. You just need to figure out the setting in the BIOS:
- If you want to install the operating system on an SSD with other HDDs connected, then in the settings you must first install the solid-state drive, and then connect an external USB device and start the installation process.
- If you want the operating system to be on the HDD, then put it first in the boot list.
To transfer an operating system from an installed hard drive to a solid-state drive, you need to use special programs that are available on the network in free and paid variations.
There are four ways to install an SSD:
- Just changing an outdated HDD to a new SSD.
- Connecting a solid-state drive via a CD-ROM, or rather instead using a special device.
- Installing a solid state drive instead of a hard drive and then plugging the HDD into an optical drive.
- Replacing a hard drive with an SSD, then connecting the HDD to a USB connector using an adapter.
We will consider different ways of how to connect an SSD to a computer and laptop, as well as analyze possible malfunctions when replacing yourself.
How to connect an SSD to a PC
If you yourself installed a hard drive on a stationary computer, then you will not have any difficulties with how to connect an SSD to a PC. Except that the SSD for a computer is usually bought in 2.5 inches, while HDDs are 3.5 inches wide.
The standard replacement method also starts with downloading all the information you need to an external drive. Then you need to disconnect the computer from the network, and also turn off the power supply through the toggle switch, which is next to it. In order to remove residual static voltage, hold down the power button of the computer for 5 seconds, this will make the process of installing the SSD on the PC more secure. Now let’s look at the step-by-step instructions for installing an SSD on a computer:
- Remove the left side panel of the PC in order to gain access to the port and location of the hard drive. In “advanced” computers, this can also be the right panel due to the peculiarities of the connection cable routing.
- Dismantle the HDD by unplugging from the motherboard SATA interface and installing the SSD in slots with a suitable width or using adaptive metal mounts (they usually go to the solid state drive).
- You need to connect the SSD to the motherboard with an L-shaped cable. Here is the crucial moment of choosing a port for connection, usually they all fit, but for a solid-state drive it is better to choose the one that offers the highest bandwidth (6 GB / s). The inscriptions on them will help to make the right choice.
- Close the computer case and connect it to the network.
At the last stage, you also call the BIOS system in order to make sure that the new connected device is working successfully and in the desired mode. To do this, go to the Advanced tab, then pay attention to the SATA Operation line, if the ACHI mode is specified in the parameters, then the solid-state drive is working correctly.
How to connect SSD and HDD at the same time on a laptop
If you yourself figured out how to put an SSD on a computer and completely completed it in practice, then you noticed that there are no places to install an HDD. To implement the simultaneous operation of both disks, there are three options:
- The first way is to connect an HDD instead of a floppy drive. This is done using special adapters, for example, HDD Caddy for Laptop Notebook or Optibay. In appearance and shape, the device completely repeats a standard DVD drive. The only thing you need to pay attention to before purchasing such an adapter is the thickness of the drive. Notebook drives come in two sizes. 12.7 mm and 9.5 mm. To find out the size of the drive, you can install a utility that displays all the components connected to the laptop.
After purchasing the adapter, completely disconnect the accessories connected to the laptop. Turn it over and unscrew the screw that holds the drive. When you unrolled it, one movement of your hand is enough for it to move out. You take it out and mount the SSD already installed in the Caddy or Optibay. Next, you assemble the laptop, and after assembly, check through the BIOS to see if the disk has been detected.
- In the second method, you can repeat all the above manipulations, only instead of an SSD, a hard disk is installed in the drive.
- The last method is the simultaneous connection with replacing the HDD in the laptop itself with an SSD and installing the hard drive to the USB port. You can turn this option using adaptive box.
How to connect an SSD
Installing an SSD is a simple yet surefire way to speed up your computer or laptop without buying a new device. Even the most budgetary SSD model will run several times faster than a mid-range HDD. If you have already bought an additional device for your “machine”, then before proceeding with updating it, you need to figure out how to connect an SSD. You do not need to have special knowledge for this, but some skills and accuracy will come in handy, and to connect the SSD you will need a Phillips screwdriver to remove the panels and any external drive, for example, a USB flash drive.
How to install an SSD in a laptop
A solid state drive will not only speed up your laptop, but also increase the battery life, which is very good when used remotely from a power outlet. These two advantages push users to upgrade their portable equipment. Before we start describing how to connect an SSD to a laptop, let’s supplement the toolkit with a plastic card or other flat object to make it easier to pry off the laptop lid. The process of installing an SSD in a laptop should start by downloading all the necessary files from the hard drive, since after replacing no old information will remain on the device. To do this, you can use any external drive or use virtual storages. The next steps in a classic laptop upgrade are as follows:
- It is necessary to turn off the laptop and remove all connected devices (mouse, headphones, charging cable, external drives).
- At the second stage, the laptop needs to be turned over and the battery removed.
- We unscrew the bolts with a Phillips screwdriver and remove the rear panel of the laptop. This is where a plastic card comes in handy to pry off the cover that covers the hard drive.
- Removing the cover reveals the hard drive that is connected to the SATA connector. Carefully remove the HDD and mount the solid-state drive instead.
After that, close the laptop with the lid, insert the battery and call the BIOS. The base system of the device should recognize the new storage disk and display its data in the appropriate section (Main). Now you know how to install an SSD on a laptop without assistance.
The computer or laptop does not see the SSD drive
If the computer does not see the SSD drive, then the BIOS for the SSD may be incorrectly configured. To check the correct operation, you need to go to the base system of the device in the Advanced → SATA Mode tab and see which mode is set, if the IDE mode is set there, then you need to replace it with ACHI and save the changes. The same principle of BIOS setting works if the SSD and laptop are not seen.
Another reason why the computer does not see the SSD disk may be in the solid-state drive itself, if it is used or not stored correctly. You can check its serviceability on another PC. Gadgets may not see the internal drive due to a loose or weakly plugged cable with a SATA interface. To fix the problem, you will have to disassemble the equipment again. If everything is checked and in working order, then the reason may lie in an outdated BIOS that requires an update.
If you find an error, please select a piece of text and press CtrlEnter.
How to connect a hard drive to a USB port
Today’s article is quite practical: it is not so rare that there is a need to connect a hard disk drive (HDD) from a computer (laptop) directly to a USB port (for example, to transfer a large amount of data from one PC to another, to restore information, cure viruses, create backups etc.).
Also, as an option, you can simply remove the disks from the old PC / laptop and use them as external drives (convenient for transporting a large amount of information). Why not?! (why spend extra money on an external drive when you can use the old one. ✌)
In this article I would like to give several options for solving this problem. In general, there is nothing complicated in it, but there are certain features that I will try to focus on.
How to connect a second hard drive to a computer, laptop. see instructions
using the docking station
A docking station is a design for connecting several devices to a PC / laptop at once: disks, flash drives, memory cards, phones, tablets, and other equipment. over, the station itself can be connected to a PC using just one USB cable.
This option is suitable when you want to quickly and easily connect multiple hard drives to the USB port at once (of course, this is not a portable option). As a rule, many docking stations are equipped with additional. ports: USB, SD / MMC, X-Memory, MS, etc. (see photo below ).
Docking station (as an example) / Clickable
In general, docking stations can be equipped with a different number of ports, have slots for connecting not only 2 disks, as in the photo above (but also more), support various protocols (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc.).
They are used most often when it is necessary to work with a large amount of information, with several drives at once.
Note: often docking stations are made universal. you can connect to them both 2.5 inch drives (from a laptop) and 3.5 inch (from a PC).
use of containers (in English BOX)
Note: BOX is translated from English. as a “box” (or container).
This option is good because the disc in it is more protected (from dust, moisture, vibrations, drops, etc.), and you can use it not only at your home table, but also take it with you.
When choosing such a container: everything that is said about the adapter is also relevant here, plus pay attention to one more detail. the thickness of the disk (this applies to 2.5 “models)!
The fact is that in laptops there can be disks with a thickness of both 9.5 mm and 7 mm (they are usually marked with the marking slim).
So, if you buy a container for a thin drive (7 mm), then you will not be able to insert a disc into it, the thickness of which will be higher.
Connecting a hard drive to USB
through a special adapter
Using an adapter is the simplest, most convenient and cheapest option (however, there is a minus. the disk is not protected from external influences in any way: dust gets on it, something may spill, etc. It is more suitable for home desktop use).
Such an adapter is a regular cable with SATA (IDE) and USB interfaces (see the screenshot below ).
I note that among the adapters there are universal options (i.e. SATA IDE (it can be very convenient if you have different drives)).
Universal adapter (you can connect both an old IDE disk and a SATA version)
As for the direct use:
- just connect the disk to the USB port of the laptop (PC) and open the explorer. then you can use it as a regular drive;
- if the disk is not displayed in “My Computer” (it often happens with new drives). you need to go to disk management and format it ( how to do it).
The SSD drive is connected to the laptop’s USB port using a special. cable
What you need to know before buying an adapter:
- the interface of the disk that you want to connect to USB (now you can find IDE and SATA interfaces, the difference between them is shown in the photo below );
the physical size of the disk (usually measured in inches). Laptops use 2.5 “drives (or they are also referred to as 2.5”). Computers use 3.5 (or 3.5 “). The fact is that a 2.5 “drive can be connected without an additional power source, and for a 3.5” drive it is necessary (different adapters!);
pay attention to the supported interfaces: there are adapters that work over USB 2.0, there are those that support USB 3.0. If you have a USB 3.0 port on your computer. of course, you should choose an adapter that supports the same interface. In general, USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 are backward compatible (that is, both adapters will work). however, USB 2.0 is significantly slower (in
2-2.5 times), its speed when copying / reading files will be only
25-30 MB / s (however, this is enough for most tasks).
How to tell a USB 3.0 port from a USB 2.0 port
This applies to adapters without additional power supplies.
Some users connect several devices to one USB port at once: a disk, a phone charger, a mouse, etc. It may so happen that the power from the USB port will no longer be enough for the disk and it will become invisible (or it will “disappear” when you try to copy information to it).
To avoid this: try to connect one drive to one USB port. If you need to connect 3-4 external drives. use special. hub (splitter) with power supply (photo below).
If the drive does not appear in My Computer
When even a working disk is connected to a USB port, it is not always immediately displayed in My Computer. For example, if it is not formatted or Windows has not assigned a letter to it, you will not see it in Explorer!
- open the “Disk Management” application built into Windows (in this application, the disk should be displayed if it and the adapter are working);
- then right-click on the disk and change (assign) a new letter to it. For example, instead of “F:” specify “T:” (see screen below ). In some cases, it may be necessary to format the drive (important: this will delete all data from it!);
- after this operation, the disk should appear in the explorer (including in “My Computer”). If this did not happen. see this instruction.
How to connect a hard drive from a computer to a laptop (netbook)
Quite a typical task: transfer a large number of files from the computer’s hard drive to the laptop’s hard drive (well, or in general, just an old PC drive remains and there is a desire to use it to store various files, so that HDDs on the laptop, as a rule, have less capacity in volume).
In either case, you need to connect the hard drive to the laptop. This article is just about this, we will consider one of the simplest and most versatile options.
Question: how to remove a hard drive from a computer (IDE and SATA)
It is logical that before connecting the disk to another device, it must be removed from the PC system unit (the fact is that depending on the connection interface of your disk (IDE or SATA), the boxes that will be required for connection will differ. article).
Therefore, in order not to guess what kind of disk you have, it is best to first remove it from the system unit and look at its interface.
As a rule, there are no big problems with extracting:
- First, turn off the computer completely, including removing the plug from the network;
- open the side cover of the system unit;
- take out all the plugs that are connected to it from the hard drive;
- unscrew the fastening screws and take out the disk (as a rule, it goes on a slide).
The process itself is quite easy and fast. Then take a close look at the connection interface (see Fig. 2). Now, most modern drives are connected via SATA (modern interface, provides high data transfer rate). If you have an old disk, it is quite possible that it will have an IDE interface.
Computers usually use “large” 3.5 “drives (see Fig. 2.1), while laptops have smaller drives. 2.5” (1 “is 2.54 cm). The numbers 2.5 and 3.5 are used to denote form factors and it says about the width of the HDD case in inches.
All modern 3.5 hard drives are 25mm high; this is called “half-height” compared to much older discs. Manufacturers use this height to accommodate one to five plates. In 2.5 hard drives, everything is different: the original height of 12.5 mm has been replaced by 9.5 mm, which includes up to three platters (there are also thinner discs now). 9.5mm height has actually become the standard for most laptops, however, some companies sometimes still produce 12.5mm hard drives based on three platters.
Connecting the drive to the laptop
Let’s assume that we’ve figured out the interface
For direct connection, you will need a special BOX (box, or in translation from English. “Box”). These boxes can be varied:
- 3.5 IDE. USB 2.0. means that this box is for a 3.5-inch disk (and these are just in a PC) with an IDE interface, for connecting to a USB 2.0 port (transfer speed (actual) no more than 20-35 Mb / s);
- 3.5 IDE. USB 3.0. the same, only the exchange speed will be higher;
- 3.5 SATA. USB 2.0 (similarly, the difference is in the interface);
- 3.5 SATA. USB 3.0 etc.
This box is a rectangular box, slightly larger than the disc itself. This box usually opens from the back and the HDD is inserted directly into it (see Fig. 3).
Actually, after that it is necessary to connect power (adapter) to this box and connect it via USB cable to a laptop (or to a TV, for example, see Fig. 4).
If the disk and box are working, then in “my computer” you will have another disk that you can work with as with a regular hard disk (format, copy, delete, etc.)
If suddenly the disk is not visible on my computer
In this case, 2 actions may be required.
1) Check if there are drivers for your box. As a rule, Windows installs them itself, but if the box is not standard, then there may be problems
First, start the device manager and see if there is a driver for your device, if there are no yellow exclamation marks anywhere (as in Fig. 5). I also recommend that you check your computer with one of the utilities for auto-updating drivers: https://pcpro100.info/obnovleniya-drayverov/.
2) Go to Disk Management in Windows (to go there, in Windows 10, just right-click on START) and check if there is a connected HDD. If it is, then most likely, in order for it to become visible, it needs to change the letter and format it. On this score, by the way, I have a separate article: https://pcpro100.info/chto-delat-esli-kompyuter-ne-vidit-vneshniy-zhestkiy-disk/ (I recommend reading).
That’s all for me. By the way, if you want to transfer a lot of files from PC to laptop (and do not plan to constantly use HDD from PC on laptop), then perhaps another way will suit you: connect PC and laptop to a local network, and then just copy the necessary files. For all this, only one wire will be enough (if we take into account that there are network cards on the laptop and on the computer). You can find more details about this in my article on the local network.
How to connect laptop to computer
To transfer a large amount of data from a desktop computer to a laptop, you do not have to buy an external hard drive or an expensive terabyte flash drive.
But connecting a laptop to a computer via USB as a tablet or smartphone (which I wrote about in this article) will also fail. You need to set up and configure a network between devices. A PC and a laptop combined into one home network open up a lot of opportunities for group use of devices. this is a network game mode, this is a multiplayer work with programs, it is a quick and convenient file exchange. At the same time, unlike the connection of mobile devices, such a connection is equally functional for both wired and wireless connections.
Wireless connection using Wi-Fi
To establish a direct connection between a PC and a laptop via Wi-Fi, of course, these modules must be present on both devices. This is available in almost all modern laptops, monoblocks, as well as in “advanced” assemblies of the system unit. However, even if your PC does not have built-in Wi-Fi, you can always purchase it separately as a USB or PCI adapter. With a wireless connection, one of the devices must act as an access point, and the other will connect to this point. This type of connection is called Ad Hoc and is characterized by the fact that the wireless connection is established without the help of a router. Activate the Wi-Fi modules on the PC and laptop, then use standard Windows tools to configure the wireless network on both devices.
How to connect laptop to computer?
Today, the presence of a computer at home does not surprise anyone. On the contrary, if it is absent, it may cause confusion. Sometimes, in addition to it, another device appears. a laptop. Sometimes it is necessary to link them together in order to quickly and easily transfer information or for other purposes. Is it possible to connect a laptop to a computer and how to do it, let’s talk below.
How to connect computers via USB?
Constantly using the USB connector on a computer, some users probably wondered whether it is possible to connect computers via the USB port? It turns out that it is possible, but there are some subtleties here, and then we will take a closer look at how to connect computers via USB.
Before connecting computers via USB, you should be aware that connecting two computers via USB with a regular cable can damage them. For such a connection, a special USB Link cable is required, which differs from the usual USB to USB cable by the presence between the two controller plugs in a small box.
Suppose we have a USB Link cable, then connecting two computers via USB can be done quite simply and quickly. After connecting this cable to the connector, Windows searches for and installs the necessary drivers, which leads to the appearance of a new device “USB Network Bridge Adapter” in network connections.
After this device has appeared on both computers, further computers are connected via USB as with a normal network connection. Those. you need to go to the adapter properties and change the parameters “Internet Protocol TCP / IP” or try to connect with the default parameters.
Also on the website chajnikam.ru: How to connect a monitor to a computer via vga? How to connect passive speakers to a computer? How to connect a printer to a laptop? Recovering information from a flash drive
Connecting laptop to laptop via USB. simply and easily!
There are many reasons to connect two computers together. This may be needed to transfer data between machines, to run games and applications on a local network, to remotely configure a PC, and much more. And, if you need a LAN or WI-FI connection to create a full-fledged local network, then you can use a USB connection to transfer data.
How to connect laptop to computer via USB cable
How to connect a laptop to a computer. options
If there are no network devices at hand, you can still arrange a connection between the two devices. There are at least 2 ways to do this: via wi-fi and USB cable.
First, let’s look at how to connect a laptop to a computer via wi-fi. This method of connection is well suited for two laptops, since in modern models the wi-fi module is included in the package. If you need to connect a laptop and a desktop computer, you will need a wi-fi adapter.
- When the adapter is connected, you need to install the drivers, then set automatic IPv4 settings on both devices. To do this, you need to go to “Control Panel”. “Network and Sharing Center”. “Change adapter settings”. In the drop-down window “Run” type “ncpa.cpl”.
- You will be taken to network connections, where you find the “Wireless network” icon and right-click on it.
- In the drop-down context menu, select the “Properties” item, the “Wireless network” properties window will open. Double-click the left mouse button on the item “Internet Protocol version 4 (TPC / IPv4) and put a tick in front of the lines” Obtain an IP address automatically “and” Obtain DNS server address automatically “.
- We create a wireless network on the computer via the command line with administrator rights. To do this, in the “Start” type the command “Command line” and right-click on the icon that appears.
- Select “Run as Administrator” in the drop-down menu. In the command line, we type the commands “Create a wireless network”.
- When the wireless network is created and already launched, then on the laptop we go to the “Wireless networks” and connect to it by entering the security key and pressing “Yes” to the request to search for devices in the network.
Now we will learn how to connect a computer to a laptop via USB. The method is considered not very convenient, because a regular USB cable is not suitable for this. You need to purchase a special cable with a chip that allows you to create a local network via USB.
After connecting, Windows will ask you to install the driver. After installing it, you will see virtual network adapters in network connections. You only need to register the IP addresses.
- First, right-click on the virtual adapter, select “Properties”.
- Next, select “Internet Protocol TPC / IPv4” and double-click the left button.
- We register IP addresses on both devices and use the created network.
Many are interested in how to connect a network between a computer and a laptop and a TV. of course, via HDMI. In this case, you can go in several ways:
- HDMI to HDMI. just connect the cable to the corresponding connectors on the PC / laptop and TV;
- dvi-I to HDMI. additional audio connection required.
In both cases, you need to proceed as follows: first disconnect the PC or laptop, connect the HDMI cable to it, turn on the TV first, find the HDMI connection type in the SOURCE menu, only then turn on the laptop. Sometimes you still need to switch the image from a PC or laptop to a TV. On a laptop, the keyboard shortcut FnF8 is provided for this.
By holding these two keys, you can switch the image from laptop to TV, back from TV to laptop, or send the image to both devices at once.
All owners of electronic tablets know how important a stable Internet connection is for this device. After all, a tablet without a network connection turns into an almost useless toy. How to properly connect your tablet to the Internet. in the article.
It is rather difficult to imagine the life of a modern person without using the Internet. We are used to 24/7 network access. both in the office and at home. Therefore, you can find a wi-fi router in almost every home. How to connect a router. read the article.
Mobile phones have long ceased to be just a means of communication. Today it is also a multimedia center that allows you to create and store photos and videos. But watching them on a smartphone screen, albeit a large one, is not very convenient. To do this, you can connect your phone to your TV.
Monopod. a tripod for photographic equipment with one “leg”. actively used by selfie lovers. Only a lazy person doesn’t take a photo using this device! And if you also purchased a similar device, an article on how to connect a monopod will come in handy.
Connecting laptop to laptop
After purchasing a suitable ETC wire, you can start connecting.
- As mentioned above, first you need to download and install the necessary drivers (if Windows XP is installed).
- Then you need to get the disc attached to the wire and insert it into the drive (if for some reason the disc is not included in the kit, then you can go to the official website of the manager’s developers and download a free trial version), and then install the software on both devices.
- After you have installed the appropriate drivers and the desired program on both machines, you can connect the wire plugs to both devices.
- Now you need to open the proprietary program on both laptops and check that the ETC cable is visible to the file manager (this will greatly simplify the file transfer process).
- Next, on each device, you need to find the “Network” tab at the top of the program, go to it and select “Establish a connection via LPT / USB port”.
- Then you need to select in the program window which device will be the “Server” (the PC from which the data will be copied), and which will be the “Client” (the PC to which the data will be downloaded).
- You may be prompted to select a port. in this case, you need to select USB.
- Done! The connection is established, and now you can change, delete, rename, and transfer files from one computer to another.
- When you have copied all the necessary information, you need to click on the “Client” on the “Disable” button, and on the “Server”. on the “Interrupt” button. Now you can safely disconnect the cable from computers and close the program.
Despite the fact that this method is practical and saves time (no need to fiddle with a flash drive), it also has its drawbacks:
- Various errors may appear when transferring data between different-bit operating systems.
- Errors may occur when transferring files between operating systems with different languages.
How to connect laptop to laptop via USB
Quite often, users need to transfer any data from one computer to another, but sometimes a flash drive or any other medium may simply not be at hand or it may not have enough memory. In this case, you can connect the devices to each other using a USB cable. How to connect laptop to laptop via USB? In this article you will find the answer to this question.
To begin with, it is important to understand that using this method you cannot create a local network (you can use LAN ports or Wi-Fi for this). this method is only suitable for transferring files between 2 PCs.
Here is a short list of the most suitable wires:
- APC Windows 7 ETC;
- Belkin ETC for Vista;
- Conceptronic USB 2.0 Vista Copy Cable;
- Delock Easy Transfer USB 2.0 Vista Cable;
- Logilink Easy Transfer Cable;
- Vivanco ETC for Windows Vista.
IMPORTANT! You should not try to connect computers with a wire with ordinary plugs. in the best case, you will disable the USB connectors, in the worst case, “burn” the motherboards on both PCs.
As you may have noticed, there is nothing difficult in connecting 2 PCs to each other via USB. Even a novice user who does not have deep knowledge in this area can cope with this task. Now, when there is no flash drive at hand or there is not enough space on it, you can use the above method and save your time and nerves.
Installing an SSD in the system unit of a stationary computer
Thanks to its compact size, the SSD can, if desired, be installed in almost any compartment of the system unit. The best place for this is where the hard drive is mounted. It should be noted that the width of such a bay is 3.5 inches, and the size of the SSD is 2.5 inches (in the same form factor are produced hard drives for notebooks). To be able to securely fix it, you need a so-called “sled”. They are often equipped with new SSDs. If the package contains no “sled”, they will have to be purchased separately.
Modern PC cases may have bays specifically designed for mounting SSDs. In this case, it is worth putting the drive there.
- Make sure the computer is turned off and unplugged. To avoid electrical shock or damage to the electronics, it is strongly recommended that you unplug the power cable from the power supply connector.
- Take a screwdriver, unscrew the fixing bolts that hold the left cover of the system unit, and remove it. If the case provides for mounting the drive on its wall, you will also need to remove the right cover.
- Place the device in the compartment provided and secure it with screws or latches. Check that the fixation is secure If there is no free compartment, the media can be positioned in any part of the case, securing it with vinyl clamps.
Some users use ordinary or double-sided tapes for these purposes. However, you should not do this. this method of fastening is extremely unreliable.
- Connect the drive to the system board. If there is an M.2 connector on it (and they should be on all modern non-budget models), it is better to connect the device through it. M.2 differs from other interfaces in its compactness, lack of wired connection and high speed of information exchange. The increase in performance was made possible by the use of the 16-speed NVME PCI Express bus by this standard.
M.2 connector on the motherboard
- If necessary, arrange the wires so that they do not interfere with other devices in your system.
- Close the computer case and connect the power supply to the mains.
We recommend that you watch the process of connecting an SSD to a motherboard via the M.2 interface:
Ways to connect a drive in the absence of an M.2 connector
If there is no M.2 connector on the motherboard of your computer, the SSD can be connected using other interfaces. These include PCI Express, SATA and USB. Consider the connection features for each of them.
BIOS setup and SSD preparation
After completing the installation of the drive, press the power button on the computer and enter the BIOS. Then follow these steps in sequence:
- Find the section that sets the boot priority (“Boot”).
- Go to the “Boot Device Priority” setting. Specify SSD as boot device.
Changing Boot Priority in BIOS
- If the connection is made via the SATA interface, its controller should be switched to AHCI mode.
- Save your changes by pressing F10.
The computer will then restart. You can start installing the operating system by following the prompts that appear on the screen.
Connecting an SSD to a stationary computer or laptop
SSDs compare favorably with hard drives in their high data speed and long service life. Their performance is several times higher than that of a hard drive. If such a drive is installed as a system disk, the overall system performance will increase significantly. It can be installed both in the case of a stationary computer and in a laptop.
Installing an SSD in a laptop
The general installation scheme is the same as for a stationary computer. However, the details of this procedure differ due to the specific design of the notebook.
Since space is limited inside the laptop, plugging in an SSD for the user will likely involve removing one of the devices connected to it. The following options are possible:
- removing the hard drive from the system and installing an SSD disk on the vacated space;
- Disconnect the CD / DVD drive and connect an SSD instead (this requires a special adapter);
- the drive is placed in the place where the hard disk used to be, and the hard drive with the help of an adapter is placed where the optical drive was;
- An SSD is installed instead of a hard drive, while a special box is purchased for the latter device, which allows you to connect the hard drive to a laptop via a USB port.
When connecting a solid state drive to a laptop, follow this order:
- Turn off your laptop and unplug it.
- If a removable battery is connected to the device, it must be removed.
- Take a screwdriver, turn the laptop upside down and gently remove the cover under which the drive bay is located.
- If necessary, remove the hard drive or CD / DVD drive from the laptop. To do this, unscrew them with a screwdriver and disconnect the wires connected to them.
- Insert the SSD into the M.2 slot and carefully screw it in with the nut.
Do I need to reinstall Windows “from scratch
There are many recommendations on the Internet on how to transfer a system from a hard disk image to an SSD. After performing such manipulations, Windows from the solid-state drive may boot, but the user will not gain anything from this. Rather, the opposite is true: acting on such schemes can lead to additional problems.
Restoring Windows from an image recorded on the HDD can lead to:
- incorrect operation of system services (they were automatically configured to work with a hard drive, not a solid-state drive);
- periodic appearance of system errors accumulated at the time of image creation;
- general deterioration in computer performance;
- premature SSD wear.
Therefore, when switching to a solid-state drive, it is advisable to install Windows from scratch on it.
To maximize SSD performance and extend its lifespan, it is recommended to leave at least 10% unallocated space on it.
In terms of data transfer speed, this is the best connection option. If the motherboard has a PCI Express slot free, you can connect a solid-state drive to it.
The connection is not made directly, but using an M.2 / PCI-E adapter. The sequence of actions is as follows:
- Secure the media inside the adapter. Gently, without hard pressure, fix the SSD with a screwdriver.
- Determine which slot you will connect the drive to. Make your decision based on the baud rate supported by the adapter. Typically this is 4X or 16X.
- Install SSD into PCI Express slot.
Connect a SSD to Computers via a Single USB Port. SATA SSD to USB Adapter
The drive is installed in a PCI Express slot
- Secure the SSD with latches and, if necessary, screw it to the case with screws.
It is not recommended to place the solid-state drive too close to the video card (if it is physically possible). This arrangement will keep both devices cooler.
To connect a drive to a SATA connector, you need an M.2 / SATA-3 adapter. The connection is made like this:
- Place the drive into the adapter and fix the device inside the computer case.
M.2 / SATA-3 adapter
- Use a SATA interface cable to connect the drive to the computer motherboard.
- Connect the SATA power transfer cable from the power supply to it. The corresponding plugs and connectors have L-shaped contours, like the data interface.
Connecting a solid state drive via a SATA interface
SATA 3.0 supports data transfer rates up to 600 MB / s, while in M.2 this figure reaches 3.94 GB / s. Thus, using SATA to connect the SSD will not improve system performance.
In a situation where there are no free connectors inside the case, you can connect the disk to the USB port. To do this, you will need an M.2 / USB adapter. To successfully connect the media, the user must:
- Using a screw and a screwdriver, screw the SSD to the adapter.
M.2 / USB adapter
- Install a protective case on the device, if included. This will help protect the disc from adverse environmental conditions (dustiness, high humidity).
- Use the cable supplied with the adapter to connect the SSD to the USB port. Both USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 are suitable for this purpose. The latest specification provides faster read and write speeds. It is also allowed to use a reversible Type C cable (if there are necessary connectors on the adapter and the motherboard case).
The correct order of connection is as follows: first, the cable is plugged into the connector on the adapter, and then into the USB port on the motherboard.
Remember, accidentally pulling out the cable while the SSD is in operation may damage it. If this happens, it will most likely not be possible to restore the disk to working capacity.