What are two video cards for?
I mentioned above that the presence of two adapters makes the device more versatile. On the one hand, the user has the ability to work with graphics, for example, Process photos and videos, render and other heavy tasks. On the other hand, during normal work. the Internet, writing letters, listening to music, the device works with reduced power consumption and, accordingly, the battery sits down more slowly.
It is logical to assume that there should be some element in the technique, which automatically switches adapters depending on the type of work. Such an element is a special program, which quite often does NOT work too correctly and does NOT understand that a serious problem has arisen. In this case, the user needs to switch the graphics chip by himself. How the discrete video card turns on, I will tell below.
Utilities from video card manufacturers
The modern digital technology market offers customers discrete graphics adapters from two manufacturers. AMD or Nvidia. Each has its own graphics management software. This software is usually the default. If, for some reason, there are native programs, then they will appear after updating the video card driver, or they can be downloaded separately from the manufacturer’s website. Such utilities are suitable for a laptop of any brand, be it Samsung, which stopped production 4 years ago, or DELL. the leaders in the PC market.
I have already told you how to connect a productive chip using native utilities, in general, the process is NOT in turning on the chip, but in configuring it.
There are several configuration options:
- For specific tasks;
- Configure activation card to directly launch the program.
The utilities from the video card manufacturers are called Nvidia Control Center and Catalyst Control Center. The first program works with GeForce cards, the second with AMD.
Both utilities are hidden in the context menu, which can be called anywhere on the desktop. Run the program, open “Managing 3D Parameters “. Go to “Software settings” and select all the necessary programs that should work with a discrete chip. After saving, they will automatically start with a more powerful video card.
In order not to choose a video card for each program, you can make the process manual, namely, when you run a specific utility, activate the required adapter for it. To do this, go to the “NVidia Control Panel” and go to the “Desktop” tab. In the proposed list, you should activate the last two items. “add item will launch.”, and “display the activity icon.”. Now, when you turn on any program, first click on it with the PCM and run it with a high-performance Intel processor.
For AMD graphics cards, the process is NOT different. Go to the Catalyst application and select “Power”. Next we are interested in “switchable graphics adapters”. After that, by analogy with the description above, we select a productive card for specific applications. This method works in a combination of Intel Radeon, for AMD Radeon the application is called AMD Vision, the principle of activation is similar.
Turning on the discrete graphics card on a laptop with Windows 10. How? Consider below
Greetings, dear readers of my blog!
Most modern laptops are equipped with one or two video cards. integrated and discrete. The presence of the first allows more economical use of the battery and lower heating of the device, a separate graphics chip provides performance in complex tasks related to graphics. Modern devices always have an integrated card. But discrete may not be. Today I will talk about how to enable a discrete video card on a Windows 10 laptop. I, Rostislav, also recommend reading the article and comments to it so that you understand this issue for sure.
Windows standard tools
Before using a discrete video card, you should check that it is in the laptop and that it has up-to-date software, namely fresh drivers. This is done very simply. just go to the “Device Manager” and find the item “Video adapters” there. If there are two video cards displays, then everything works and you can turn on a discrete graphics chip.
So, the method that allows you to activate discrete graphics using standard Windows 10 tools is suitable if the picture will be displayed on an external monitor. In order to do this, you must enter the item “Screen resolution”. The easiest way is through the desktop context menu. Method two. “Control Panel” in the “Start” menu.
Here you need to find another monitor, after clicking on the button of the same name, the OS will write that the screen is not defined. It’s not scary. We choose a discrete video card for it, put in the “Multiple screens” menu. “try to connect via VGA”, and also choose a display method. on one screen, two screens, or split the picture. After saving the settings, any monitor connected via VGA output will automatically operate from the discrete chip.
An important point. if the setting is carried out without an external monitor connected, then you DO NOT NEED to select display only on the second screen! Otherwise, the monitor screen will turn off and you can change anything only after connecting an external monitor.
Laptop owners who are NOT too concerned about autonomy can choose the easiest way. to disable the integrated graphics card. This is done through the “Device Manager”, where you just need to click disable on the corresponding adapter. The OS will be left with nothing but the use of a discrete chip.
BIOS and UEFI
The last method is to activate the video card in BIOS or UEFI (analogous to BIOSa, on new laptops from many well-known manufacturers. Acer, HP, and others). You can enter BIOS by pressing Special keys. They are different for all brands. Usually these are the F or Del buttons. Lenovo and Acer put other keys on their devices, you just need to look at the manual and find the option you need.
In the BIOS menu, you need to enter the Display item and select Graphic Device, pressing the Enter button opens a list of available video cards. We choose the one we need, saving the result. This method of turning on means that when the laptop is started, the selected video card is activated. If you choose discrete graphics, then only it will be involved all the time, even when playing solitaire.
How to switch the video card
There are several ways to force enable a discrete graphics card:
- Windows 10 standard tools,
- Utilities from Radeon or NVidia;
- Via BIOS.
Immediately emphasize that the last method is not the best and it is better NOT to use it. In fact, it makes it possible to forcibly start a laptop running from a discrete video card or vice versa with an integrated.
Back in 2014, rumors began circulating that laptop and hardware manufacturers came to them with the decision to develop the possibility of simultaneous operation of a discrete and integrated video card, as well as to make it possible for two removable chips from different brands to work simultaneously. over, it was planned that in this case, the total memory for graphics would combine the volumes of both adapters. The idea is great, but at this stage it is NOT solved. Therefore, now users can choose which chip to work on, but not activate both at once.
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Mounting the graphics adapter
If the question is: “How to set up NVidia graphics card on a laptop?”, Then we skip this stage. The adapter is soldered in mobile computers and it is necessary to install it. The same can be said for the integrated video cores. They are included in the CPU and, as in the case of a laptop, there is no need to install them additionally.
But for stationary system units with discrete accelerators, this point is very important. Therefore, when the PC is off, we remove the side panels from the case. Then you need to take a closer look at the motherboard and find slots on it labeled PCI-E 16X. In one situation, it can be one, but on premium solutions, as a rule, there are several. In the latter case, we find the connector with the lowest serial number: 0 or 1. After that, install the graphics adapter in this slot and snap all the latches. Also, do not forget to fasten the metal plate.
If the graphics accelerator model is GTX 1060 or higher, then you need to connect an additional power supply connector from the power supply.
Now you can reassemble the system unit.
Turning on the PC. Driver installation
Next, you need to apply voltage to the computer system and prepare the disk from the graphics device. After the PC has finished loading, install the disc into the drive and start the software installation process. In the request window, select the item “Master”, and, following his instructions, Install all the software components, which include diagnostic utilities, drivers and the NVidia panel. At the end, we exit the setup system and reboot the system unit. Actually, such an operation as setting up an NVidia video card in Windows 7 or in any other software environment is now complete. But to increase performance, it is recommended to nevertheless adjust some of the control panel parameters.
Adjustment of parameters
Next, let’s figure out how to maximally configure the NVidia video card for games or other resource-intensive modern applications. To do this, turn on the PC by calling the context menu. This can be done using the corresponding key on the keyboard or using the right button of the manipulator. Next, select the item “Panel NVidia”. After that, her window will open. In it, go to the item “3D. Options “, and then. “3D control”. Then we set the following parameters:
- We include all CUDA graphics cores without fail.
- Disable V-Sync and Anisotropic Filtering Options.
- The vertical sync pulse specifies the application used.
- Turn off the dimming background lighting mode.
- We select the maximum number of pre-trained personnel on the recommendation of NVidia. To do this, select the item next to which the manufacturer’s logo is located.
- Streaming optimization is set automatically.
- We switch the power supply to adaptive mode.
- All anti-aliasing options, as well as triple buffering, are disabled.
- Then forcibly set the multi-display performance mode.
- Disable anisotropic optimization related to texture filtering.
- Texture quality Set to maximum.
- Then you need to enable negative deviation and trilinear optimization.
- We deactivate the last three points, which include anisotropic filtering, scalable textures and limiting the expansion.
- At the final stage, press the button “Apply”. This will save the previously entered parameters.
The lineup. Accelerators specialization
In addition to how to set up an NVidia video card for games, let’s figure out the range of current graphics accelerators from this manufacturer. Again, this company produces only discrete video subsystems. At the moment, the 10xx series of video adapters is relevant. Devices within its framework are distributed as follows:
- The budget segment is occupied by solutions of the GT 1030 model. In terms of performance, such accelerators correspond to an integrated accelerator. Therefore, such a board can only be purchased if the built-in video core breaks down.
- The entry-level gaming adapter niche is occupied by the GTX 1050 and GTX 1050Ti series devices. In this case, the technical specifications are improved and this improves performance. But the cost also increases significantly. Most modern toys on such accelerators will go in HD or FullHD. The quality of the picture must be set at an average level.
- Mid-range graphics accelerators are currently the GTX 1060, GTX 1070 and GTX 1070Ti. These solutions are equipped with a larger video buffer. Also, the parameters in this group of accelerators have been significantly improved. In total, most toys on this hardware will go in FullHD or 2K resolution.
- The premium adapters are 1080 and 1080 GTX. In this case, you can play in 4K resolution. But the price of such solutions is really very, very high. In some cases, it can reach 1000.
Overclocking. Hardware Requirements
In some cases, setting up an NVidia video card, which was given in the previous section, can increase the speed of the PC by 30%. But it is also possible to increase performance by an additional 10-15% due to overclocking. To do this, go to the adapter’s diagnostic utility and increase the clock speeds of the GPU and video memory. Again, this should be done in stages. Increased the minimum Possible value and checked the accelerator’s performance. As soon as the limit is reached and the system stops working stably, we return to the previous parameters and save them.
Therefore, not only such a procedure as setting up an NVidia video card allows you to increase the speed of the video subsystem, but also overclocking. In the latter case, the power of the power supply unit must be overestimated, and the case must necessarily ensure good air circulation.
General setup procedure
The algorithm for how to set up an NVidia video card is as follows:
- Installing the adapter.
- Monitor connection.
- Installing software. Setting software parameters for maximum performance.
You can also increase the frequency of the GPU and video memory. This also improves the overall performance of the PC. But this operation is not applicable for every case.
At the next stage of setting up the NVidia video card, it comes down to connecting a monitor. For THESE purposes, this group of devices is equipped with three types of ports. One of them, DVI, is obsolete and is only recommended as a last resort. DisplayPort and HDMI, on the other hand, are equivalent. Therefore, to any of them and bring the wire from the monitor.
Some older models of monitors do not have such connectors, but are equipped with only a VGA port. In this case, you need to install a special adapter to the DVI socket, and only then carry out the commutation between these two devices.
Also, do not forget about connecting the monitor’s power cord.
How to tune your Nvidia graphics card for maximum performance
As part of this material, recommendations will be given on how to configure the NVidia video card for maximum performance in games. We will also consider the range of graphics accelerators from this renowned manufacturer. In addition to this, recommendations for overclocking the products of this company will be given and the hardware requirements in this case will be indicated.
In addition to the graphics accelerator, the package includes a CD with drivers and documentation, a set of additional communication wires and a warranty card. Also in this list there is a user manual, which describes in detail how to set up an NVidia video card for games and any other application tasks. In some cases, manufacturers include free games in the bundle. But, as a rule, these are premium solutions with high performance.
I told you it didn’t work. You need something else. Can you suggest anything else?
When starting games, a more powerful video card is automatically selected. In the device manager, you can check, in the Video card section, there should be two of them.
How to choose the right graphics accelerator in BIOS
Let’s consider another interesting question when a laptop is running on an integrated video card. How to switch the video card on a laptop in BIOS?
The procedure in this case will be a little more complicated than in the instructions given earlier. If you have NEVER used the basic I / O system before or if you are afraid of making changes to the firmware, ask a more experienced user to follow the next steps or Contact the service center. And if you want to try to make adjustments yourself. carefully, observing each point, follow the algorithm:
- Turn off the laptop and then restart it in the standard way.
- Without waiting for the OS welcome screen or the prompt to select a startup option, quickly press the button several times to enter the BIOS. Depending on the manufacturer and firmware release, these can be F2, F8, F12, Delete, Escape, other keys, and even their combinations. Look for a suitable option in the instructions for your laptop, the Internet, pay attention to the bottom line of the power-on screen: the answer may be contained there too.
- Once in the hardware / software menu, go to the tab called Advanced. Next, select the section that gives access to the system settings: Chipset / Display. the name again depends on the manufacturer.
- Now, for the Graphics Device sub-item, set, depending on your current needs, an integrated or discrete card as the device used for processing graphics data.
- Save the settings just made by pressing F10 and, after confirming the changes, wait for the machine to restart.
That’s all; now you know how to change the graphics card on a laptop. You can freely apply knowledge by switching from one adapter to another. Don’t forget: any changes made are reversible. just repeat the whole cycle, canceling irrelevant or incorrect parameters.
Yes indeed nato drivers will update my aser aspire e1 570g laptop with two video cards first built-in nvidia intel xd grapniks 4000 f second nvidia dgefors gt740m so the vilndus update center found drivers for both programs, both vidyuhi but highlighted them as NOT necessary, well i and I think let me install them and oh my god I am delighted in shock all the drivers of both vidyuha and not only were amazingly updated and the xd intel R program itself was also completely updated and in the setting n-apparently the section got drunk with the help of a cat you can go with one vidyuhi on the second and back cool people cool shadow
Who has an AMD Radeon graphics card! Downloading h of. Site driver, during installation, the AMD Catalyst control center program will appear, in it you are looking for the maximum GPU or something similar and energy-saving. Choosing the maximum GPU.
It is better of course to update the driver for the latest version, sometimes this problem is due to it. You can switch the video card on a laptop in the following ways:
1) Right-click on the game’s shortcut. Select item “Run with GPU”, where to specify the desired video card.
2) Find the desired game in the NVidia panel and change the video card through which it is launched.
How to switch the graphics card on a laptop
The video card is one of the most important components of a laptop. Directly affecting graphics performance. It is not surprising that powerful video adapters consume quite a lot of power under load. And if for a desktop computer this is NOT a problem at all, then for a laptop, energy saving always comes first.
It is for this purpose that the manufacturer equips laptops with two video adapters: integrated and discrete, giving the user a choice. performance or energy saving.
- An integrated video adapter is a video card built directly into the processor or soldered directly to the motherboard with a separate chip. The advantage of this solution is, above all, the extremely low energy consumption, both at idle and under load. The main drawback, of course, is low performance.
- A discrete video card is a separately pluggable video adapter that works on the same principles as desktop video cards. In contrast to integrated video adapters, such a card has a higher power consumption and rather high performance.
Since, by default, in most laptops the integrated video adapter has priority, many are wondering how to switch the video card on a laptop to a discrete one. The answer to this question depends on which processor and which video card is installed in the laptop. There can be only three options:
- The laptop is powered by an AMD processor and is equipped with a discrete ATI / AMD graphics card. In this case, to switch video adapters, you will need to install the utility Catalyst Control Center and drivers for both video cards. By default, switching to a more powerful video adapter and vice versa occurs automatically, depending on which program is running and whether the laptop is connected to the network or not, but this does not always work correctly. Manual switching can be performed both from the utility Catalyst Control Center, and from the tray icon, which will be more convenient and quick.
- The laptop is powered by an Intel processor and is equipped with a discrete ATI / AMD graphics card. In this case, as in the previous one, to switch the graphics adapter is used Catalyst Control Center. However, if you want to use the automatic switching function, then you will need to download special drivers from the laptop manufacturer’s website, and then set the BIOS to Switchable in the Display Mode menu. How to enter BIOS on a laptop can be found here.
- The laptop is powered by an Intel processor and is equipped with a discrete graphics card from nVidia. To use such a bundle, it is enough to install drivers for both video cards from the manufacturer. Setting up switching and selecting a video card is done through NVidia control panel under 3D Settings. Manage 3D Settings on the Software Settings tab. In this case, you can set the video card selection mode for each individual program once and for all.
Do not forget that in order for the changes to work, you need to change the video adapter in the game launch.
Switching the graphics card to Windows XP
All of the above methods, unfortunately, do not work for Windows XP. To select an external video card in this case, you will need to enter the BIOS and disable the integrated graphics. To do this, in the Display Mode menu, set the Discrete mode.
Configuring NVIDIA Graphics Settings for Games.
If the drivers are installed, we proceed to configure.
Click on the desktop with the right mouse button so that a pop-up menu appears. In which we select the item: NVIDIA Control Panel
After that, we get to the control panel. Go to the section: 3D parameters
In the window that appears, first select the item: Adjusting image settings with viewing
Next, select: Settings according to the 3D application
Click: Apply (as shown in the picture below)
Now the fun begins.
NVIDIA Tuning for Maximum Gaming Performance
The guide details the process of managing NVIDIA graphics card settings. We will also show you how to configure NVIDIA 3D settings for some games. Before making the settings, you need to install the drivers for Nvidia.
Configuring NVIDIA 3D Settings for Games
Go to the section: Managing 3D parameters
After that, we proceed to setting parameters in the right window.
For the applications to work correctly, you must set the following parameters:
- CUDA. GPUs: All
- Anisotropic filtering: turn off
- V-Sync (vertical sync): off
- Vertical sync pulse “: Use 3D application setting
- Shading background lighting “: turn off
- Maximum number of pre-rendered frames: select the item marked with the NVIDIA icon
- Streaming Optimization: Automatic
- Power management mode: adaptive
- Anti-Aliasing. Gamma Correction: Disable
- Anti-aliasing. options: turn off
- Antialiasing. transparency: turn off
- Anti-Aliasing. Mode: Disable
- Triple buffering: turn off
- Multi-display / mixed GPU acceleration Multi-display performance mode
- Texture filtering. anisotropic optimization by sampling: turn off
- Texture filtering. quality “: highest performance
- Texture filtering. negative UD deviation: includes
- Texture filtering. trilinear optimization “: includes
- Anisotropic filtering. It directly affects the quality of textures in games. Therefore, it is recommended to turn off.
- Enable scalable textures: turn off
- Extension restriction: turn off
Depending on the version of drivers and video card, some parameters may be missing in the settings.
After changing all the settings, click the apply button. These settings do not guarantee 100% of the result, but in 90% of cases they can increase FPS up to 30%.
For those who are too lazy to read, we present a video on configuring NVIDIA settings
Setting up the NVIDIA graphics card
Nowadays, many desktop computers and laptops are equipped with video cards from NVIDIA. New models of graphics adapters from this manufacturer are released almost every year, and the old ones are supported both in production and in terms of software updates. If you are the owner of such a card, you have access to detailed configuration of the graphic parameters of the monitor and the operating system, which is carried out through a special proprietary program installed along with the drivers. It is in the capabilities of this software that we would like to talk within the framework of this article.
The first category displayed in the panel on the left is called Videos. There are only two parameters, but each of them can be useful to the user. The mentioned section is devoted to the configuration of video playback in various players, and you can edit the following items here:
- In the first section, Adjusting Video Color Options, you can adjust the picture color, gamma, and dynamic range. If the “With video player settings” mode is enabled, manual control through this program will be impossible, since it is performed directly in the player.
To independently select the appropriate values, you need to mark the “With NVIDIA settings” item with a marker and proceed to changing the positions of the slider. Since the changes will take effect immediately, it is recommended to start the video and track the result. After choosing the best option, do not forget to save your settings by clicking on the “Apply” button.
We move to the section “Adjusting image parameters for video”. Here, the main emphasis is placed on the functions of improving the picture through the built-in capabilities of the graphics adapter. As the developers themselves point out, this improvement is carried out thanks to PureVideo technology. It is built into the video card and separately processes video, increasing its quality. Pay attention to the parameters “Underline the contours”, “Noise reduction” and “anti-aliasing”. If everything is clear with the first two functions, then the third one ensures the adaptation of the image for comfortable viewing, absorbs the Visible timing of the image overlay.
Configuring the NVIDIA graphics card
As mentioned above, the configuration is performed through special software called “NVIDIA Control Panel”. Its installation is performed along with the drivers, the download of which is mandatory for users. If you have NOT installed the drivers yet or are using a version that is not the most recent, we recommend that you carry out the installation or update process. You can find detailed instructions on this topic in our other articles at the following links.
It is quite easy to get to the “NVIDIA Control Panel”. right-click on an empty spot on the desktop and in the window that appears, select the Corresponding item. For other methods of launching the panel, see other material below.
In case of difficulties with starting the program, you will need to solve them in one of the ways discussed in a separate article on our website.
Now let’s examine in detail each section of the program and get acquainted with the main parameters.
Go to the “Display” category. There will be more items here, each of which is responsible for certain monitor settings to optimize the work behind it. There are both familiar to all parameters, available by default in Windows, and proprietary from the manufacturer of the video card.
- In the “Change Resolution” section, you will see the usual options for this setting. By default, there are several presets, one of which you can choose. In addition, the refresh rate of the screen is also selected here, just do not forget to specify the active monitor before that if several are used.
NVIDIA also invites you to create a custom resolution. This is done in the “Settings” window after clicking on the appropriate button.
Be sure to agree to the terms and conditions of NVIDIA’s legal statement before doing this.
Now an additional utility will open, where you can select the display mode, set the scan type and synchronization. The use of this function is recommended only for experienced users who are already familiar with all the intricacies of working with such tools.
In “Change resolution” there is a third item. setting the color rendition. If you do NOT want to change anything, keep the default value selected by the operating system, or change the desktop color depth, output depth, dynamic range and color format to your liking.
Desktop color settings are also changed in the next section. Here, using the slider, you specify the brightness, contrast, gamma, hue and digital intensity. In addition, there are three options for reference images, so that changes can be tracked by them.
The display can also be rotated in the usual settings of the operating system, but after “NVIDIA Control Panel ”is also feasible. Here you not only choose the orientation by setting markers, but also flip the screen using SEPARATE virtual buttons.
There is HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) technology, which is designed to protect media data transmission between two devices. It only works with compatible hardware, so it is sometimes important to make sure that the video card supports the technology in question. This can be done in the “View HDCP Status” menu.
Now more and more users are connecting multiple displays to a computer at once to improve the comfort of their work. All of them are connected to the video card through the available connectors. Monitors often have speakers, so you need to choose one of them for sound output. This procedure is carried out in Digital Audio Installation. Here you just need to find the connection connector and specify the display for it.
The Adjust Desktop Size and Position menu sets the scaling and position of the desktop on the monitor. Below the settings is the view mode, where you can set the resolution and refresh rate in order to evaluate the result.
The last item is “Installing multiple displays”. This function will only be useful when using two or more screens. You indicate the active monitors with checkboxes and move the icons in accordance with the location of the displays. You will find detailed instructions on connecting two monitors in our other material below.
As you know, the graphics adapter is actively used to work with 3D applications. It generates and renders to get the desired image. In addition, hardware acceleration is applied using Direct3D or OpenGL components. All items found in the “3D Settings” menu will be most useful for gamers who want to set the optimal configuration for games. With the analysis of this procedure, we advise Read more.
This concludes our acquaintance with the configuration of NVIDIA video cards. All the considered settings are set by each user individually for his requests, preferences and installed monitor.